Ying Hwa Kee

Ying Hwa Kee
Nanyang Technological University | ntu · National Institute of Education

PhD

About

48
Publications
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1,320
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Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
We examined whether the momentary induction of state mindfulness benefited subsequent balance performance, taking into consideration the effects of dispositional mindfulness. We also tested whether our mindfulness induction, grounded in sustaining moment-to-moment attention, influenced the attentional focus strategies that were adopted by the parti...
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The capacity for random movement production is known to be limited in humans (e.g., Newell, Deutsch, & Morrison, 2000). We examined the effects of a brief mindfulness induction on random movement production because there are useful implications for variability in solving movement-related problems. The main task involved randomly clicking the 9 boxe...
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ObjectivesThis study examines the relationships between mindfulness, flow dispositions and mental skills adoption.DesignCluster analytic approach.MethodsParticipants in this study were 182 university student athletes. They were administered the Mindfulness/Mindlessness Scale [MMS; Bodner, T., & Langer, E. (2001). Individual differences in mindfulne...
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The experience of loss is prevalent in all sports, but research into the phenomenon is scarce. Comments related to two YouTube videos which featured interviews with Malaysian badminton player Lee Chong Wei after his narrow final defeat to Lin Dan in the 2012 London Olympics were analysed in an exploratory attempt to understand supporters’ reactions...
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Wu-wei is an important construct but is rarely discussed in the sport psychology literature. The present discussion fills the gap in literature and provides a conceptual overview of the wu-wei alternative. After explaining wu-wei briefly, the current state of mindfulness research is discussed to highlight the lack of research in understanding wu-we...
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Informed by basic psychological need theory, this study was undertaken to examine the relationship between self-reported symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mindfulness, basic psychological need satisfaction/frustration, and smartphone overuse among athletes. Athletes (n = 360, Mage = 20.27, male = 72.5%) completed a survey...
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Enhancing teachers' attitudes towards including students with aut-ism spectrum disorder (ASD) are crucial for successful inclusive education. The current study, guided by self-determination theory, examined the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation on teachers' attitudes towards including students with ASD. Pre-service teachers (n = 65) were rand...
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This study aims to examine the motivational profiles of Malay students in Singapore-based self-regulated learning framework (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990) and self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985). The sample consisted of 740 secondary school students from 24 tuition centres for Malay students only. The students were from three academic s...
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This study examined the antecedents of teachers’ use of motivational strategies in the classroom using self-determination theory. It was found that teachers’ autonomous causality orientation, perceived job pressure, and perception of student self-determined motivation influenced their need satisfaction. In turn, their need satisfaction had a positi...
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Non-striving is an important aspect of mindfulness practice, but it has not been sufficiently researched. This study examines whether a strange loop-based task – Infinite Water Scooping Task – performed for 10 min, has an effect on non-striving behavior and performance in a subsequent word length comparison task. Results showed that performance (nu...
Article
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The purpose of the present study was to examine and compare Singaporean physical education teachers’ attitudes towards information and communication technologies in physical education across different demographic groups that included gender, age, teaching experience, and school level. A total of 422 Singaporean full-time physical education teachers...
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Objectives As the volume of mindfulness research continues amassing exponentially, there have been attempts to review works in various aspects of mindfulness research systematically. The present study provides a scoping review via a topic modelling approach to supplement the overall research synthesis effort. Specifically, the objective is to scope...
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Grounded in self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between autonomy-supportive teaching, mindfulness, and basic psychological need satisfaction/frustration. Secondary school students (n = 390, Mage = 15) responded to a survey form measuring psychological constructs pertaining to the research purpos...
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Measuring teacher mindfulness has implications for understanding and enhancing teachers’ well-being. This study therefore aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Mindfulness in Teaching Scale (MTS-C). Two independent samples (Sample 1 includes 151 in-service teachers, Sample 2 includes 229 pre-service teachers) co...
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The purpose of the current study is to examine the relationships between need satisfaction, motivation, and outcomes as well as the differential effects of the three psychological needs. The sample consisted of 1549 students from 10 secondary schools in Singapore. Structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis showed that students’ psychological need...
Article
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Purpose: Trampoline parks are becoming popular in many countries, providing recreational facilities for children and adults. This study investigated the effects of trampoline training on knee muscles strength and balance in young adults. Methods: Twenty-six participants (14 males, 12 females) were randomized into trampoline training (TT) and resist...
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Although mindfulness is currently receiving attention within sport psychology, there is a lack of discussion on the Eastern origins of mindfulness in the extant sport psychology literature. Several mind‒body practices linked to Chinese Chan and Shaolin martial arts are presented in this paper to illustrate their possible relevance to sport psycholo...
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Although mindfulness is currently receiving attention within sport psychology, there is a lack of discussion on the Eastern origins of mindfulness in the extant sport psychology literature. Several mind‒body practices linked to Chinese Chan and Shaolin martial arts are presented in this paper to illustrate their possible relevance to sport psycholo...
Article
Nonlinear pedagogy is an approach for structuring skills acquisition that is underpinned by dynamical systems theory and ecological psychology approach of appreciating motor behavior. Given that nonlinear pedagogy calls for a different set of coaching strategies that departs from the traditional prescriptive approach, a heightened level of mindfuln...
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As athletes embark on a journey to develop their mindfulness practice, it is imperative that they have some sense of the possible major developmental stages to expect. In this article, I reflect on the stages of learning model by Fitts and Posner (1967 Fitts, P. M., & Posner, M. I. (1967). Human performance. Oxford, England: Brooks/Cole. [Google Sc...
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This study aims to examine motivation for volunteering and its association with time perspective and life satisfaction among volunteers (N = 221). Latent profile analysis was used to profile individuals based on their time perspectives and then to compare group differences in life satisfaction and volunteering motivation. Three profiles were identi...
