Yung-Ho Hsu

Yung-Ho Hsu
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Nephrology

About

121
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
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Background Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the most important vascular access for hemodialysis; however, preventive treatment to maintain the patency of AVFs has not been developed. In endothelium, β-catenin functions in both the intercellular adherens complex and signaling pathways that induce the transition of endothelial cells to myofibroblasts i...
Article
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Laxatives are commonly prescribed for constipation management; however, they are recognized as an independent factor associated with cardiovascular diseases. Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the closest to the ideal model of hemodialysis (HD) vascular access and part of the cardiovascular system. Our study aims to explore the association of contact l...
Article
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Rationale & Objective Taiwan implemented national pay-for-performance programs for chronic kidney disease (CKD) care in 2006 and 2011, but it is unknown whether this affected trends in maintenance dialysis. This study assessed the temporal trends in incidence, prevalence, and mortality of individuals treated by maintenance dialysis from 2002 to 201...
Article
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Acute kidney disease (AKD) comprises acute kidney injury (AKI). However, whether the AKD staging system has prognostic values among AKI patients with different baseline estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) remains a controversial issue. Algorithm-based approach was applied to identify AKI occurrence and to define different AKD stages. Risk ratio...
Article
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Severe vascular damage and complications are often observed in cancer patients during treatment of cisplatin chemotherapeutic drugs such as cisplatin. Thus, development of potential options to ameliorate the vascular side effects is urgently needed. In this study, the effects and the underlying mechanisms of far-infrared radiation (FIR) on cisplati...
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Background and aims The effects of influenza vaccination (IV) on the outcomes of patients with kidney disease (KD) are not completely understood. We aimed to evaluate and compare the outcomes during admission of KD between elderly patients who did or did not receive an IV within the previous 12 months. Methods We used health insurance research dat...
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Background Despite having a well-established pre-end-stage kidney disease (pre-ESKD) care program, Taiwan has a high incidence of ESKD. Unrecovered incident dialysis may lead to the maintenance of dialysis. Contrast medium (CM) or general anesthesia (GA) may also induce dialysis. We aimed to examine the trends for incident dialysis, use of CM or GA...
Article
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There is little comprehensive education for people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) progress. We investigated the differences in terms of outcomes between patients with CKD stages 3–5 who enrolled and did not enroll in the pre-ESRD care education in Taiwan. This retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the National Health Insuran...
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Background: Understanding the epidemic of chronic kidney disease of uncertain etiology may be critical for health policies and public health responses. Recent studies have shown that microplastics (MPs) contaminate our food chain and accumulate in the gut, liver, kidney, muscle, and so on. Humans manufacture many plastics-related products. Previou...
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Millions of experimental animals are widely used in the assessment of toxicological or biological effects of manufactured nanomaterials in medical technology. However, the animal consciousness has increased and become an issue for debate in recent years. Currently, the principle of the 3Rs (i.e., reduction, refinement, and replacement) is applied t...
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Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress significantly contribute to the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The NOD-like receptor family pyrin containing domain-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome plays a key role in the inflammatory response. The renal endothelin (ET) system is activated in all cases of CKD. Furthermore, ET-1 promote...
Article
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Identifying modifiable risk factors of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis is of clinical importance in patient care. Mineral bone disease (MBD) has been associated with mortality and morbidity in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. However, its influence on PD related peritonitis due to altered host immunity remains elusive. This st...
Article
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We have previously demonstrated calcimimetics optimize the balance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic mineralization through upregulating Wingless and int-1 (Wnt) signaling pathways in the mouse and cell model. Nonetheless, definitive human data are unavailable concerning therapeutic effects of Cinacalcet on chronic kidney diseas...
Article
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common global progressive disease, but there are no ideal drugs for the treatment. Fucoidan and fucoxanthin, and L-carnitine are one of the very few natural products that have a therapeutic effect on CKD in animal experiments. However, the combined effects of these compounds on CKD are unknown. We established a mou...
