Yvan Devaux

Yvan Devaux
LIH Luxembourg Institute of Health | CRP Santé · Department of Population Health

PhD

About

226
Publications
23,793
Reads
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6,142
Citations
Citations since 2017
83 Research Items
3920 Citations
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Introduction
Chair of COST Action CardioRNA (CA17129) ; Funder and coordinator of Cardiolinc network; Head of unit CVRU at Luxembourg Institute of Health
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - present
COST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology
Position
  • Chair
Description
  • https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA17129/#tabs|Name:management-committee
January 2017 - present
LIH Luxembourg Institute of Health
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • https://www.lih.lu/page/departments/cvru-cardiovascular-research-unit-786
September 2014 - present
Cardiolinc network
Position
  • Funder and coordinator
Description
  • www.cardiolinc.org

Publications

Publications (226)
Article
Cardiovascular disorders such as heart failure are leading causes of mortality. Patient stratification via identification of novel biomarkers could improve management of cardiovascular diseases of complex etiologies. Long-noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are highly tissue-specific in nature and have emerged as important biomarkers in human diseases. In thi...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) can be asymptomatic or lead to a wide symptom spectrum, including multi-organ damage and death. Here, we explored the potential of microRNAs in delineating patient condition and predicting clinical outcome. Plasma microRNA profiling of hospitalized COVID-19 patients showed that miR-144-3p was dynamically regulate...
Article
Full-text available
Circulating cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) represent a major reservoir for biomarker discovery. Unfortunately, their implementation in clinical practice is limited due to a profound lack of reproducibility. The great technical variability linked to major pre-analytical and analytical caveats makes the interpretation of circulating cell-free miRNA dat...
Article
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Background: Cardiac arrest (CA) represents the third leading cause of death worldwide. Among patients resuscitated and admitted to hospital, death and severe neurological sequelae are frequent but difficult to predict. Blood biomarkers offer clinicians the potential to improve prognostication. Previous studies suggest that circulating non-coding R...
Article
Full-text available
Development of heart failure (HF) after myocardial infarction (MI) is responsible for premature death. Complex cellular and molecular mechanisms are involved in this process. A number of studies have linked the epitranscriptomic RNA modification N6-methyladenosine (m6A) with HF, but it remains unknown how m6A affects the risk of developing HF after...
Article
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Although systemic inflammation and pulmonary complications increase the mortality rate in COVID-19, a broad spectrum of cardiovascular and neurological complications can also contribute to significant morbidity and mortality. The molecular mechanisms underlying cardiovascular and neurological complications during and after SARS-CoV-2 infection are...
Article
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In the past decade, significant resources have been invested in long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) research. Despite the knowledge available, we are far from incorporation of lncRNA into clinical practice. Here, we emphasize the technical challenges in the field, hoping to provoke a response leading to new consensus and guidelines.
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the adult population worldwide and represent a severe economic burden and public health concern. The majority of human genes do not code for proteins. However, noncoding transcripts play important roles in ageing that significantly increases the risk for CVDs. Noncod...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disorders such as heart failure are leading causes of mortality. Patient stratification via identification of novel biomarkers could improve management of cardiovascular diseases of complex etiologies. Long-noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are highly tissue-specific in nature and have emerged as important biomarkers in human diseases. In thi...
Article
Full-text available
Despite promising findings, quantitative PCR (qPCR)-based tests for RNA quantification have experienced serious limitations in their clinical application. The noticeable lack of technical standardization remains a huge obstacle in the translation of qPCR-based tests. The incorporation of qPCR-based tests to the clinic will benefit from guidelines f...
Article
Full-text available
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the heart failure (HF) which may follow are among the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. As such, new therapeutic interventions are still needed to protect the heart against acute ischemia/reperfusion injury to reduce myocardial infarct size and prevent the onset of HF in patients presenting with...
Poster
Objective: Our study aims to delineate the role of HIF1α in a SH-SY5Y model of Parkinson’s disease (PD) Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative movement disorders affecting up to 10 million people worldwide [1]. Oxidative stress, along with a cascade of other cellular events, has been shown to be a major co...
