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Yunier Broche-Pérez

Yunier Broche-Pérez

M.Sc., Ph.D
Brain and Cognitive Health Researcher

About

82
Publications
123,976
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419
Citations
Introduction
For more than a decade I have been a full-time professor of Neuroscience, Neuropsychology and Experimental Psychology at the Universidad Central «Marta Abreu» de Las Villas (UCLV), Cuba. I have dedicated my career to the research and clinical practice of neuropsychology. My current research focuses on clinical psychology, clinical neuropsychology, and cognitive and brain health.
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Neuropsychology
September 2010 - present
Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology
September 2010 - January 2011
Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Psychopathology
Education
September 2014 - June 2016
Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology/Neuropsychology
January 2009 - September 2011
Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas
Field of study
  • Cognition and Aging
September 2003 - June 2008

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Full-text available
Decision-making is the process of selecting a course of action from among 2 or more alternatives by considering the potential outcomes of selecting each option and estimating its consequences in the short, medium and long term. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has traditionally been considered the key neural structure in the decision-making process. How...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease typically affect executive functions. Recently, the concept of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) has been related to PD (PD-MCI). PD-MCI is considered a transition phase to Parkinson's disease Dementia. Therefore, it is important to identify PD-MCI in a reliable way. Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity a...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health emergency that could potentially have a serious impact on public health. Fear has been one of the most frequent psychological reaction in the population during the current pandemic. The aim of this study was to compare fear of COVID-19 between genders and to examine whether the differences between genders ma...
Article
Full-text available
The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) and the INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) are two instruments frequently used to explore cognitive defcits in different diseases. However, studies reporting their use in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are limited. Objective: To compare the sensitivity and specifcity of FAB and IFS in mild cognitive im...
Article
Full-text available
International organizations estimate that a new dementia is diagnosed every 3 s. Objectives: To explore the knowledge and beliefs among a cross-section of the adult population of Cuba with regard to dementia risk factors and to determine the demographic variables related with it. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 1,004 Cubans. Methods:...
Article
Background: It is urgent to increase studies aimed at exploring and understanding the role that psychological resilience plays in PwMS. To achieve this objective, an important requirement is to have properly validated instruments that allow exploring psychological resilience in MS patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and re...
Article
Full-text available
La investigación tuvo como objetivo explorar las características neuropsicológicas de adultos mayores cubanos sanos institucionalizados. Se desarrolló una investigación cuantitativa, con diseño transversal de tipo descriptivo mediante encuestas, entre marzo y abril de 2021. Los instrumentos empleados fueron: Trail Making Test, Test de Fluidez Verba...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The study of aspects related to positive mental health and well-being in the general population with a gender approach is a necessity in the current context imposed by COVID-19. Objective. To explore gender as a predictor of subjective well-being during COVID-19 in a sample of the Cuban population. Design. A cross-sectional web-based...
Article
Full-text available
Background Risk perception about COVID-19 constitutes an important variable contributing to promotion of personal protection practices. The aims of this study were to exploring the factorial structure of the risk perception COVID-19 scale (RP-COVID19-S) in a sample of Cuban adults and to identify its relationship with variables such as gender and a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) for detecting executive deficits in a Cuban sample of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) who have mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI). Background: MCI related to Parkinson's disease (MCI-PD) has a prevalence between 15%...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Fundamento: La necesidad de la intervención neurocognitiva en adultos mayores, así como las diversas posturas en cuanto a sus beneficios, justifican la pertinencia de sistematizar las disímiles propuestas de intervención neurocognitiva en personas con y sin déficits cognitivos. Reviste vital importancia el conocimiento del impacto de dichas...
Article
The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between sociodemographic factors and fear of COVID-19 in a Cuban population. A web-based study with a cross-sectional design was conducted. The sample comprised 1,145 participants. To explore fear, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale was used. Our results suggest that women were more likely to expe...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction In recent years, there has been an increase of studies dedicated to cognitive rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, few of these analyze the impact on such variables as cognitive reserve. The study aims to explore the effects of a cognitive rehabilitation program comprising a combination of cognitive and phy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: To explore knowledge and beliefs among a cross-section of the Cuban adult population with regard to dementia risk factors and to determine the demographic variables related with it. Study design: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 1004 cubans. Methods: The survey measured the importance placed on dementia, risk reduction knowl...
