Yusuf Sidani

Yusuf Sidani
American University of Beirut | AUB · Olayan School of Business

Ph.D.

About

106
Publications
81,718
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Introduction
Professor of Leadership and Business Ethics at the Olayan School of Business, American University of Beirut. Research focuses on business ethics, gender and diversity, and employee behaviors with special interest in the Middle East. Research appeared in leading international peer-reviewed academic journals such as Business Ethics Quarterly, the Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of World Business, and the International Journal of Human Resource management.
Additional affiliations
September 2001 - present
American University of Beirut
September 1995 - August 2001
Lebanese University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 1993 - August 2001
Lebanese University

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
This paper examines tax evasion attitudes and their relationship with personality traits, as moderated by religiosity and income, in a multi-faith cultural context characterized by a weak tax administration. The study explores associations between the big five personality traits (Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeablenes...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to explore the experiences of female leaders considering the interplay of gender, religion, and culture. Drawing on an inductive-qualitative study, the paper examines perceptions regarding the role of religion and cultural norms in women’s ascension into leadership positions in Jordan. The results indicated that Jordanian women lead...
Article
We investigate how informal social networks can assist multinational firms in their internationalization strategy. We propose a refinement of the Uppsala internalization model (Johanson & Vahne, 2009) grounded in network theory, by developing an intermediate position between an ‘insider’ and an ‘outsider’ for conditions when the transformation of a...
Article
We empirically investigate differences in CSR policy adoption between Brazil and Sweden. We find that Brazilian firms adopt CSR policies to a greater extent than Swedish firms. These differences suggest that the Swedish institutional context, where the public sector is the dominant player in the social arena, may have unintended consequences on the...
Article
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Based on case studies of religious Muslim and Christian family firms operating in a religiously diverse country, we explain the multiplicity of family, business, religion, and community logics in the family firm. In particular, we give attention to the religion logic and how it interacts with other logics when family firms are considering ethical i...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to provide an overview of the development of learning organization concepts from the perspective of Nancy Dixon, who has been at the forefront of the learning organization discussion since the 1980s. Design/methodology/approach Through a conversation with Dixon, and a scan of some of her works, this paper discusses several...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to synthesize the learnings from prior interviews with thought leaders in learning organization conceptual development. Prior interviews with Karen Watkins, Victoria Marsick, Michael Marquardt, Bob Garratt and Peter Senge are included in the summary, which is an interim step as The Learning Organization continue...
Article
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Purpose This paper aims to investigate the relationship between Islam and economic underdevelopment that characterizes many Muslim societies. It examines the Weberian thesis regarding Islam and development, assessing the role of Islamic law, in addition to the concepts of rationality and fatalism. Design/methodology/approach The paper reviews the...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to provide an overview of the development of learning organization concepts from the perspective of Professor Bob Garratt and presents an interesting evolution toward his work on learning boardroom members. Design/methodology/approach Through a conversation with Professor Garratt, the authors capture several topics pertai...
Chapter
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Article
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We explore some challenges that face authentic leadership scholarship including problems related to how the construct is understood and measured. We present a model of authentic leadership that looks at it, not as a leadership style, but as an outcome of a legitimation process. Authentic leadership represents legitimated follower perceptions of a l...
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Purpose This paper aims to provide an overview of the development of learning organization concepts from the perspectives of Dr Victoria Marsick and Dr Karen Watkins and presents an interesting evolution of their work together spanning over three decades. Design/methodology/approach Through a conversation with thought-leading scholars Dr Victori...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to attempt to collate and understand the fragmented research on female entrepreneurship in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The review assesses the literature at the macro, meso and micro analysis levels and addresses the obstacles, challenges, motivations and characteristics of female entrepreneurship in the MENA r...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the resilient and persistent gender gap in Arab societies. Particular emphasis is put on female participation gap in the public sphere. Examples of such gaps are given in education, labor participation, income, and ascension to leadership positions. Gaps within Arab countries are also discussed and arguments against treating...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the issue of the veil within its historical context. It describes various discourses, from within Islam, that argue for, or against, female participation in the public sphere. It explains the various, sometimes divergent understandings, of the limits of the veil and the implications thereof on Muslim women. The varieties of e...