Article
Full-text available
Despite significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, recent calls have emphasized the unmet need to improve precision-based approaches in cardiovascular disease. Although some studies provide preliminary evidence of the diagnostic and prognostic potential of circulating coding and non-coding RNAs, the complex RNA...
Article
Full-text available
DNA methylation is one of the most important epigenetic modifications and is closely related with several biological processes such as regulation of gene transcription and the development of non-malignant diseases. The prevailing dogma states that DNA methylation in eukaryotes occurs essentially through 5-methylcytosine (5mC) but recently adenine m...
Article
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant and well-studied internal modification of messenger RNAs among the various RNA modifications in eukaryotic cells. Moreover, it is increasingly recognized to regulate non-coding RNAs. The dynamic and reversible nature of m6A is ensured by the precise and coordinated activity of specific proteins able to...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been as unprecedented as unexpected, affecting more than 105 million people worldwide as of February 8th, 2020 and causing more than 2.3 million deaths according the World Health Organization. Not only affecting the lungs and provoking acute respiratory distress, severe acute respiratory syndrome...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been as unprecedented as unexpected, affecting more than 105 million people worldwide as of February 8th, 2020 and causing more than 2.3 million deaths according the World Health Organization. Not only affecting the lungs and provoking acute respiratory distress, severe acute respiratory syndrome...
Article
Full-text available
The human transcriptome comprises a complex network of coding and non-coding RNAs implicated in a myriad of biological functions. Non-coding RNAs exhibit highly organised spatial and temporal expression patterns and are emerging as critical regulators of differentiation, homeostasis and pathological states, including in the cardiovascular system. T...
Chapter
Heart failure (HF) is the most prominent cardiovascular disease resulting from an altered cardiac homeostasis. An outstanding progress in the high-throughput sequencing technologies has demonstrated that the dynamical changes in long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) expression profiles are strongly correlated with the genesis and p...
Article
Full-text available
There is an intensive effort to identify biomarkers to predict cardiovascular disease evolution. We aimed to determine the potential of microRNAs to predict the appearance of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) following femoral artery bypass surgery. Forty-seven PAD patients were enrolled and divided into...
Article
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Background: Arginine vasopressin has complex actions in critically ill patients, involving vasoregulatory status, plasma volume, and cortisol levels. Copeptin, a surrogate marker for arginine vasopressin, has shown promising prognostic features in small observational studies and is used clinically for early rule out of acute coronary syndrome. The...
Article
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Dyslipidemia is a documented risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other metabolic disorders. Therefore, the analysis of hyperlipidemia (HL)-related miRNAs is a potential approach for achieving new prognostic markers in lipid-metabolism related diseases. We aimed to analyze specific distribution of miRNAs in different tissues from HL animals....
Article
Background/Introduction More than 400,000 cases of cardiac arrest (CA) occur every year in Europe and only 10% of these patients survive without major neurological sequelae. Predicting outcome after CA would allow adapting healthcare. However, current prognostication modalities and biomarkers lack accuracy, requiring the discovery of new ones. Prev...
Article
Full-text available
COronaVIrus Disease 19 (COVID-19) is caused by the infection of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although the main clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are respiratory, many patients also display acute myocardial injury and chronic damage to the cardiovascular system. Understanding both direct and indirect damage cau...
Article
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Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a life-threatening emergency. New biomarkers are needed in order to detect patients at greater risk of adverse outcome. Our aim was to assess the characteristics of miR-21-5p, miR-122-5p, and miR-320a-3p in CS and evaluate the value of their expression levels in risk prediction. Circulating levels of miR-21-5p, miR-122-5p,...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder involving multiple genetic and environmental influences. Although a wide range of PD risk factors and clinical markers for the symptomatic motor stage of the disease have been identified, there are still no reliable biomarkers available for the early pre-motor phase of PD and for pred...
