Yu-Dong Cai

Yu-Dong Cai
Shanghai University | SHU · School of Life Sciences

About

523
Publications
45,436
Reads
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13,769
Citations
Citations since 2017
147 Research Items
5428 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - June 2015
Institute for Systems Biology
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (523)
Article
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Long-term cigarette smoking causes various human diseases, including respiratory disease, cancer, and gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Alterations in gene expression and variable splicing processes induced by smoking are associated with the development of diseases. This study applied advanced machine learning methods to identify the isoforms with i...
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Metabolic stability of proteins plays a vital role in various dedicated cellular processes. Traditional methods of measuring the metabolic stability are time-consuming and expensive. Therefore, we developed a more efficient computational approach to understand the protein dynamic action mechanisms in biological process networks. In this study, we c...
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Sarcoma, the second common type of solid tumor in children and adolescents, has a wide variety of subtypes that are often not properly diagnosed at an early stage, leading to late metastases and causing serious loss of life and property to patients and families. It exhibits a high degree of heterogeneity at the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic l...
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The rapid spread of COVID-19 has become a major concern for people’s lives and health all around the world. COVID-19 patients in various phases and severity require individualized treatment given that different patients may develop different symptoms. We employed machine learning methods to discover biomarkers that may accurately classify COVID-19...
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The global outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic has become a major public health problem. COVID-19 virus infection triggers a complex immune response. CD8 ⁺ T cells, in particular, play an essential role in controlling the severity of the disease. However, the mechanism of the regulatory role of CD8 ⁺ T cells on COVID-19 remains poorly investigated. I...
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The spleen and lymph nodes are important functional organs for human immune system. The identification of cell types for spleen and lymph nodes is helpful for understanding the mechanism of immune system. However, the cell types of spleen and lymph are highly diverse in the human body. Therefore, in this study, we employed a series of machine learn...
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With the increasing number of people suffering from cancer, this illness has become a major health problem worldwide. Exploring the biological functions and signaling pathways of carcinogenesis is essential for cancer detection and research. In this study, a mutation dataset for eleven cancer types was first obtained from a web-based resource calle...
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Cervical and anal carcinoma are neoplastic diseases with various intraepithelial neoplasia stages. The underlying mechanisms for cancer initiation and progression have not been fully revealed. DNA methylation has been shown to be aberrantly regulated during tumorigenesis in anal and cervical carcinoma, revealing the important roles of DNA methylati...
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Subcellular localization attempts to assign proteins to one of the cell compartments that performs specific biological functions. Finding the link between proteins, biological functions, and subcellular localization is an effective way to investigate the general organization of living cells in a systematic manner. However, determining the subcellul...
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Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are extremely important for gaining mechanistic insights into the functional organization of the proteome. The resolution of PPI functions can help in the identification of novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets with medical utility, thus facilitating the development of new medications. However, the traditional...
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Patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 at various severities have different clinical manifestations and treatments. Mild or moderate patients usually recover with conventional medical treatment, but severe patients require prompt professional treatment. Thus, stratifying infected patients for targeted treatment is meaningful. A computational workflow wa...
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The cell cycle is composed of a series of ordered, highly regulated processes through which a cell grows and duplicates its genome and eventually divides into two daughter cells. According to the complex changes in cell structure and biosynthesis, the cell cycle is divided into four phases: gap 1 (G1), DNA synthesis (S), gap 2 (G2), and mitosis (M)...
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CD19-targeted CAR T cell immunotherapy has exceptional efficacy for the treatment of B-cell malignancies. B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are two common B-cell malignancies with high recurrence rate and are refractory to cure. Although CAR T-cell immunotherapy overcomes the limitations of conventional treatments for suc...
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Lung is the most important organ in the human respiratory system, whose normal functions are quite essential for human beings. Under certain pathological conditions, the normal lung functions could no longer be maintained in patients, and lung transplantation is generally applied to ease patients’ breathing and prolong their lives. However, several...
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Notably, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has a tight relationship with the immune system. Human resistance to COVID-19 infection comprises two stages. The first stage is immune defense, while the second stage is extensive inflammation. This process is further divided into innate and adaptive immunity during the immune d...
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Diabetes is the most common disease and a major threat to human health. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) makes up about 90% of all cases. With the development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, more and more fundamental pathogenesis of T2D at genetic and transcriptomic levels has been revealed. The recent single-cell sequencing can further reveal the...
