Yves Michelin

Yves Michelin
VetAgro Sup · Agriculture et espaces

About

101
Publications
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424
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Publications

Publications (101)
Article
La surveillance biologique des micromammifères est un pilier de la lutte raisonnée qui permet de conserver l’autonomie fourragère des exploitations agricoles en minimisant les impacts environnementaux. Actuellement, les méthodes existantes à l’échelle du territoire («scoring communal») et à l’échelle de la parcelle (diagonale indiciaire) permettent...
Article
The ‘Chaîne des Puys/Limagne fault’ is a unique landscape located in the French Massif Central, and famous for its original and perfect landforms. For more than 400 years, it has been subjected to various local, national, and European policies intended to protect its ‘natural’ and open aspect. Though these landscapes look natural, they are the resu...
Research
Full-text available
Après plus de dix années d’expérimentation en début de cursus ingénieur, pour initier les futurs agronomes au rôle du pâturage dans la gestion de la biodiversité et des paysages et prendre conscience de la complexité et de l’intérêt de développer des pratiques agro-écologiques, VetAgro Sup et Educagri se sont associés pour éditer une version commer...
Article
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The mountainous regions of Auvergne tend to be thought of as protected areas. However, they are also zones of agricultural production. We explored the trade-off between agricultural production and environmental quality in a municipality, Condat-les-Montboissier, located in the Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park We did so by evaluating the ecosys...
Article
Full-text available
Les services écosystémiques fournis par les prairies dans une commune d’Auvergne ont été estimés à l’aide de la typologie des prairies AOP du Massif central. A partir de cette estimation, les prairies ont été réparties en 4 classes selon leur niveau de compromis entre services de production et de régulation. Ces classes sont souvent associées à des...
Article
Full-text available
The Chaîne des Puys presents a large number of wetlands or former wetlands (maar, volcanic lakes or dams) whose current aspect gives them a “wild” appearance. Actually, for many of them, their landscape reflects the geomorphological history as well as the history of the local communities. This double aspect, both natural and cultural, makes these s...
Article
Full-text available
Since the mid-20th century, farming and livestock systems have undergone a series of modifications, which have led to changes in how farmlands are used and in landscape composition. This study examined whether a link exists between these long-term changes and the occurrence of water vole outbreaks in certain regions of France. A comparison of the p...
Article
Do vole outbreaks have the same effects on suckler beef farms in Burgundy as they do on daily farms in Auvergne and Franche-Comte? Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 19 farmers from Burgundy who had been affected by a water vole outbreak in 2011. The results indicate that, just like farmers in Auvergne and Franche-Comte, farmers in Bu...
Article
Thanks to dynamic collaborations among farmers, technical experts and researchers, 6 study zones were established in which experiments aimed at controlling water vole outbreaks were carried out. These experiments furthered understanding of vole outbreaks, established baseline: data, and helped test and develop integrated control practices aimed at...
Article
Why do farmers decide not to follow the recommendations made by agricultural experts? A study was carried out in which interviews were conducted with 20 farmers on the Jura plateau (where milk used to make PDO-certified cheese is produced). The study examined how much room to maneuver farmers have with regards to their farming systems and included...
Article
This study used economic modelling and surveys conducted on Franche-Comte dairy farms to examine the general impact, and more specifically, the economic impact, of both water vole outbreaks and the application of integrated control practices. Farmers use diverse strategies to deal with water voles in this region. Four specific approaches have been...
Article
Full-text available
The water vole naturally occurs at low densities throughout most of eastern France. However, densities can reach 500 voles/ha during the species' periodic outbreaks (which occur about every 6 years); these high densities lead to considerable damage, particularly to grasslands. Also, because chemical pesticides are used to control vole populations,...
Article
In order to identify the habitat types that favour water vole outbreaks, it is important to characterise the links that exist between landscape composition, land use, and outbreak risk Using data obtained during water vole population monitoring efforts carried out in the Puy-de-Dome and Cantal departments from 1985 to 2001, 3 major classes of vole...
Article
Why do farmers choose one water vole control measure over another? Some answers to this question were obtained by simultaneously conducting an agricultural analysis of farming practices and an anthropological analysis of how farmers perceive and represent water voles and control measures. This study, which was carried out in four mountainous region...
Article
Full-text available
Between business and social uses of the word terroir and the corresponding meanings, a variety of mental representations of the word creates the difficulty in mobilizing among researchers and trainers. The transdisciplinary analysis proposed in this paper aims to identify better understanding and to identify the potential of this concept for resear...
Article
Why do farmers decide not to follow the recommendations made by agricultural experts? A study was carried out in which interviews were conducted with 20 farmers on the Jura plateau (where milk used to make PDO-certified cheese is produced). The study examined how much room to maneuver farmers have with regards to their farming systems and included...
Article
Full-text available
Since the mid-20th century, farming and livestock systems have undergone a series of modifications, which have led to changes in how farmlands are used and in landscape composition. This study examined whether a link exists between these long-term changes and the occurrence of water vole outbreaks in certain regions of France. A comparison of the p...