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Given the need to alleviate sleep problems confronting athletes, the present experiment, conducted as much as possible in a naturalistic fashion that mimics daily life, seeks to examine whether a brief mindfulness induction immediately prior to sleep following night training can improve athletes’ sleep. A sample of university athletes (n = 80) was...
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Little is known about whether athlete burnout can be attributed to personality traits. Guided by self-determination theory, this study aimed to explore the relationships among the Big Five personality traits, autonomous/controlled motivation, and physical and emotional exhaustion (PEE; a core dimension of athlete burnout). A multi-section survey me...
Article
In the present study, we examined the status of physical inactivity and activity patterns among a sample of Taiwanese secondary school, incorporating the cluster analytic approach. The three research goals were (a) to compare gender and age differences in sedentary behaviour patterns, (b) to examine correlations of forms of sedentary behaviour (i.e...
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Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985), this two-phase research examines the reliability and validity of the Volunteer Motivation Scale with Chinese volunteers (VMS-C) and its relationship with the supportive work climate and intention to continue being a volunteer. In Study 1, the initial item pool of the VMS-C with 18 item...
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The use of information and communications technology in physical activity intervention programmes has been found to be effective in some instances. We conducted a field study to examine the changes to activity level and psychological consequences of incorporating social network interactions into physical activity intervention programme using the se...
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Since the positive psychology was emerged in the past decade, positive constructs contribute to athlete’s well-being had received considerable attention in sport. However, the parent of all virtues, gratitude is rarely discussed in sport psychology, not to mentioned its psychological mechanisms. In this regard, the aim of current study was to inves...
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The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in the hydrodynamic profile of young swimmers over a competitive season and to compare the variations according to a well-designed training periodization. Twenty-five swimmers (13 boys and 12 girls) were evaluated in (a) October (M1); (b) March (M2); and (c) June (M3). Inertial and anthropometrical m...
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Adapting to a new behavior is challenging when previous habits dominate one’s behavioral patterns. We examined the effects of a brief 6-min mindfulness induction on the acquisition of a new behavior (moving computer mouse cursor with its direction reversed) and the extent to which it disengaged previous habits (moving computer mouse cursor as per n...
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The development of effective self-regulated learning strategies is of interest to educationalists. In this paper, we examine inherent individual difference in self-regulated learning based on Motivated Learning for Learning Questionnaire (MLSQ) using the cluster analytic approach and examine cluster difference in terms of self-determination theory...
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Full-text available
The purpose of the current study was to investigate a formalized mentoring program for novice basketball coaches, and to consider what factors that affect its to its effectiveness. Twelve purposefully selected mentors and 36 mentees who enrolled in an introductory coaching education course in Singapore participated in focus group interviews. Result...
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Objectives: The present study is a review on studies about the relationships between the three basic psychological needs/motivational regulations (i.e., amotivation, controlled regulation, extrinsic autonomous regulation, and intrinsic motivation) and burnout. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Method: Studies were identified through...
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Current literature suggests that mindful learning is beneficial to learning but its links with motor learning is seldom examined. In the present study, we examine the effects of learners' mindfulness disposition on the self-controlled learning of a novel motor task. Thirty-two participants undertook five practice sessions, in addition to a pre-, po...
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Full-text available
Based on the tenets of self-determination theory, the present studies examined the moderating effects of interpersonal contexts or goal conditions that afforded satisfaction of psychological needs on loss aversion effects. We hypothesized that behavioural responses to small losses would be stronger relative to behavioural responses to small gains u...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between fear of failure and self-handicapping within the context of physical education. Participants were 103 college freshmen enrolled in aerobic dance physical education classes in Taiwan. They completed the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory and Self-Handicapping Scale for Sport 3 mo...
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In this study, the hierarchical model of achievement motivation [Elliot, A. J. (1997). Integrating the “classic” and “contemporary” approaches to achievement motivation: A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation. In P. Pintrich & M. Maehr (Eds.), Advances in motivation and achievement (Vol. 10, pp. 143–179). Greenwich, C...
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The dual model of perfectionism (Slade and Owens, Behav Modificat 22(3):372–390, 1998) is adopted to examine the influence of adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism on adolescent athlete burnout in Taiwan. Participants were 188 high school adolescent student-athletes (M=16.48, SD=.59). They were administered the Multidimensional Inventory of Perfec...
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The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ; McCullough etal. 2002) using Taiwanese undergraduate students. A total of 608 college students (M age=20.19, SD=2.08) were recruited for the current study and they completed the GQ, optimism, happiness, and big five personality questionnaires. Confirmation factor a...
Article
Self-handicapping is a maladaptive behavior which undermines students' achievements, but the antecedents of self-handicapping are not well studied in physical education. The aim was to examine the relations of implicit theory of abilities and self-handicapping in physical education. 264 college students, whose mean age was 20.3 yr. (SD = 1.7), comp...
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Optimism is important in enhancing human psychological and physical well-being; however, the association of optimism with burnout has received little attention in sport psychology. This study recruited 139 young volleyball players (M = 16.3 yr., SD = 0.8) to examine this relation. Athletes completed the Chinese version of the Life Orientation Test...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose was to examine the different aspects of perfectionism and athletes' burnout. College athletes (N = 320) with mean age of 19.7 yr. (SD = 1.4) completed the Chinese version of the Multiple Perfectionism Scale for Sport and the Eades' Athlete Burnout Inventory. Results indicated that perfectionism could be separated into adaptive and malad...
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This study examined the association of scores on measures of traditionality and gratitude. Briefly defined, traditionality refers to how strongly one endorses the traditional value of submission to authority for harmony and benefits in a collective group. Traditional Taiwanese culture is linked with collectivism, and the society tends to encourage...
Article
Two cross-sectional studies were conducted to examine the relationships between gratitude and athletes’ well-being. Study 1 examines the relationship between dispositional gratitude and well-being, while Study 2 investigates the relationship between sport-domain gratitude and well-being. In Study 1, 169 Taiwanese senior high school athletes (M=16.4...
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Thesis (M.Sc.) (Exercise and Sport Studies)--National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, 2006. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 62-67).

