Yiqun Gan

Yiqun Gan
Peking University | PKU · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

156
Publications
32,797
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2,509
Citations
Citations since 2016
78 Research Items
1993 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - present
Peking University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (156)
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Manuscript submission is now open for a new article collection I am co-editing on Advances in "Prevention and Treatment of Depression and Subjective Cognitive Decline in Late Life: The Role of Lifestyles". This collection is being produced in collaboration with Frontiers in Psychiatry (IF 5.435), but submissions are also welcome via Frontiers in...
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Rationale The associations between COVID-19 cases/deaths levels and subsequent uptake of protective behaviors may reflect cognitive and behavioral responses to threat-relevant information. Objective Applying protection motivation theory (PMT) this study explored whether the number of total COVID-19 cases/deaths and general anxiety were associated...
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Background This study examined the effects of different writing interventions on late middle-aged and older adults’ positive affect (PA) and meaning in life (MIL) and explored the mediating role of MIL in the relationship between PA and physical health. Methods A total of 162 participants from China who were over 55 years old participated in this...
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Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has impacted many people's meaning in life and health behaviors. This study aimed to verify the relationship among meaning in life (MIL), epidemic risk perception, health locus of control (HLC), and preventive health behaviors among older adults after the COVID-19 outbreak was declared a pandemic. M...
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Introduction: Cultural orientation and interdependent self-construal can moderate the relationship between perceived pro-generation investment and future orientation of young adults. To test how interdependent self-construal moderate the relationship between pro-generation investment and future orientation of young adults from two different cultur...
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This study examined associations between hair, salivary, serum, and urinary cortisol concentration with adiposity-related indicators in children, and explored their potential effects modification by age, sex, cortisol measurement method, and country developmental context. We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase for studies exa...
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Evaluating interventions to improve the mental health among university students in China is a critical priority. Depression, compared to other psychological problems, is one of the most commonly occurring disorders and is associated with school-related impairment and risk of suicide. The aim of the current study is to obtain estimates for design of...
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In the context of current-day online shopping, people select foods based on pictures and using their visual systems. Although there are some reviews of previous neuroimaging studies on appetitive behaviors, the findings on neural activation in response to pictures of high- and low-calorie foods seem inconsistent. This study aims to systematically r...
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The present study examined whether future orientation can regulate emotions and benefit performance among employees and students and tested the mediation effect of planning in certain processes. In Study 1, a 3-wave assessment of future orientation, job burnout, and job engagement was conducted with 180 participants. Results showed that future orie...
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A population-based, longitudinal study was conducted among 29 provinces in mainland China to investigate how public trust in physicians (PTP) changed since the outbreak of COVID-19 and how the resulting lockdown and social support contributed to its restoration. The baseline sample (n = 3,233) was obtained during the period of the most rapid progre...
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Stress psychology is an interesting and important interdisciplinary research field. In this perspective article, we briefly discuss 10 challenges related to the conceptual definition, research methodology, and translation in the field of stress that do not receive sufficient attention or are ignored entirely. Future research should attempt to integ...
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A 4-year data set of 274 scientists and technical staff in a Chinese university's physics department was constructed to study the impact of going on international visits (visit) and inviting international scholars (invite) on researchers' academic output. Results showed visit frequency significantly predicted output quantity and quality whereas inv...
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To explore the curvilinear relationship between early stressful life events and future-oriented coping and whether the HOMER1 (rs7713917) polymorphism can moderate the relationship between early life stress and two types of future-oriented coping, 14,675 Han Chinese people were surveyed. The relationship between the number of early stressful life e...
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Purpose Health-related online fake news (HOFN) has become a major social problem. HOFN can lead to the spread of ineffective and even harmful remedies. The study aims to understand Internet users' responses to HOFN during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic using the protective action decision model (PADM). Design/methodology/approach The authors...
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Background Individuals’ physical and mental health, as well as their chances of returning to work after their ability to work is damaged, can be addressed by medical rehabilitation. Aim This study investigated the developmental trends of mental and physical health among patients in medical rehabilitation and the roles of self-efficacy and physical...
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Background Patterns of protective health behaviors, such as handwashing and sanitizing during the COVID-19 pandemic, may be predicted by macro-level variables, such as regulations specified by public health policies. Health behavior patterns may also be predicted by micro-level variables, such as self-regulatory cognitions specified by health behav...