Article
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Current cigarette smoking is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or death from end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Mainstream cigarette smoke includes over 4000 compounds. Among the compounds present in tobacco smoke, nicotine is one of a large number of biologically stable and active compounds present in tobacco. However, the mechanisms by wh...
Article
Background Arteriovenous access (AV) thrombosis is an important and preventable problem amongst chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) fluctuation relates to higher cardiovascular mortality amongst these patients. We proposed there is a close relation between SBP changes and arteriovenous (AV) access thrombosis. We also d...
Article
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While the patency of vascular access is essential for hemodialysis patients, optimal pharmaceutical treatment to maintain arteriovenous fistula (AVF) patency remains lacking. As cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease, various cardiovascular medications have also been used to maintain AVF patency. Howev...
Article
Background and Aims Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a globally increasing health problem especially in aged era. CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) becomes a principal consequence of CKD, which includes mineral abnormalities, vascular calcifications (VC) and renal osteodystrophy (ROD), and patients eventually present with fractures and cardiov...
Article
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Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) who survive the acute stage are at notable risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. There is no single therapy that can effectively prevent the AKI to CKD transition. Autophagy is a cytoplasmic component degradation pathway and has complex functions in several diseases, such as renal fibrosis. Previ...
Article
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: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the main type of RCC, which is the most common type of malignant kidney tumor in adults. A subpopulation (>30%) of ccRCC patients develop metastasis; however, the molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we found that LTF, the gene encoding lactotransferrin, is dramatically downregulated in pri...
Article
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Background: Energy requirements must be estimated before nutritional care can be provided for patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). However, the recommended caloric intake for patients has not been conclusively determined because of insufficiently large sample sizes. Method: This cross-sectional observational study recruited patients undergoing...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Insulin deficiency in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) involves a decline in both pancreatic β-cell mass and function. Enhancing β-cell preservation represents an important therapeutic strategy to treat type 2 DM. Far-infrared (FIR) radiation has been found to induce promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (PLZF) activation to protect the vascular...
Article
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Pathophysiological states cause misfolded protein accumulation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Then, ER stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR) are activated. Targeting ER stress may enhance the adaptive UPR and then protect the cell against pathogenic environments. In the present study, we utilized nanotechnology to synthesize thapsigarg...
Article
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Far-infrared radiation (FIR) exerts numerous beneficial effects on health and cell physiology. Recent studies revealed that the biological effects of FIR are independent of thermal effects. There is no proper method for measuring the parameters of the non-thermal biological effects of FIR, which limits its biomedical application. In this study, we...
Article
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A valid diet quality assessment scale has not been investigated in hemodialysis patients. We aimed to adapt and validate the alternative healthy eating index in hemodialysis patients (AHEI-HD), and investigate its associations with all-cause mortality. A prospective study was conducted on 370 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based dialysis...
Article
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Vinyl chloride (VC) is a noninfective occupational risk factor. It is found in industrial chemicals, volatile organic compounds, cigarette smoke ingredients, etc. It is a kind of toxic gas that causes many diseases. VC exposure causes an increased risk of liver fibrosis and can result in angiosarcoma of the liver. Previous studies have shown that h...
Article
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Background: To investigate the association between insulin resistance (IR) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among hemodialysis patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study between 2013 and 2017, on 384 hemodialysis patients from seven hospital-based-dialysis centers. HOMA-IR is classified according to median value. The CVD risks...
Article
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The association between body fat and mortality in hemodialysis patients remains controversial. We examined the effect of percent body fat (PBF) on all-cause mortality among adequate hemodialysis patients with and without insulin resistance (IR). A prospective cohort study was conducted on 365 adequate hemodialysis patients (equilibrated Kt/V ≥ 1.2)...
Article
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Background: The hyperhomocysteinemia was with high prevalence and has been considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. These patients also experienced a high risk of muscle wasting caused by the comorbidity, malnutrition, and low physical activity. We investigated the associations of homocysteinemia with muscle...
Article
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Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) relates to high turnover bone loss and is responsible for most bone fractures among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Changes in the Wingless/beta-catenin signaling (Wnt/β-catenin) pathway and Wnt inhibitors have been found to play a critical role in CKD related bone loss. A calcimimetic agent, cinacalcet,...