Article
Background: Novel therapeutic targets of heart failure (HF) are needed. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are engaged during cardiac regeneration. Unlike in humans, zebrafish naturally undergo cardiac regeneration following HF. We aimed to describe the landscape of lncRNAs during regeneration in a zebrafish model of HF and to investigate their human...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the biggest cause of sickness and mortality worldwide in both males and females. Clinical statistics demonstrate clear sex differences in risk, prevalence, mortality rates, and response to treatment for different entities of CVD. The reason for this remains poorly understood. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are emerging as...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the biggest cause of sickness and mortality worldwide in both males and females. Clinical statistics demonstrate clear sex differences in risk, prevalence, mortality rates, and response to treatment for different entities of CVD. The reason for this remains poorly understood. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are emerging as...
Article
Full-text available
Outcome prognostication after cardiac arrest (CA) is challenging. Current multimodal prediction approaches would benefit from new biomarkers. MicroRNAs constitute a novel class of disease markers and circulating levels of brain-enriched ones have been associated with outcome after CA. To determine whether these levels reflect the extent of brain da...
Article
Full-text available
In the era of single-cell analysis, one always has to keep in mind the systemic nature of various diseases and how these diseases could be optimally studied. Comorbidities of the heart in neurological diseases as well as of the brain in cardiovascular diseases are prevalent, but how interactions in the brain–heart axis affect disease development an...
Article
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The EU-CardioRNA Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action is a European-wide consortium established in 2018 with 31 European country members and four associate member countries to build bridges between translational researchers from academia and industry who conduct research on non-coding RNAs, cardiovascular diseases and similar researc...
Article
Full-text available
The EU-CardioRNA Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action is a European-wide consortium established in 2018 with 31 European country members and four associate member countries to build bridges between translational researchers from academia and industry who conduct research on non-coding RNAs, cardiovascular diseases and similar researc...
Article
Non-classical human monocytes are characterized by high-level expression of cytokines like TNF, but the mechanisms involved are elusive. We have identified miRNAs and CpG-methylation sites that are unique to non-classical monocytes, defined via CD14 and CD16 expression levels. For down-regulated miRNAs that are linked to up-regulated mRNAs the domi...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial function and integrity are vital for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis, particularly in high-energy demanding cells. Cardiomyocytes have a large number of mitochondria, which provide a continuous and bulk supply of the ATP necessary for cardiac mechanical function. More than 90% of the ATP consumed by the heart is derived from t...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disease is an enormous socioeconomic burden worldwide and remains a leading cause of mortality and disability despite significant efforts to improve treatments and personalize healthcare. Heart failure is the main manifestation of cardiovascular disease and has reached epidemic proportions. Heart failure follows a loss of cardiac hom...
Article
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Background: The identification of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) at risk of subsequent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains challenging, but it is important to optimize therapies. The aim of this study was to determine the unbiased RNA profile in peripheral blood of patients with acute MI and to identify and validate new progn...
Article
Aim: Identification of microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with atherosclerosis may unravel novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers. We studied miRNAs differentially expressed between coronary atherosclerotic plaques (CAP) and healthy arteries. Materials & methods: Paired CAP and internal mammary arteries (IMA) were collected from 14 coronary artery dis...
Article
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Hypertension is an escalating health public problem affecting nearly 40% of the World’s adult population. Untreated hypertension may result in diverse cardiovascular outcomes such as stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease and chronic kidney diseases. Owing to the fact that hypertension is a multifactorial health condition, it is challengin...
Article
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Purpose: Postresuscitation neuroprognostication is guided by neurophysiological tests, biomarker measurement, and clinical examination. Recent investigations suggest that circulating microRNAs (miRNA) may help in outcome prediction after cardiac arrest. We assessed the ability of miR-574-5p to predict neurological outcome after cardiac arrest, in...
Article
Left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction affects cardiac function and increases the risk of developing heart failure. Despite the emergence of biomarkers associated with remodeling, the ideal biomarker to accurately predict the risk of developing heart failure after acute myocardial infarction is still to be discovered. Female...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death worldwide and, despite continuous advances, better diagnostic and prognostic tools, as well as therapy, are needed. The human transcriptome, which is the set of all RNA produced in a cell, is much more complex than previously thought and the lack of dialogue between researchers and ind...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular disease in general, and sudden cardiac death in particular, have an enormous socio-economic burden worldwide. Despite significant efforts to improve cardiopulmonary resuscitation, survival rates remain low. Moreover, patients who survive to hospital discharge have a high risk of developing severe physical or neurological symptoms. Be...
