Youssef Bokbot

Youssef Bokbot
Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine, Morocco, Rabat · Préhistoire

PHD Prehistoric Archaeology, HDR Univ Montpellier

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67
Publications
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331
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
294 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
Modern scholarship on the medieval Sahara has focused on a handful of famous entrepôt sites that have their origins in the 8th century or later, and as a result we still understand very poorly the nature and extent of Saharan oasis settlement and agriculture in the golden age of Saharan trade. This article presents the first securely dated chronolo...
Article
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The article presents important results from the Middle Draa Project ( MDP ) in southern Morocco related to two mid-1st millennium CE hilltop settlements (hillforts) that were associated with significant rock art assemblages. The combination of detailed survey and radiocarbon dating of these remarkable sites provides a unique window on the Saharan w...
Article
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The so-called neolithization process (ca. 6000/5500–4000 BC) in Mediterranean Africa and the Sahara has been increasingly researched in recent years. In contrast, relatively little is known, especially in Mediterranean Africa, of the period between the beginnings of irreversible climatic deterioration in the Sahara, around 4000–3500 BC, and the ons...
Article
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This study focuses on the chronostratigraphic sequence of the Cave of Kaf Taht el-Ghar (Dar Ben Karrich, Tétouan, Morocco) excavated in 2012 in the framework of the AGRIWESTMED research project. The broad sequence reveals a series of occupations ranging from the Pleistocene (Moroccan Aterian) to recent historical times. Our research identifies a ri...
Chapter
Urbanisation and State Formation in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond - edited by Martin Sterry March 2020
Chapter
Urbanisation and State Formation in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond - edited by Martin Sterry March 2020
Article
Full-text available
The planned excavation carried out in 2010 at Ifri n'Amr Ou Moussa revealed four individual burials, bringing their number to seven. Among these, we have two burials of young children, the burial number 7 on which this study focuses. According to the dentition, the individual's age is around 18 months. The examination of the mandible determined his...
Article
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The Middle Draa Project (2015–18) is a pioneering survey of the archaeology of a c.200 km long valley at the northern edge of the Moroccan Sahara. Combining mapping from satellite imagery, field survey and trial excavation, the project has established a new baseline for the region's archaeological heritage. This paper concentrates on the main resul...
Chapter
Burials, Migration and Identity in the Ancient Sahara and Beyond - edited by M. C. Gatto February 2019
Conference Paper
L´arrivée de l´agriculture et l´élevage, apparait comme une des piliers fondamentaux pour la compréhension de la dynamique historique du Maghreb et sa relation avec l´ensemble des régions méditerranéennes, et en particulier, avec la Péninsule Ibérique. Entre 2011 et 2013 dans le cadre du projet AGRIWSTMED Origins and spread of agriculture in the so...
Article
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The period comprising the end of the Early Neolithic and the Middle Neolithic, dated broadly within the fifth millennium cal BC, corresponds to an interval that remains largely unknown in the extreme north-western tip of Africa. This situation contrasts with that of the Early Neolithic, a period characterised by the earliest evidence of the diffusi...
Article
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The use of seashells for the decoration of pottery from the sixth millennium cal BC is well known in the western Mediterranean, with the emergence of so-called Cardial Pottery. Actually, the most discussed issue up until now has been the use of bivalves for impressed decoration. However, the experimental approach followed in the present study provi...
Article
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Significance The acquisition of agricultural techniques during the so-called Neolithic revolution has been one of the major steps forward in human history. Using next-generation sequencing and ancient-DNA techniques, we directly test whether Neolithization in North Africa occurred through the transmission of ideas or by demic diffusion. We show tha...
Article
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This study is an overview of the state of research on the process of neolithisation of the northwestern corner of Morocco. Particularly noteworthy are the recent findings of a Spanish-Moroccan team in the framework of the AGRIWESTMED project carried out between 2011 and 2013 for the most part at the caves of Magharat el-Khil (Tangier), Kaf Taht el-...
