Yichao Rui

Yichao Rui
Rodale Institute

BSc, PhD

About

65
Publications
15,896
Reads
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1,524
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2019 - present
Rodale Institute
Position
  • Researcher
July 2017 - March 2019
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Position
  • Researcher
February 2013 - June 2017
University of Western Australia
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
Improved management of agricultural soils plays a critical role in mitigating climate change. We studied the temporal effects of the adoption of no-tillage (NT) management, often touted as an important carbon seques-tration strategy, on soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in surface and subsurface soil layers by performing a meta-analysis of 1061 pai...
Article
The impact of land use change and agricultural management on the cycling of soil organic carbon (SOC) is not well understood, limiting our ability to manage for, and accurately model, soil carbon changes at both local and regional scales. To address this issue, we combined long-term soil incubations with acid-hydrolysis and dry combustion to parse...
Article
Biochar-fertilizer combination is a promising strategy to improve environmental quality while maintaining agronomic performance. Yet, its effect on soil nitrification and denitrification and their causal pathways remains less explored. Here in a pot experiment growing pakchoi (Brassica Chinensis) under two nitrogen (N) fertilizer rates (100 and 200...
Article
Full-text available
Intensive crop production on grassland-derived Mollisols has liberated massive amounts of carbon (C) to the atmosphere. Whether minimizing soil disturbance, diversifying crop rotations, or re-establishing perennial grasslands and integrating livestock can slow or reverse this trend remains highly uncertain. We investigated how these management prac...
Preprint
Improved management of agricultural soils plays a critical role in mitigating climate change and achieving the Agricultural Sustainable Development Goals.. We studied the temporal effects of the adoption of no-tillage (NT) management, often touted as an important carbon sequestration strategy, on soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in surface and sub...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe study aimed to explore how grazing and mowing influence the archaeal, bacterial, and fungal nitrous oxide (N2O) production potential and identify the key soil factors driving N2O emissions from soil.Methods Three treatments: fence (no grazing or mowing), grazing, and mowing were set in a field-scale experiment. Total (TNEA and TDEA), fun...
Article
Extreme drought can strongly impact belowground communities and biogeochemical processes, including soil microbial community composition and extracellular enzyme activities (EEAs), which are considered key agents in ecosystem carbon (C) and nutrient cycling. However, our understanding of how seasonal timing of drought during the growing season affe...
Preprint
Microbial processes involving in nitrogen (N) assimilation mediate the continuous supply of mineral N for crop growth and the reactive N loss in intensively managed agriculture soils. This study aimed to reveal the microbial assimilation role in N accumulation in paddy soils under partial substitution of mineral fertilizer with organic materials (s...
Article
Agricultural land use profoundly alters soil carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) contents, impacting crop productivity, environmental quality, and soil C sequestration. However, how the soil C:N:P stoichiometry is affected by upland and paddy cropping over broad geographical scale remains largely unknown. The objective of this study is to...
Article
Full-text available
Paddy soils make up the largest anthropogenic wetlands on earth, and are characterized by a prominent potential for organic carbon (C) sequestration. By quantifying the plant‐ and microbial‐derived C in soils across four climate zones, we identified that organic C accrual is achieved via contrasting pathways in paddy and upland soils. Paddies are 3...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aimsDissolved organic nitrogen (DON) has been increasingly recognized as a crucial component of the terrestrial nitrogen (N) cycle that regulates the ecosystem feedback to climate change. Yet, little information is available about the factors that control soil DON in the alpine ecosystems of the Tibetan Plateau, a region that is extr...
Article
Full-text available
There is insufficient evidence for how cover crop-driven changes to the soil microbial community affect soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation. One mechanism by which enhanced microbial activity can contribute to SOC accrual is through the conversion of plant inputs to microbial biomass and ultimately necromass that may form organo–mineral associat...
Article
Transferring liquid manure from dairy farms to nearby cash-grain farms has the potential to support high grain yields at reduced cost, while making use of animal wastes that might otherwise cause environmental hazards if not utilized appropriately. Yet, empirical evidence of the legacy of long-term liquid manure application, and its interaction wit...
Article
Microbial anabolism relative to catabolism, reflected by the C use efficiency (CUE), determines the fate of C transformation in soil. Understanding how the microbial CUE and microbial necromass respond to fertilization is crucial for the evaluation of the C sequestration potential in intensively managed paddy soils. We examined the microbial CUE, m...
Article
Approximately half of global grasslands are degraded. Although soil microbes play a key role in ecosystem functioning, their response to grassland degradation has not been fully investigated. In particular, degraded patch formation is the main feature of alpine meadow degradation, but little is known about its effect on soil microbes. In this study...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Chemical niche differentiation and changes in the dominance of plant species have been proposed as mechanisms for the coexistence of different types of plants. We explored how dominant plant species take up ammonium (NH4⁺), nitrate (NO3⁻), and glycine under conditions of warming and soil degradation in alpine grasslands. Materials and meth...
