Yuri Ostrovsky

Yuri Ostrovsky
Statistics Canada | STATCAN

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62
Publications
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309
Citations

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
A rapidly growing literature on informal work increasingly turns to administrative data to document changes in the size of informal economy and to learn more about the characteristics of freelancers, on‐demand/platform workers and similar types of workers commonly referred to as “gig workers.” These studies have established a conceptual link betwee...
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We use data from a nationally representative survey of Canadian firms in 2011, 2014 and 2017 and ask whether immigrant-owned small- and medium-sized firms were more likely than those owned by Canadian-born individuals to implement an innovation. We examined the likelihood of implementing product, process, organizational and marketing innovations, a...
Article
I show that a covariance-based test typically used to distinguish between lifetime income models known as Heterogeneous Income Profiles and Restricted Income Profiles will lead to erroneous conclusions in the presence of time-varying factor loadings on the permanent earnings component. The magnitude of a potential estimation bias associated with th...
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Using recent survey data, this paper examines access to financing by immigrant business owners. We hypothesize that immigrant and Canadian-born owners finance their businesses in significantly different ways and that immigrant-owned small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have more difficulty accessing financial capital. The results suggest that, after...
Article
We examine the role of self-employment in helping women improve family–work balance. We focus specifically on women who become new mothers and various aspects of their transitions from wage employment to self-employment. Becoming a new mother increases the probability of making such transitions, and our sensitivity analysis addressing selection on...
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This paper addresses two questions. Do exit and survival patterns (duration) of firm ownership differ between immigrant and Canadian born entrepreneurs? Secondly, what immigrant characteristics are associated with lower exit rates from business ownership and longer ownership spells. The paper focuses on new spells of ownership of private incorporat...
Article
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Firm shutdown creates a turbulent situation for workers as it leads directly to layoffs for its workers. An additional consideration is whether a firm’s shutdown within an industry creates turbulence for workers at other continuing firms. Using data drawn from the Longitudinal Worker File, a Canadian firm-worker matched employment database, we inve...
Article
This paper uses Canadian administrative data to test the impact of lifecycle earnings variation and errors-in-variables bias on estimates of intergenerational earnings and income mobility. We find lower levels of mobility compared to previous studies, with a new estimate of the father-son intergenerational earnings elasticity of 0.32. Our analysis...
Chapter
This paper looks at the impact industry instability has on worker separations. Workers leave firms one of two ways: (i) voluntarily by quitting; or (ii) involuntarily through firm layoffs. Using data drawn from the Longitudinal Worker File, a Canadian firm-worker matched employment database, we are able distinguish between voluntary and involuntary...
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Full-text available
This article in the Economic Insights series describes the extent to which immigrant-owned businesses are in the ‘knowledge-based’economy, in the more traditional ethnic economy, or in other industrial sectors. It further outlines the differences among immigrant classes (family, refugee, business and economic classes) in the types of businesses own...
Article
I develop a very flexible error-component model of family earnings dynamics to examine recent Canadian trends in the variance of family earnings and its components using the ‘permanent-transitory’ analytical framework. In contrast to most studies of family earnings inequality, the main focus of this paper is on the trends in the correlation between...
Article
Using uniquely rich Canadian administrative data from the 1993-2007 period, I find no evidence of rising Employment Insurance (EI) participation across recent-immigrant cohorts and no evidence of rising EI participation with number of years spent in Canada beyond the short period following entrance into the Canadian labour market. I also find littl...
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Abstract Using uniquely rich Canadian administrative data from the 1993–2007 period, I find no evidence of rising Employment Insurance (EI) participation across recent‐immigrant cohorts and no evidence of rising EI participation with number of years spent in Canada beyond the short period following entrance into the Canadian labour market. I also f...
Article
The recent economic boom in the Canadian province of Alberta provides an ideal “natural experiment” to examine immigrants' responses to a strong labor demand outside major metropolitan centers. The key finding of this study based on a unique data set that combines administrative and immigrant records is that not only did immigrants respond to the r...
Article
I consider two flexible models of earnings dynamics suggested in the recent literature and alternative approaches to the treatment of left-censored observations to examine trends in the permanent and transitory variances of earnings of Canadian male workers from 1985 to 2005. I find that both permanent and transitory variances were higher in the 20...
Article
Full-text available
The Canadian Financial Capability Survey (CFCS), released by Statistics Canada in December 2009, was designed to collect information about Canadians' knowledge, abilities, and behaviours concerning financial decision-making. In addition to information on approaches to money management and financial planning, the CFCS collected information on issues...
Article
Using data from the Longitudinal Administrative Database (LAD), this paper compares the earnings replacement rates achieved in retirement by a sample of married and common-law couples in which the husband was aged 55 to 57 in 1991. Emphasis is placed on the outcomes experienced by couples in which one spouse or both spouses had registered pension p...
