Yulia Kovas

Yulia Kovas
Goldsmiths, University of London · Department of Psychology

BA, MA, BSc, MSc, PhD

About

197
Publications
57,123
Reads
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5,662
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
Tomsk State University
Position
  • Director of the Internatinal Centre for Reserach in Human Development
September 2008 - present
New York University
Position
  • Professor
September 2007 - present
Goldsmiths, University of London
Position
  • Professor of Genetics and Psychology
Description
  • Join us for the International Conference in London! Building Bridges: mobilising international interdisciplinary science to benefit societies: 2nd & 3rd November 2015 http://inlab.co.uk/conference.php

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that levels of the Dark Triad (i.e., traits of Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) vary across sex and age, with males and younger people reporting higher scores. The Dark Triad has also been found to be associated with personal economic status. We investigated whether sex and age differences in the Dark Triad varied a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Spatial ability (SA) was shown to be important for success in different fields, including STEM. Recent research suggested that SA is a unitary construct, rather than a set of related skills. However, it is not clear how individual differences in different facets of SA emerge, and how they relate to variance in general cognitive ability...
Article
Full-text available
Visuospatial working memory (VSWM) is essential to human cognitive abilities and is associated with important life outcomes such as academic performance. Recently, a number of reliable measures of VSWM have been developed to help understand psychological processes and for practical use in education. We sought to extend this work using Item Response...
Chapter
This chapter explores insights into human behaviour, generated by behavioural genetics, illustrating genetic concepts with Sophocles’ text. The chapter examines adoption; blood relations and lineage; and similarities and differences of family members. It explores latest findings in behavioural genetics, focusing on gene-environment interplay, inclu...
Chapter
This chapter delves into control, free will, attributional errors, judgement and punishment—major themes of Oedipus Rex. Through the actions of Oedipus and other characters, the chapter demonstrates confusions and delusions that people still hold about will, 25 centuries on from Sophocles’ exploration of these themes. The chapter examines Sophocles...
Chapter
This chapter explores two conflicting forces in our psyche: the desire to know the future; and fear of this knowledge. The chapter follows Sophocles in his exploration of fate, and how it comes or does not come about through the processes of self-fulfilling and self-defeating prophesies. The Genomic Era has brought a new ‘pantheon of gods’, where p...
Chapter
This chapter provides a guide to a journey into the Genomic era. This journey is into the unknown where our wildest wishes and worst fears may come true. By studying the themes raised in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex in the context of new knowledge about DNA—the text of life—the chapter explores the horrors, traps and joys that may lie ahead. The chapter...
Chapter
This chapter explores the unique text we carry in our cells—the DNA: its incredible structure and function; its age and the way its meaning unravels over time, interacting with environments. The chapter examines how our DNA is linked to our mind and behaviour and how it may harbor information about our past, present and future. The chapter also dis...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Spatial ability (SA) is a robust predictor of academic and occupational achievement. The present study investigated the psychometric properties of 10 tests for measuring of SA in a sample of talented schoolchildren. Objective. Our aim was to identify the most suitable measurements for SA for the purpose of talent identification, educat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parental personality has substantial implications for offspring developmental outcomes via direct and indirect pathways. We propose the Tri-Directional Framework of Parental Personality and Offspring Outcomes, an organizational framework which suggests that parental personality, offspring characteristics, and contextual factors interactively influe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Creativity is linked with educationally relevant constructs such as achievement, intelligence, and motivation. However, very few studies have explored longitudinal links between the constructs or the aetiology of individual differences in childhood creativity. Aims: The study addresses the gap in the literature of developmental studi...
Article
Full-text available
Study Objectives Twin studies have provided data about the relative weight of genetic and environmental factors on sleep variables over the last few decades. However, heritability is a non-intuitive concept and it is often misunderstood even amongst the scientific community. This study aimed to analyze: (1) understanding of the meaning of heritabil...
Article
Full-text available
The need for STEM specialists is growing in current technologically-oriented economy. This calls for new approaches in evaluation and development of relevant abilities and skills. However, the current educational systems might miss some students who have high potential for this field or who can develop such potential. For example, according to the...
Book
“This wonderful book is enlightening and entertaining in equal measure. It makes a valuable contribution by bringing Oedipus to geneticists and genetics to lovers of literature, joining narratives from different times and disciplines and, in doing so, helping us to reflect on what it means to be human.” — Kathryn Asbury, University of York, UK “Thi...
Article
The study is aimed to explore health and attachment to fetus in pregnant women with natural conception (NC) vs. in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Hypotheses. (1) There are average differences in diagnosed health problems between women with IVF pregnancy and women with NC pregnancy; (2) There are average differences in perceived health between women wit...
Article
Full-text available
