Yuan-Chao Lou

Yuan-Chao Lou
Academia Sinica · Institute of Biomedical Sciences

PhD

About

62
Publications
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503
Citations

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
In Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin‐resistance‐associated response regulator (VraR) is a part of the VraSR two‐component system, which is responsible for activating a cell wall‐stress stimulon in response to an antibiotic that inhibits cell wall formation. Two VraR‐binding sites have been identified: R1 and R2 in the vraSR operon control region. H...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccinia virus (VACV) belonging to the poxvirus family enters the host cell via two different entry pathways; either endocytosis or virus/host cell membrane fusion. With respect to the virus/host cell membrane fusion, there are eleven viral membrane proteins forming a complicated entry-fusion complex (EFC), including A28, A21, A16, F9, G9, G3, H2,...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of succinimide in proteins has attracted considerable attention in protein aging and biopharmaceutical research. The succinimide formation occurs spontaneously in proteins and is prone to hydrolysis to yield aspartate and isoaspartate, resulting in altered protein functions. Herein, we demonstrated that the coupling reagent 4-(4,6-dim...
Article
OmpR, a response regulator of the EnvZ/OmpR two-component system (TCS), controls the reciprocal regulation of two porin proteins, OmpF and OmpC, in bacteria. During signal transduction, OmpR (OmpR-FL) undergoes phosphorylation at its conserved Asp residue in the N-terminal receiver domain (OmpRn) and recognizes the promoter DNA from its C-terminal...
Article
Full-text available
In Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis), cyclophilins play a vital role in dislodging Myb proteins from the membrane compartment and leading them to nuclear translocation. We previously reported that TvCyP1 cyclophilin from T. vaginalis forms a dimer and plays an essential role in moving the Myb1 transcription factor toward the nucleus. In comparis...
Article
Full-text available
Covid-19 is caused by a novel form of coronavirus for which there are currently no vaccines or anti-viral drugs. This virus, termed SARS-CoV-2 (CoV2), contains Papain-like protease (PLpro) involved in viral replication and immune response evasion. Drugs targeting this protease therefore have great potential for inhibiting the virus, and have proven...
Article
Full-text available
Nervous necrosis virus (NNV) is a non-enveloped virus that causes massive mortality in aquaculture fish production worldwide. Recently X-ray crystallography and single particle cryo-EM have independently determined the icosahedral capsid of NNV to near-atomic resolutions to show the capsid protein is composed of a S-domain (shell) and a P-domain (p...
Article
Full-text available
In class II transcription activation, the transcription factor normally binds to the promoter near the −35 position and contacts the domain 4 of σ factors (σ4) to activate transcription. However, σ4 of σ70 appears to be poorly folded on its own. Here, by fusing σ4 with the RNA polymerase β‐flap‐tip‐helix, we constructed 2 σ4 chimera proteins, one f...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclophilin 1 (TvCyP1), a cyclophilin type peptidyl-prolyl isomerase present in the human parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, interacts with Myb1 and assists in its nuclear translocation. Myb1 regulates the expression of ap65-1 gene that encodes for a disease causing cytoadherence enzyme. Here, we determined the crystal structures of TvCyP1 and its com...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclophilins are peptidyl prolyl isomerases that play an important role in a wide variety of biological functions like protein folding and trafficking, intracellular and extracellular signaling pathways, nuclear translocation and in pre-mRNA splicing. Two cyclophilins have been identified in the parasitic organism Trichomonas vaginalis and were nam...
Article
Full-text available
Previously, we identified that both fingers 1 and 2 in the three Cys2His2 zinc-finger domains (TZD) of testis zinc-finger protein specifically bind to its cognate DNA; however, finger 3 is non-sequence–specific. To gain insights into the interaction mechanism, here we further investigated the DNA-binding characteristics of TZD bound to non-specific...
Data
Observation of distinct directions on chemical shift perturbations between specific and non-specific complexes (DOCX)
Data