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people’s engagement in health behaviors, especially those that protect individuals from SARS-CoV-2 transmission, such as handwashing/sanitizing. This study investigated whether adherence to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) handwashing guidelines (the outcome variable) was associated with the trajec...
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Two studies were conducted to examine the promotional role of meaning in life (MIL) on hope and the underlying mediating mechanism via future temporal focus (FTF). Study 1 was a three-wave longitudinal survey including 418 employees (Mage = 35.68; 54.3% women). Results showed that Time 1 MIL positively predicted Time 3 hope via Time 2 FTF. Study 2...
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Background: Environmental worry, a response to environmental pollution, is a well-established predictor of pro-environmental behaviors. However, its relationship with health-promoting behaviors, such as fruit and vegetable intake (FVI), is unclear. In three studies, we explored the associations between environmental worry, behavioral intention, an...
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This study aimed to examine the multiple mediating roles of social support and self‐control in the relationship between harmonious personality and work–family conflict. A total of 143 Chinese adults (137 male, 95.8%; aged 30.25 ± 7.85 years) participated in this longitudinal study. Data were collected at three time points, at intervals of 1 month....
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Although the adaptive function of future orientation has been demonstrated, whether an individual's orientation toward the future regulates emotions to cope with future stressors remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the emotion regulation function of future orientation in a goal‐related stressful situation. Eighty participants we...
Preprint
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people’s engagement in health behaviors, especially those that protect individuals from SARS-CoV-2 transmission, such as handwashing/sanitizing. Associations between the pandemic’s trajectory and engagement in the protective behavior of handwashing are unclear. This study investigated whether adherence...
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused both physical and psychological changes in the general public. The current study aimed to examine the relationship between well-being and coping strategies in response to the pandemic. Further, we aimed to investigate the mediational role of benefit finding. A total of 521 participants age...
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荟萃分析(又称元分析)以量化方式综合实证研究结果,是积累整合证据并推进基础与应用研究的重要工具。在开放式科学这种新型研究实践下,荟萃分析是整合开放数据、进行科学推断的重要手段。但荟萃分析的过程繁复、方法多样,其执行上的严谨性对荟萃分析质量影响较大,因此报告的透明性和开放性对其结果的可重复性尤为重要。为了解中文荟萃分析报告规范性的现状,让更多研究者了解荟萃分析报告的规范性与透明性,提升荟萃分析报告的质量,本文以国际学界广泛使用的系统综述和荟萃分析优先报告条目(PRISMA)和开放式科学理念为基础,结合基于效应量的荟萃分析报告特点,拟定《开放与可重复荟萃分析的报告清单》(Preferred Reporting Items for Open and Reproducible Meta-analys...
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Objective Our study explored whether and how media usage can mediate the path from anxiety and fear to physician–patient trust. Design Study 1 was a population-based, longitudinal study using nationally representative data from 29 provinces in mainland China. The baseline sample (N = 3233) was obtained from February 1 to 9, 2020. Follow-up (N = 13...
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Future orientation tends to prevent engagement in risk behaviours and results in good academic performance among adolescents. Our study aimed to establish whether genetic factors contributed to future orientation among Chinese adolescents. We recruited 988 pairs of twins from Beijing. By constructing a high-order A (additive genetic variance) C (co...
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The outbreak of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic was a great threat to the physical and mental health of the general population. Our research aimed to investigate the relationship between perceived stress and emotional distress during the initial outbreak. Furthermore, potential risks and protective factors, i.e., coping and boredom pronenes...
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Purpose: Resilience is an important trait for older adults facing adversity. This qualitative study aimed to identify the characteristics that contribute to resilience in a group of community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong. Methods: Twenty-five Chinese older adults were invited. Interviews were conducted to collect information about the adverse...
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Background: Ways to maintain good health during a pandemic are very important for the general population; however, little is known about the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on individuals' life satisfaction and perceived general health. This study aimed to examine the effects of COVID-19 on life satisfaction and perceived general...
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Background: There are more than 258 million international migrants worldwide and the majority reside in countries with ongoing novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic outbreaks. International migrants may not receive adequate and timely disease information during epidemics, increasing vulnerability to disease transmission. This is one of...
