Yuxian Xia

Yuxian Xia
Chongqing University | CQU · School of life sciences

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207
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Publications

Publications (207)
Article
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Zinc finger proteins are an important class of multifunctional regulators. Here, the roles of a C2H2 zinc finger protein MaNCP1 (Metarhizium acridum nitrate-related conidiation pattern shift regulatory factor 1) in nitrogen utilization and conidiation were explored in the entomopathogenic fungus M. acridum. The results showed that MaNCP1-disruption...
Article
C2H2 zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) are a class of important transcriptional regulators in eukaryotes involved in multiple biological regulation processes. Here, MaNCP1, a C2H2 ZFP, was functionally characterized in the model entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium acridum. Deletion of MaNCP1 delayed conidial germination and hyphal growth, decreased the c...
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Introduction Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are a class of small molecular weight soluble proteins that exist as expanded gene families in all insects, acting as ligand carriers mediating olfaction and other physiological processes. During fungal infection, many insect OBPs were shown to be differentially expressed. Objectives We tested whether t...
Article
The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), is one of the most highly polyphagous invasive pests causing serious damage to maize crops in China. However, little is known about the gut immune responses to the environment, particularly along the migration routes in Jianghuai, China, throughout the autumn and winter. In this study, hi...
Preprint
Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), a fall armyworm, has quickly expanded across China, causing maize (Zea mays L.) crop output losses on the mainland. While, little is known about the gut immune responses to field environment, particularly along the autumn and winter migration routes in China's Jianghuai region. In this study, high-throughput seq...
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The progress in research on the interactions between Metarhizium spp. and locusts has improved our understanding of the interactions between fungal infection and host immunity. A general network of immune responses has been constructed, and the pathways regulating fungal pathogenicity have also been explored in depth. However, there have been no sy...
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Conidium is the main infection unit and reproductive unit of pathogenic fungi. Exploring the mechanism of conidiation and its regulation contributes to understanding the pathogenicity of pathogenic fungi. Vib-1, a transcription factor, was reported to participate in the conidiation process. However, the regulation mechanism of Vib-1 in conidiation...
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Opy2 is an important membrane-anchored protein upstream of the HOG-MAPK signaling pathway and plays important roles in both the HOG-MAPK and Fus3/Kss1 MAPK. In this study, the roles of MaOpy2 in Metarhizium acridum were systematically elucidated. The results showed that the MaOpy2 disruption significantly reduced fungal tolerances to UV, heat shock...
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The rice planthopper Sogatella furcifera is a unique vector of the southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV). The feeding behavior of S. furcifera should directly affect the diffusion of this virus. In this study, we noted that the infection of Metarhizium anisopliae CQMa421 on S. furcifera disturbed the feeding behavior of this pest to SRB...
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Asexual sporulation is the most common reproduction mode of fungi. Most filamentous fungi have two conidiation patterns, normal conidiation and microcycle conidiation, which may be regulated by nutritional conditions. Nitrogen source can affect the fungal conidiation pattern, but the regulatory mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we r...
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Background: CreA has been proved to be a core gene in asexual conidiation in Metarhizium acridum, which regulates the shift of normal conidiation and microcycle conidiation. At present, research on CreA in fungi has focused on carbon source metabolism. There is a lack of research on the effect of CreA in virulence of pathogenic fungi. Results: T...
Article
Conidiation necessary for filamentous fungal survival and dispersal, proceeds in two fashions, namely normal conidiation through conidiophores differentiated from hyphae, and microcycle conidiation through conidial budding. Normal conidiation has been well studied whereas mechanisms underlying microcycle conidiation are still largely unknown. Here,...
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The productivity and quality of conidia are both crucial for mycopesticides. In this study, we systematically analyzed the roles of MaSln1 in fungal pathogens.
Article
Sulfatases are commonly divided into three classes: type I, type II, and type III sulfatases. The type III sulfatase, alkylsulfatase, could hydrolyze the primary alkyl sulfates, such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and sodium octyl sulfate. Thus, it has the potential application of SDS biodegradation. However, the roles of alkylsulfatase in biologi...
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Entomopathogenic fungi play important roles in the control of populations of agricultural and disease vector pests in nature. The shortcomings of mycoinsecticides for pest management in the field cannot be completely overcome by improving single biocontrol properties of fungi. Therefore, enhancing the biocontrol potential of entomopathogenic fungi...