Performance in everyday spatial orientation tasks (e.g., map reading and navigation) has been considered functionally separate from performance on more abstract object-based spatial abilities (e.g., mental rotation and visualization). However, few studies have examined the link between spatial orientation and object-based spatial skills, and even f...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In England, all state-funded schools are inspected by an independent government agency, the Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills (Ofsted). Inspections aim to hold schools accountable and to promote the improvement of education, with the results made available to the public. Ofsted reports intend to index sc...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic information is increasingly used in many contexts, including health, insurance, policing and sentencing—with numerous potential benefits and risks. Protecting from the related risks requires updates to laws and procedures by justice systems. These updates depend to a large extent on what the key stakeholders—the judiciary—know and think abo...
Article
Математическая тревожность – один из видов эмоциональных реакций, связанных с обучением. Феномен негативно соотносится с математическими способностями и уровнем достижений в математике. В последнее время количество исследований тревожности, связанной с математикой, значительно возросло, что требует обобщенного методологического анализа полученных р...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individual differences in personality, behavioural, and academic outcomes of gifted adolescents remain under‐explored. Aims The present study directly compared selected and unselected adolescents on multiple measures of personality, behavioural strengths and difficulties, and achievement. Sample Nine hundred seventy‐three adolescents s...
Article
Individual variation in personality is related to differences in behavioral difficulties and achievement in unselected samples, and in samples selected for high achievement in various domains. This is the first study to explore and compare the connections between self-report measures of personality (Big Five and Dark Triad), behavioral strengths an...
Article
Full-text available
Students struggling with mathematics anxiety (MA) tend to show lower levels of mathematics self-efficacy and interest as well as lower performance. The current study addresses: (1) how MA relates to different aspects of mathematics attitudes (self-efficacy and interest), ability (understanding numbers, problem-solving ability, and approximate numbe...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to investigate hair essential trace elements and mineral levels in 105 pregnant normal-weight (control) and 55 overweight and obese women in the third trimester of pregnancy, as well as in their children at the age of 9 months. The hair essential trace elements and mineral levels were assessed using inductively coup...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the public’s attitudes towards applying genetic information in the justice system. This study aimed to extend previous research to explore this among the general public and those with training in law. Data were collected from over 10,000 participants, including 486 lawyers and law students. We analysed eight available relevant...
Article
Full-text available
The primary- to secondary-education transition is a substantive life event for many children. The transition can be associated with changes in the developmental trajectories of both emotional health and academic achievement. The current study looked at whether the trajectory of mathematical attainment and emotional health (anxiety) across this tran...
Preprint
Background: In the UK, all state-funded schools are inspected by an independent government agency, the Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted). Inspections aim to hold schools accountable and to promote the improvement of education, with the results made available to the public. Ofsted reports intend to index school quality but their influence o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Students struggling with mathematics anxiety (MA) tend to show lower levels of mathematics self-efficacy and interest as well as lower performance. The current study addresses: (1) how MA relates to different aspects of mathematics attitudes (self-efficacy and interest), ability (understanding numbers, problem-solving ability, and approximate numbe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Students struggling with mathematics anxiety (MA) tend to show lower levels of mathematics self-efficacy and interest as well as lower performance. The current study addresses: (1) how MA relates to different aspects of mathematics attitudes (self-efficacy and interest), ability (understanding numbers, problem-solving ability, and approximate numbe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Performance in everyday spatial orientation tasks (e.g. map reading and navigation) has been considered functionally separate from performance on more abstract object-based spatial abilities (e.g. mental rotation and visualization). However, evidence remains scarce and unsystematic. With a novel gamified battery, we assessed six tests of spatial or...
Article
Full-text available
The Remote Associates Test (RAT) is a measure of associative ability, which is often regarded as essential for creative thinking. The most commonly used version of the test is the compound RAT. However, many RAT items do not translate directly in different languages. Additionally, a linguistic measure cannot be used to measure visual associative ab...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Remote Associates Test (RAT) is a measure of associative ability, which is often regarded as essential for creative thinking. The most commonly used version of the test is the compound RAT. However, many RAT items do not translate directly in different languages. Additionally, a linguistic measure cannot be used to measure visual associative ab...
Article