Chapter
This chapter explains how various attempts aiming to uplift women’s status over the last century have not been able to significantly close the gender gap. The role of education, regulatory changes, and the quota system are analyzed. Why education has not resulted in increased economic and political participation is revisited and explained. The limi...
Chapter
Through presenting various readings of key verses from the Qur’an, this chapter describes the religious injunctions brought forward that impact women’s participation in the public sphere. The few verses in the Qur’an dedicated to male–female interactions and Muslim women’s dress are discussed. The various understandings of those verses are presente...
Chapter
This chapter depicts the main arguments put forward by opponents of veiling. Drawing from the works of several Arab feminists, activists, and academics, I describe a discourse that attributes much of the lack of female participation to the boundaries imposed on women by certain readings of the Qur’anic texts. Those restrictions, it is argued by cri...
Book
This book explores how a growing religious discourse is advocating for change in women's employment participation in Arab societies. It provides a historical and cultural overview of women in Arab societies as well as issues of homogeneity and heterogeneity in religion. An emerging group of activists, intellectuals, and religious scholars are rocki...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to argue that national history plays an important role in formulations of workplace religious diversity strategies and practices. It builds on a discussion of the organization of religion in the workplace in two countries, namely, France and Lebanon. Design/methodology/approach – This is a conceptual paper th...
Article
If there is anything to conclude from this special issue, it is that the convergence-divergence debate is still far from being resolved. However based on the contributions of this special issue, we maintain that the case for total or dominant convergence can now be laid to rest. Rather than trying to identify one winning side, a better route is to...
Article
There are numerous under-researched topics that fall under the umbrella of comparative international human resource management (IHRM) theory and practice. We address three in particular: talent management (TM), international mobility, and diversity. The degree of convergence of HR practices with Western-style so-called “best practices” is a topic o...
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Working women in the Arab world have been suffering from significant problems in their participation and economic/organizational well-being. Statistics point to the fact that the gap between males and females is significant in terms of pay and participation rates. Some cultural and institutional factors that could be responsible –at least partially...
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Purpose – This paper takes an institutional approach to identify cognitive, normative, and regulatory factors affecting women’s business leadership in an under-studied traditional society. The purpose of this paper is to assess how such forces work to create a case of female leadership deficit (FLD) in Lebanon. Design/methodology/approach – The au...
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When faced with the decision of selecting an advanced degree, many engineers opt for management related studies rather than further specialization in a technical field. This article attempts to highlight the reasons behind such choices, and explores the role that a Master's degree in Engineering Management (MEM) plays in career planning and progres...
Article
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We explore academic literature on business ethics education and critically compare the themes emerging from different contexts. Outlining guidelines for analysis based on Southern Theory, we conduct a content analysis on a selection of English, peer-reviewed articles and then critically compare emergent themes from across the ‘Northern'-Southern’ d...
Chapter
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Article
Cette étude analyse le management international des talents par les entreprises dans une perspective institutionnelle. Elle est réalisée auprès de managers d’entreprises du Conseil de Coopération du Golfe (CCG). Dans ces pays, les problématiques d’emploi sont typiquement internationales et différentes du contexte occidental. Les difficultés du mana...
Article
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A notable phenomenon in the Arab Middle East is the growing number of educated and skilled women who are unemployed at disproportionate rates when compared to their male compatriots In contrast to the Leaking Pipeline described in many national contexts in Europe and North America, it appears that in the Arab world the pipeline is experiencing ever...
Article
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While there is a common belief that female labour indicators in Arab countries demonstrate a problematic situation, little is understood about the varieties within countries in that region. This paper attempts to draw a segmentation of the Arab world to show how different countries differ in this regard. It looks at two specific measures: the level...
Article
The dominant approach to understanding Islamic Business Ethics (IBE) has been based almost exclusively on either interpretations of the Qur’an and Sunna or influenced by Western understanding of Islam and ethics. However, there is a rich—largely ignored-tradition of ethical analysis conducted by Muslim philosophers which would broaden our understan...
