Yuichiro Kanno

Yuichiro Kanno
University of Shizuoka · School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Laboratory of Molecular Toxicology

PhD

About

68
Publications
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747
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Publications

Publications (68)
Article
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR) regulate various genes involved in xenobiotics and drug metabolism. In many cases, CAR/PXR share ligands termed dual ligands of CAR/PXR. It is difficult to investigate the effect of CAR/PXR dual ligands in cell lines because CAR and PXR expression is scarcely detected in cultu...
Article
The constitutive active/androstane receptor (CAR) controls genes involved in xenochemical metabolism. Although numerous cofactors have been reported to be involved in CAR-mediated transactivation, unknown and poorly defined proteins recruited by CAR have yet to be characterized. In this study, a novel CAR-interacting protein, cell cycle and apoptos...
Article
HER2 overexpression accounts for approximately 15%-20% of all breast cancers. We have shown that HER2 overexpression leads to elevated expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in breast cancer cells. In this study, firstly, we showed that AhR expression was up-regulated by treatment with the HER3 ligand heregulin (HRG) in HER2-overexpressi...
Article
Androgens are key regulators that play a critical role in the male reproductive system and have anabolic effects on bone mineral density and skeletal muscle mass. We have previously reported that YK11 is a novel selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) and induces myogenic differentiation and selective gene regulation. In this study, we show th...
Article
The interaction between HER2 and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) signaling cascades during mammosphere formation of MCF-7 cells was studied. A newly established clonal MCF-7 cell line (HER2-5), stably overexpressing HER2, showed significantly enhanced levels of AhR mRNA and protein compared with MCF-7 cells. AhR was required for the HER2-mediated i...
Article
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates the toxicity of dioxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Recent studies have suggested that AhR is involved in cancer immunity. In the present study, we examined whether AhR regulates the expression of immune checkpoint genes in breast cancer cells. We...
Article
Gegen Qinlian Decoction (GGQLD) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine formula comprising four herbal medicines. It is commonly used to treat bacterial dysentery in the past. Modern research has repositioned this decoction and applied it to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and has achieved good results. However, the molecular mechanism of GGQLD in...
Article
Anemia is a well-observed toxicity of chemical substances, and aniline is a typical anemia-inducing substance. However, it remains unclear whether all aniline-like substances with various substituents could induce anemia. We thus investigated the physicochemical characteristics of anemia-inducing substances by decision tree analyses. Training and v...
Article
Full-text available
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women worldwide. Despite a variety of drugs available for the treatment of patients with breast cancer, drug resistance remains a significant clinical problem. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop drugs with new mechanisms of action. Camalexin is the main indole phytoalexin in Arabi...
Article
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates various toxicological and biological functions. We reported previously that 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC), an exogenous AhR agonist, inhibited tumorsphere (mammosphere) formation from breast cancer cell lines, while the endogenous AhR agonist, indirubin, very...
Article
Full-text available
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) plays an important role in xenobiotic metabolism. While ligand binding induces PXR-dependent gene transcription, PXR shows constitutive transcriptional activity in the absence of ligands when expressed in cultured cells. This constitutive activity sometimes hampers investigation of PXR activation by compounds of interest....
Article
We had previously reported that treatment with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist β-naphthoflavone (βNF) suppressed mammosphere formation derived from cancer stem cells in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells (Cancer Lett., 317, 2012, Zhao et al.). Here, using several AHR agonists, we have investigated the association of this suppression with t...
Article
Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are effective drugs against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells harboring common EGFR mutations such as in-frame exon 19 deletions (Del19) and the exon 21 L858R point mutations (L858R). However, currently used EGFR-TKIs are less effective against cells showing uncommon EGF...
Article
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates expression of genes encoding drug/xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 is involved in drug metabolism. However, regulation of CYP3A5 gene expression is not yet well understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of the ligands of AhR on CYP3A5 gene expression. CYP3A5...
Article
Long-term administration of some antiepileptic drugs often increases blood lipid levels. In this study, we investigated its molecular mechanism by focusing on the nuclear receptors constitutive active/androstane receptor (CAR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), which are key transcription factors for enzyme induction and lipi...
