Yuji Naito

Yuji Naito
Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine | KPUM · Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

MD, PhD

About

1,102
Publications
105,898
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23,490
Citations
Citations since 2016
344 Research Items
12281 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
Introduction
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Publications

Publications (1,102)
Article
Matcha green tea is made from powdered green tea leaves. Unlike regular green tea, Matcha green tea is believed to exert beneficial effects on the gut microbiota, as it is richer in nutrients such as tea catechins and insoluble dietary fiber. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of consumption of Matcha green tea on the gut mic...
Article
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Smoking affects eating habits; however, few studies on smoking and the gut microbiota have reported the effects of diet in detail. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the association between smoking and the gut microbiota, considering the impact of smoking on dietary intake. Dietary habits and the composition of the gut microbiota were as...
Preprint
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Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and interferon-beta promoter stimulator-1 (IPS-1) are associated with antiviral responses to double-stranded RNA viruses and contribute to innate immunity. We previously reported that conjunctival epithelial cell (CEC) TLR3 and IPS-1 pathways respond to the common ligand polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (polyI:C) to regul...
Article
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Background/aims: Several studies have assessed the effect of cool temperature on colonic peristalsis. Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is a temperature-sensitive ion channel activated by mild cooling expressed in the colon. We examined the antispasmodic effect of cool temperature on colonic peristalsis in a prospective, randomized...
Article
Background and aim: The aim of this post-hoc analysis in a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial was to evaluate the visibility of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) neoplasms detected using linked color imaging (LCI) compared to those detected using white light imaging (WLI). Patients and methods: The visibility of the detected UGI neoplasm image...
Article
Mesalamine is a key drug in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) for both induction and maintenance therapy. On the other hand, it is known that there are some cases of mesalamine intolerance that are difficult to distinguish from symptoms due to aggravation of UC. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristic of mesalamin...
Article
(259/260) BACKGROUND AND AIMS We aimed to clarify the long-term outcomes of endoscopic resection (ER) for early gastric cancers (EGCs) based on pathological curability in multicenter prospective cohort study. METHODS We analyzed the long-term outcomes of 9054 patients with 10,021 EGCs undergoing ER between July 2010 and June 2012. Primary endpoin...
Article
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Purpose Agaro-oligosaccharides (AGO), hydrolysis products of agarose, is known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Speculating that AGO is effective for preventing aging, we investigated the longevity-supporting effects of AGO and their mechanisms using Caenorhabditis elegans. Methods Caenorhabditis elegans were fed AGO from youn...
Article
Introduction: Studies have reported the feasibility of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC) in elderly people with respect to both short- and long-term outcomes. As the elderly population in society increases, the requirement for managing super-elderly patients aged ≥85 years with EGC will also increase. This study...
Article
Cancer cachexia and the associated skeletal muscle wasting are considered poor prognostic factors, although effective treatment has not yet been established. Recent studies have indicated that the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle loss in age-related sarcopenia may involve dysbiosis of the gut microbiota and the accompanying chronic inflammation or a...
Article
Full-text available
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulates bone marrow progenitor cell proliferation and enhances neutrophil production. Exogenous G-CSF administration is indicated for chemotherapy-induced neutropenia management. However, there is a paucity of basic research examining the effects of the concomitant use of G-CSF and chemotherapy on my...
Article
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Background In Japan, laser light source (Laser) endoscopy is widely available, and the characteristics of light-emitting diode light source (LED) endoscopy have not been clarified.AimsWe assessed the visibility of early gastric cancers (EGCs) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated gastritis for LED endoscopy compared with laser endoscopy us...
Article
Gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are recognized as key factors in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid with strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, we examined the effects of astaxanthin on gut microbiota-, SCFAs-, and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRH)-induced...
