Yoshimasa Majima

Yoshimasa Majima
Hokusei Gakuen University · Department of Psychology for Well-Being

Ph.D in Behavioral Science

About

24
Publications
4,191
Reads
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126
Citations
Introduction
Yoshimasa Majima currently works at the Department of Psychology for Well-Being, Hokusei Gakuen University. Yoshimasa does research in Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Science and Social Psychology.
Additional affiliations
April 2018 - March 2019
University of Waterloo
Position
  • Professor
April 2012 - present
Hokusei Gakuen University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2002 - March 2012
Hokkaido University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
A consistent finding reported in the literature is that epistemically suspect beliefs (e.g., paranormal beliefs) are less frequently endorsed by individuals with a greater tendency to think analytically. However, these results have been observed predominantly in Western participants. In the present work, we explore various individual differences kn...
Article
The Condorcet Jury Theorem, along with empirical results, establishes the accuracy of majority voting in a broad range of conditions. Here we investigate whether naïve participants (in the U.S. and Japan) are aware of this accuracy. In four experiments, participants were provided with information about an assembly voting to decide on one of two opt...
Article
Accurately assessing others' reputation, and developing a reputation as a competent, honest, fair individual—a good epistemic and moral reputation—are critical skills. In six online experiments (N = 2811), replicated with English and Japanese participants, we found that one way to improve our epistemic reputation is to display our competence by sha...
Chapter
People sometimes hold irrational beliefs even when empirical evidence obviously debunks claims central to beliefs. This chapter reviews empirical studies exploring underlying psychological processes of holding empirically suspect beliefs with a particular focus on belief in pseudoscience. The author explains empirical findings from a dual process v...
Preprint
The present research aimed to develop a Japanese version of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS-J). In the first study, exploratory factor analysis with a split-half subsample (n = 300) proposed a two-factor structure separating the extraterrestrial belief from other conspiracy beliefs. Subsequent confirmatory factor analysis with the othe...
Article
Full-text available
Generic conspiracist belief refers to the general tendency toward conspiracist ideation independent of specific event‐based conspiracy theories. The present research aimed to develop a Japanese version of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS‐J). In two studies, we examined the factor structure, reliability, and convergent and discriminant v...
Preprint
Full-text available
オープンソースの統計ソフトウェアである jamovi が有償ソフトウェアに比べて,統計教育のためのツールとして何がどのように優れているかを論じ,jamovi による統計分析の例を解説した。/ We proposed that open-source statistical software “jamovi” is a successful candidate of educational tool in statistics, because it has a user-friendly GUI and is based on powerful statistical programming language R. In this paper, we argued the potential...
Article
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2020.03.004. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-with...
Article
Full-text available
Obstacles to the spread of unintuitive beliefs - Volume 1 - Hugo Mercier, Yoshimasa Majima, Nicolas Claidière, Jessica Léone
Preprint
Full-text available
Accurately assessing other’s reputation, and developing a reputation as a competent, honest, fair individual—epistemic and moral reputation—are critical skills. One way to gain epistemic reputation is to display our competence by sharing valuable ideas, especially if we appropriate these ideas—i.e. present them as being our own, whether that is the...
Preprint
Selecting good information providers is a critical skill to navigate our highly social world. To evaluate the epistemic reputation of potential information providers, the main criterion should the relevance of the information they provide us. We hypothesize that receivers should be more thankful toward, deem more competent, and be more likely to re...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated potential predictors of the preference for smaller sooner over larger later monetary payoff, so-called delay discounting. Cognitive reflection is the tendency to override intuitive responses with deliberative ones. Reinforcement sensitivity captures the strength of an individual’s reaction to possible gains or losses in their enviro...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research on human behavior has often collected empirical data from the online labor market, through a process known as crowdsourcing. As well as the United States and the major European countries, there are several crowdsourcing services in Japan. For research purpose, Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is the widely used platform among those...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have empirically validated the data obtained from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. Amazon’s Mechanical Turk workers behaved similarly not only in simple surveys but also in tasks used in cognitive behavioral experiments that employ multiple trials and require continuous attention to the task. The present study aimed to extend these findings...
Article
Pseudoscientific beliefs are widespread and can be damaging. If several studies have examined the factors leading people to accept pseudoscientific beliefs, no attention has been paid to the factors contributing to people's willingness to transmit these beliefs. To test whether the willingness to transmit pseudoscientific beliefs contributes to the...
Article
Most studies of superstitious belief have focused on paranormal phenomena, but this study extended existing findings to non-paranormal pseudoscience by exploring links between belief and dual-process thought (cognitive ability and intuitive-analytical thinking styles). In the present study, Japanese participants (N = 264; 188 women, 76 men; mean ag...
Article
This study investigated the common characteristics of reasoning in the two types of hypothesis testing tasks that contain similar passive information gathering procedures: reception strategy task and hypothesis evaluation task. Twenty subjects built their own hypothesis but were not allowed to choose instances to test the hypothesis in the receptio...

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