Young Hoon Kwak

Young Hoon Kwak
George Washington University | GW · Department of Decision Sciences

Ph.D.

About

95
Publications
134,208
Reads
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5,682
Citations
Introduction
I teach and conduct research in Project and Program Management at the George Washington University Business School. I currently serve as an Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Management in Engineering published by American Society of Civil Engineers and Department Editor for Project Management at IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management.
Additional affiliations
August 1999 - present
George Washington University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
January 1993 - May 1997
University of California, Berkeley
Field of study
  • Engineering and Project Management

Publications

Publications (95)
Chapter
While the construction industry always strives for better project performance, it has failed to achieve improved project performance in capital projects. To reap maximum benefits, the capital projects sector needs to better understand facility standardization, and its’ optimum implementation. By capturing the best practices for successful planning...
Article
Contracting agencies must be able to offer incentive/disincentive (I/D) rates greater than the builder’s added cost (BAC) of acceleration. Doing so encourages qualified contractors to bid on projects. Most agencies determine I/D amounts either by road user cost (RUC) or as a percentage of the total project cost. Estimating I/D rates that will motiv...
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Purpose Facility design standardization strategy has considerable advantages, highlighted by its widespread and consistent use in the shipbuilding and manufacturing industries. However, capital projects have failed to realize these benefits. The primary rationale behind this problem is the lack of proper understanding of design standardization, mor...
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South Korea has a long history of the planning, development, and management of smart cities to integrate emerging technological advances into complex physical infrastructure. This article explores lessons learned from smart city programs in South Korea to better understand the challenges and opportunities of future sustainable smart city innovation...
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This special collection presents papers on the topic of resilience contributed by scholars from diverse fields with one common interest—the resilience of complex, human-dominated systems in which the role of built or technological components are clearly present. The core theme of the special collection is on the engineering managerial issues at the...
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Making a decision regarding whether an owner should implement a facility design standardization strategy for their future facilities is not easy. It is a complex process since the replication of projects requires the coordination of many areas of project management as well as a significant investment of time and resources. Facility design standardi...
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South Korea established the National Construction Standards Center to efficiently manage the national construction standards and orchestrate various efforts such as the development and export of the unified code system, and the conduction of code reform research for securing safety and ever increasing disaster prevention of buildings and infrastruc...
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Abstract: Standardization is a commonplace idea today; however, capital projects have not been able to achieve high levels of facility design standardization. The Construction Industry Institute (CII) identified 15 standardization critical success factors (CSFs) for capital projects, particularly the upstream, midstream, and mining sector, to help...
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p> Purpose: This study explores the characteristics of STV service to empirically examine effects of the services on adoption and usage of STV to lead sustained growth of the STV industry. Methodology/Approach: This study employs structural equation modeling as a quantitative approach, to examine causal relationships between service characteristic...
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Universities pays a lot of attention and investment in the technology commercialization for its sustainable development and social contribution under Korean government-driven policies. However, when compared to US or European universities, the outcomes of the technology commercialization in universities are relatively inactive. Therefore, this stud...
Conference Paper
In 2017, the Construction Industry Institute (CII)’s Upstream, Midstream, and Mining Commodity Market (UMMC) Research Team was established to explore design standardization through collaborative research. The RT’s essential research question is: “How can higher levels of facility design standardization be achieved in the UMM sector?” To tackle this...
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Modularization is a well-known construction technique where sections of the job are moved from on-site to a fabrication shop. Previously, the researchers identified the 21 most influential Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for successful modularization and quantified the degree of each CSF’s accomplishment by conducting a survey with 19 subject matte...
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Modularization is a method of enhancing project value by exporting a portion of the site work to fabrication/assembly shops or yards. However, the construction industry has difficulties in identifying the optimum extent of modularization to maximize its benefits. Research Team 283 of the Construction Industry Institute (CII) developed a business ca...
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Green building certification is a useful way to support objective evaluations of the sustainability of a building. Both the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and Energy Star certifications are designed to reduce the negative environmental impacts of buildings and provide positive economic benefits to certified buildings. Given th...
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Project-based organizations are a unique organizational form where business activities are implemented and managed around temporary projects. The aim of this research was to better understand how project-based organizations manage and implement dynamic capabilities to develop, transform, and sustain their strategic advantage in a competitive global...