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The NCR pathway plays an important regulatory role in the nitrogen metabolism of filamentous fungi. NmrA, a central negative regulatory protein in the NCR pathway and a key factor in sensing to the carbon metabolism, plays important roles in pathogenic fungal nutrition metabolism. In this study, we characterized the functions of MaNmrA in the insec...
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The growth pattern of filamentous fungi can switch between hyphal radial polar growth and non-polar yeast-like cell growth depending on the environmental conditions. Asexual conidiation after radial polar growth is called normal conidiation (NC), while yeast-like cell growth is called microcycle conidiation (MC). Previous research found that the di...
Article
Filamentous fungi conduct two types of conidiation, typical conidiation from mycelia and microcycle conidiation (MC). Fungal conidiation can shift between the two patterns, which involved a large number of genes in the regulation of this process. In this study, we investigated the role of a dipeptidase gene pepdA in conidiation pattern shift in Met...
Article
As a conserved post-translational modification, O-mannosyltransferase families play important roles in many cellular processes. Three subfamilies (MaPmt1, MaPmt2 and MaPmt4) are grouped in Metarhizium acridum according to sequence homology. The functions of MaPmt1 and MaPmt4 have been characterized in M. acridum previously. In this study, the funct...
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The nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR) pathway is involved in nitrogen utilization, in which the global GATA transcription factor AreA plays an indispensable role and has been reported in many fungi. However, relatively few studies are focused on AreB, another GATA transcription factor in the NCR pathway and the functions of AreB are largely unkn...
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There is increasing concern about the toxic effects of chemical pesticides on human health and the environment. Many alternatives, however, are viewed as impracticable or inefficient for agricultural needs. Here, a sustainable, environmentally friendly strategy was designed for the control of major rice insect pests (i.e. Nilaparvata lugens, Cnapha...
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The resistance of the notorious rice pest Nilaparvata lugens to many insecticides has caused significant concerns. Our previous study demonstrated that the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae CQMa421 shows great potential for the control of this pest, but the interactions between them are still unclear. Thus, we further investigated fungal infection-rela...
Article
Entomopathogenic fungi have been used as important biological control agents throughout the world. To improve the biocontrol efficacy of entomopathogenic fungi, many genes have been used to improve fungal virulence or tolerance to adverse conditions via modulating their expression with strong promoters. The Magas1 gene is specifically expressed dur...
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Annual economic losses of eggplant due to western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) infestations are considerable. F. occidentalis is difficult to control due to rapid proliferation rates and resistance to chemical insecticides. A more effective biological control strategy is urgently required. To assess the potential efficacy of M. anisop...
Article
BACKGROUND The fungal cell wall integrity is vital for fungal pathogenesis and stress tolerance. Calcofluor white (CFW), a cell wall perturbing agent, inhibits fungal growth by binding chitin in the cell wall. The roles of CFW sensitive proteins remain understood insufficiently in pathogenic fungi. RESULTS We investigated two calcofluor white hype...
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Many pathogenic fungi depend on the development of specialized infection structures called appressoria to invade their hosts and cause disease. Impairing the function of fungal infection structures therefore provides a potential means by which diseases could be prevented. In spite of this extraordinary potential, however, relatively few anti-penetr...
Article
O-glycosylation is a very important post-translational modification of protein and involved in many cell processes in fungi. There exist three protein O-manosyltransferanse genes (MaPmt1, MaPmt2, MaPmt4) in Metarhizium acridum based on sequence homology. Here, MaPmt1, a gene for Pmt1 O-manosyltransferanse in M. acridum, was characterized and functi...
Article
The narrow host range entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium acridum, is an environmentally friendly acridid specific pathogen used for locust control. The locust is capable of responding within hours of infection, however, little is known concerning how the locust detects the pathogen. Here, we have identified 3213 proteins in the infected antennal...
Article
Conidial hydrophobins in fungal pathogens of plants, insects, and humans are required for fungal attachment and are associated with high virulence. They are believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of infection by preventing immune recognition. Here, we refute this generalisation offering a more nuanced analysis. We show that MacHYD3, a hydrophob...
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The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, is a eusocial invasive insect that has spread worldwide. Chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are ligand-binding proteins that participate in a diverse range of physiological processes that include olfaction and chemical transport. Here, we performed a systematic survey of the expression of the 21 gene S. invi...