Article
Full-text available
The palladium catalyzed carbonylation of 1 using the chiral ligand L1 afforded 2 in a highly diastereoselective manner. The stereochemistry of the major diastereomer 2a was determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis. AR luciferase reporter assay studies suggested that 2a was the active constituent of YK11 (2).
Article
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with poor prognosis, because of no effective targeted therapy. In the present study, we demonstrated the crucial role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in mediating the effects of the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DOX) in the chemotherapeutic sensitivity of TNBC. Firstly, we established...
Article
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs)act as either agonist or antagonist of estrogen receptor (ER)in a tissue selective manner and have been used in several diseases such as breast cancer, postmenopausal syndrome, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases. However, current SERMs may also increase the risk of serious side effects and trigge...
Article
The constitutive active/androstane receptor (CAR) is a nuclear receptor that acts as a transcription factor for a variety of genes, including genes encoding xenobiotic, steroid and drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Transactivation of a target gene by a transcription factor is generally mediated through the concerted and stepwise recruitme...
Article
Targeted therapy is unavailable for treating patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which accounts for approximately 15% of all breast cancers. Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is observed in approximately 30%-60% of TNBCs. Therefore, developing novel strategies for inhibiting EGFR signaling is required. In the...
Article
Background: Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a key regulator of the induction of drug metabolizing enzymes. PXR has been studied for its importance in drug-drug or herb-drug interactions, and it is also a molecular target for the treatment of inflammatory and metabolic diseases. Purpose: This study aims to determine new natural PXR-ligands from trad...
Article
Picrasidine C (1), a dimeric β-carboline-type alkaloid isolated from the root of Picrasma quassioides, was identified to have PPARα agonistic activity by a mammalian one-hybrid assay from a compound library. Among the PPAR subtypes, 1 selectively activated PPARα in a concentration-dependent manner. Remarkably, 1 also promoted PPARα transcriptional...
Article
Full-text available
An efficient PdII/Pd0-p-benzoquinone/hydroquinone-CuCl2/CuCl catalyst system was developed that uses environmentally friendly molecular oxygen as the terminal oxidant to catalyze the cyclization-carbonylation-cyclization coupling reaction (CCC-coupling reaction) of (o-alkynyl phenyl) (methoxymethyl) sulfides.
Article
Recently, growing evidence of the pivotal roles of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) β/δ in various physiological functions, including lipid homeostasis, cancer, and inflammation, has raised interest in this receptor. In this study, the naturally occurring dimeric alkaloid picrasidine N (1) from Picrasma quassioides was identified a...
Article
Phytochemical investigation of the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana resulted in the isolation of 23 diterpenoids (1-23), which were classified into five subtypes, namely, ent-rosane (1-9), ent-abietane (10-16), ent-kaurane (17), ingenane (18-22), and lathyrane (23). The chemical structures of eight new compounds, namely, euphorin A (4), B (5), C (7),...
Article
It has been noticed that crosstalk between androgen receptor (AR) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways plays a crucial role in the proliferation of prostate cancer cells. To clarify this mechanism, we focused on DEPTOR, a naturally occurring inhibitor of mTOR. The treatment of a human AR-positive prostate cancer cell line, LN...
Article
The discovery of new drugs that target cancer stem cells (CSCs) is a critical approach to overcome the major difficulties of the metastasis, chemotherapeutic resistance and recurrence for successful cancer therapy. Chemical investigation of the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana resulted in the isolation of eight ent-atisane diterpenoids (1-8), includi...
Article
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays a key role in the expression of xenobiotic/steroid and drug metabolizing enzymes and their transporters. In this study, we demonstrated that protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is a novel CAR-interacting protein. Furthermore, the PRMT-dependent induction of a CAR reporter gene, which was ind...
Article
A chemical study of the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana resulted in the isolation of seven triterpenes (1-7), including two new compounds: (24R,S)-3β-24,31-epoxy-24-methylcycloartane (1) and (24R,S)-3β,31-dihydroxy-24-methoxy-24-methylcycloartane (2). Their structures were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic analyses. Cycloartanes 1-4 showed...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclization-carbonylation of α,β-Alkynic hydrazones and (o-alkynylphenyl) (methoxymethyl) sulfides with Pd(tfa)2 in DMSO / MeOH afforded methyl pyrazole-4-carboxylates and benzo[b]thiophene-3-carboxylates, respectively, in good yields. A simple change of ligand (solvent) allowed controlled, effective switching between cyclization-carbonylation-cycl...