Article
Background: The risk of bleeding after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in antithrombotic agent users has increased, and its management remains a problem. Second-look endoscopy (SLE) following gastric ESD in antithrombotic agent users may be effective in preventing delayed bleeding, but this requires elucidation. Therefore, this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Background Recent progress in ulcerative colitis (UC) treatment has been remarkable, and various medications have been applied. However, some patients with UC are refractory to treatment and convert to surgery. Aim To investigate the role of colonic mucosal Wnt-5a expression in the pathogenesis of UC and the effect of bioactive Wnt-5a peptide on c...
Article
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The microbiota associated with relapse in patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis (qUC) remains unclear. Our objective was to analyze the fecal microbiota of Japanese patients with qUC and identify the relapse-associated microbiota. In this study, 59 patients with qUC and 59 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled (UMIN 000019486), and their fecal...
Article
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MEK inhibitors are among the most successful molecularly targeted agents used as cancer therapeutics. However, to treat cancer more efficiently, resistance to MEK inhibitor-induced cell death must be overcome. Although previous genetic approaches based on comprehensive gene expression analysis or RNAi libraries led to the discovery of factors invol...
Article
Clinical incidences of pressure ulcers in the elderly and intractable skin ulcers in diabetic patients are increasing because of the aging population and an increase in the number of diabetic patients worldwide. Although various agents are used to treat pressure and skin ulcers, these ulcers are often refractory and deteriorate the patients’ qualit...
Article
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Background Long-term outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been assessed in a large, multicenter cohort. We aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes of ESD for ESCC in a real-world setting. Methods We retrospectively recruited 659 patients who underwent ESD for ESCC at ten institution...
Article
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most concerning chronic liver diseases and has been suggested to be related to obesity. This study aimed to assess the features and tendencies of eating behaviors associated with overeating in patients with NAFLD. The study participants comprised an obese NAFLD group (n = 68), a non-obese NAFL...
Article
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Gut microbiota are involved in both host health and disease and can be stratified based on bacteriological composition. However, gut microbiota clustering data are limited for Asians. In this study, fecal microbiota of 1803 Japanese subjects, including 283 healthy individuals, were analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing and clustered using two models. The...
Article
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Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a complex, multifactorial, and pathophysiological condition with high morbidity and mortality, leading to serious difficulties in treatment, especially in humans. Heme oxygenase (HO) is the rate-limiting enzyme involved in heme catabolism. HO-1 (an inducible form) confers cytoprotection by inhibiting i...
Article
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Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) is a soluble dietary fiber derived through controlled enzymatic hydrolysis of guar gum, a highly viscous galactomannan derived from the seeds of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba. Here, we examined the therapeutic potential of dietary supplementation with PHGG against sarcopenic obesity using Db/Db mice. Db/Db mice fed a...
Article
Background and aims: Complete endoscopic mucosal healing is defined as a Mayo endoscopic subscore of 0. Some patients diagnosed with a Mayo endoscopic subscore 0 may present with subsequent clinical relapse. Here, we aimed to demonstrate mucosal cytokine profile as a predictor of clinical relapse in ulcerative colitis patients with an Mayo endosco...
Article
Introduction: Technical issues and long procedure time still remain a concern in colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). We examined the usefulness of combining the pocket-creation method (PCM) with a traction device (S-O clip; SO) using a scissor-type knife (Clutch Cutter 3.5 mm; CC) for decreasing ESD procedure time. Methods: We ret...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer cachexia and the associated skeletal muscle wasting are considered poor prognostic factors, although effective treatment has not yet been established. Recent studies have indicated that the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle loss may involve dysbiosis of the gut microbiota and the accompanying chronic inflammation or altered metabolism. In this...
Article
SMARCA4-deficient sarcoma was first reported in the chest and recently in the uterus, but not in the stomach. Here, we present a patient diagnosed with SMARCA4-deficient sarcoma of the stomach, using histochemistry. An emergency operation was performed due to perforation of the tumor. However, one month after the operation, two nodes recurred, and...
Article
Background and objective: This study aimed to evaluate endoscopic findings using linked color imaging (LCI) and blue laser imaging (BLI) and to determine a diagnostic predictor for duodenal adenocarcinomas. Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic resection for superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADETs) betw...