Article
Polymer-coated urea (PCU) is an enhanced-efficiency fertilizer product that can potentially increase N use efficiency, thereby reducing N losses to the environment. However, the optimum timing and rates of PCU application under varying seasonal precipitation is less known. Here we studied the response of corn (Zea mays L.) yield and N use efficienc...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims There is ample experimental evidence for shifts in plant community composition under climate warming. To date, however, the underlying mechanisms driving these compositional shifts remain poorly understood. Methods The amount and form of nitrogen (N) available to plants are among the primary factors limiting productivity and pl...
Article
Full-text available
Lack of understanding of the effects of warming and winter grazing on soil fungal contribution to the nitrous oxide (N2O) production process has limited our ability to predict N2O fluxes under changes in climate and land use management, because soil fungi play an important role in driving terrestrial N cycling. A controlled warming and winter grazi...
Article
There is a paucity of knowledge in understanding the effects of warming and grazing on soil microbes and their active counterparts, especially on the Tibetan Plateau which is extremely sensitive to global warming and human activities. A six-year field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of asymmetric warming and moderate grazing on...
Article
Full-text available
Lack of understanding of the effects of warming and winter grazing on soil fungal contribution to nitrous oxide (N2O) production has limited our ability to predict N2O fluxes under changes in climate and land use management, because soil fungi play an important role in driving terrestrial N cycling. Here, we examined the effects of 10 years' warmin...
Article
Full-text available
Incorporation of crop residues is essential to enhance soil organic matter in arable ecosystems. Here, we monitored the dynamics of cellulose and lignin, the most abundant constituents of plant residues, and their relationships with enzyme activities, microbial gene abundances and soil properties after 13-year long-term and one-year short-term crop...
Article
Full-text available
Alpine meadows on the Tibetan Plateau have experienced severe degradation in recent decades. Although the effects of alpine meadow degradation on soil properties have been well documented, there is still a paucity of knowledge regarding the responses of nitrogen-cycling microbes (NCMs) to degradation and their links to the changes in soil propertie...
Article
A more detailed understanding of the soil nitrogen (N) cycling and the associated functional microbial groups of nitrous oxide (N2O) production under different management practices is essential for adopting proper practice to achieve sustainability of grassland systems. We investigated soil inorganic N, the potential emissions of N2O, and the abund...
Article
Full-text available
One of the greatest contemporary challenges in terrestrial ecology is to determine the impact of climate change on the world’s ecosystems. Here we investigated how wetting patterns (frequency and intensity) and nutrient additions altered microbial biomass and CO2-C loss from a semi-arid soil. South-western Australia is predicted to experience decli...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeUnderstanding the biogeographic distribution of soil fungal communities is crucial for assessing the impacts of environmental factors on terrestrial biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Here, we investigated spatial variations of fungal communities across three different types of temperate grasslands along a transect in the Inner Mongolia...
Article
Increasing organic matter (OM) in soil promotes the delivery of vital ecosystem services, such as improving water retention, decreasing erosion, increasing plant productivity, and mitigating climate change through terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration. The formation of organo-mineral associations through microbial turnover of labile (i.e. easily dec...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of effects of soil temperature and soil moisture on soil respiration (Rs) under future warming is critical to reduce uncertainty in predictions of feedbacks to atmospheric CO2 concentrations from grassland soil carbon. Intact cores with roots taken from a full factorial, 5-year alpine meadow warming and grazing experiment in the field...
Article
Full-text available
Rebuilding ‘lost’ soil carbon (C) is a priority in mitigating climate change and underpinning key soil functions that support ecosystem services. Microorganisms determine if fresh C input is converted into stable soil organic matter (SOM) or lost as CO2. Here we quantified if microbial biomass and respiration responded positively to addition of lig...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The variation in soil microbial community patterns is primarily influenced by ecological processes associated with spatial distance and environmental heterogeneities. However, the relative importance of these processes in determining the patterns of soil microbial biodiversity in different successional forests remains unclear. Materials and...
Article
Full-text available
To study how grazing affects the uptake of inorganic and organic N forms, three focal plant species (i.e., the graminoid species Kobresia pygmaea, which decreases with grazing, and the forbs Potentilla bifurca and Potentilla multifida, which increase with grazing) were selected in ungrazed and grazed plots in an alpine meadow on the Tibetan Plateau...