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This study proposes a conflict analysis framework to investigate how conflict occurs and what causes conflict by considering the characteristics of public infrastructure projects. The conflict occurrence process over construction projects was structured as four stages based on the paradigm model approach of grounded theory. Two types of Korean case...
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Conducting an early warning forecast to detect potential cost overrun is essential for timely and effective decision-making in project control. This paper presents a forecast combination model that adaptively identifies the best forecast and optimises various combinations of commonly used project cost forecasting models. To do so, a forecast error...
Conference Paper
Previous research by the Construction Industry Institute (CII) has recognized that the shipbuilding industry has accomplished high levels of both design standardization and modularization, reaping substantial benefits. In addition, to maximize modularization benefits on capital projects, the levels of design standardization also must be increased s...
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We show that the schedule for contracting public procurements can impact the number of proposals and thereby the cost of procured services or products. This holds when the market for procurement contracts is not perfectly competitive, which is typically the case for large and costly public procurements. We formalize this previously unexplored opera...
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Alternative project delivery methods such as design-build (D-B) and construction manager/general contractor (CM/GC) or construction manager at risk (CMR) are typically used in conjunction with best-value or qualification-based procurement and guaranteed maximum price (GMP) or other payment provisions. Recently, a new hybrid contracting strategy cal...
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A mega-event is an open socioeconomic system characterized by massive budget demands and multiple types of subprojects and their complex interrelationships. Although a mega-event is an opportunity for a country to show its international reputation, management capacity, and societal strength, it demands a long preparation time; an enormous amount of...
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Should public-sector owners use Design-Build or Design-Bid-Build to deliver projects? To seek answers to this question, this study tackles the following questions related to fundamental decisions in the procurement process: 1) For which project owners are likely to employ one delivery method or the other? 2) To which contractor owners tend to award...
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The entire construction safety and productivity are greatly impacted by temporary structures. Despite the impacts, temporary structures are used in construction projects without sufficient planning efforts. As a result, there are widespread safety, productivity, constructability, and site coordination problems caused by temporary structures. Focusi...
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Government projects and programs contribute to national growth at a great magnitude. However, records show that they are not well managed, even when project teams follow established project management principles. As a result, this study aimed at identifying key characteristics of government projects and programs, and recommending how they can be us...
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JME has its competitive advantages as one of the few management in engineering journals that are recognized by the community of scholars. It receives a respectable impact factor from the Thomson Reuters journal-citation reports, is listed as a well-regarded journal in the United Kingdom’s Association of Business Schools (ABS) academic journal guide...
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The construction industry is beginning to utilize building information modeling (BIM), benefiting from the improved visualization and productivity, better coordination of construction drawings, building documents that contain embedded links to virtual information, faster delivery, and lower costs. However, construction companies often find it chall...
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Little research has been conducted on how project-based organizations navigate internal and external pressures to develop and improve project competences over time. Using a cases study approach, this paper examines the development and implementation of project based organization over a period of 30 years. Overall, the evolution of project managemen...
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The unprecedented Chinese urbanization leads to massive government-funded construction projects. In most cities, a special project management mode called “Agent Construction Model (ACM)” has been adopted to manage and govern these projects under the same umbrella of administrative standards. The ACM integrates all available government resources to...
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Sustainable development represents a major challenge of the 21st century. Organizations use projects to implement strategic corporate objectives, exploring sustainable development from a project management perspective is imperative. While current project management techniques are well defined in terms of content and process to manage the budget-sco...
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The Hoover Dam was completed two years ahead of schedule and under budget despite political, economical, technical, and organizational obstacles. Previous literature regarding the Hoover Dam project focused primarily on the aspects of design, engineering, and construction, with minimal analysis or discussions on project and program management techn...
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Long-term transportation policies require government officials to predict the cost of public road construction during the conceptual planning phase. However, early cost prediction is often inaccurate because public officials are not familiar with cost engineering practices, and moreover, have limited time and insufficient information for estimating...
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The construction industry is one of the largest sectors in the US economy, yet little is known about the key macroeconomic parameters that affect its industry’s structure and performance. The main objectives of this research are (1) to analyse the macroeconomic performance of construction industry as a whole and at 14 of its sub-sectors in terms of...
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Social media has opened up unprecedented new possibilities of engaging the public in government work. In response to the Open Government Directive, U.S. federal agencies developed their open government plan and launched numerous social media-based public engagement initiatives. However, we find that many of these initiatives do not deliver the inte...
