# Yeow Meng CheeNational University of Singapore | NUS · Department of Industrial Systems Engineering & Management

Yeow Meng Chee

PhD, University of Waterloo

## About

203

Publications

11,569

Reads

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2,468

Citations

Introduction

Additional affiliations

April 2019 - present

January 2007 - March 2019

Education

May 1994 - July 1996

**University of Waterloo**

Field of study

- Computer Science

## Publications

Publications (203)

In this paper, we present Neural k-Opt (NeuOpt), a novel learning-to-search (L2S) solver for routing problems. It learns to perform flexible k-opt exchanges based on a tailored action factorization method and a customized recurrent dual-stream decoder. As a pioneering work to circumvent the pure feasibility masking scheme and enable the autonomous...

Motivated by the COVID-19 pandemic, we consider the scheduling of seating arrangement for an event that is divided into sessions, aiming at reducing the number of close contacts of participants, while the physical and temporal distancing rules are taken into consideration simultaneously. In this paper, we formalize the requirements as a resolvable...

Determining the optimal fidelity for the transmission of quantum information over noisy quantum channels is one of the central problems in quantum information theory. Recently, [Berta \& et al., Mathematical Programming, 2021] introduced an asymptotically converging semidefinite programming hierarchy of outer bounds for this quantity. However, the...

In this work, we study two types of constraints on two-dimensional binary arrays. Given
p
∈ [0, 1], ϵ ∈ [0, 1/2], we study • The
p
-bounded constraint: a binary vector of size
n
is said to be
p
-bounded if its weight is at most
pn
, • The ϵ-balanced constraint: a binary vector of size
n
is said to be ϵ-balanced if its weight is within [...

High temperatures in electronic devices may have a negative effect on their performance. Various techniques have been proposed and studied to address and combat this thermal challenge. To guarantee that the peak temperature of the devices
will be bounded by some maximum temperature, the transmitted signal has to satisfy some constraints. With this...

While the encoder–decoder structure is widely used in the recent neural construction methods for learning to solve vehicle routing problems (VRPs), they are less effective in searching solutions due to deterministic feature embeddings and deterministic probability distributions. In this article, we propose the feature embedding refiner (FER) with a...

Recent neural methods for vehicle routing problems always train and test the deep models on the same instance distribution (i.e., uniform). To tackle the consequent cross-distribution generalization concerns, we bring the knowledge distillation to this field and propose an Adaptive Multi-Distribution Knowledge Distillation (AMDKD) scheme for learni...

In this work, we study two types of constraints on two-dimensional binary arrays. In particular, given $p,\epsilon>0$, we study (i) The $p$-bounded constraint: a binary vector of size $m$ is said to be $p$-bounded if its weight is at most $pm$, and (ii) The $\epsilon$-balanced constraint: a binary vector of size $m$ is said to be $\epsilon$-balance...

We present an efficient Neural Neighborhood Search (N2S) approach for pickup and delivery problems (PDPs). In specific, we design a powerful Synthesis Attention that allows the vanilla self-attention to synthesize various types of features regarding a route solution. We also exploit two customized decoders that automatically learn to perform remova...

A deniable secure key exchange protocol allows two parties to agree on a common secret while achieving two seemingly contradictory functionalities: authentication and deniability. The former requires each party to confirm the identity of the other while the latter requires any attacker (e.g., participant or eavesdropper) be unable to prove to a thi...

Recent neural methods for vehicle routing problems always train and test the deep models on the same instance distribution (i.e., uniform). To tackle the consequent cross-distribution generalization concerns, we bring the knowledge distillation to this field and propose an Adaptive Multi-Distribution Knowledge Distillation (AMDKD) scheme for learni...

\emph{Resistive memories}, such as \emph{phase change memories} and \emph{resistive random access memories} have attracted significant attention in recent years due to their better scalability, speed, rewritability, and yet non-volatility. However, their \emph{limited endurance} is still a major drawback that has to be improved before they can be w...

The
de Bruijn graph
, its sequences, and their various generalizations, have found many applications in information theory, including many new ones in the last decade. In this paper, motivated by a coding problem for emerging memory technologies, a set of sequences which generalize the window property of de Bruijn sequences, on its shorter subseq...