Preprint
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The extent to which prehistoric migrations of farmers influenced the genetic pool of western North Africans remains unclear. Archaeological evidence suggests the Neolithization process may have happened through the adoption of innovations by local Epipaleolithic communities, or by demic diffusion from the Eastern Mediterranean shores or Iberia. Her...
Article
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This article describes the research questions and presents the initial AMS dates of the Middle Draa Project (southern Morocco), a collaborative field survey project between the University of Leicester and the Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine (INSAP) of Morocco. Starting from a very low baseline of past archaeological...
Article
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In this paper we present a preliminary archaeological study of the site ST-J1, located on the right bank of the mouth of the wadi Asaca (province of Sidi Ifni). It was discovered in the course of the archaeological works carried out as part of the Spanish-Moroccan cooperation project Archaeological research in the region of Sus-Tekna. The stratigra...
Article
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The systematic surveys, under the research program of INSAP "Paleoanthropology and tumuli of the corridor of Taza and Guercif plain", conducted in the last 10 km of the right bank of Wadi Melloulou, have been successful about tumuli. Of these, the 3 tumuli composing the complex III takes a considerable interest because they show a variety of functi...
Article
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Abstract This paper focuses on the new macro-botanical evidence of South-Western Asian cultivated plants from northern Moroccan Neolithic sites. Due to the reduced presence of plant remains from previous excavations in the region, archaeological evidence of agriculture is rare and the arrival of domesticated plants and the role of farming in the Ea...
Chapter
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Following research in the basin of the Noun wadi and a study of the rock art in this region of southern Morocco, this paper presents a local analysis of rock art sites in the upper valley of the Keypad wadi. This study shows that despite the apparent overall spatial consistency of the sites, certain differences exist which enable them to be divided...
Chapter
Main conclusions achieved by the ARPA project are discussed in the present paper. Although we do not discard previous sporadic visits, up to now, the oldest evidences of human regular use of the Oukaïmeden Valley date back to the Late Neolithic, coinciding with changes in the African Monsoon. Combining archaeology, paleoecological information, 14C,...
Article
Full-text available
Main objectives of the project and principal results of field campaigns are summarized. Our hypothesis was that the valley was occupied not before the Mid Holocene, associated to environmental changes caused by the displacement of the summer monsoon and the onset of more arid conditions. Also that it was the value of bovines as mobile wealth, the r...
Article
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The 2014 campaign of the archaeological research project in the region of Sous-Tekna (Morocco) confirmed the identification of the current village of Ksabi with ancient caravan city of Tagawst. This is a major commercial, artisanal and agro-pastoral enclave, from the thirteenth century, replaced as regional capital to neighbouring trans-Saharan «po...
Conference Paper
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Since 2009, a research project is being carried on at the Oukaïmeden valley (High Atlas, Morocco), aiming at understanding the way humans have used and marked the landscape. One of the main challenges to do so, has been organizing and ascribing chronologically the impressive documentation of rock art depictions of the area. To achieve this goal, a...
Article
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The present work describes the study of the ceramic materials recovered in Oukaïmeden Valley, and its results. In this set of archaeological sites, we obtained information mainly from Aougnin n'ait Ourigh, and so we will examine it in detail. The site is located in one of the western platforms that access the mountain valley of Oukaïmeden. This set...
Article
Main objectives of the project and principal results of field campaigns are summarized. Our hypothesis was that the valley was occupied not before the Mid Holocene, associated to environmental changes caused by the displacement of the summer monsoon and the onset of more arid conditions. Also that it was the value of bovines as mobile wealth, the r...
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusions achieved by the ARPA project are discussed in the present paper. Although we do not discard previous sporadic visits, up to now, the oldest evidences of human regular use of the Oukaïmeden Valley date back to the Late Neolithic, coinciding with changes in the African Monsoon. Combining archaeology, paleoecological information, 14C,...