Article
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Background The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had a major impact on the health of people worldwide. The clinical background and clinical course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) among Japanese patients with COVID-19 remains unclear. Methods This study is an observational cohort of Japanese IBD patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Dat...
Article
A series of workshops entitled “Advanced endoscopy in the management of inflammatory digestive disease” was held at the 97th to 100th biannual meeting of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES). During these core sessions, research findings concerning various endoscopic practices in the field of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were...
Article
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Background and study aims Linked color imaging (LCI) is a new image-enhancing technique that facilitates the differentiation of slight differences in mucosal color tone. We performed an exploratory analysis to evaluate the diagnostic capability of LCI in ultraslim endoscopy, using data from patients examined in the LCI-Further Improving Neoplasm De...
Article
Background: The precise pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remains unresolved; however, recent studies have reported that patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS exhibit an increased small intestinal permeability and increased number of enterochromaffin cells containing high 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT; serotonin) levels. In this study, we...
Article
Bleeding after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) remains problematic, especially in patients receiving anti­thrombotic therapy. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the risk factors. In this retrospective study, patients (n = 1,207) who underwent gastric ESD while receiving anti­thrombotic therapy were enrolled at Osaka Medical and...
Article
Background and study aim: This study aimed to evaluate endoscopic findings using non-magnifying blue laser imaging (BLI) to determine the risk factors for metachronous esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Patients and methods: All consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for primary superficial ESCC (SESCC)...
Article
Background Hemophilia A causes a bleeding tendency due to the congenital absence of coagulation factor VIII or the production of antibodies against it. It is challenging to perform invasive procedures in patients with hemophilia A. Walled-off necrosis (WON) is a serious complication of acute pancreatitis. Recently, a new metallic stent has been use...
Article
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Background and study aims This study evaluated the technical aspects of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with the Clutch Cutter (CC) (Fujifilm Co., Tokyo, Japan), a scissor-type knife, and the S-O clip (SO) as a traction clip, and compared the safety and efficacy to ESD using a needle-type knife. Patients and methods This was a sin...
Article
Background Food allergy (FA) is a common disease in children; thus, a high level of safety is required for its prevention and treatment. Colonic regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been suggested to attenuate FA. We investigated the Treg-inducing ability and anti-FA effects of carotenoids, a pigment contained in vegetables and fruits. Methods C57BL/6N...
Article
Full-text available
This cross-sectional study aimed to clarify the characteristic gut microbiota of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding analysis and the k-means method and to clarify the relationship with background data, including dietary habits. The gut microbiota data of 383 patients with T2DM and 114 ind...
Article
Background and Aim Efficient intestinal wound healing is essential for good prognoses of ulcerative colitis (UC). Although bile acids and the transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor (TGR) 5 have been reported to affect wound healing in intestinal epithelial cells, the detailed underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we investigated the role of TG...
Article
As a viscous high-performance submucosal injection material (SIM) used in endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), sodium alginate-based SIM (SA-SIM) was recently introduced as high-performance SIM equivalent to sodium hyaluronate-based SIM (HA-SIM) in Japan. However, a comprehensive, detailed comparison of SA and HA is yet to be performed. In this...
Article
Full-text available
The visibility and diagnostic accuracy of early gastric cancer (EGC) after Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication have been reported to improve using image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) compared with white light imaging (WLI). The present study clarified the appropriate IEE for the detection and diagnosis of EGC in clinical settings. This prospective and...
Article
Recent advances in magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging/blue laser imaging have aided in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal lesions. However, it requires knowledge of the relationship between magnifying endoscopic and histopathological images. We propose a novel method which makes possible a complete correspondence between magnifying endosc...
Article
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Gut eubiosis is essential for the host’s health. In athletes, the gut microbiota can be altered by several factors, including diets. While eubiotic gut microbiota in elite rugby players has been reported, our survey found that university rugby players suffered from loose stools and frequent urgency to defecate. To establish the causes of the condit...