Article
Background: During the current COVID-19 pandemic there are studies that have suggested a negative impact of the pandemic on the mental health of patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). In this sense, several factors may be related to the increase in experiences of anxiety and depression in PwMS during the current pandemic. Objective: In this study...
Article
Full-text available
Background The number of people diagnosed with dementia globally has dramatically increased in recent years. The objective of this study was to explore beliefs and knowledge among the Cuban population with regard to the risk factors that may lead to dementia and the actions that may be taken to prevent it. Method In an exploratory cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The number of people diagnosed with dementia globally has dramatically increased in recent years. The objective of this study was to explore beliefs and knowledge among the Cuban population with regard to the risk factors that may lead to dementia and the actions that may be taken to prevent it. Method: In an exploratory cross-sectio...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The threats of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) have caused fears worldwide. The Fear of COVID‐19 Scale (FCV‐19S) was recently developed to assess the fear of COVID‐19. Although many studies found that the FCV‐19S is psychometrically sound, it is unclear whether the FCV‐19S is invariant across countries. The present study aimed to exa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between sociodemographic factors and fear of COVID-19 in a Cuban population. A web-based study with a cross-sectional design was conducted. The sample comprised 1145 participants. To explore fear, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale was used. Our results suggest that women were more likely to exper...
Article
Full-text available
The resurgence of COVID-19 could deepen the psychological impacts of the pandemic which poses new challenges for mental health professionals. Among the actions that should be prioritized is the monitoring of the groups that have shown greater psychological vulnerability during the first stage of the pandemic. The first aim of our study is to explor...
Article
Full-text available
El enfoque holístico en la rehabilitación neuropsicológica es una necesidad actual que requiere de la búsqueda de nuevas alternativas. El estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la efectividad de un programa integrado de rehabilitación neuropsicológica diseñado para potenciar el funcionamiento cognitivo en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple remitente-rec...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the psychometric properties of the Cuban version of Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS). The sample comprised 376 Cuban participants. Concurrent validity and reliability were examined. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed. The CAS showed excellent psychometric characteristics. The internal consistency was very good (α = 0.88...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: El aislamiento social y la cuarentena durante la pandemia de COVID-19 constituyen medidas efectivas con el objetivo de salvaguardar vidas. Sin embargo, estas medidas traen consigo un importante costo para la salud mental. El monitoreo de las reacciones psicológicas derivadas de las restricciones obligatorias de movimiento durante la p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. The COVID-19 pandemic is a global health emergency that could potentially have a serious impact on public health. Fear has been one of the most frequent psychological reaction in the population during the current pandemic. The aim of this study was to compare fear of COVID-19 between genders and to examine whether the differences betwe...
Data
This database corresponds to the manuscript entitled "Gender and Fear of COVID-19 in a Cuban population sample", which was sent for consideration to the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to determine if patients with dual diagnosis (DD) are especially prone to have more clinical and neurocognitive deficits than addictive patients without psychiatric comorbidity. A cross-sectional study was designed to examine the clinical and neuropsychological profile of women with alcohol dependence (AD). The sample comprised of...
Poster
Full-text available
El surgimiento de la Hipótesis del Marcador Somático conllevó a la creación del Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) un programa diseñado para el estudio de toma de decisiones bajo incertidumbre. El IGT simula un juego de cartas donde la selección de opciones conlleva a la obtención de ganancias y pérdidas de valor económico. No obstante, las características d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Resilience to disease is a process of positive adaptation despite the loss of health, it involves the development of vitality and skills to overcome the negative effects of adversity, risks, and vulnerability caused by disease. In Mexico, cancer is the leading cause of death in children. Both the diagnosis and the treatment of childhoo...
Article
Full-text available
En el área de las adicciones, que un paciente pueda completar su tratamiento tiene notables implicaciones para su calidad de vida, tanto desde el punto de vista clínico como social. El presente estudio se realizó con el objetivo de explorar la interacción de los factores referidos al paciente y la incorporación de sus familiares en el plan terapéut...