Preprint
Conidial hydrophobins in fungal pathogens of plants insects, and humans are required for fungal attachment and are associated with high virulence. They are believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of infection by preventing immune recognition . Here, we refute this generalisation offering a more nuanced analysis. We show that MacHYD3, a hydrophob...
Article
Full-text available
Sho1 is an important membrane sensor upstream of the HOG-MAPK signaling pathway, which plays critical roles in osmotic pressure response, growth, and virulence in fungi. Here, a Sho1 homolog (MaSho1), containing four transmembrane domains and one Src homology (SH3) domain, was characterized in Metarhizium acridum, a fungal pathogen of locusts. Targ...
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In fungi, peptidases play a crucial role in adaptability. At present, the roles of peptidases in ultraviolet (UV) and thermal tolerance are still unclear. In this study, a C69-family cysteine dipeptidase of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium acridum, MaPepDA, was expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified enzyme had a molecular mass of 56-kDa...
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PacC is a pH-responsive transcription factor gene highly expressed at alkaline pH and plays distinct roles in environmental fitness, conidiation and virulence of different fungi. Here, we show biological functions of orthologous MaPacC in the locust-specific fungal pathogen Metarhizium acridum. Disruption of MapacC slowed down the fungal growth onl...
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Background: The safety of fungal insecticides to apiculture is publically concerned but remains poorly understood. This study seeks to evaluate whether, how and why wide-spectrum Beauveria bassiana insecticides are safe to honey bees in a novel assessment system. Results: Mesonotum dipping with a 108 conidia/ml suspension and body contact with c...
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Reversible phosphorylation of proteins regulated by protein kinases and phosphatases mediate multiple biological events in eukaryotes. In this study, a dual-specificity cell division cycle 14 phosphatase, MaCdc14, was functionally characterized in Metarhizium acridum. Deletion of MaCdc14 decreased branch numbers, affected septum formation and resul...
Article
Olfaction plays a critical role in mediating environmental chemical signals to affect behavior. Locusts are voracious feeders that can cause substantial agricultural and environmental damage. Here, we have identified 3473 proteins in the antennal proteome of the migratory locust, Locusta migratoria. Comparative analysis of sex variation in the ante...
Article
The timing and mechanism by which a host insect initiates an immune response are critical to successful defense against infection. Pathogen recognition, a prerequisite for host defense, has long been recognized to take place during the insect epidermis invasion by fungus. Here we report that insect can sense the fungal pathogen before host cuticle...
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Background: Environmentally friendly insect management technologies, including RNAi and entomopathogenic fungi, have attracted increasing attention as options for pest control. Here, we sought to extend RNAi directed targeting of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1 (IAP1) gene to the locust, and to examine its relationship to immune responses and...
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Chitin is an important component of the fungal cell wall with a family of chitin synthases mediating its synthesis. Here, we report on the genetic characterization of the full suite of seven chitin synthases (MaChsI-VII) identified in the insect pathogenic fungus, Metarhizium acridum. Aberrant distribution of chitin was most evident in targeted gen...
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In eukaryotic cells, protein O-glycosylation is an essential protein modification. Analysis of the Metarhizium acridum genome database revealed a total of three O-glycoside mannosyltransferase homologs (Pmt1, Pmt2 and Pmt4), closely related to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pmt1, Pmt2, and Pmt4. In this study, the functions of MaPmt4, encoding a protein...
Article
Background: Metarhizium acridum, is a specific acridid pathogen developed for use against the migratory locust (Locusta migratoria manilensis). Adenylate-forming reductases (AFRs) include enzymes that are involved in natural product biosynthesis. Here, we genetically characterize the functions of a class IV AFR in M. acridum (MaAfrIV ) on fungal d...
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As a C2H2 type zinc finger transcription factor, CreA is the key in Carbon Catabolism Repression (CCR) pathway, which negatively regulates the genes in carbon sources utilization. As conidiation in filamentous fungi is affected by nutritional conditions, CreA may contribute to fungal conidiation, which has been well studied in filamentous fungi, es...
Article
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Conidiation capacity and conidial quality are very important for the production and application of mycopesticides. Most filamentous ascomycetous fungi have two distinct patterns of conidiation. Conidiation through microcycle conidiation proceeds to more rapidly achieve a maximum of conidial yield than normal conidiation and hence is of greater meri...