In this work, given n, p>0 , efficient encoding/decoding algorithms are presented for mapping arbitrary data to and from n×n binary arrays in which the weight of every row and every column is at most pn. Such constraint, referred as p-bounded-weight-constraint, is crucial for reducing the parasitic currents in the crossbar resistive memory arrays,...

It is well known that, whenever k divides n, the complete k‐uniform hypergraph on n vertices can be partitioned into disjoint perfect matchings. Equivalently, the set of k‐subsets of an n‐set can be partitioned into parallel classes so that each parallel class is a partition of the n‐set. This result is known as Baranyai's theorem, which guarantees...

An indel refers to a single insertion or deletion, while an edit refers to a single insertion, deletion or substitution. In this article, we investigate codes that correct either a single indel or a single edit and provide linear-time algorithms that encode binary messages into these codes of length n. Over the quaternary alphabet, we provide two l...

The Hamming ball of radius \begin{document}$ w $\end{document} in \begin{document}$ \{0,1\}^n $\end{document} is the set \begin{document}$ \mathcal{B}(n,w) $\end{document} of all binary words of length \begin{document}$ n $\end{document} and Hamming weight at most \begin{document}$ w $\end{document}. We consider injective mappings \begin{document}$...

Storage architectures ranging from minimum bandwidth regenerating encoded distributed storage systems to declustered-parity RAIDs can employ dense partial Steiner systems to support fast reads, writes, and recovery of failed storage units. To enhance performance, popularities of the data items should be taken into account to make frequencies of acc...

The class of multiset combinatorial batch codes (MCBCs) was introduced by Zhang
et al.
(2018) as a generalization of combinatorial batch codes (CBCs), which are replication-based batch codes. The MCBCs allow multiple users to retrieve items in parallel in a distributed storage and a fundamental objective in this study is to determine the minimum...

It is well known that, whenever $k$ divides $n$, the complete $k$-uniform hypergraph on $n$ vertices can be partitioned into disjoint perfect matchings. Equivalently, the set of $k$-subsets of an $n$-set can be partitioned into parallel classes so that each parallel class is a partition of the $n$-set. This result is known as Baranyai's theorem, wh...

The de Bruijn graph, its sequences, and their various generalizations, have found many applications in information theory, including many new ones in the last decade. In this paper, motivated by a coding problem for emerging memory technologies, a set of sequences which generalize sequences in the de Bruijn graph are defined. These sequences can be...

To equip DNA-based data storage with random-access capabilities, Yazdi
et al.
(2018) prepended DNA strands with specially chosen address sequences called primers and provided certain design criteria for these primers. We provide explicit constructions of error-correcting codes that are suitable as primer addresses and equip these constructions wi...

In a bus with n wires, each wire has two states, '0' or '1', representing one bit of information. Whenever the state transitions from '0' to '1', or '1' to '0', joule heating causes the temperature to rise, and high temperatures have adverse effects on on-chip bus performance. Recently, the class of low-power cooling (LPC) codes was proposed to con...

A robust positioning pattern is a large array that allows a mobile device to locate its position by reading a possibly corrupted small window around it. In this paper, we provide constructions of binary positioning patterns, equipped with efficient locating algorithms, that are robust to a constant number of errors and have redundancy within a cons...

The linear complexity of a sequence $s$ is one of the measures of its predictability. It represents the smallest degree of a linear recursion which the sequence satisfies. There are several algorithms to find the linear complexity of a periodic sequence $s$ of length $N$ (where $N$ is of some given form) over a finite field $F_q$ in $O(N)$ symbol f...

An indel refers to a single insertion or deletion, while an edit refers to a single insertion, deletion or substitution. In this paper, we investigate codes that combat either a single indel or a single edit and provide linear-time algorithms that encode binary messages into these codes of length n. Over the quaternary alphabet, we provide two line...

An indel refers to a single insertion or deletion, while an edit refers to a single insertion, deletion or substitution. In this paper, we investigate codes that combat either a single indel or a single edit and provide linear-time algorithms that encode binary messages into these codes of length n. Over the quaternary alphabet, we provide two line...