Article
Full-text available
Fundamento: El cronotipo es un atributo de los seres humanos, que refleja su fase circadiana individual, y repercute en las funciones biológicas y psicológicas, tanto en la salud como en la enfermedad. Su estudio es particularmente valioso en escenarios educacionales. Objetivo: caracterizar el cronotipo de estudiantes universitarios en relación co...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Desde hace relativamente poco tiempo, se observa un incremento en el número de investigaciones dedicadas a examinar las variables potenciadoras de la salud cognitiva. Este movimiento emergente ha sido denominado como Neuropsicología Positiva (NP). La NP ha sido definida como la orientación práctica y académica enfocada en el estudio y la pr...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Circadian typology is related to the sleep-wake timing. Objective:To determine the circadian typology and to assess the sleep-wake timing associated with it in a sample of university students. Methodology:273 university students were evaluated by the Morningness Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The harmful effect on the brain and the cognitive processes, caused by the chronic consumption of alcohol has been systematically described in literature for decades. At present, there are few results about the distinctive features of cognitive functioning in patients with dual pathology. Objective: To carry out a critical assessment...
Article
Background/aims: The diagnostic accuracy of the Cuban version of the revised Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-R) in identifying mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in comparison with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was assessed. Methods: The Cuban ACE-R was administered to a group of 129 elderly subjects (92 cognitively healthy and...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN En la actualidad existe un aumento exponencial en el número de personas que reciben diagnóstico de demencia cada año. Sin embargo, el control de determinados factores de riesgo en la población general podría reducir significativamente la tasa global de pacientes que presentan declive cognitivo o algún tipo de demencia (incluida la enfermeda...
Article
Resumen Objetivo El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la relación existente entre las variables emocionales, el bienestar subjetivo, la resiliencia y el optimismo con el progreso de la capacidad funcional en pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular Material y métodos Se diseñó un estudio transeccional descriptivo. Se evaluó un total de 20 pacien...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: En Cuba, la esperanza de vida al nacer supera actualmente los 77 años. Esta realidad trae consigo un incremento exponencial en el número de adultos mayores que son diagnosticados con un síndrome demencial. Uno los instrumentos de screening cognitivo más conocido y utilizado es el Minimental Test. A pesar de su extendido uso, desde hac...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In Cuba, life expectancy at birth now surpasses the rate of 77 years. This reality brings about an exponential increase in the number of senior adults diagnosed with dementia syndrome. One of the most well-known and used cognitive screening instruments is the Minimental Test. Despite its widespread use, it has been suggested for more...
Article
Full-text available
Fundamento: Existe una gran variabilidad del funcionamiento cognitivo en el curso de la esclerosis múltiple, incluso entre pacientes que tienen similares patrones de disfunción cerebral. Objetivo: Sintetizar los resultados científicos más representativos sobre las particularidades de la reserva cognitiva en esta patología. Desarrollo: Se sintetiza...
Article
Full-text available
El Trastorno Disocial (TD) se caracteriza por un patrón desadaptativo expresado en la violación sistemática de las normas sociales y jurídicas. Existen evidencias actuales sobre el papel de las funciones ejecutivas (FE) en la instauración y desarrollo de esta entidad psicopatológica. Sin embargo, la mayaría de los estudios se han desarrollado con m...
Article
Full-text available
This paper has a group of personal reflections related to the teaching and study of statistics in the field of psychological science. Likewise, a group of misinterpretations related to the subject, their probable causes and some possible solutions for this phenomenon is related. Emphasis is placed on the instrumental role of statistics and calls fo...
Article
Full-text available
Reserva cognitiva en la esclerosis múltiple. Su rol en la evaluación e intervención neuropsicológica RESUMEN Fundamento: Existe una gran variabilidad del funcionamiento cognitivo en el curso de la esclerosis múltiple, incluso entre pacientes que tienen similares patrones de disfunción cerebral. Objetivo: Sintetizar los resultados científicos más re...
Article
Introduction: Decision-making is the process of selecting a course of action from among 2 or more alternatives by considering the potential outcomes of selecting each option and estimating its consequences in the short, medium and long term. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has traditionally been considered the key neural structure in the decision-makin...
Article
Full-text available
La afasia es definida como una alteración de la capacidad de uso del lenguaje, que se presenta como secuela de un daño cerebral sufrido luego del desarrollo de las habilidades lingüísticas básicas. En esta revisión se analizan las perspectivas científicas que han tratado el problema de la afasia. Fueron revisados artículos y textos científicos en f...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functioning (EF) deficits have been implicated in antisocial behavior, however the literature on the association between neuropsychological deficits in executive functions and adolescents with antisocial behavior is limited and the findings inconsistent. Objective: this study examines planning, mental flexibility and reversal learning in...