Article
Although extensive evidence indicates that the gut microbiota plays a crucial role in regulating glucose homeostasis, the exact regulatory mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of broad-spectrum antibiotics on the expression of glucose transporters, histomorphology of the small intestine, and glucose metabolism in mi...
Article
Streptococcus thermophilus bacteria, which are widely used as fermented starter for dairy production, exert various beneficial health effects. Nevertheless, even though pro-longevity effects of various probiotics have been reported, no report has described Streptococcus thermophilus effects on longevity. This study was conducted to evaluate Strepto...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a nutritional intervention motivating increased vegetable consumption would be an effective treatment and diet therapy for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We examined 15 patients with this disease (5 men and 10 women). During the 6-month intervention period, all participants received...
Article
Consumption of yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) is associated with beneficial effects such as prevention of metabolic diseases. Yacon root is known to contain various bioactive components including indigestible carbohydrates, but the alteration of intestinal environment after treatment with yacon has not been fully investigated. This study investig...
Article
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A 60-year-old man with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease presented with malaise, melena, and epigastric discomfort. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a massive elevated gastric cancer lesion involving the cardia. Histopathological evaluation of a biopsy specimen showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron e...
Article
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Background/aims: Crosstalk between the gut microbiota and bile acid plays an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal disorders. We investigated the relationship between microbial structure and bile acid metabolism in the ileal mucosa of Crohn's disease (CD). Methods: Twelve non-CD controls and 38 CD patients in clinical remission...
Article
Background: The gut-liver axis has attracted much interest in the context of chronic liver disease pathogenesis. Prebiotics such as dietary fibers were shown to attenuate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by modulating gut microbiota. Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG), a water-soluble dietary fiber, has been reported to alleviate the sy...
Article
Full-text available
Human coronavirus (HCoV)-OC43 rarely shows a cytopathic effect (CPE) after infection of various cell lines, and the indirect immunoperoxidase assay (IPA), a relatively complex procedure, has long been used as an alternative assay. Because HCoV-OC43 uses cell-surface transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) for cell entry, VeroE6 cells expressing T...
Article
We report the case of a 36‒year‒old man who was treated with S‒1 plus oxaliplatin(SOX)therapy for gastric cancer with disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC). The patient visited our hospital for the treatment of an unresectable type 4 advanced gastric cancer. He had respiratory distress at the first visit. A chest CT scan revealed ground‒glass...
Article
Background: Colonoscopy is the gold standard for detecting earlier stages of CRC, although screening of patients is difficult because of invasiveness, low compliance and procedural health risks. Therefore, the need for new screening methods for CRC is rising. Previous studies have demonstrated the diagnostic ability of serum BAs; however, the resu...
Article
Objectives: Disinfection effectiveness against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on human skin remains unclear due to the hazards of viral exposure. An evaluation model, which has been previously generated using human skin obtained from forensic autopsy samples, accurately mimics in vivo skin conditions for evaluating th...
Article
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Background Anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agents are the mainstay of long-term treatment for refractory ulcerative colitis. However, long-term use of anti-TNF therapy might lead to an increased risk of malignancy or infection. To date, no randomised controlled trial has evaluated whether anti-TNF agents can be safely discontinued in patients wit...
Chapter
Astaxanthin is a carotenoid that has potent protective effects on diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in diabetic mice models. DNA microarray study clearly demonstrated the involvement of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation pathway in the renal glomerular cells of diabetic mice and also showed that the expression of upregulated genes associated with...
Article
Full-text available
Background The role of IL-12/23 in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unclear. We analyzed mucosal IL-12/23 expression and its relationship with endoscopic severity, histological activity, and UC relapse. Methods Rectal biopsies were collected from 70 UC patients with clinical remission. IL-12, IL-23, IFN-γ, IL-17A, and IL-17F mRNA exp...
Article
Background & Aim The Mayo endoscopic subscore (MES) and the ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity (UCEIS) are used to assess endoscopic mucosal healing in patients suffering from ulcerative colitis. Although mucosal healing is defined by MES 0, relapse of ulcerative colitis is often observed. Over a 48‐month period, this study investigate...