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly affected public health and wellbeing. In response to the pandemic threat of the coronavirus epidemic, several countries, including China, adopted lockdown and quarantine policies, which may cause psychological distress. This study aimed to explore the psychological impact of province-wide lockdown and...
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The current COVID-19 pandemic is not only a threat to physical health, but also brings a burden to mental health in the general Chinese population. However, the temporal change of mental health status due to pandemic-related stress in relation to protective and risk factors to hostility is less known. This study was implemented at two timepoints, i...
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Objective Smartphone users are often said to be the weakest link in information security. They often install apps from unknown sources, connect to open WIFI in public places, and check and open dangerous email attachments on their phones. The current study aims to uncover psychological mechanisms that may be responsible for individual differences i...
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It is widely acknowledged that non-compliance with smartphone security behaviors is widespread and may cause severe harm to people and devices. In addition to device-based security issues, there are psychological factors involved in these behaviors such as self-efficacy, risk awareness, and social support. The present study examines associations of...
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Avoiding the potential negative impact brought by problematic internet use is becoming more important. To better understand public health and addiction, this study investigated to what extent work-time and leisure-time internet use relate to problematic internet use and perceived quality of life among college students and highly educated adults. An...
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Objectives: We investigated whether social-cognitive variables predicted physical activity behavior and whether Internet use interrelated with the mediator, across age groups. Methods: Participants (N = 466) were recruited for an online survey and path analyses were run to generate a proposed model examining late adolescents (Group 1, aged 17-20 ye...
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Objective Addiction‐like eating (AE) is characterized by food cravings and loss of control over excessive food consumption. This study investigated the associations among emotional factors, personality traits, and AE symptoms in Asian young adults. Method This study included 6,823 Asian university students in South Korea, China, Singapore, Hong Ko...
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Health psychology sheds light on the process of returning to work after sick leave and subsequent medical rehabilitation. A 15-month longitudinal study with N = 201 orthopedic rehabilitation patients is reported. It examined whether and how both physiological health (e.g. body mass index and oxygen reabsorption) and psychological/social-cognitive f...
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Loneliness can be seen as indicator of social participation which is a major concern of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Temporary disability pensioners and medical rehabilitants are persons with disabilities, whose rights should be empowered. Moreover, loneliness is a major burden for the individual and finding ways to...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Work-life balance is associated with health behaviors. In the face of digitalization, understanding this link requires investigating the roles of problematic internet use and perceived stress, which are so far unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explore whether problematic internet use and perceived stress mediate health beh...
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Background Work-life balance is associated with health behaviors. In the face of digitalization, understanding this link requires a theory-based investigation of problematic internet use and perceived stress, which are so far unknown. Objective On the basis of the compensatory carry-over action model, this study aimed to determine whether problema...
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Objective: The interplay between parental and child food and physical activity aversion, briefly defined as fear or avoidance of novelty or breaking from routine, may explain such child behaviors as inadequate food consumption and physical activity. Two studies were conducted to investigate the associations between child and parental food and phys...
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Meaning‐focused coping is an important coping strategy in the face of stressful life events. The “construal level theory” and recent research suggest that reflecting on a stressful situation from a self‐distanced stance (temporal or spatial) allows individuals to find meaning in negative life events; however, its long‐term effects have not yet been...
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Objective: Transport-related cycling can contribute to employees’ increased physical activities in their daily lives, with potential health and environmental benefits. Still, a theoretical understanding of the links between the perceptions of physical environment and transport-related cycling through social cognitive theories is unclear. In additio...
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Background The objective of this study was to investigate whether the NPY rs16147 polymorphism interacts with the environment to have an impact on resilience and positive future focus. Methods In Study 1, 1,140 earthquake survivors were evaluated; self‐reported trauma exposure level and resilience were reported. Study 2 included 2,370 company empl...
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This study investigated if three maternal eating styles (emotional eating style, external eating style, and restrained eating style) predict respective eating styles in children. In particular, we tested if these associations are different in mother-daughter dyads, compared to mother-son dyads. Data were collected twice, at the baseline (Time 1; T1...