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Projects (5)
Project
1. To provide a meta-synthesis of published literature on how mindfulness in education contributes to child development in a critical narrative review, integrating research from the various sub-topics under this theme, describing the current state-of-the-art, highlighting implications for education, and identifying areas requiring further research. 2. To create a knowledge base as a useful resource for stakeholders (ministry, school leaders, and educators), emphasizing information in areas that may be particularly relevant or important for the local context (e.g., particular skills or outcomes of interest; ways to build capacity in teachers). 3. To contribute towards a conceptual framework for understanding how mindfulness in education may contribute to child development, including its mechanisms and moderators, which will be helpful in guiding future research and theory and decision-making.
Project
In recent years, Singapore’s education system has received international recognition due to our students continued and sustained high performance in internationally benchmarked tests of student achievement such as the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), Progress International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and Progress for International Student Assessment (PISA). Despite the stellar achievements, there are concerns that our students may be too focused on academic grades, and not enjoying their learning. However, to promote joy of learning and student engagement, we need to focus on teachers who are at the front line of our education system. Teachers matter and they can create classroom climate that facilitates student growth and engagement, or one that thwarts student motivation and enjoyment (Liu, Wang, & Ryan, 2016). Many studies have examined the relationships between teacher motivating styles and student outcomes (e.g., How & Wang, 2016; Reeve, Bolt, & Cai, 1999; Reeve & Jang, 2006; Vansteenkiste, Zhou, Lens, & Soenens, 2005; Wang, Ng, Liu, & Ryan, 2016). Likewise, a substantial body of work exists to show that school leadership plays a huge role in structuring a positive school climate (e.g., Kelley, Thornton, & Daugherty, 2005) and affecting teacher motivation (e.g., Bennell & Akyeampong, 2007), and that positive school climates are associated with improvements in staff performance, morale, and student achievement (e.g., Freiberg, 1998). Nonetheless, much less is known about the factors that facilitate teachers’ motivating style (or their propensity to change their motivating style), and how that might impact any intervention on student motivation. In an attempt to fill the empirical gap, this research will examine the relationships between school-related factors (e.g., principal leaderhsip style, school climate, perceived professional pressure), teacher factors (e.g., teacher motivating styles, teacher efficacy, needs fulilment, and motivation to teach) and student outcomes (e.g., motivational regulation, perceived autonomy support, engagement, pressure, achievements). Essentially, we would conduct two school-based investigations to study the interrelations among the aforementioned constructs. Project 1 is a cross-sectional study that looks at factors that impact teachers’ motivating styles; whilst Project 2 is an intervention study that focuses on the impact of teacher motivating styles on student outcomes.