Article
In spite of the importance of registered pension plans (RPPs) in discussions of Canada's retirement income system, very few Canadian studies have examined the financial outcomes experienced by RPP members and RPP non-members. Using data from the Longitudinal Administrative Database (LAD), this paper compares the distributions of earnings replacemen...
Article
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Le pr�sent document propose une comparaison des taux de remplacement des gains obtenus � la retraite par un �chantillon de couples mari�s et en union libre, dont le mari �tait �g� de 55 � 57 ans en 1991. Cette comparaison se fonde sur des donn�es de la banque de Donn�es administratives longitudinales (DAL). L'accent est mis sur les r�sultats des co...
Article
En d�pit de l'importance des r�gimes de pension agr��s (RPA) dans les discussions sur le syst�me canadien de revenu de retraite, tr�s peu d'�tudes au Canada ont port� sur les r�sultats financiers des cotisants et des non-cotisants � un RPA. Le pr�sent document propose une comparaison de la distribution des taux de remplacement des gains des hommes...
Article
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L'Enqu�te canadienne sur les capacit�s financi�res (ECCF), dont les donn�es ont �t� diffus�es par Statistique Canada en d�cembre 2009, a �t� con�ue pour recueillir de l'information concernant les connaissances, les capacit�s et les comportements des Canadiens en ce qui a trait � la prise de d�cisions financi�res. Outre les donn�es sur les approches...
Article
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Using data from a large Canadian longitudinal dataset, we examine whether earnings of wives and teenagers increase in response to layoffs experienced by husbands. We find virtually no evidence of an “added worker effect†for the earnings of teenagers. However, we find that among families with no children of working age, wives’ earnings offset...
Article
Data from the Longitudinal Administrative Data (LAD) base are used to compare the retirement status and earnings replacement rates achieved by individuals who were, and individuals who were not, Registered Pension Plan members in 1991 and/or 1992, when they were in their mid-fifties. Among men in this cohort, the likelihood of being retired at age...
Article
Full-text available
On utilise les donn�es de la banque de donn�es administratives longitudinales (DAL) pour comparer la situation � la retraite et les taux de remplacement du revenu atteints par des personnes qui, en 1991 et/ou en 1992, alors qu'elles �taient au milieu de la cinquantaine, participaient � un r�gime de pension agr�� (RPA) et ne participaient pas. Pour...
Article
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Throughout much of the last century, older couples faced only one retirement decision the husband's. However, the dramatic rise and sustained participation of women in the paid labour force since the 1970s transformed the retirement transitions of married couples increasingly, couples had to make two decisions and balance the preferences and constr...
Article
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À l'aide d'un vaste ensemble de données longitudinales canadiennes, nous examinons si, en réaction au licenciement que subissent les maris, les gains des femmes et des adolescents augmentent. Dans le cas des adolescents, nous ne relevons pour ainsi dire aucun indice d'un « effet de travailleur supplémentaire », mais nous constatons que, dans le cas...
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Full-text available
Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips stock price has been predicted using the difference between core and headline CPI in the United States. Linear trends in the CPI difference allow accurate prediction of the prices at a five to ten-year horizon.
Article
Full-text available
Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips stock price has been predicted using the difference between core and headline CPI in the United States. Linear trends in the CPI difference allow accurate prediction of the prices at a five to ten-year horizon.
Article
Full-text available
The recent economic boom in the Canadian province of Alberta provides an ideal "natural experiment" to examine immigrants' responses to a strong labour demand outside major metropolitan centres. The key finding of our study, which is based on a unique dataset that combines administrative and immigrant records, is that not only did immigrants respon...
Article
Full-text available
L'essor �conomique que conna�t r�cemment la province canadienne de l'Alberta offre une occasion id�ale de r�aliser une exp�rience dans des conditions naturelles par l'examen des r�actions des immigrants � une forte demande de main-d'oeuvre � l'ext�rieur des grands centres m�tropolitains. Le r�sultat principal de notre �tude fond�e sur un ensemble u...
Article
Full-text available
re Canadian families better prepared for retirement today than in the past? Since the late 1970s, the proportion of employees cov- ered by a registered pension plan (RPP) has dropped (Chart A)—the decline in coverage by defined-benefit RPPs more than offsetting growth in coverage by defined-contribution plans. Over the 1978 to 2005 period, male emp...
Article
Full-text available
Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips stock price has been predicted using the difference between core and headline CPI in the United States. Linear trends in the CPI difference allow accurate prediction of the prices at a five to ten-year horizon.
Article
This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection a...
Article
This study employs a Monte Carlo method to highlight problems in the performance of Bover-Arellano discrete choice dynamic estimators which have been used in models with habit persistence.