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Background As an accessible and inexpensive activity in daily life for employees, transport‐related walking is a promising focus of physical activity initiatives. The purpose of this study was to integrate worksite neighbourhood walkability with the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to predict transport‐related walking in Chinese employees using a...
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Future orientation has been regarded as a protective factor that helps prevent problem behaviors, such as drug and alcohol use, smoking, and unprotected sex. Recently, many studies have focused on the relationship between a person's orientation towards the future and his or her depression symptoms; however, relatively few studies have explored the...
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relative risks of addiction to the Internet, online gaming and online social networking of college students in six Asian countries/regions (Singapore, Hong Kong [HK]/Macau, China, South Korea, Taiwan and Japan) compared with students in the United States (US). It also explored the relative ri...
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Chloral hydrate (CH) is a common disinfection by-product found in treated water, and its effective control is important to human health. This study evaluated the effects of some environmental factors (e.g., pH, CH dosage, typical ions) and operational variables (e.g., lamp power, irradiation time) on CH photolysis efficiency via low-pressure mercur...
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The present study examined the role of meaning in life (MIL) in predicting positive affect and future‐oriented coping, and whether positive affect mediated the relationship between MIL and future‐oriented coping. The participants were 68 Chinese university students who were randomly assigned to two conditions: a MIL priming condition and a control...
Preprint
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元分析通过综合实证研究结果,积累证据、去伪存真,在研究与实践中有着非常重要的作用。元分析所用方法种类繁多,其选择对研究的质量影响较大,当前元分析报告迅猛增长使得其质量更应多加关注。为规范元分析流程、提升报告质量,生物医学(如由医疗卫生领域专家国际性小组制定的PRISMA)及心理学(如美国心理学会推荐的MARS)领域中均制定了元分析报告标准。然而,这类标准开放度不够而且没有中国数据支撑。结合心理学的特点以及最近开放科学的趋势,本文拟提出更具有开放性与透明性的元分析报告标准,共包括7部分30个条目。基于该标准的方法与结果报告部分的条目,本文对2017年国内心理学期刊上发表的元分析报告进行评估。结果发现:已有元分析报告存在方案预注册信息缺乏、研究方法与结果部分内容的混淆、数据来源与分析过程开放性不...
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In order to examine the relationship among harmony, social support, self-control, and work-family conflict, three models were proposed on the basis of relevant theories: simple mediation model, complex mediation model with self-control as the mediating variable, and complex mediation model with social support and self-control as mediation variables...
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Objective This study examined the effectiveness of a photographic intervention method on meaning in life (MIL) and further investigated the self‐regulatory mechanism responsible for the effect of MIL in the promotion of proactive coping. Method Participants were 145 Chinese adults (Mage = 27.82; 71.3% female), who were randomly assigned into one o...
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Future orientation is defined as a disposition that is characterized by goal-related thoughts, plans, motivations, feelings, and actions. Early experiences are critical for the development of future orientation. The purpose of the present research was to examine whether the FKBP5 (FK506 binding protein 5) rs1360780 polymorphism moderates associatio...
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The present two studies tested the hypothesis that interpersonal relatedness (IR) affects temporal discounting differently in different interpersonal situations. Using two samples of Chinese university students, interpersonal exclusion was primed among one group of participants, whereas a control group received neutral priming. After priming, parti...
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To explore the underlying mechanism responsible for the effect of meaning in life on mental health and the moderating role of social support on the relationships. Methods: The present study was conducted in 191 individuals approaching retirement in 3 years. Data were collected at two time points three months apart. Levels of meaning in life, anxiet...
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The current study explored the influence of need for cognitive closure (NFCC) on preventive coping via its effects on the attention-recognition stage and sought to determine whether this influence was moderated by individuals’ existing knowledge. An experiment involving 90 university students used the vignette-reading paradigm to explore the relati...
Preprint
Objectives: Future orientation is defined as a disposition that is characterized by goal-related thoughts, plans, motivations, feelings, and actions. Early experiences are critical for the development of future orientation. The purpose of the present research was to examine whether the FKBP5 rs1360780 polymorphism moderate associations between earl...
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Expressive writing can enhance cognitive processing and improve stress regulation. Particularly, the use of cognitive words (i.e., insightful and causal words) in writing may be associated with the process of meaning making and promotion of post-traumatic growth (PTG). The aim of the present study was to determine how expressive writing and the use...