Article
Do vole outbreaks have the same effects on suckler beef farms in Burgundy as they do on dairy farms in Auvergne and Franche-Comté? Semistructured interviews were carried out with 19 farmers from Burgundy who had been affected by a water vole outbreak in 2011. The results indicate that, just like farmers in Auvergne and Franche-Comté, farmers in Bur...
Article
Why do farmers choose one water vole control measure over another? Some answers to this question were obtained by simultaneously conducting an agricultural analysis of farming practices and an anthropological analysis of how farmers perceive and represent water voles and control measures. This study, which was carried out in four mountainous region...
Article
The water vole naturally occurs at low densities throughout most of eastern France. However, densities can reach 500 voles/ha during the species' periodic outbreaks (which occur about every 6 years); these high densities lead to considerable damage, particularly to grasslands. Also, because chemical pesticides are used to control vole populations,...
Article
Cette étude, commanditée par la FREDON de Franche-Comté, avec modélisation économique et enquête des systèmes agricoles laitiers de la région, permet d'évaluer l'impact des pullulations de campagnol terrestre et de la mise en œuvre de la lutte raisonnée, notamment au niveau économique. Les différentes adaptations que peuvent mettre en place les exp...
Article
Facing the changes in the agricultural sector as well as new growing demands from society in relation to the European countryside, new questions emerge as to the management of the agricultural landscapes. The multiple combination of production with the support of multiple functions is a challenge for present day management. Tools are needed that ma...
Article
Full-text available
Face aux campagnols et leurs dégâts si on n'agit pas, mais aussi au risque pour la faune sauvage selon la façon dont on agit, que faire ? Choisir une approche systémique pour une lutte raisonnée. Et utiliser une boîte à outils en fonction de situations diverses au plan technique " agronomique ", mais aussi humain " anthropologique ".
Article
Full-text available
Cet article, le premier d'une série de deux, est consacré au campagnol terrestre Arvicola terrestris, précisément sa forme fouisseuse. Présent dans de nombreuses régions françaises, en quoi peut-il être nuisible, mais aussi en quoi la lutte contre lui peut-elle poser problème ?Point de situation.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le programme de recherche Paysage et développement durable, conduit par le ministère en charge de l'Écologie, soutient la réflexion sur la durabilité des processus d’évolution des paysages, pour éclairer l'action publique. À partir des résultats des projets de recherche achevés en 2011, un état des connaissances a été réalisé sous la forme de huit...
Article
Full-text available
The Chaîne des Puys is a great collection of extinct volcanoes that cover the Hercynian basement and belongs to the Auvergne Volcanoes Natural Regional Park. Both the sedimentary record and the historical archives of this area are numerous. However, the cores studied hitherto do not offer a good knowledge of the historical dynamics because most of...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the advantages and limits of different tools in participatory processes regarding landscape projects. It presents a brief theoretical review of the relations between landscape policies and landscape concepts by focusing on the French situation. Four study projects concerning local participatory planning conducted by the autho...
Article
Under low stocking rates, pastoral lands are under threat of being invaded by ligneous species. An experiment was carried out in Auvergne on low mountain range summer pastureland in order to evaluate the impact of using mixed horse and cattle herds to control the proliferation of ligneous species. This experiment was carried out over 4 years. The o...
Book
This chapter discusses the advantages and limits of different tools in participatory processes regarding landscape projects. It presents a brief theoretical review of the relations between landscape policies and landscape concepts by focusing on the French situation. Four study projects concerning local participatory planning conducted by the autho...
Article
En conditions de sous-chargement, les espaces pastoraux sont menacés de colonisation par les espèces ligneuses. Une expérimentation a été menée sur une estive de moyenne montagne composée de pelouses et lande à callune pour tester l'intérêt d'un troupeau mixte bovins-équins pour maîtriser la dynamique d'enfrichement. Cette expérimentation a été con...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Article
dossier scientifique de candidature pour l'inscription du site au patrimoine mondial de l'Unesco.
Article
Pour les conseillers agricoles, il existe des situations d'accompagnement d'acteurs aux regards différents sur un projet de territoire (aménagement, conciliation d'usages...) ou des situations dures (souffrances d'agriculteurs liées à l'urbanisation, conflits de voisinages, etc.). Parce que le paysage concerne tout le monde, il peut devenir un outi...
Book
Ce document s'adresse à des agents de terrain (de chambres d'agriculture, d'ADASEA, de collectivités locales, de CAUE .) ou à des enseignants qui participent à la conception et à la mise en oeuvre de projets de territoire ou de procédures d'aménagement en zone rurale et qui peuvent éventuellement jouer ce rôle de médiation. Elle est organisée en de...
Book
L'action sur le paysage est au cœur des politiques publiques. Cela veut-il dire que le paysage est une catégorie d'action publique admise par tous comme telle et définie de façon claire et univoque? Ce n'est pas aussi évident que cela car au delà de la déclaration de bonne volonté, se pose la question des outils et méthodes, des savoirs-faire voire...
Article
This paper investigates the links between landscape material dimensions (‘objective’ landscape qualities) and the way people represent (the ‘subjective’ qualities) both the product and the landscape. The paper analyses how emblematic elements of landscape are used to valorise products of Protected Designation of Origin in the area of production of...
