Yonina Eldar

Yonina Eldar
Weizmann Institute of Science | weizmann · Department of Mathematics

About

1,000
Publications
112,659
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36,819
Citations
Citations since 2016
532 Research Items
24824 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201,0002,0003,0004,000
201620172018201920202021202201,0002,0003,0004,000

Publications

Publications (1,000)
Preprint
Full-text available
The problem of sparse multichannel blind deconvolution (S-MBD) arises frequently in many engineering applications such as radar/sonar/ultrasound imaging. To reduce its computational and implementation cost, we propose a compression method that enables blind recovery from much fewer measurements with respect to the full received signal in time. The...
Article
Large antenna arrays and high-frequency bands are two key features of future wireless communication systems. The combination of large-scale antennas with high transmission frequencies often results in the communicating devices operating in the near-field (Fresnel) region. In this paper, we study the potential of beam focusing, feasible in near-fiel...
Preprint
Hardware-limited task-based quantization is a new design paradigm for data acquisition systems equipped with serial scalar analog-to-digital converters using a small number of bits. By taking into account the underlying system task, task-based quantizers can efficiently recover the desired parameters from the low-bit quantized observation. Current...
Preprint
Full-text available
Non-orthogonal communications are expected to play a key role in future wireless systems. In downlink transmissions, the data symbols are broadcast from a base station to different users, which are superimposed with different power to facilitate high-integrity detection using successive interference cancellation (SIC). However, SIC requires accurat...
Preprint
Electromagnetic (EM) imaging is widely applied in sensing for security, biomedicine, geophysics, and various industries. It is an ill-posed inverse problem whose solution is usually computationally expensive. Machine learning (ML) techniques and especially deep learning (DL) show potential in fast and accurate imaging. However, the high performance...
Article
Full-text available
Non-orthogonal communications are expected to play a key role in future wireless systems. In downlink transmissions, the data symbols are broadcast from a base station to different users, which are superimposed with different power to facilitate high-integrity detection using successive interference cancellation (SIC). However, SIC requires accurat...
Preprint
Full-text available
The dynamic range of an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is critical during sampling of analog signals. A modulo operation prior to sampling can be used to enhance the effective dynamic range of the ADC. Further, sampling rate of ADC too plays a crucial role and it is desirable to reduce it. Finite-rate-of-innovation (FRI) signal model, which is u...
Preprint
This paper investigates intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) enabled non-line-of-sight (NLoS) wireless sensing, in which an IRS is dedicatedly deployed to assist an access point (AP) to sense a target at its NLoS region. It is assumed that the AP is equipped with multiple antennas and the IRS is equipped with a uniform linear array. We consider two...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper studies a new multi-device edge artificial-intelligent (AI) system, which jointly exploits the AI model split inference and integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) to enable low-latency intelligent services at the network edge. In this system, multiple ISAC devices perform radar sensing to obtain multi-view data, and then offload the...
Preprint
Analog to digital converters (ADCs) act as a bridge between the analog and digital domains. Two important attributes of any ADC are sampling rate and its dynamic range. For bandlimited signals, the sampling should be above the Nyquist rate. It is also desired that the signals' dynamic range should be within that of the ADC's; otherwise, the signal...
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent years, there have been significant advances in the use of deep learning methods in inverse problems such as denoising, compressive sensing, inpainting, and super-resolution. While this line of works has predominantly been driven by practical algorithms and experiments, it has also given rise to a variety of intriguing theoretical problems...
Preprint
Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs) are envisioned to play a key role in future wireless communications, enabling programmable radio propagation environments. They are usually considered as almost passive planar structures that operate as adjustable reflectors, giving rise to a multitude of implementation challenges, including the inherent d...
Article
Driving a gradual integration of the physical and digital worlds is perceived to become a reality in the 6G era, from vehicles to drones, from surveillance facilities in cities to agricultural tools in the countryside. Jointly motivated by recent advances in communication and signal processing, radio sensing functionality can be integrated into a 6...
Preprint
We propose a generalized sampling framework for stochastic graph signals. Stochastic graph signals are characterized by graph wide sense stationarity (GWSS) which is an extension of wide sense stationarity (WSS) for standard time-domain signals. In this paper, graph signals are assumed to satisfy the GWSS conditions and we study their sampling as w...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is a growing interest in signaling schemes that operate in the wideband regime due to the crowded frequency spectrum. However, a downside of the wideband regime is that obtaining channel state information is costly, and the capacity of previously used modulation schemes such as code division multiple access and orthogonal frequency division m...