Write-once memory (WOM) is a storage device consisting of binary cells that can only increase their levels. A t-write WOM code is a coding scheme that makes it possible to write t times to a WOM without decreasing the levels of any of the cells. The sum-rate of a WOM code is the ratio between the total number of bits written to the memory during th...

Permutation codes and multipermutation codes are widely studied due to various applications in information theory. Designing codes correcting deletion errors has been the main subject of works in the literature and to the best of our knowledge, there exist only optimal codes capable of correcting a single deletion in a permutation. In this paper, w...

The class of multiset combinatorial batch codes (MCBCs) was introduced by Zhang et al. (2018) as a generalization of combinatorial batch codes (CBCs). MCBCs allow multiple users to retrieve items in parallel in a distributed storage and a fundamental objective in this study is to determine the minimum total storage given certain requirements.
We r...

Private Information Retrieval (PIR) array codes were introduced by Fazeli et al. (2015) to reduce the storage overhead in designing PIR protocols. Blackburn and Etzion (2017) introduced the (virtual server) rate to quantify the storage overhead of the codes, and when $s>2$ (here, $\frac{1}{s}$ is the proportion of the database storing in one server...

An indel refers to a single insertion or deletion, while an edit refers to a single insertion, deletion or substitution. We investigate codes that combat either a single indel or a single edit and provide linear-time algorithms that encode binary messages into these codes of length n. Over the quaternary alphabet, we provide two linear-time encoder...

Storage architectures ranging from minimum bandwidth regenerating encoded distributed storage systems to declustered-parity RAIDs can be designed using dense partial Steiner systems in order to support fast reads, writes, and recovery of failed storage units. In order to ensure good performance, popularities of the data items should be taken into a...

The study of Armstrong codes is motivated by the problem of understanding complexities of dependencies in relational database systems, where attributes have bounded domains. A $(q,k,n)$-Armstrong code is a $q$-ary code of length $n$ with minimum Hamming distance $n-k+1$, and for any set of $k-1$ coordinates there exist two codewords that agree exac...

Codes that can correct up to $t$ symmetric errors and detect all unidirectional errors, known as $t$-EC-AUED codes, are studied in this paper. Given positive integers $q$, $a$ and $t$, let $n_q(a,t+1)$ denote the length of the shortest $q$-ary $t$-EC-AUED code of size $a$. We introduce combinatorial constructions for $q$-ary $t$-EC-AUED codes via o...

We demonstrate that certain Johnson-type bounds are asymptotically exact for a variety of classes of codes, namely, constant-composition codes, nonbinary constant-weight codes, group divisible codes, and multiply constant-weight codes. We achieve this via an application of the theory of decomposition of edge-colored digraphs.

To equip DNA-based data storage with random-access capabilities, Yazdi et al. (2018) prepended DNA strands with specially chosen address sequences called primers and provided certain design criteria for these primers. We provide explicit constructions of error-correcting codes that are suitable as primer addresses and equip these constructions with...

We investigate constant-composition constrained codes for mitigation of intercell interference for multilevel cell flash memories with dynamic threshold scheme. The first explicit formula for the maximum size of a q-ary F-avoiding code with a given composition and certain families of substrings F is presented. In addition, we provide methods to det...

A class of low-power cooling (LPC) codes, to control simultaneously both the peak temperature and the average power consumption of interconnects, was introduced recently. An $(n,t,w)$-LPC code is a coding scheme over $n$ wires that (A) avoids state transitions on the $t$ hottest wires (cooling), and (B) limits the number of transitions to $w$ in ea...

The Hamming ball of radius $w$ in $\{0,1\}^n$ is the set ${\cal B}(n,w)$ of all binary words of length $n$ and Hamming weight at most $w$. We consider injective mappings $\varphi: \{0,1\}^m \to {\cal B}(n,w)$ with the following domination property: every position $j \in [n]$ is dominated by some position $i \in [m]$, in the sense that "switching of...

Codes that can correct up to t symmetric errors and detect all unidirectional errors, known as t-EC-AUED codes, are studied in this paper. Given positive integers q, a, and t, let n
<sub xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">q</sub>
(a, t + 1) denote the length of the shortest q-ary t-EC-AUED code...