15N-HSQC spectra of TZD for non-specific complexes. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotic mRNA biogenesis involves a series of interconnected steps mediated by RNA-binding proteins. The exon junction complex core protein Y14 is required for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) and promotes translation. Moreover, Y14 binds the cap structure of mRNAs and inhibits the activity of the decapping enzyme Dcp2. In this report, we show...
Article
Full-text available
PmrA, an OmpR/PhoB family response regulator, manages genes for antibiotic resistance. Phosphorylation of OmpR/PhoB response regulator induces the formation of a symmetric dimer in the N-terminal receiver domain (REC), promoting two C-terminal DNA-binding domains (DBDs) to recognize promoter DNA to elicit adaptive responses. Recently, determination...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-14 and Supplementary Tables 1-4
Data
The REC-DBD interdomain dynamics of PmrA. When the PmrA-DNA complex (PmrA-1, PmrA-2 and DNA are in green, yellow and blue, respectively) is recognized by the σ4 domain of RNAPH, greater REC-DBD interdomain dynamics allow the REC dimer to rotate more freely to adopt a suitable orientation that can best contact with the RNAPH to form the initial clos...
Article
Full-text available
The mammalian ER protein STING (stimulators of interferon genes) is an important innate immunity protein for linking detection of novel secondary messengers c-di-GMP, c-di-AMP, cGAMP or cytosolic dsDNA to the activation of TANK kinase 1 and its downstream interferon regulator factor 3. Recently quite a few of crystal structures representing differe...
Article
Full-text available
Klebsiella pneumoniae PmrA is a polymyxin-resistance-associated response regulator. The C-terminal effector/DNA-binding domain of PmrA (PmrAC) recognizes tandem imperfect repeat sequences on the promoters of genes to induce antimicrobial peptide resistance after phosphorylation and dimerization of its N-terminal receiver domain (PmrAN). However, st...
Article
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In bacteria, the two-component system is the most prevalent for sensing and transducing environmental signals into the cell. The PmrA-PmrB two-component system, responsible for sensing external stimuli of high Fe3+ and mild acidic conditions, can control the genes involved in lipopolysaccharide modification and polymyxin resistance in pathogens. In...
Article
Chloroplasts protein precursors translated in the cytosol traverse the membranes to reach their intended destination with the help of translocon complexes called translocon at the outer envelope of chloroplasts and translocon at the inner envelope of chloroplasts (TIC), respectively. Two components of the TIC translocon, Tic110 and Tic40, which com...
Article
Full-text available
Trichomonas vaginalis Myb3 transcription factor (tvMyb3) recognizes the MRE-1 promoter sequence and regulates ap65-1 gene, which encodes a hydrogenosomal malic enzyme that may play a role in the cytoadherence of the parasite. Here, we identified tvMyb353–180 as the essential fragment for DNA recognition and report the crystal structure of tvMyb353–...
Article
The tellurium oxyanion TeO(3)(2-) has been used in the treatment of infectious diseases caused by mycobacteria. However, many pathogenic bacteria show tellurite resistance. Several tellurite resistance genes have been identified, and these genes mediate responses to diverse extracellular stimuli, but the mechanisms underlying their functions are un...
Article
In bacteria, the two-component system (TCS) is the most prevalent for sensing and transducing the environmental signals into the cell. In Salmonella, the small basic protein PmrD is found to protect phospho-PmrA and prolong the expression of PmrA-activated genes. In contrast, Escherichia coli PmrD fails to protect phospho-PmrA. Here, we show that K...
Article
Human RegIV protein, which contains a sequence motif homologous to calcium-dependent (C-type) lectin-like domain, is highly expressed in mucosa cells of the gastrointestinal tract during pathogen infection and carcinogenesis and may be applied in both diagnosis and treatment of gastric and colon cancers. Here, we provide evidence that, unlike other...
Article
The C-terminal three-Cys(2)His(2) zinc-finger domain (TZD) of mouse testis zinc-finger protein binds to the 5'-TGTACAGTGT-3' at the Aie1 (aurora-C) promoter with high specificity. Interestingly, the primary sequence of TZD is unique, possessing two distinct linkers, TGEKP and GAAP, and distinct residues at presumed DNA binding sites at each finger,...
Article
Full-text available
The transcription regulator, tvMyb1, is the first Myb family protein identified in Trichomonas vaginalis. Using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we defined the amino-acid sequence from Lys(35) to Ser(141) (tvMyb1(35-141)) as the minimal DNA-binding domain, encompassing two Myb-like DNA-binding motifs (designated as R2 and R3 motifs) and an...