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This study aims at providing an alternative view of users' enterprise resource planning (ERP) acceptance. Despite the large body of literature, there are still empirical inquiries to investigate the ERP system implementation from end-users' perspectives as well as from different organizational contexts. To address these issues, we set a project-bas...
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Incentive/Disincentive (I/D) and Cost-plus-Time (A + B) are the two most widely used alternative contracting strategies to implement public transportation infrastructure projects in the United States. However, little is known about their impact on project schedule performance. As a result, state highway agencies often struggle to select effective c...
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The goal of this research is to explore the history, practices, and future of the earned value management (EVM) method in government, and seek opportunities and suggestions for wider implementation of EVM for managing, measuring, and controlling project performance and progress. First, this study reviews the historical background and evolution of E...
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Social network analysis (SNA) has been widely used to explore the existence and strength of connections among various actors within an organization. Recently, understanding and interpreting social aspects in project organization have gained great interest in project management research. Consequently, there is a need to analyse complex project organ...
Conference Paper
The main objective of this research is to propose and present the Open Government Implementation Model (OGIM), which is a stage model that prescribes and guides government agencies on their journey to open government. The OGIM defines four implementation stages and describes the focuses, deliverables, benefits, challenges, best practices, and metri...
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The majority of construction organizations that have either failed in their efforts to adopt enterprise wide applications and related technology, or are simply not familiar with it, are the Small to Medium Size Construction Organizations (SMSCO). Their failure or refusal to adopt complex IT systems impacts their ability to integrate in the construc...
Conference Paper
Enterprise Application Systems (EAS) are strategic enablers for businesses impacting multiple business areas such as financials, accounting, supply chain, customer services, and human resources. EAS implementations are highly complex implementations that automate several business functions, involving several internal and external resources. EAS cre...
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Offering contractors a monetary incentive for early project completion provides agencies with an innovative means to expedite construction. To be effective, the incentive amount should exceed the contractor's additional cost (CAC) for completing the project early. Yet, estimating CAC poses a major challenge to agencies largely because of contractor...
Conference Paper
One groundbreaking way of expediting any construction is to offer contractors a monetary incentive. To be effective, the incentive amount should be larger than the contractor's additional cost (CAC) for expediting construction time. Yet, estimating the CAC poses a major challenge because contractors are reluctant to disclose their profit informatio...
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Due to discrepancies and multiple ownerships of construction specifications in Korea, writing a project specification is very challenging. This paper presents a framework and architecture of a Web-based construction specification system (aka SPEC WRITER). Its database includes 15 standard specifications, 13 specialty specifications, national design...
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P ublic Private Partnerships (PPPs) have emerged as one of the major approaches for delivering infrastructure projects in recent years. If properly formulated and managed, a PPP can provide a number of benefits to the public sector such as: alleviating the financial bur-den on the public sector due to rising infrastructure development costs; allowi...
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Public Private Partnerships (PPP) have emerged as one of the major approaches for delivering infrastructure projects effectively. This article develops a PPP framework for infrastructure development. It discusses examples of worldwide applications, as well as benefits and obstacles of PPP through a literature review on PPP-related research over the...
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This research explores key aspects involved in the process of managing risk associated with acquisition projects within the US Department of Defense (DOD). First, various US Government Accountability Office reports are analyzed to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the DOD’s overall program management practices, as well as individual projects...
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Applying value engineering (VE) in a construction project has proven to be an effective way to save the cost of a project. Different VE models have been developed and used in construction projects in the past. One common attribute of construction projects is the dependence of a highly qualitative decision making process: capturing, interpreting, an...
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This paper examines project management research from the perspective of its relationship to allied disciplines in the management field and provides a view of the progress of project management as a research-based academic discipline. This study which is partially funded by the Project Management Institute specifically investigates project managemen...
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In 2004, Korea became the fifth country in the world to own and operate a high-speed railway called Korea Train eXpress (KTX). Numerous uncertainties and challenges during planning and managing phase resulted in schedule delays and cost overruns. The delay causes of each activity along the 412 km Korea high-speed railway route were very difficult t...
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The goal of this research was to analyze current and future trends of the allied management disciplines that influence project management. We asked academicians and practitioners about the availability of knowledge and the potential impact of allied disciplines on project management. We were able to assess where the allied disciplines currently sta...