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Previous research on meaning in life and coping has generally been focused on reactive coping strategies and global meaning judgments. To extend this, the present study used a daily diary method to collect longitudinal data, and examined whether individuals’ daily meaning in life predicted use of proactive coping techniques and whether this relatio...
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The current study investigated the rates of addictions to Internet use, online gaming, and online social networking as well as their associations with depressive symptoms among young adults in China, Singapore, and the United States. A total of 3267 undergraduate students were recruited. Psychological instruments were used to assess various Interne...
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Objective: Meaning making refers to the process of integrating the appraised meaning of a traumatic event into one's global belief system to reduce cognitive discrepancy. Park and Folkman (1997) proposed the renowned "meaning-making model," which was a major contribution to trauma research from a positive psychology viewpoint. This concept is impo...
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Background: In the USA and most European countries, cancer diagnoses are disclosed to patients. In China, however, the trend towards full disclosure has progressed slowly. The present study aimed to explore attitudes toward truth-telling practice among physicians, patients, patients' family members, and the general population, and reasons for non-...
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Background and objectives: Previous studies on traumatic memory have primarily focused on the correlation between traumatic symptoms and negative memories, often utilizing the directed forgetting paradigm. Different from previous research, this study aimed to examine the correlation of post-traumatic growth (PTG) and positive memories, with the obj...
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Objective: The aim of the current study was to examine the joint effect of self-efficacy, action planning, and received social support on fruit and vegetable intake. Design: The study used a longitudinal design with 3 waves of data collection. Setting: Major university campus in Beijing, China. Participants: Young adults (n = 286). Variable...
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This study systematically evaluates the capabilities of five types of household water treatment (HWT) methods (including boiler heating, microwave irradiation, pouring, stirring, and shaking) on the removals of four regulated trihalomethanes (THM4) and three iodinated halomethanes (IHMs) under a variety of conditions simulative of residential uses....
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Healthy diet and physical activity have consistently been found to be positively correlated; however, most health behavior theories are focused on regulation of changes in single, rather than multiple, behaviors. Thus, this study explored the mechanism of the carry-over effect between diet and physical activity by conducting a longitudinal study wi...
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In the present study, we examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and posttraumatic growth (PTG) responses among a nonclinical sample of 202 participants. Instruments included the PTSD Checklist for the DSM-5 (fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. Confirmatory f...
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Objective: The objectives of this study were to examine whether the temporal Doppler effect exists in different time intervals and whether certain individual and environmental factors act as moderators of the effect. Method: Using hierarchical linear modeling, we examined the existence of the temporal Doppler effect and the moderating effect of...
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Objective: The present study sought to explore the role of meaning making and high-level construal in the relationship between meaning discrepancy and posttraumatic growth among Chinese cancer patients. Method: The participants were 193 individuals diagnosed with cancer. Meaning discrepancy, meaning making, high-level construal in meaning making...
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Objectives: Adherence to the use of filtering facemask respirators on hazy days to reduce exposure to air pollution is examined with the aim of uncovering psychological mechanisms that may be responsible for individual differences in motivation and behavior. Methods: In a longitudinal survey, 164 young adults from Beijing, China, completed asses...
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To explore the mediation of anticipated emotion between uncertainty response and future-oriented coping,study 1 was designed to assess the relationship among uncertainty response, anticipated emotion and future-oriented coping, and the influence of uncertainty response to future-oriented behavior (financing) was investigated in study 2. Study 1 was...
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A qualitative study was conducted with 48 Chinese counselors and psychotherapists who were interviewed in 2006 and an independent sample of 50 participants who responded to a survey in 2014. This study aims to explore how the new emerging expansion of mental health practice is related to issues and challenges of dual role relationship and how the w...
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Four studies were conducted to examine the relationship between future-oriented coping and temporal discounting under different situational conditions. In Study 1, 138 participants were primed with either stressful or neutral stimuli, followed by a delay-discounting task. In Study 2, 118 participants were primed with either stressful or neutral sti...
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The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between meaning discrepancy and emotional distress (i.e. anxiety and depression) among patients with cancer in a collectivistic culture, and to explore the stress-buffering effect of posttraumatic growth on this relationship. We collected data from 198 patients with cancer who completed question...