Tandem duplication is the process of inserting a copy of a segment of DNA adjacent to the original position. Motivated by applications that store data in living organisms, Jain et al. (2017) proposed the study of codes that correct tandem duplications. Known code constructions are based on {\em irreducible words}. We study efficient encoding/decodi...

The class of geometric orthogonal codes (GOCs) were introduced by Doty and Winslow (2016) for more robust macrobonding in DNA origami. They observed that GOCs are closely related to optical orthogonal codes (OOCs). It is possible for GOCs to have size greater than OOCs of corresponding parameters due to slightly more relaxed constraints on correlat...

High temperatures have dramatic negative effects on interconnect performance and, hence, numerous techniques have been proposed to reduce the power consumption of on-chip buses. However, existing methods fall short of fully addressing the thermal challenges posed by high-performance interconnects. In this paper, we introduce new efficient coding sc...

Tandem duplication in DNA is the process of inserting a copy of a segment of DNA adjacent to the original position. Motivated by applications that store data in living organisms, Jain et al. (2016) proposed the study of codes that correct tandem duplications to improve the reliability of data storage. We investigate algorithms associated with the s...

The Johnson-type upper bound on the maximum size of a code of length n, distance d = 2w - 1, and constant n composition w̅ is [n/w
<sub xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">1</sub>
] the largest component of w̅. Recently, Chee et al. proved that this upper bound can be achieved for all constant-c...

With the increasing popularity of location-aware social media applications, Point-of-Interest (POI) recommendation has recently been extensively studied. However, most of the existing studies explore from the users' perspective, namely recommending POIs for users. In contrast, we consider a new research problem of predicting users who will visit a...

Racetrack memory is a new technology which utilizes magnetic domains along a nanoscopic wire in order to obtain extremely high storage density. In racetrack memory, each magnetic domain can store a single bit of information, which can be sensed by a reading port (head). The memory has a tape-like structure which supports a shift operation that move...

The Johnson-type upper bound on the maximum size of a code of length $n$,
distance $d=2w-1$ and constant composition ${\overline{w}}$ is
$\lfloor\dfrac{n}{w_1}\rfloor$, where $w$ is the total weight and $w_1$ is the
largest component of ${\overline{w}}$. Recently, Chee {\em et al.} proved that
this upper bound can be achieved for all constant-compo...

Coupled switched capacitance causes crosstalk in ultra deep submicron/nanometer VLSI fabrication, which leads to power dissipation, delay faults, and logical malfunctions. We present the first memoryless transition bus-encoding technique for power minimization, error-correction, and elimination of crosstalk simultaneously. To accomplish this, we ge...

Generalized balance tournament packings (GBTPs) extend the concept of
generalized balanced tournament designs introduced by Lamken and Vanstone
(1989). In this paper, we establish the connection between GBTPs and a class of
codes called equitable symbol weight codes. The latter were recently
demonstrated to optimize the performance against narrowba...

Multiply constant-weight codes (MCWCs) have been recently studied to improve
the reliability of certain physically unclonable function response. In this
paper, we give combinatorial constructions for MCWCs which yield several new
infinite families of optimal MCWCs. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the
Johnson type upper bounds of MCWCs are asymptot...

Coding in a new metric space, called the Enomoto-Katona space, has recently been considered in connection with the study of implication structures of functional dependencies and their generalizations in relational databases. The central problem is the determination of $C(n,k,d)$, the size of an optimal code of length $n$, weight $k$, and distance $...

We demonstrate that certain Johnson-type bounds are asymptotically exact for a variety of classes of codes, namely, constant-composition codes, nonbinary constant-weight codes and multiply constant-weight codes. This was achieved via an interesting application of the theory of decomposition of edge-colored digraphs.

Influence maximization is a fundamental research problem in social networks. Viral marketing, one of its applications, is to get a small number of users to adopt a product, which subsequently triggers a large cascade of further adoptions by utilizing “Word-of-Mouth” effect in social networks. Time plays an important role in the influence spread fro...