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The occurrence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a serious challenge to global public health. Definitive and effective treatments for COVID-19 are still lacking, and targeted antiviral drugs are not available. In addition, viruses can regulate host innate immunity and antiviral processes through the epigenome to promote viral self-r...
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In current biology, exploring the biological functions of proteins is important. Given the large number of proteins in some organisms, exploring their functions one by one through traditional experiments is impossible. Therefore, developing quick and reliable methods for identifying protein functions is necessary. Considerable accumulation of prote...
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Cell transplantation is an effective method for compensating for the loss of liver function and improve patient survival. However, given that hepatocytes cultivated in vitro have diverse developmental processes and physiological features, obtaining hepatocytes that can properly function in vivo is difficult. In the present study, we present an adva...
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Mammary gland is present in all mammals and usually functions in producing milk to feed the young offspring. Mammogenesis refers to the growth and development of mammary gland, which begins at puberty and ends after lactation. Pregnancy is regulated by various cytokines, which further contributes to mammary gland development. Epithelial cells, incl...
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COVID-19 is hypothesized to be linked to the host's excessive inflammatory immunological response to SARS-CoV-2 infection, which is regarded to be a major factor in disease severity and mortality. Numerous immune cells play a key role in immune response regulation, and gene expression analysis in these cells could be a useful method for studying di...
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Neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease, and many other disease types, cause cognitive dysfunctions such as dementia via the progressive loss of structure or function of the body’s neurons. However, the etiology of these diseases remains unknown, and diagnosing less common cognitive disorders such as vasc...
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In mammals, the cerebellum plays an important role in movement control. Cellular research reveals that the cerebellum involves a variety of sub-cell types, including Golgi, granule, interneuron, and unipolar brush cells. The functional characteristics of cerebellar cells exhibit considerable differences among diverse mammalian species, reflecting a...
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Cancer driver gene is a type of gene with abnormal alterations that initiate or promote tumorigenesis. Driver genes can be used to reveal the fundamental pathological mechanisms of tumorigenesis. These genes may have pathological changes at different omics levels. Thus, identifying cancer driver genes involving two or more omics levels is essential...
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Methylation is one of the most common and considerable modifications in biological systems mediated by multiple enzymes. Recent studies have shown that methylation has been widely identified in different RNA molecules. RNA methylation modifications have various kinds, such as 5-methylcytosine (m5C). However, for individual methylation sites, their...
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Given the limitation of technologies, the subcellular localizations of proteins are difficult to identify. Predicting the subcellular localization and the intercellular distribution patterns of proteins in accordance with their specific biological roles, including validated functions, relationships with other proteins, and even their specific seque...
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There are many types of cancers. Although they share some hallmarks, such as proliferation and metastasis, they are still very different from many perspectives. They grow on different organ or tissues. Does each cancer have a unique gene expression pattern that makes it different from other cancer types? After the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project...
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Non-small cell lung cancer is a major lethal subtype of epithelial lung cancer, with high morbidity and mortality. The single-cell sequencing technique plays a key role in exploring the pathogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer. We proposed a computational method for distinguishing cell subtypes from the different pathological regions of non-small...
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Cancer has been generally defined as a cluster of systematic malignant pathogenesis involving abnormal cell growth. Genetic mutations derived from environmental factors and inherited genetics trigger the initiation and progression of cancers. Although several well-known factors affect cancer, mutation features and rules that affect cancers are rela...
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COVID-19, a severe respiratory disease caused by a new type of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has been spreading all over the world. Patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 may have no pathogenic symptoms, i.e., presymptomatic patients and asymptomatic patients. Both patients could further spread the virus to other susceptible people, thereby making the control...
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Phenotype is one of the most significant concepts in genetics, which is used to describe all the characteristics of a research object that can be observed. Considering that phenotype reflects the integrated features of genotype and environment factors, it is hard to define phenotype characteristics, even difficult to predict unknown phenotypes. Res...
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a systematic chronic metabolic condition with abnormal sugar metabolism dysfunction, and its complications are the most harmful to human beings and may be life-threatening after long-term durations. Considering the high incidence and severity at late stage, researchers have been focusing on the identification of specific bi...
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Antifreeze protein (AFP) is a proteinaceous compound with improved antifreeze ability and binding ability to ice to prevent its growth. As a surface-active material, a small number of AFPs have a tremendous influence on the growth of ice. Therefore, identifying novel AFPs is important to understand protein–ice interactions and create novel ice-bind...