Article
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Aims The role of microRNAs has not been studied in cardiogenic shock. We examined the potential role of miR‐423‐5p level to predict mortality and associations of miR‐423‐5p with prognostic markers in cardiogenic shock. Methods and results We conducted a prospective multinational observational study enrolling consecutive cardiogenic shock patients....
Article
Full-text available
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia for which the genetic studies mainly focused on the genes involved in electrical remodeling, rather than left atrial muscle remodeling. To identify rare variants involved in atrial myopathy using mutational screening, a high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) workflow was developed based on a...
Data
Supplementary Figure 1: schematic overview of our approach in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. According to our previous transcriptomic data on left atrium (LA) in AF patients that highlighted the structural genes [24], a next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach has been applied to a cohort of 94 AF patients. Eleven potentially pathogenic varian...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Data suggests that the plasma levels of the liver-specific miR-122-5p might both be a marker of cardiogenic shock and a prognostic marker of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to characterize plasma miR-122-5p at admission after OHCA and to assess the association between miR-122-5p and relevant clinical factors such all-...
Article
Aims: New therapeutic approaches are needed to fight against the growing epidemic of heart failure. Unlike mammals, zebrafish possess the incredible ability to regenerate cardiac tissue after acute trauma such as apical resection. Yet, the ability of zebrafish to recover after a chronic stress leading to heart failure has not been reported. The ai...
Article
Background: A significant proportion of patients develop left ventricular (LV) remodeling leading to heart failure after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Being able to identify these patients would represent a step forward towards personalized medicine. The present study aimed to determine the ability of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1C (CDK...
Article
Full-text available
Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is an asymptomatic and progressive dilatation of the thoracic aorta. Ascending aortic dissection (AAD) is an acute intraparietal tear, occurring or not on a pre-existing dilatation. AAD is a condition associated with a poor prognosis and a high mortality rate. TAA and AAD share common etiology as monogenic diseases li...
Poster
BACKGROUND Numerous patients develop heart failure (HF) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), representing a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Early intervention is important to prevent left ventricular remodelling that leads to heart failure. There is an urgent need for stratification of patients since, to date, no highly reliable biomarke...
Article
There is overwhelming evidence that regular exercise training is protective against cardiovascular disease (CVD), the main cause of death worldwide. Despite the benefits of exercise, the intricacies of their underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been recognized as a major regulatory network governing...
Article
Introduction Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia with a well-recognized inherited component. Until now, AF genetic studies mainly focused on the genes involved in electrical remodelling, rather than left atrial muscle remodelling. Objective To identify rare variants involved in atrial myopathy using mutational screening. Method A high...
Article
Background: Identification of patients at risk of poor outcome after acute myocardial infarction (MI) would allow tailoring healthcare to each individual. However, lack of prognostication tools renders this task challenging. Previous investigations suggested that blood transcriptome analysis may inform about prognosis after MI. We aim to independe...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Cardiac arrest (CA) is a serious condition characterized by high mortality rates, even after initial successful resuscitation, mainly due to neurological damage. Whether brain-heart communication is associated with outcome after CA is unknown. Heartbeat-evoked brain potentials (HEPs) represent neurophysiological indicators of brain-hear...
Article
Full-text available
Until recently considered as rare, circular RNAs (circRNAs) are emerging as important regulators of gene expression. They are ubiquitously expressed and represent a novel branch of the family of non-coding RNAs. Recent investigations showed that circRNAs are regulated in the cardiovascular system and participate in its physiological and pathologica...
Article
Full-text available
Background A significant proportion of patients develop heart failure (HF) after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Predicting this development with novel biomarkers would allow tailoring healthcare to each individual. We recently identified a circular RNA called MICRA which was associated with HF development after MI. Here, we tested whether MICRA...
Article
Results: Analysis of a RNA-seq dataset of 15 Caucasian tissues allowed the identification of 415 heart-enriched lncRNAs. Fifty-three lncRNAs were located on the genome in close vicinity to protein-coding genes associated with cardiac function and disease. Analysis of a second RNA-seq dataset of 16 failing human hearts highlighted one lncRNA which...