Book
All public action is developed on the basis of perceptions of its outcome and the mechanisms required to modify it. Intercommunal landscape policies are thus faced with contrasted representations of the landscape and public action. Underlying theories that support and justify proposed actions are rarely explicit. Nevertheless, the representations a...
Article
Landscape changes in Europe's rural areas seem to generate a more visible impact. This trend raises new questions on rural management and brings about a conflict between farmers' land-use patterns and public expectations, which are often exclusively based on esthetics. The aim of the SHRUB BATTLE board game is to help tutors make future rural plann...
Article
Full-text available
Notre analyse interroge la production sociale de normes concomitante à la définition et à la mise en place d’interventions publiques paysagères à l’échelle locale. Elle montre que cette production normative s’accompagne d’une évolution dans la façon de nommer certains objets matériels. Cette nouvelle dénomination, souvent instable, témoigne de conf...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An experiment using educational games has been conducted in France with first year engineering students to develop their understanding of what sustainable farming is. We have devised a game that models the impact of grazing practices on landscape dynamics and compared a board version and a virtual one. The game appears to be more efficient in devel...
Article
Full-text available
In rural areas, the taking into account of landscape in a development project is difficult. Some of them think that landscape appreciation is kept to specialists, others that landscape management concerns only famous places and the majority of inhabitants meet difficulties to express their opinion only by words. In order to get to their actual opin...
Article
Full-text available
Rural areas are the framework for new social transactions from which new stakes are emerging for farmers. Landscaping requests coming, in particular, from non-farmers are an example of this. The result is an evolution in agricultural practices. This study focuses on the deciding factors involved in the implementation of farming methods, which modif...
Article
Cartography is generally little used in the field of breeding activity, though it is interesting for visualising spatialisation of this kind of activity which is linked to space (grazing, forage harvest...). We chose to use cartographic methods in research on cattle breeding systems where milk is used in cheese P.D.O. production, in the Massif Cent...
Article
La question de la gestion des paysages de montagne pour un développement concerté et durable se pose. Cet article reprend les grandes conclusion d'un colloque sur ce thème s'est tenu à Florac (48) regroupant chercheurs, acteurs et artistes. il ouvre un certain nombre de pistes pour la recherche.
Article
La cartographie est en général peu utilisée dans le domaine de l’élevage, bien qu’elle présente l’intérêt de visualiser la spatialisation de ce type d’activité nécessairement relié à l’espace (pâturage, récolte de fourrages…). Nous avons choisi d’utiliser des méthodes cartographiques pour conduire une recherche sur les systèmes d’élevage bovin dont...
Article
Full-text available
L'analyse pollinique de la tourbière de Roussy, située dans la partie occidentale du Massif du Cantal (France), revêt un intérêt tout particulier dans la mesure où cette zone du Massif central, n'avait jamais été explorée auparavant. Elle révèle une dynamique de la végétation qui démarre à l'Allerod. Globalement bien inscrite dans le cadre paléobot...
Article
Des variations tres importantes des teneurs en elements mineraux (P, K, Ca, Mg) ont ete mesurees dans une colonne sedimentaire tourbeuse du bas marais holocene de la Vezolle (chaine des Puys). Une analyse statistique multicriteres (analyse en composantes principales et classification hierarchique ascendante) a permis d'identifier 6 groupes d'echant...
Article
3D diagrams that sum up the different kinds of landscape of the middle mountain plateau of Artense (French Massif Central) have been used to analyse landscape opinion of 5 farmers living in this area. 3 D drawing is a very good tool to help farmers explain how they use their plots and where they locate their different kinds of activity (grazing, he...
Article
Landscape simulation can be a good means to understand the observed evolutions to then identify the factors generating the changes. We have worked on the evolution of the land use in a " commune " in the chain of the Puys, by using a model dealing with the ecological growth of vegetation that agricultural practices hinder.The discrete event simulat...
Article
Landscape simulation can be a good means to understand the observed evolutions to then identify the factors generating the changes. We have worked on the evolution of the land use in a "commune" in the chain of the Puys, by using a model dealing with the ecological growth of vegetation that agricultural practices hinder. The discrete event simulati...
Article
3D diagrams that sum up the different kinds of landscape of the middle mountain plateau of Artense (French Massif Central) have been used to analyse landscape opinion of 5 farmers living in this area. 3 D drawing is a very good tool to help farmers explain how they use their plots and where they locate their different kinds of activity (grazing, he...
Article
Full-text available
L'abandon de l'utilisation des ressources herbagères par l'activité pastorale entraîne un appauvrissement de la diversité écologique et spécifique. A terme, cette évolution se traduit par le déplacement des activités humaines hors de ces zones et à un déséquilibre au niveau du territoire national. Un programme de recherche pluridisciplinaire, dans...
Article
In order to analyse how the representations of usual landscape have an influence on land use policy, an experiment has been conducted in the " montagne thiernoise, Frech massif central " with six elected people. Each one received one disposable camera and a list of questions about his landscape that he had to illustrate with his own pictures. An in...