Article
Full-text available
An accurate and synoptic quantification of gross primary production (GPP) in wetland ecosystems is essential for assessing carbon budgets at regional or global scales. In this study, a satellite-based Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM) integrated with observed eddy tower and remote sensing data was employed and adapted to evaluate the feasibilit...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of the study was to investigate the patterns of soil nitrogen (N)-cycling functional gene abundance along a precipitation gradient on the Mongolian Plateau, and the effects of grazing on the population size of microbial functional group under different precipitation regimes. Materials and methods Soil samples were taken from graz...
Article
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cattle grazing on the nitrous oxide (N2O) production potential from meadow-steppe grassland soil in northern China, and the relationship between cattle grazing and the abundance of different functional microbial genes for potential of N2O emissions. Materials and methods We collected...
Article
Full-text available
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi form symbiotic associations with most plant species in terrestrial ecosystems, and are affected by environmental variations. To reveal the impact of disturbance on an AM fungal community under future global warming, we examined the abundance and community composition of AM fungi in both soil and mixed roots in an a...
Article
Purpose Carbon (C) dynamics in grassland ecosystem contributes to regional and global fluxes in carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations. Grazing is one of the main structuring factors in grassland, but the impact of grazing on the C budget is still under debate. In this study, in situ net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) observations by the eddy covariance...
Article
Full-text available
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi form symbiotic associations with most plant species in terrestrial ecosystems, and are affected by environmental variations. To reveal the impact of disturbance on an AM fungal community under future global warming, we examined the abundance and community composition of AM fungi in both soil and mixed roots in an a...
Article
Full-text available
Uncertainty about the effects of warming and grazing on soil nitrogen (N) availability, species composition, and aboveground net primary production (ANPP) limits our ability to predict how global carbon sequestration will vary under future warming with grazing in alpine regions. Through a controlled asymmetrical warming (1.2/1.7 degrees C during da...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Little is known about the soil phosphorus (P) biogeochemical cycling in response to combined warming and grazing, especially in the alpine meadow ecosystem of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Here, we used a free-air temperature enhancement system in a controlled warming-grazing experiment to test the hypothesis that combined warming...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose For an alkaline–saline region in Northwest China, we examined the responses of soil microbial communities to flue gas desulfurization gypsum by-products (FGDB), a new ameliorant for alkaline–saline soils. In 2009 and 2010, we collected soils from 0–20 cm and 20–40 cm depths along an experimental FGDB gradient (0, 0.74, 1.49, 2.25, and 3.00...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge about methanotrophs and their activ-ities is important to understand the microbial mediation of the greenhouse gas CH 4 under climate change and human activities in terrestrial ecosystems. The effects of simulated warming and sheep grazing on methanotrophic abundance, community composition, and activity were studied in an alpine meadow so...
Article
Tree species have significant effects on the availability and dynamics of soil organic matter. In the present study, the pool sizes of soil dissolved organic matter (DOM), potential mineralizable N (PMN) and bio-available carbon (C) (measured as cumulative CO 2 evolution over 63days) were compared in soils under three coniferous species - 73year ol...
Article
Taking the typical forest types Pinus elliottii var. elliotttii, Araucaria cunninghamii, and Agathis australis in southern Queensland of Australia as test objects, an investigation was made on the soil soluble organic carbon (SOC) and nitrogen (SON), microbial biomass C (MBC) and N (MBN), and enzyme activities, aimed to understand the effects of fo...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Small but highly bioactive labile carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) pools are of great importance in controlling terrestrial C and N fluxes, whilst long-term C and N storage is determined by less labile but relatively large sizes of C and N pools. Little information is available about the effects of global warming and grazing on different forms o...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge about methanotrophs and their activities is important to understand the microbial mediation of the greenhouse gas CH(4) under climate change and human activities in terrestrial ecosystems. The effects of simulated warming and sheep grazing on methanotrophic abundance, community composition, and activity were studied in an alpine meadow so...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeLegume crops often present an important option to maintain and improve soil nitrogen (N) quality and fertility in a dryland agroecosystem. However, the work on the integral assessment of the symbiotic N2 fixation (Nfix) and their effects on soil N availability under field conditions is scare. Materials and methodsFive treatments consisted o...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this study, a process-oriented biogeochemistry model, denitrification–decomposition (DNDC), was employed and adapted to interpret and integrate the field observations that the tested ecosystem was a weak sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) in 2004 but a strong source in 2005 during the growing seasons. Then we applied the model to p...
Article
Full-text available
Little information is available about the effects of cover crops on soil labile organic carbon (C), especially in Australia. In this study, two cover crop species, i.e., wheat and Saia oat, were broadcast-seeded in May 2009 and then crop biomass was crimp-rolled onto the soil surface at anthesis in October 2009 in southeastern Australia. Soil and c...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Warming and increase of nitrogen (N) deposition have caused serious ecological-environmental issues. However, the uncertainty about how aboveground net primary production (ANPP) will respond to shifts of plant functional group (PFG) composition and change of soil N availability still limits us to predict global carbon...