Article
Introduction The immunosuppressant agents in kidney transplantation (KT) may lead to various complications such as opportunistic infections and malignancies. BK virus associated nephropathy is a significant complication following KT, and it can result in graft failure. BK virus causes tubulointerstitial nephritis, ureter stenosis, and even graft fa...
Article
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Traffic emission is responsible for most small-sized particulate matter (PM) air pollution in urban areas. Several recent studies have indicated that traffic-related PM may aggravate kidney disease. Furthermore, exposure to particulate air pollution may be related to the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the underlying molecular mechan...
Article
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Hemodialysis patients are at the high risk for morbidity and mortality. Evaluation and management of body composition and biochemical values are important to improve dialysis outcomes. We aimed to examine the effects of the mid-arm circumference, body fat, nutritional and inflammatory biomarkers, blood glucose, and dialysis adequacy on the mortalit...
Article
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It remains unclear how different uses of angiotensin-converting inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) influence the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study explored CKD progression in a multicentre, longitudinal cohort study that included 2639 patients with CKD stage 1–5 and hypertension. Patients treated with A...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Muscle wasting (cachexia) is common in hemodialysis patients and links to several adverse outcomes. We examined the association between cachexia indicators and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2017 on 391 hemodialysis patients from seven hospi...
Article
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Dyslipidemia is associated with glomerular injury. However, the effect of statins on chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of statins for renal protection in patients with CKD. The retrospective cohort study comprised 3441 patients diagnosed with CKD in multiple medical centers. We divi...
Article
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Background In this study, we evaluated the effects of various medications on the patency of vascular access (VA) for hemodialysis. Methods We analyzed data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database of Taiwan. We adopted a case–control study design within a cohort of patients who had received regular hemodialysis between 2002 and 2012; 34,354...
Data
TMU IRB approval letter. (PDF)
Data
Data of the NHIRD drug codes. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been established as a risk for cardiovascular diseases and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Energy intake (EI) is an important nutritional therapy for preventing MetS. We examined the association of self-reported dietary EI with metabolic abnormalities and MetS among hemodialysis patients. Methods A cros...
Conference Paper
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Objective: To modify the hemodialysis eating index (m-HDEI) aligning with the Healthy Eating Index released by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA); and to investigate the associations of the m-HDEI with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: In a clinical cross-sectional study, we recruited 492 HD patients,...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Brown seaweed is a common food for Asians, and the bioactive ingredient fucoxanthin exerts anti-apoptotic activities in several cell types. Renal tubular cell apoptosis is one of the common cellular events leading to renal fibrosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the influence of fucoxanthin-containing br...
Article
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The current study was to examine the association of adequate intake of macronutrients and micronutrients with traditional and nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors in hemodialysis patients. A clinical cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2017 on 492 hemodialysis patients aged 20 years and above, received thrice-...
Article
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This study investigated the characteristics of patients with different chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages according to various body mass index (BMI) categories and determined the influence of BMI in renal function deterioration. We conducted a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study based on the Epidemiology and Risk Factors Surveillance of CKD pro...
Article
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Dietary energy intake strongly linked to dialysis outcomes. We aimed to explore the optimal cut-off point of energy intake (EI) for identification of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in hemodialysis patients. The cross-sectional data of 243 hemodialysis patients from multi-dialysis centers in Taiwan was used. The dietary intake was assessed by using the t...
Article
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We evaluated the improvement of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels and bone parameters by supplementing nutritional vitamin D (cholecalciferol) to combined calcimimetic (cinacalcet) and active vitamin D analog (calcitriol) among severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) hemodialysis (HD) patients. A randomized, controlled open-label study w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. This study was to investigate the association between IR and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: A clinical cross-sectional study was conduc...
Article
Full-text available
The Notch signaling pathway is critically involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, development, and homeostasis. Far infrared (FIR) has an effect that promotes wound healing. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. In the present study, we employed in vivo and HaCaT (a human skin keratinocyte cell line) models to elucidate...