Article
This paper explores attitudes regarding tax evasion and the relationship between personal moral philosophy and such attitudes in a weak tax environment. The results confirm the multidimensionality of tax evasion attitudes. Idealism was negatively related to self-interest tax evasion attitudes while relativism was positively related to such attitude...
Data
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Conference Paper
This paper investigates the relationship between Islam and economic underdevelopment that characterizes many Muslim societies. It examines the Weberian thesis regarding Islam and development, assessing the role of Islamic Law, in addition to concepts of rationality and fatalism. An explanation for the malaise of Muslim societies is presented, speci...
Article
This paper aims at exploring the extent to which Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orientations are influenced by the level of religiosity among business professionals. Previous empirical research has highlighted the influence of personal values and belief systems on managerial CSR orientations, presenting mixed evidence in relation to the infl...
Article
Purpose ‐ This study aims to address gender gaps in labor participation and earned income. The paper assesses the role of education and cultural dimensions in impacting female labor indicators. The paper tests two separate models predicting female labor participation as a percentage of male participation (FPM) and female earned income as a percenta...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to present a case of proactive change that occurred in a large organization in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The paper explains how management actively used religious discourse to institute a stakeholder perspective within the organization. Findings ‐ The process of change that occurred leads to...
Article
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A vast majority of marketing theory and research has focused on relativism and idealism in order to understand ethical behavior. However, making ethical assessments that in turn influence behavior is much more complicated than it appears. One of the most important developments in contemporary philosophy has been the renewed interest in epistemic vi...
Article
We examine the practice of nepotism in the Arab World and analyze how a rational-legal model of bureaucracy was never able to take hold. We draw upon ideas from institutional theory and related notions of legitimacy to provide an explanation of nepotism’s extraordinary persistence. Then we use arguments to speculate how the appearance of institutio...
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We present a case of proactive change that occurred in a large organization in Saudi Arabia. We explain how the organizational leadership actively embarked on a project to institute a stakeholder perspective within its code of ethics. Because of the complexities of sources for organizational cognitions and behaviors, organizational members have loy...
Article
This study addresses work–family conflicts and job attitudes of white-collar single women and the ensuing work-related attitudes in a developing country context. After an overview of gender roles in Arab society, several hypotheses were advanced and tested. Although married females reported higher family–work conflicts than single females, the latt...
Article
There are several challenges associated with traditional business ethics education. While case studies have been used extensively in ethics education, such use can be complemented by using Problem Based Learning (PBL). PBL represents a pedagogy employing more collaborative tools that involve students more extensively in the learning process. A well...
Chapter
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To date, the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has not received systematic attention in the Middle East. Our excursion in this book is intended to flesh out the understanding and practice of CSR in this part of the world. As will be revealed through the various contributions, CSR in the Middle East has distinctive roots and unique ex...
Article
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The appraisal and relative performance evaluation of nurses are very important and beneficial for both nurses and employers in an era of clinical governance, increased accountability and high standards of health care services. They enhance and consolidate the knowledge and practical skills of nurses by identification of training and career developm...
Article
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Purpose – This paper seeks to summarize the results of a study assessing the status of United Arab Emirates (UAE) female entrepreneurs and attempts to sketch the pattern of the UAE female entrepreneur. It aims to draw a profile of typical UAE women entrepreneurs and their characteristics, outline the makeup of their entrepreneurial businesses, iden...
Article
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The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Farzad Rafi Khan and Peter Lund-Thomsen on Western-based corporate social responsibility (CSR), one by Armel Brice Adanhounme on CSR in the mining sector of Ghana, and one by Kenneth Amaeshi on changing the tones of the CSR discourse in the developing world.
Article
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This article begins with the premise that market-oriented development strategies require more than the free movement of the factors of production from one use to another; they also require a positive work ethic and an energetic and committed workforce. However, the existing Arab work ethic does not seem conducive to␣development and change. This art...