Article
Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), a Gram-negative bacterium, is a common cause of hospital-acquired bacterial infections worldwide. Tellurium (Te) compounds, although relatively rare in the environment, have a long history as antimicrobial and therapeutic agents. In bacteria, tellurite (TeO(3) (-2)) resistance is conferred by the ter (Te(r)) operon (terZ...
Article
Full-text available
The small α-domain of Lon protease is thought to carry the substrate-recognition, nucleotide-binding, and DNA-binding sites. Here we report the complete resonance assignment of the α-domain for Bacillus subtilis Lon protease (Bs-Lon α-domain).
Article
Full-text available
Human pancreatitis-associated protein was identified in pathognomonic lesions of Alzheimer disease, a disease characterized by the presence of filamentous protein aggregates. Here, we showed that at physiological pH, human pancreatitis-associated protein forms non-Congo Red-binding, proteinase K-resistant fibrillar aggregates with diameters from 6...
Article
Many proteins and bioactive peptides contain an N-terminal pyroglutamate residue (Pyr1). This residue reduces the susceptibility of the protein to aminopeptidases and often has important functional roles. The antitumor ribonuclease RC-RNase 3 (RNase 3) from oocytes of Rana catesbeiana (bullfrog) is one such protein. We have produced recombinant RNa...
Article
A number of beta-microseminoproteins (MSPs) have been identified from different species. MSPs are all non-glycosylated and disulfide bond-rich, but show a relatively low level of conservation. Although all Cys residues are conserved, our previous study showed that the disulfide bond pairings differ in porcine and ostrich MSPs. Despite the variety o...
Article
Full-text available
The flavivirus envelope protein is the dominant antigen in eliciting neutralizing antibodies and plays an important role in inducing immunologic responses in the infected host. We have determined the solution structure of the major antigenic domain (domain III) of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) envelope protein. The JEV domain III forms a β-...
Article
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a satellite virus of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which provides the surface antigen for the viral coat. The RNA genome of HDV encodes two proteins, the small delta antigen and the large delta antigen, which differ only with the latter having an additional 19 amino acids at the C-terminus. Previously, we have shown tha...
Article
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), an inherited disease, is caused by mutations in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). The absence of functional BTK leads to failure of B cell differentiation which incapacitates antibody production in XLA patients leading to, sometimes lethal, bacterial infections. Point mutation in the BTK gene that leads to delet...
Article
The solution structure and dynamics of G1TE, a nonphosphorylated cyclic peptide inhibitor for the Grb2 SH2 domain, was determined using two-dimensional NMR and simulated annealing methods. G1TE consists of 10 amino acids and a C-terminal Cys cyclized through its side-chain sulfur atom by a thioether linkage to its N terminus. The results indicate t...
Article
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a satellite virus of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which provides the surface antigen for the viral coat. The RNA genome of HDV encodes two proteins: the small delta antigen and the large delta antigen. The two proteins resemble each other except for the presence of an additional 19 amino acids at the C terminus of the...
Article
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a satellite virus of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which provides the surface antigen for the viral coat. The RNA genome of HDV encodes two proteins: the small delta antigen and the large delta antigen. The two proteins resemble each other except for the presence of an additional 19 amino acids at the C terminus of the...
Article
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a satellite virus of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which provides the surface antigen for the viral coat. Our results show that the N-terminal leucine-repeat region of hepatitis delta antigen (HDAg), encompassing residues 24-50, binds to the autolytic domain of HDV genomic RNA and attenuates its autolytic activity. The...

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Projects (2)
Project
I want to understand the mechanism of transcription activation by PmrA.