Preprint
Due to its non-invasive and non-radiating nature, along with its low cost, ultrasound (US) imaging is widely used in medical applications. Typical B-mode US images have limited resolution and contrast and weak physical interpretation. Inverse US methods were developed to reconstruct the media's speed-of-sound (SoS) based on a linear acoustic model....
Article
Background foreground separation (BFS) is a popular computer vision problem where dynamic foreground objects are separated from the static background of a scene. Typically, this is performed using consumer cameras because of their low cost, human interpretability, and high resolution. Yet, cameras and the BFS algorithms that process their data have...
Preprint
Decision making algorithms are used in a multitude of different applications. Conventional approaches for designing decision algorithms employ principled and simplified modelling, based on which one can determine decisions via tractable optimization. More recently, deep learning approaches that use highly parametric architectures tuned from data wi...
Preprint
This paper presents two deep unfolding neural networks for the simultaneous tasks of background subtraction and foreground detection in video. Unlike conventional neural networks based on deep feature extraction, we incorporate domain-knowledge models by considering a masked variation of the robust principal component analysis problem (RPCA). With...
Article
The dramatic success of deep learning is largely due to the availability of data. Data samples are often acquired on edge devices, such as smartphones, vehicles, and sensors, and in some cases cannot be shared due to privacy considerations. Federated learning is an emerging machine learning paradigm for training models across multiple edge devices...
Preprint
This paper investigates intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) enabled non-line-of-sight (NLoS) wireless sensing, in which an IRS is dedicatedly deployed to assist an access point (AP) to sense a target at its NLoS region. It is assumed that the AP is equipped with multiple antennas and the IRS is equipped with a uniform linear array. The AP aims to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Medical ultrasound imaging relies heavily on high-quality signal processing algorithms to provide reliable and interpretable image reconstructions. Hand-crafted reconstruction methods, often based on approximations of the underlying measurement model, are useful in practice, but notoriously fall behind in terms of image quality. More sophisticated...
Preprint
The use of 1-bit analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) is seen as a promising approach to significantly reduce the power consumption and hardware cost of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) receivers. However, the nonlinear distortion due to 1-bit quantization fundamentally changes the optimal communication strategy and also imposes a capacity pena...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the application of deep neural networks (DNNs) for receiver design, which can potentially be applied in complex environments without relying on knowledge of the channel model. However, the dynamic nature of communication channels often leads to rapid distribution shifts, which may require periodically...
Preprint
6G networks will be required to support higher data rates, improved energy efficiency, lower latency, and more diverse users compared with 5G systems. To meet these requirements, extremely large antenna arrays and high-frequency signaling are envisioned to be key physical-layer technologies. The deployment of extremely large antenna arrays, especia...
Article
Traditional beamforming of medical ultrasound images relies on sampling rates significantly higher than the actual Nyquist rate of the received signals. This results in large amounts of data to store and process, imposing hardware and software challenges on the development of ultrasound machinery and algorithms, and impacting the resulting performa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates joint radar-communication (JRC) transmission, where a JRC precoder is designed to simultaneously perform target sensing and information signaling. We minimize the Cramér-Rao Bound (CRB) for target estimation, while guaranteeing the per-user signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) in the downlink. While the formulated...
Article
Full-text available
As the standardization of 5G solidifies, researchers are speculating what 6G will be. The integration of sensing functionality is emerging as a key feature of the 6G Radio Access Network (RAN), allowing for the exploitation of dense cell infrastructures to construct a perceptive network. In this IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commmunications (JS...
Preprint
As radio-frequency (RF) antenna, component and processing capabilities increase, the ability to perform multiple RF system functions from a common aperture is being realized. Conducting both radar and communications from the same system is potentially useful in vehicular, health monitoring, and surveillance settings. This paper considers multiple-i...
Article
Deep algorithm unrolling has emerged as a powerful, model-based approach to developing deep architectures that combine the interpretability of iterative algorithms with the performance gains of supervised deep learning, especially in cases of sparse optimization. This framework is well suited to applications in biological imaging, where physics-bas...