Article
Earlier investigations have indicated that work beliefs in organization are impacted by different national cultures. In addition, those investigations have sought to understand the meaning of work in such different cultures. This study explores the meaning of work in the Egyptian context through an assessment of work beliefs and work attitudes. The...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study was conducted to explore the attitude towards adopting m-commerce in Lebanon. The sample of respondents were asked twenty Likert’s type questions that taped five different areas: (1) Motives based on Psychographics: Life Style and Hobbies, (2) Perceived Ease of using M-commerce, (3) Adopting M-Commerce, (4) Perceived Credibility, and (5)...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address issues of gender, age, and ethical sensitivity and to address the interplay of gender and age and levels of ethical sensitivity within the Lebanese context. Design/methodology/approach – A structured survey was designed and administered to a sample of Lebanese respondents to test the extent of ethic...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to survey the various measurement instruments of the learning organization on offer, leading to the adoption of a tool that was considered most suitable for gauging progress towards the learning organization in two sectors of the Lebanese economy, namely banking and information technology (IT). Design/methodo...
Article
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Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a concept that has acquired a new resonance in the global economy. With the advent of globalization, managers in different contexts have been exposed to the notion of CSR and are being pressured to adopt CSR initiatives. Yet, in view of vastly differing national cultures and institutional realities, mixed or...
Article
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a concept that has acquired a new resonance in the global economy. With the advent of globalization, managers in different contexts have been exposed to the notion of CSR and are being pressured to adopt CSR initiatives. Yet in view of vastly differing national cultures and institutional realities, mixed ori...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – While the gender pay gap has received considerable attention, the evidence from developing countries remains scant. The purpose of this paper is to examine the salience of a gender pay gap in a developing country context, through an empirical study of differentials in wages/salaries across gender in the banking, nursing and higher educati...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an exploratory study of EI in the Lebanese context, investigating empirically variations in EI competency scores (self‐awareness, self‐regulation, self‐motivation, social awareness and social skills) in a sample of 225 Lebanese employees/managers. The study provides preliminary feedback on the possi...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of a sample of Lebanese organizations vis‐à‐vis some of the core learning organization dimensions identified in the literature, focusing specifically on those dimensions that are considered most salient and relevant in the Lebanese context. Design/methodology/approach – The paper cap...
Article
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Purpose – This paper's purpose is to present the works of a North African early contributor to sociological theory, Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406), specifically pertaining to his conceptualization of leadership and the role of asabiya (group feeling) in leadership emergence. Design/methodology/approach – The paper reviews the Muqadimmah, (Prolegomena or t...
Article
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Malgré la diffusion du concept de développement durable dans les instances internationales, la sensibilité écologique ou sociale varie beaucoup d’un pays à un autre : alors qu’elle culmine dans certains pays elle est quasi absente dans d’autres. Si différentes raisons sont évoquées pour expliquer ces différences internationales, la littérature se f...
Article
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a concept that has acquired a new resonance in the global economy. With the advent of globalization, managers in different contexts have been exposed to the notion of CSR and are being pressured to adopt CSR initiatives. Yet, in view of vastly differing national cultures and institutional realities, mixed or...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the role of speech on transformational leadership attributions and the role of follower self-esteem in fostering the relationship between followers and their leaders. Design/methodology/approach – Survey research was used testing specific relationships. A 2-by-2 experimental design was conducted incl...
Article
Purpose – The audit expectation gap has been examined in many regions of the world, but the extent of such a gap has not been investigated in many Middle-Eastern countries. This study attempts to assess the possible existence of an expectation gap between accountants and non-accountants in Lebanon. Design/methodology/approach – Survey research was...
Article
Corporations have increasingly become more aware of the need to inculcate issues of ethics, corporate social responsibility, and sustainable development in their decision making. Unethical corporate and managerial behaviours and practices are posing serious obstacles in the move towards development and prosperity. The main objective of this paper i...

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Projects (3)
Project
Out now! This publication provides a compendium of the status quo of responsible management and makes connections, in order to further consolidate and enrich the responsible management field. There are multiple final draft chapter available in the project log. The final version is available in The Research Handbook of Responsible Management edited by Oliver Laasch, Roy Suddaby, Edward R. Freeman, and Dima Jamali, published in 2020, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781788971966