Article
Full-text available
Las alteraciones en las funciones ejecutivas (FE) han sido tradicionalmente relacionadas con comportamientos antisociales; sin embargo, estudios realizados con adolescentes con conductas antisociales son escasos en la actualidad, concentrándose la mayoría de las investigaciones en adultos que han cometido crímenes. Objetivo: examinar el funcionamie...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: Existen evidencias empíricas que relacionan las alteraciones en las funciones ejecutivas con la aparición de conductas antisociales. No obstante, la mayoría de las investi-gaciones se han enfocado en los componentes cognitivos («fríos») de este proceso soslayando el papel de los procesos emocionales («calientes»), como por ejemplo la...
Article
Introduction: Decision-making is the process of selecting a course of action from among 2 or more alternatives by considering the potential outcomes of selecting each option and estimating its consequences in the short, medium and long term. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has traditionally been considered the key neural structure in decision-making p...
Article
Cómo citar este artículo: Broche-Pérez Y, et al. Toma de decisiones en jóvenes con conductas antisociales: Evidencias desde el Iowa Gambling Task. Neurol Arg. 2015. http://dx.
Article
Full-text available
El alcohol constituye una droga de elevado consumo a escala global. En el caso particular de los seres humanos, existen numerosas consecuencias asociadas a su consumo excesivo que varían de acuerdo al sexo, peso corporal, velocidad de su ingestión, tamaño de dosis, entre otros factores. En la actualidad no existen dudas sobre el impacto negativo qu...
Chapter
Conversión auditivo-mental del código verbal. Los procesos de conversión acústico-fonémica Procesamiento del lenguaje en el Sistema Cognitivo. Elementos generales El Sistema Cognitivo (SC) humano, con el cerebro como base material, tiene una función fundamental e indiscutible: la adaptación del individuo al medio. Para ello, el Sistema cuenta con u...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Describir el modelo de desbalance del desarrollo cerebral y presentar la evidencia empírica que sustenta esta hipótesis sobre el neurodesarrollo en la adolescencia. Desarrollo: La adolescencia representa un periodo crítico en la maduración cerebral con importantes implicaciones en las dimensiones afectivo–sociales y cognitiva. En esta eta...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Describir las características de la tarea de apuestas flexible (FlexGT) y las oportunidades que brinda para el estudio de la toma de decisiones. Desarrollo: El surgimiento de la hipótesis del marcador somático conllevó a la creación del Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) un programa diseñado para el estudio de toma de decisiones bajo incertidumbre....
Article
Full-text available
Aunque tradicionalmente las conductas propensas al riesgo durante la adolescencia han sido asociadas a limitaciones intelectuales en los adolescentes, nuevas evidencias sugieren que estas dificultades pueden estar relacionadas con asincronías en el desarrollo de estructuras cerebrales. De acuerdo con el “Modelo del Sistema Dual” existen dos sistema...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La Hipótesis del Marcador Somático es una perspectiva teórica con asiento en las neurociencias que plantea que la toma de decisiones es asistida por señales emocionales denominadas marcadores somáticos (MS). Los MS actúan como alarmas emocionales al establecer vínculos con experiencias pasadas (positivas o negativas) influenciando las decisiones an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMEN Introducción: La psicología, en tanto ciencia que estudia las regularidades de la formación de lo psíquico, y lo subjetivo, trata con formaciones funcionales complejas estructuradas en el curso histórico-social-cultural de la humanidad. No obstante, las formas de actividad psíquica resultan de un cerebro, subordinado a las leyes biológicas...
Article
Full-text available
Face memory and emotional recognition are really important processes for contemporary psychology. Since Bruce and Young published their model of cognitive organization of face perception processes, in 1986, the knowledge about these two cognitive mechanisms has growth considerably. This knowledge has been enriched by the use of several approaches,...
Article
Face memory and emotional recognition are really important processes for contemporary psychology. Since Bruce and Young published their model of cognitive organization of face perception processes, in 1986, the knowledge about these two cognitive mechanisms has growth considerably. This knowledge has been enriched by the use of several approaches,...
Data
La velocidad acelerada a la que avanza el conocimiento científico permite que cada día se conozca nueva información sobre los más diversos temas. Una de las áreas, donde más conocimiento de acumula en este sentido, son las ciencias o disciplinas dedicadas a la salud mental. Especialmente la esquizofrenia se coloca como diana de múltiples investigad...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the main results of a research project whose objective was to determine the main resilient characteristics of frst year university students from the Escuelas de Superación de Atletas (espa) (Schools for Athlete Superation) in relation to their peers, from the pre-university system of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of C...