Article
Full-text available
Pregnan X receptor (PXR) is known as a xenosensor, playing a key role in response to xenochemical stimuli. Activation of PXR enhanced expression of various drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters such as CYP3A4. During a screening of a natural compounds library for novel ligands of human xenosensing receptors by the mammalian 1-hybrid assay, two...
Article
Full-text available
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) is very important for drug development and for understanding pharmacokinetic drug–drug interactions. We screened by mammalian one hybrid assay among natural compounds to discover novel ligands of human constitutive androstane receptor (hCAR). hCAR transcriptional activity was measured by luciferase...
Article
Full-text available
The myogenic differentiation of C2C12 myoblast cells is induced by the novel androgen receptor (AR) partial agonist, (17α,20E)-17,20-[(1-methoxyethylidene)bis-(oxy)]-3-oxo-19-norpregna-4,20-diene-21-carboxylic acid methyl ester (YK11), as well as by dihydrotestosterone (DHT). YK11 is a selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM), which activates A...
Article
2H)-Furanones are well known as basic components of natural products which display a wide range of characteristic physiological properties. [1] A number of synthetic strategies [2] and pharmaceutically active substances [3] have been reported. The transition metal catalyzed reaction of unsaturated systems has recently proven to be a powerful method...
Article
The basal transcriptional activity of unliganded human constitutive androstane receptor (hCAR) was shown to be repressed by the potent liver X receptor (LXR) agonist, TO901317, in a concentration-dependent manner using a reporter assay in cultured cells. TO901317 also repressed the basal transcriptional activity of both mouse and rat CAR. The certi...
Article
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a major cellular energy sensor and master regulator of metabolic homeostasis; thus, AMPK plays a central role in studies on diabetes and related metabolic diseases. From the rhizomes of Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce, six homoisoflavonoids (1-6) and one dihydrochalcone (7) were is...
Article
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays a key role in the expression of xenobiotic/steroid and drug metabolizing enzymes and their transporters. In this study, we demonstrated that DP97, a member of the DEAD box DNA/RNA helicase protein family, is a novel CAR-interacting protein. Using HepG2 cells expressing human CAR in the presence of te...
Article
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor. Recent studies have reported the anti-tumor effects of the AhR in breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor effect of AhR activation based on the cancer stem cell hypothesis. We show that AhR activation suppressed mammosphere formation of MCF-7 cells...
Article
A novel steroid compound, (17α,20E)-17,20-[(1-methoxyethylidene)bis(oxy)]-3-oxo-19-norpregna-4,20-diene-21-carboxylic acid methyl ester (YK11), was found to be a partial agonist of the androgen receptor (AR) in an androgen responsive element (ARE)-luciferase reporter assay. YK11 accelerates nuclear translocation of AR. Furthermore, YK11 does not in...
Article
Animals including human beings have defense mechanisms against the toxicity of xenobiotics such as medicinal compounds and environmental pollutants. Receptor-type transcriptional factors, such as aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR), play important roles in the defense against xenobio...
Article
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. The CAR is normally located in the cytoplasmic compartment of untreated liver cells and translocates to the nucleus after exposure to phenobarbital (PB) or PB-like chemicals. Previously, we identified two nuclear localization signals (NLS) in the rat constit...
Article
The expression of the CAR gene is lost in most cultured cell lines, and exogenously expressed CAR accumulates spontaneously in the nuclear compartment, where CAR is constitutively active. Therefore, the assessment of CAR-dependent transcriptional activation has to be evaluated using either animal models or primary cultured hepatocytes. Furthermore,...
Article
The nuclear receptor superfamily consists of ligand-dependent transcription factors. Among them, constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays a key role in the detoxification of xenobiotics, inducing various drug-metabolizing enzymes including human CYP2B6 and its homologues of other species. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) acts as an important...
Article
Full-text available
Vitellogenin (VTG) is a useful biomarker for detecting the estrogenic activity of chemicals in aquatic envi-ronments. However, little information is available on the regulatory mechanisms of the expression of each VTG subtype, particularly the relationship between expression patterns of VTG1/2 and estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, such as ERα and ER...