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The Ser/Thr protein phosphatase Ppt1 (yeast)/PP5 (humans) has been implicated in signal transduction–mediated growth and differentiation, DNA damage/repair, cell cycle progression, and heat shock responses. Little, however, is known concerning the functions of Ppt1/PP5 in filamentous fungi. In this study, the Ppt1 gene MaPpt1 was characterized in t...
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Calcium signaling plays important roles in stress tolerance and virulence in fungi. Mid1, an accessory protein of Cch1 calcium channel, has been discussed in baker’s yeast and some filamentous fungi. However, functions of the Mid1 gene in entomopathogenic fungi are not clear. In this study, the Mid1 gene was functionally characterized by deleting i...
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BACKGROUND The migratory locust Locusta migratoria is one of the most important agricultural pests worldwide. The nuclear export factor 1 (NXF1) protein plays a crucial role in mediating mRNAs transport from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. This study was to evaluate whether NXF1 could be a potential target for RNAi‐mediated pest control of L. migrato...
Article
Short-chain insecticidal neurotoxin Tx4(6-1) from the spider Phoneutria nigriventer can be prepared by reversed-phase high-performance liquid-chromatography (HPLC) fractionation of PhTx4, but this is difficult and represents an obstacle preventing analyses of its insecticidal activity against agricultural insect pests. Herein, we performed secretor...
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Background The fungal ribotoxin hirsutellin A (HtA) exhibits strong insecticidal activity; however, efficient systems for expressing recombinant HtA (rHtA) are lacking. Here, we established an efficient heterologous expression system to produce large amounts of rHtA. Results Recombinant Pichia pastoris transformants with high levels of secretory r...
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The entomopathogenic fungi encounter hypoxic conditions in both nature and artificial culture. Alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) are a group of oxidoreductases that occur in many organisms. Here we demonstrate that an alcohol dehydrogenase I, MaADH1, in the locust-specific fungal pathogen, Metarhizium acridum, functions in acetaldehyde detoxification m...
Article
As an insect-selective neurotoxin, scorpion long-chain BjαIT is a promising prospect for insecticidal application; however, the difficulty of obtaining natural BjαIT represents the major obstacle preventing analysis of its insecticidal activity against agricultural insect pests. Here, we screened recombinant Pichia pastoris transformants showing hi...
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Flo8/Som1, which functions downstream from the cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) pathway, plays important roles in hyphal development, spore formation, and virulence in yeast and several filamentous fungi. However, the functions of Som1 in entomopathogenic fungi are still a mystery. In this study, MaSom1, a Flo8/Som1 homolog, was i...
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Scorpion long-chain insect selective neurotoxin AaIT has the potential to be used against agricultural insect pests. However, there is still a lack of a heterologous gene expression system that can express AaIT efficiently. Here, using X33 as the host strain and pPICZαA as the expression vector, one transformant had the highest expression of recomb...
Article
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GTPase activation protein (GAP) for Rab GTPases can accelerate GTP hydrolysis to alter the activity of Rab GTPases. To explore the function of GAP in entomopathogenic fungi, we constructed a deletion mutant of Gyp2 gene, a member of the Gyp (GAP for Ypt/Rab proteins) family in the locust-specific fungal pathogen, Metarhizium acridum. Results showed...
Article
BACKGROUND Metarhizium acridum is a host‐specific fungal pathogen with great potential for locust control. However, the slow killing action of M. acridum has impeded its widespread application. To enhance the fungal virulence, we constructed transgenic M. acridum strains that express dsRNAs targeting the genes of the F1F0‐ATP synthase α and β subun...
Article
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Responses of the central nervous system (CNS) to microbial challenge and the interplay between the CNS and the immune system are important for defending against pathogen attack. We have examined the CNS transcriptional response of Locusta migratoria manilensis to infection by the locust-specific fungal pathogen, Metarhizium acridum. CNS responses w...
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Homeodomain transcription factor Ste12 is a key target activated by the pathogenic mitogen-activated-protein kinase pathway, and the activated Ste12p protein regulates downstream gene expression levels to modulate phenotypes. However, the functions of Ste12-like genes in entomopathogenic fungi remain poorly understood and little is known about the...
Article
Scorpion long-chain insect neurotoxins have important potential application value in agricultural pest control. The difficulty of obtaining natural toxins is the major obstacle preventing analyses of their insecticidal activity against more agricultural insect pests. Here we cloned the insect neurotoxin BjαIT gene into the pET32 expression vector a...