Article
Radiating wireless power transfer (WPT) brings forth the possibility to cost-efficiently charge wireless devices without requiring a wiring infrastructure. As such, it is expected to play a key role in the deployment of limited-battery communicating devices, as part of the 6G-enabled Internet of Everything (IoE) vision. To date, radiating WPT techn...
Preprint
Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs) are envisioned to play a key role in future wireless communications, enabling programmable radio propagation environments. They are usually considered as nearly passive planar structures that operate as adjustable reflectors, giving rise to a multitude of implementation challenges, including an inherent di...
Preprint
In this work, we consider the acquisition of stationary signals using uniform analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), i.e., employing uniform sampling and scalar uniform quantization. We jointly optimize the pre-sampling and reconstruction filters to minimize the time-averaged mean-squared error (TMSE) in recovering the continuous-time input signal fo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) allow physical signals to be processed using digital hardware. Their conversion consists of two stages: Sampling, which maps a continuous-time signal into discrete-time, and quantization, i.e., representing the continuous-amplitude quantities using a finite number of bits. ADCs typically implement generic uniform...
Article
State estimation of dynamical systems in real-time is a fundamental task in signal processing. For systems that are well-represented by a fully known linear Gaussian state space (SS) model, the celebrated Kalman filter (KF) is a low complexity optimal solution. However, both linearity of the underlying SS model and accurate knowledge of it are ofte...
Article
We consider the problem of recovering random graph signals from nonlinear measurements. For this setting, closed-form Bayesian estimators are usually intractable and even numerical evaluation may be difficult to compute for large networks. In this paper, we propose a graph signal processing (GSP) framework for random graph signal recovery that util...
Article
This paper considers community inference methods for finding communities on a graph. We treat the setting where the edges are not fully observed. Instead, inference is based on partially observed filtered graph signals where observations from some nodes are missing. Under this setup, we treat two related tasks: $\mathsf{A}$ ) blind inference wh...
Article
Classical sampling is based on acquiring signal amplitudes at specific points in time, with the minimal sampling rate dictated by the degrees of freedom in the signal. The samplers in this framework are controlled by a global clock that operates at a rate greater than or equal to the minimal sampling rate. At high sampling rates, clocks are power-c...
Article
Many application domains, spanning from computational photography to medical imaging, require recovery of high-fidelity images from noisy, incomplete or partial/compressed measurements. State-of-the-art methods for solving these inverse problems combine deep learning with iterative model-based solvers, a concept known as deep algorithm unfolding or...
Article
Full-text available
Graph signal processing is a ubiquitous task in many applications such as sensor, social, transportation and brain networks, point cloud processing, and graph neural networks. Often, graph signals are corrupted in the sensing process, thus requiring restoration. In this paper, we propose two graph signal restoration methods based on deep algorithm...
Article
Graph signals arise in various applications, ranging from sensor networks to social media data. The high-dimensional nature of these signals implies that they often need to be compressed in order to be stored and transmitted. The common framework for graph signal compression is based on sampling, resulting in a set of continuous-amplitude samples,...
Article
Due to its non-invasive and non-radiating nature, along with its low cost, ultrasound (US) imaging is widely used in medical applications. Typical B-mode US images have limited resolution and contrast and weak physical interpretation. Inverse US methods were developed to reconstruct the media's speed-of-sound (SoS) based on a linear acoustic model....
Article
The use of 1-bit analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) is seen as a promising approach to significantly reduce the power consumption and hardware cost of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) receivers. However, the nonlinear distortion due to 1-bit quantization fundamentally changes the optimal communication strategy and also imposes a capacity pena...
Article
The design of methods for inference from time sequences has traditionally relied on statistical models that describe the relation between a latent desired sequence and the observed one. A broad family of model-based algorithms have been derived to carry out inference at controllable complexity using recursive computations over the factor graph repr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plane Wave imaging enables many applications that require high frame rates, including localisation microscopy, shear wave elastography, and ultra-sensitive Doppler. To alleviate the degradation of image quality with respect to conventional focused acquisition, typically, multiple acquisitions from distinctly steered plane waves are coherently (i.e....
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose multi-input multi-output (MIMO) beamforming designs towards joint radar sensing and multi-user communications. We employ the Cramr-Rao bound (CRB) as a performance metric of target estimation, under both point and extended target scenarios. We then propose minimizing the CRB of radar sensing while guaranteeing a pre-define...