Article
Palladium(II) catalyzed carbonylation of 1,2-allenyl ketones 1 in the presence of p-benzoquinone (1equiv) under a CO atmosphere (balloon) afforded difuranylketones 4 in moderate to good yields. Mechanistically, the electron-withdrawing nature of the acyl group should enhance the electrophilicity of the acylpalladium species B, and thus promote the...
Article
The role of the microtubule network in the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR)-mediated transactivation of CYP2B induced by phenobarbital (PB) in rat primary hepatocytes was investigated using the microtubule-disrupting agent nocodazole (NCZ). In human hepatocytes, it was reported that CAR mRNA expression was decreased by a microtubule-disruptin...
Article
Control of the intracellular localization of the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) has more impact on the transcriptional activation of target genes by CAR ligands/activators, including medicines, environmental contaminants and endogenous metabolites, than the conformational change induced by ligand binding, because CAR, unlike other me...
Article
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AhRR) suppressed, in a ligand independent manner, the ability of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) to enhance the transcription of heterologous estrogen-responsive reporter plasmids in transient transfection assays, as well as of endogenous estrogen-responsive genes in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. AhRR repre...
Article
Two members of the 'AhR family' (a family which is part of the bHLH-PAS superfamily), aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and AhR repressor (AhRR), originated from a common ancestor and form a regulatory circuit in xenobiotic signal transduction. AhRR is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttle protein, harboring both a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and a nucle...
Article
Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) in spontaneous multinuclear cells shows that both rat and human constitutive active/androstane receptors (CARs) are shuttling proteins with both nuclear localization signals (NLSs) and nuclear export signals (NESs). We previously identified two NLSs in rat CAR: NLS1 in the hinge region (residues 100...
Article
The variant cell lines stably expressing aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AhRR), MCFRR1 and MCFRR4, were established from human breast cancer MCF-7 cells by transfecting with AhRR-expression construct followed by selection, in order to analyze the effect of AhRR on the cell growth and expression of cell cycle-related genes. The variant cells sh...
Article
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AhRR) is a member of the basic helix-loop-helix/Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH/PAS) family of transcription factors, providing a negative feedback loop with a xenobiotic or endogenous ligand-dependent signal transduction mediated by the AhR. We sequenced full-length AhRR mRNA extracted from the heart of a male Wistar ra...
Article
The mammalian constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a transcription factor that participates in controlling the expression of xenobiotic metabolizing and transporting genes in response to xenobiotics in an organ-specific manner. In addition to the wild-type CAR (CAR WT) mRNA, mRNAs for five splice variants (SVs) could be detected in the liver o...
Article
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a ligand/activator-dependent transactivation factor that resides in the cytoplasm and forms part of an as yet unidentified protein complex. Upon stimulation, CAR translocates into the nucleus where it modulates the transactivation of target genes. However, CAR exogenously expressed in rat liver RL-34 ce...
Article
Full-text available
Background The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) plays a key role in the transcriptional activation of genes that encode xenobiotic/steroid and drug metabolizing enzymes. Results The expression of CAR mRNA throughout the circadian rhythm is reported for the first time in phase with the clock gene Bmal1 and in antiphase with the clock-c...
Article
The mammalian constitutively active receptor (CAR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that participates in controlling the expression of cytochrome P450 2B (CYP2B) genes in response to phenobarbital (PB) in rodents. CYP2B forms are highly inducible in liver and intestine in male Wistar rats. In contrast, PB- dependent increases in CYP2B act...
Article
The mammalian constitutively active receptor (CAR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that participates in controlling the expression of cytochrome P450 2B (CYP2B) genes in response to xenobiotics in an organ-specific manner. In the presence of phenobar- bital (PB) or PB-type agents, hepatic CYP2B forms are highly inducible. In contrast, PB...
Article
The pollution level of the Tsurumi River flowing into Tokyo Bay was studied longitudinally using river sedi-ment extracts in an assay system based on the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-dependent induction of 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD) activity in HepG2 cells. The sampling points of river sediment were as follows: Namamugi, Kami-Sueyoshi,...

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Projects (4)
Project
To understand the mechanism of CAR activation and -mediated transcription
Project
Control mechanism of AhR in breast cancer