Chapter
Full-text available
The palynological study carried out in the cave of Boussaria (NW Morocco)has allowed reconstructing the vegetation of the Tingitan Peninsula throughout the various Neolithic phases that have been detected. The predominant vegetation type correspondsto the typical thermomediterranean macchia. However, data shows an evolution on the vegetation from t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, CAA2010.
Conference Paper
Two Neolithic sites from Northern Morocco, Khil and Kaf Taht El-Ghar, have been re-excavated during 2011 and 2012 as part of the AGRIWESTMED (ERC) project on the origins and spread of agriculture in the Western Mediterranean. The systematic recovery and flotation of sediments in these two sites has provided a broad assemblage of domesticated and wi...
Article
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This paper presents preliminary information on the excavation of El Khil Caves (Achakar, Tanger, Morocco)carried out in September 2011. The aim was to obtain detailed data on the first farming communities in the northern part of Morocco. Two test pits were dug in Grotte B and Grotte C and bioarchaeological samples (both archaeobotanical and zooarch...
Article
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Résumé L'étude envisagée concerne les sépultures mises au jour dans les différents tumulus de la rive droite d'oued Melloulou. Elle met en évidence une variabilité dans le mode de dépôt sépulcral. Nous avons aussi bien des sépultures primaires que des sépultures secondaires. Les fosses sépulcrales correspondantes sont creusées tantôt dans le sable...
Article
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This article proposes a new interpretation on the techniques that are used in the fortified granaries (agadir, pl. igudar) in North Africa on the basis of a case study in the oasis of Amtudi (Morroco, province of Guelmin). These granaries are some kind of strongholds in which crops and families’ possessions are kept in individual cells. Nowadays, m...
Article
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Since 1995 the Wadi Noun basin (pre-Saharan Morocco) is on a systematic archaeological research program conducted in the Archaeology and Heritage Morocco-Spanish partnership. Performed survey allowed list dozens of sites that may be included in this vast and vague period that academic tradition obstinately continues to split between the Neolithic a...
Article
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A technique of garnering, a perched symbol : the North african fortified granary. This article proposes a new interpretation on the techniques that are used in the fortified granaries (agadir, pl. igudar) in North Africa on the basis of a case study in the oasis of Amtudi (Morroco, province of Guelmin). These granaries are some kind of strongholds...
Article
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During the second campaign of excavations in the cave of Ifri n'Amr Moussa (the plateau of Zemmour, Morocco), two burials of young children were brought to light. The first subject, a very young child, was in a supine position on a north-south axis with the head at the north. However, the dynamic context of the grave suggests some gravity induced d...
Conference Paper
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Comunicaciones La cuenca del ued Nun, red hidrográica atlán-tica que engloba los cursos de agua temporales hoy conocidos como Um el-Achar, Sayyad, Uarg Nun y Asaca, abarca unos 7000 km2 y está constituida por una serie de depresiones comunicantes que se encajan entre la vertiente presahariana del Anti Atlas y las estribaciones más occidentales del...
Article
We present the results of a palynological analysis carried out in two pollen record, OK6-AD and ORI-1, to find how the vegetation changes during the Holocene time. the area of study is located in Oukaimeden valley (National Park of toubkal, at 70 km to the S of Marrakesh, Morocco), and is rich in archaeological occupations (shelters, mounds, etc.),...
Article
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bados y realizando algunas excavaciones. Este trabajo se com-binó con el llevado a cabo en los otros grandes centros del arte rupestre del Atlas marroquí, especialmente en la Meseta de Yagour, situada unos 25 km. al Noreste de Oukaimeden e igualmente una zona de ocupación entonces estacional para el aprovechamiento de sus pastos. Fruto de este trab...
Article
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ABSTRACT – The research program Neolithic and Protohistory of the Zemmour plateaux aims to define the archaeologic atlas of the northern Morocco's Meseta. In this context, the Ifri n'Amr ou Moussa Cave has been excavated: it is the first stratigraphic Bell Beaker site in Morocco, revealing both funerary and settlement layers.

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