This study examines the associations between dysfunctional belief about sleep (DBAS), its subtypes and insomnia symptoms and estimates the relative contribution of genetic and environmental influences to these variables and the associations between them. The data came from G1219, a twin/sibling study that comprises 862 individuals (aged 22–32 years...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Recent research has suggested a unifactorial structure of spatial ability (SA). However, further studies are needed to replicate this finding in different populations. Objective. This study aims to explore the factorial structure of SA in samples of 921 Russian and 229 Chinese university students. Design. A gamified spatial abilities...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Mental fatigue is a state of tiredness, decreased motivation, and increased aversion to performing a task. Mental fatigue is associated with the length of engagement in an activity (time-on-task) and the degree of cognitive e ort required. In addition, mental fatigue can be affected by personality characteristics, such as trait or domai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study investigated methodological issues relating to the use of the Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT) for measuring creativity in children's written stories. The CAT is a commonly used measure to estimate creativity of a product, based on social recognition of creativity by independent judges. Across domains, the CAT has shown high inter-ra...
Article
Full-text available
We live in an age of rapidly advancing genetic research. This research is generating new knowledge that has implications for personal health and well-being. The present study assessed the level of genetic knowledge and personal engagement with genetics in a large sample (N = 5404) of participants. Participants received secondary education in 78 cou...
Article
Full-text available
Background The number line task assesses the ability to estimate numerical magnitudes. People vary greatly in this ability, and this variability has been previously associated with mathematical skills. However, the sources of individual differences in number line estimation and its association with mathematics are not fully understood. Aims This l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous studies showed inconsistent results with regards to the levels of spatial anxiety and its associations with spatial performance in males and females. In the current study, we recruited two samples from China and Russia to assess males and females on three different spatial dimensions (spatial perception, mental rotation, and spatial visual...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study investigated the extent to which creative expressiveness in writing at age 9 could be predicted by early human figure drawing ability and general cognitive ability, measured at age 4. Participants (N=277) were members of the Twins Early Development Study, for whom measures of human figure drawing and general cognitive ability were...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research into test-retest stability of emotional and cognitive responses has focused on behavioural and ERP components in relation to very well-established paradigms (such as oddball, mismatch negativity, continuous performance task, etc.). However, there is a lack of evidence for more integrative paradigms that contain a variety of tasks in a sing...
Article
The objective of the present study was to assess toxic and nutritional trace element and mineral status in hair of women with IVF pregnancy and their children. Inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry was used to assess hair trace element levels of 50 women with IVF pregnancy and 158 controls with spontaneous pregnancy and their children. Women...
Article
Full-text available
The most consistent sex differences in cognition are found for spatial ability, in which males, on average, outperform females. Utilizing a twin design, two studies have shown that females with male co-twins perform better than females with female co-twins on a mental rotation task. According to the Twin Testosterone Transfer hypothesis (TTT) this...
Article
Full-text available
Theoretical accounts of the visual number sense (VNS), i.e., an ability to discriminate approximate numerosities, remain controversial. A proposal that the VNS represents a process of numerosity extraction, leading to an abstract number representation in the brain, has been challenged by the view that the VNS is non-numerical in its essence and amo...
Article
Full-text available
Two types of number magnitude processing – semantic and spatial – are significantly correlated with children’s arithmetic performance. However, it remains unclear whether these abilities are independent predictors of symbolic approximate arithmetic performance. The current study addressed this question by assessing 86 kindergartners (mean age of 5...
Article
Little is known about the development of number knowledge (NK) and the antecedents of low-persistent NK profiles in early childhood. We documented the developmental trajectories of NK across the transition from preschool to elementary school, their predictive validity with respect to later math achievement, and the child and family early-life facto...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigated cross‐cultural differences in variability and average performance in arithmetic, mathematical reasoning, symbolic and non‐symbolic magnitude processing, intelligence, spatial ability, and mathematical anxiety in 890 6‐ to 9‐year‐old children from the United Kingdom, Russia, and China. Cross‐cultural differences explained 28%...
Data
Table S2. Descriptive statistics on raw scores for all tasks ‐ UK, Russian & Chinese samples.
Data
Table S1. The Revised Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (RMARS) in English.
Data
Table S4. ANOVA results on raw (uncorrected) scores.
Data
Table S3. Sex differences for all tasks per country.
Data
Table S5. ANOVA results on scores corrected for Mental rotation.
Article
Cambridge Core - Developmental Psychology - Bullying, Cyberbullying and Student Well-Being in Schools - edited by Peter K. Smith
Article
Mental toughness has been associated with optimal performance across diverse contexts including academic achievement. MT is positively associated with subclinical narcissism. Cross-sectional research reported that high narcissism may contribute indirectly to enhanced positive outcomes, through MT. This study is the first to explore longitudinally t...
Article
There is little research to date on the academic implications of teaching twins in the same or different classroom. Consequently, it is not clear whether twin classroom separation is associated with positive or negative educational outcomes. As a result, parents and teachers have insufficient evidence to make a well-informed decision when twins sta...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Trace elements play a significant role in the regulation of human reproduction, while advanced age may have a significant impact on trace element metabolism. The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of lifestyle factors on age-related differences in hair trace element content in pregnant women in the third trimester....