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Recently, a significant number of major construction companies embarked on the implementation of integrated information technology solutions such as enterprise resource planning ERP systems to better integrate various business functions. However, these integrated systems in the construction sector present a set of unique challenges, different from...
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Monte Carlo simulation is a useful technique for modeling and analyzing real-world systems and situations. This paper is a conceptual paper that explores the applications of Monte Carlo simulation for managing project risks and uncertainties. The benefits of Monte Carlo simulation are using quantified data, allowing project managers to better justi...
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Enterprise resource planning ERP systems offer many benefits to the engineering–construction industry. Many construction firms recognize the benefits of ERP system implementation; however, they still hesitate to adopt these systems due to high cost, uncertainties, and risks. This study identifies and analyzes critical factors that need to be consid...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify best practices from high-technology industries that face many of the same challenges around uncertainty, complexity, and risk that are faced by the pharmaceutical industry. Design/methodology/approach – This research has conducted an extensive review of risk management literature and research condu...
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Purpose – This paper is a summary of a successfully defended doctoral dissertation. The purpose of this paper is to place this research in context to emerging areas of project management and service science, management and engineering and to encourage others to embark on further research related to this important topic. Design/methodology/approach...
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This study looks at project management from the perspective of its relationship to allied disciplines in the management field. By exploring, identifying, and classifying management journal articles of project management- allied disciplines, the evolution and trends of project management research are revealed. This study specifically investigates th...
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The Importance Of PMM in Today's Marketplace PMM: Concepts and Quantification PMM'S Relationship to Business Results Bringing It to Closure: The Virtuous Cycle of Project Management Summary References
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Understanding the key features, obstacles, and shortcomings of the six sigma method allows organizations to better support their strategic directions, and increasing needs for coaching, mentoring, and training. It also provides opportunities to better implement six sigma projects. This paper examines the evolution, benefits, and challenges of six s...
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This paper examines a parametric estimating technique applied to technology-driven projects. Parametric cost estimating is a widely used approach for bidding on a contract, input into a cost benefit analysis, or as the pre-planning tool for project implementation. Extensive literature reviews suggest that effective parametric estimating methodology...
Article
Risk tolerance is often misunderstood or overlooked by project managers. The levels and perspectives of risk tolerance are dynamic throughout the life of the project. Risk tolerance has three different perspectives when you are involved in a project: firm, project manager, and stakeholder. The firm’s risk tolerance varies according to the firm’s fi...
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The purpose of this paper is to define the process used to develop a parametric estimating model and to explain the use of the model as it allows a nonsubject matter expert to predict the cost of deployment of a technology-driven project with improved accuracy. The overall objective is to define criteria for organizations to use as a rule of thumb...
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The challenges and realities in applying effective software risk management processes are difficult, in particular integrating the risk management processes into software development organizations. However, the benefits of implementing effective risk manage-ment tools and techniques in software development project are equally great. Current percept...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to define the process used to develop a parametric estimating model and to explain the use of the model as it allows a non subject matter expert to predict the cost of deployment of a technology-driven pro- ject with improved accuracy. The overall objective is to define criteria for organiza- tions to use as a rule of t...
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Design/build has become one of the favored project delivery methods in the engineering construction industry. Numerous studies have advocated the use of design/build over the traditional design/bid/build delivery approach. A comprehensive analysis of 67 global projects from the Construction Industry Institute's database shows that design/build proj...
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This paper is a conceptual paper that examines a new integrative evaluation approach for pharmaceutical R&D projects. It describes recent changes in the health care economy and the underlying scientific and technological revolution that has markedly altered the business environment in which the pharmaceutical industry operates. Changes in cost and...
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This paper presents the project management process maturity (PM) 2 model that determines and positions an organization's relative project management level with other organizations. The comprehensive model follows a systematic approach to establish an organization's current project management level. Each maturity level consists of major project mana...
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Concession agreement is one of the infrastructure privatization models. In Asia, the rise of concession projects began in the 1980s, and the number of such projects continues to grow. This research provides an overview and detailed analysis of the Asian concession market. Eighty-seven concession projects awarded between 1985 and 1998 covering 12 As...
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Abstract Many organizations are projectizing their operations these days, particularly non- construction enterprises. There is, of course, a range of levels of Project Management (PM) sophistication and tools that can be adapted by such enterprises. This study, sponsored by the Project Management Institute (PMI), examines current PM levels and prac...