Article
High resolution analog to digital converters (ADCs) are conventionally used at the receiver terminals to store an accurate digital representation of the received signal, thereby allowing for reliable decoding of transmitted messages. However, in a wide range of applications, such as communication over millimeter wave and massive multiple-input mult...
Preprint
High resolution analog to digital converters (ADCs) are conventionally used at the receiver terminals to store an accurate digital representation of the received signal, thereby allowing for reliable decoding of transmitted messages. However, in a wide range of applications, such as communication over millimeter wave and massive multiple-input mult...
Preprint
The fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) is a generalization of the conventional Fourier transform and has proven to be a powerful tool for the analysis and processing of signals. Many important properties of this transform are already known, including sampling theory. The usual assumption in existing sampling theory of the FRFT is that samples are...
Article
Much of the information needed for diagnosis and treatment monitoring of diseases like cancer and cardiovascular disease is found at scales below the resolution limit of classic ultrasound imaging. Recently introduced vascular super-localization methods provide more than a ten-fold improvement in spatial resolution by precisely estimating the posit...
Preprint
Much of the information needed for diagnosis and treatment monitoring of diseases like cancer and cardiovascular disease is found at scales below the resolution limit of classic ultrasound imaging. Recently introduced vascular super-localization methods provide more than a ten-fold improvement in spatial resolution by precisely estimating the posit...
Article
Efficient ultrasound (US) systems that produce high-quality images can improve current clinical diagnosis capabilities by making the imaging process much more affordable, and accessible to users. The most common technique for generating B-mode US images is delay and sum (DAS) beamforming, where an appropriate delay is introduced to signals sampled...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider the use of deep learning for parameter estimation. We propose Bias Constrained Estimators (BCE) that add a squared bias term to the standard mean squared error (MSE) loss. The main motivation to BCE is learning to estimate deterministic unknown parameters with no Bayesian prior. Unlike standard learning based estimators that are optimal...
Preprint
Full-text available
Graph signals arise in various applications, ranging from sensor networks to social media data. The high-dimensional nature of these signals implies that they often need to be compressed in order to be stored and transmitted. The common framework for graph signal compression is based on sampling, resulting in a set of continuous-amplitude samples,...
Preprint
In this paper, we consider deep neural networks for solving inverse problems that are robust to forward model mis-specifications. Specifically, we treat sensing problems with model mismatch where one wishes to recover a sparse high-dimensional vector from low-dimensional observations subject to uncertainty in the measurement operator. We then desig...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper we adapt KalmanNet, which is a recently pro-posed deep neural network (DNN)-aided system whose architecture follows the operation of the model-based Kalman filter (KF), to learn its mapping in an unsupervised manner, i.e., without requiring ground-truth states. The unsupervised adaptation is achieved by exploiting the hybrid model-bas...
Preprint
Adaptive beamforming can lead to substantial improvement in resolution and contrast of ultrasound images over standard delay and sum beamforming. Here we introduce the adaptive time-channel (ATC) beamformer, a data-driven approach that combines spatial and temporal information simultaneously, thus generalizing minimum variance beamformers. Moreover...
Preprint
Full-text available
The smoothing task is the core of many signal processing applications. It deals with the recovery of a sequence of hidden state variables from a sequence of noisy observations in a one-shot manner. In this work, we propose RTSNet, a highly efficient model-based, and data-driven smoothing algorithm. RTSNet integrates dedicated trainable models into...
Preprint
Full-text available
Radio frequency wireless power transfer (WPT) enables charging low-power mobile devices without relying on wired infrastructure. Current existing WPT systems are typically designed assuming far-field propagation, where the radiated energy is steered in given angles, resulting in limited efficiency and possible radiation in undesired locations. When...
Preprint
Full-text available
Providing a metric of uncertainty alongside a state estimate is often crucial when tracking a dynamical system. Classic state estimators, such as the Kalman filter (KF), provide a time-dependent uncertainty measure from knowledge of the underlying statistics, however, deep learning based tracking systems struggle to reliably characterize uncertaint...
Preprint
Two important attributes of analog to digital converters (ADCs) are its sampling rate and dynamic range. The sampling rate should be greater than or equal to the Nyquist rate for bandlimited signals with bounded energy. It is also desired that the signals' dynamic range should be within that of the ADC's; otherwise, the signal will be clipped. A mo...