Article
We analyze the degree to which Canadian families are covered by private pension plans and document how their savings for retirement (made through contributions to tax-assisted retirement savings programs) have evolved over the last two decades. We find that two-parent families, lone-parent families and other individuals located in the bottom quinti...
Article
Nous analysons la mesure dans laquelle les familles canadiennes sont prot�g�es par des r�gimes de pension priv�s et nous documentons la fa�on dont leur �pargne retraite (par la voie de cotisations � des r�gimes d'�pargne retraire donnant droit � une aide fiscale) a �volu� au cours des deux derni�res d�cennies. Nous avons d�termin� que les familles...
Article
This article summarizes findings from the research paper entitled: The Instability of Family Earnings and Family Income in Canada, 1986 to 1991 and 1996 to 2001. Despite its implications for family well-being, little attention has been paid to the analysis of earnings instability in the context of the family versus the earnings profiles of individu...
Article
We investigate how family earnings instability evolved between the late 1980s and the late 1990s and how family income instability varies across segments of the (family-level) earnings distribution. We uncover four key patterns. First, among the subset of families who were intact over the 1982-91 and 1992-2001 periods, family earnings instability c...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate how family earnings instability evolved between the late 1980s and the late 1990s and how family income instability varies across segments of the (family-level) earnings distribution. We uncover four key patterns. First, among the subset of families who were intact over the 1982­91 and 1992­2001 periods, family earnings instability c...
Article
Nous �tudions l'�volution de l'instabilit� des gains familiaux de la fin des ann�es 1980 � la fin des ann�es 1990 et du revenu familial d'un segment � l'autre de la courbe de distribution des gains familiaux. Nous d�gageons quatre grands profils. Premi�rement, dans le sous ensemble de familles demeur�es intactes de 1982 � 1991 et de 1992 � 2001, l'...
Article
Le present article r�sume les conclusions du document de recherch� intitul�e: L'instabilit� des gains familiaux et du revenu familial au Canada, 1986 � 1991 et 1996 � 2001. En d�pit de ses r�percussions sur le bien �tre des familles, on a peu analys� l'instabilit� des gains dans le contexte des familles, par rapport aux profils des gains des partic...
Article
This study extends previous work on the evolution of the education premium, and investigates the existence of diverging university/high school earnings ratio trends across industries in the knowledge-based economy. The study also discusses the changing demand for high-skilled workers by comparing relative wages of university graduates holding degre...
Article
Dans cette étude, et dans le prolongement de travaux antérieurs sur l'évolution de l'avantage associé aux études, on examine les tendances divergentes du ratio des gains des diplômés universitaires à ceux des diplômés du secondaire dans divers secteurs de l'économie du savoir. On discute également de l'évolution de la demande de travailleurs hautem...
Article
This paper outlines a debate in the economics literature about the role of housing wealth in post-retirement consumption choices and provides a description of the patterns of the residential mobility, tenure, and dwelling-type transitions of older Canadians, using the newly available Statistics Canada Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID). Th...
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This paper uses a time-series of cross-sections drawn from three different surveys to explore life-cycle profiles of housing arrangements in Canada. Synthetic cohort (quasi-panel) methods are employed to disentangle age profiles from cohort effects. The results suggest limited "downsizing" in later life. Potential biases arising from changes in coh...
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An intensely debated question in the lifecycle literature is whether housing wealth is viewed by households as a financial asset that will be used to support general consumption after retirement. This paper uses the newly available longitudinal Canadian Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) to investigate the factors influencing elderly house...
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stable stream of earnings is key to supporting many aspects of life. A regular job allows young people to leave the parental home and contemplate starting a family. The accompanying access to credit can enable the purchase of a home or car. The planning horizon lengthens so that investment and savings are more likely to be included in the house- ho...
Article
I consider two flexible models of earnings dynamics suggested in recent literature and alternative approaches to the treatment of left-censored observations to examine trends in the permanent and transitory variances of earnings of Canadian male workers from 1985 to 2005. I find that both permanent and transitory variances were higher in the 2000s...
Article
Full-text available
Les auteurs sont au service de la Division de l'analyse des entreprises et du marché du travail. On peut joindre René Morissette au 613-951-3608 et Yuri Ostrovsky au 613-951-4299, ou l'un ou l'autre à perspective@statcan.ca. L es familles canadiennes sont-elles mieux préparées à la retraite aujourd'hui que par le passé? Depuis la fin des années 197...
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Full-text available
This paper examines the state of retirement preparedness in Canada by assessing the adequacy of household private saving. Our definition of saving adequacy is based on the saving optimality implied by a stochastic life-cycle model. Model predictions are compared to the observed saving behaviors in the Survey of Financial Security (SFS). We find tha...

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