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Identifying protein subcellular locations is an important topic in protein function prediction. Interacting proteins may share similar locations. Thus, it is imperative to infer protein subcellular locations by taking protein-protein interactions (PPIs)into account. In this study, we present a network embedding-based method, node2loc, to identify p...
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Pregnancy is a complicated and long procedure during one or more offspring development inside a woman. A short period of oxygen shortage after birth is quite normal for most babies and does not threaten their health. However, if babies have to suffer from a long period of oxygen shortage, then this condition is an indication of pathological fetal i...
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a severe chronic pathogenic inflammatory abnormality that damages small joints. Comprehensive diagnosis and treatment procedures for RA have been established because of its severe symptoms and relatively high morbidity. Medication and surgery are the two major therapeutic approaches. Infliximab (IFX) is a novel biologic...
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Cancer is one of the most threatening diseases to humans. It can invade multiple significant organs, including lung, liver, stomach, pancreas, and even brain. The identification of cancer biomarkers is one of the most significant components of cancer studies as the foundation of clinical cancer diagnosis and related drug development. During the lar...
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The immune system is a complicated defensive system that comprises multiple functional cells and molecules acting against endogenous and exogenous pathogenic factors. Identifying immune cell subtypes and recognizing their unique immunological functions are difficult because of the complicated cellular components and immunological functions of the i...
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Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) describe the direct physical contact of two proteins that usually results in specific biological functions or regulatory processes. The characterization and study of PPIs through the investigation of their pattern and principle have remained a question in biological studies. Various experimental and computational...
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Cancer, which refers to abnormal cell proliferative diseases with systematic pathogenic potential, is one of the leading threats to human health. The final causes for patients’ deaths are usually cancer recurrence, metastasis, and drug resistance against continuing therapy. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is the transformation of...
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The functions of proteins are mainly determined by their subcellular localizations in cells. Currently, many computational methods for predicting the subcellular localization of proteins have been proposed. However, these methods require further improvement, especially when used in protein representations. In this study, we present an embedding-bas...
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The world-wide Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was triggered by the widespread of a new strain of coronavirus named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Multiple studies on the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 have been conducted immediately after the spread of the disease. However, the molecular pathogenesis of t...
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Smooth muscles are a specific muscle subtype that is widely identified in the tissues of internal passageways. This muscle subtype has the capacity for controlled or regulated contraction and relaxation. Airway smooth muscles are a unique type of smooth muscles that constitute the effective, adjustable, and reactive wall that covers most areas of t...
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Glioblastoma, also called glioblastoma multiform (GBM), is the most aggressive cancer that initiates within the brain. GBM is produced in the central nervous system. Cancer cells in GBM are similar to stem cells. Several different schemes for GBM stratification exist. These schemes are based on intertumoral molecular heterogeneity, preoperative ima...
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Cancer can be generally defined as a cluster of systematic diseases triggered by abnormal cell proliferation and growth. With the development of biological sciences and biotechnologies, the etiology of cancer is partially revealed, including some of the most substantial pathogenic factors [either endogenous (genetics) or exogenous (environmental)]....
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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cardiovascular disease. CAD research has greatly progressed during the past decade. mRNA is a traditional and popular pipeline to investigate various disease, including CAD. Compared with mRNA, lncRNA has better stability and thus may serve as a better disease indicator in blood. Investigating potent...
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Mechanisms underlying human diseases have been revealed with the development of molecular biology. The underlying molecular basis of disorders is valuable in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Decade-long efforts have been devoted to investigating disease–gene association through positional cloning of disease genes and genome-wide association st...
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Protein is one of the most significant components of all living creatures. All significant and essential biological structures and functions relies on proteins and their respective biological functions. However, proteins cannot perform their unique biological significance independently. They have to interact with each other to realize the complicat...
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Coronaviruses are specific crown-shaped viruses that were first identified in the 1960s, and three typical examples of the most recent coronavirus disease outbreaks include severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and COVID-19. Particularly, COVID-19 is currently causing a worldwide pandemic, threatening th...
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Among various risk factors for the initiation and progression of cancer, alternative polyadenylation (APA) is a remarkable endogenous contributor that directly triggers the malignant phenotype of cancer cells. APA affects biological processes at a transcriptional level in various ways. As such, APA can be involved in tumorigenesis through gene expr...
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The subcellular location of a protein is highly related to its function. Identifying the location of a given protein is an essential step for investigating its related problems. Traditional experimental methods can produce solid determination. However, their limitations, such as high cost and low efficiency, are evident. Computational methods provi...