Yaqiong Xiao

Yaqiong Xiao
University of Maryland, College Park | UMD, UMCP, University of Maryland College Park · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

20
Publications
3,237
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358
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
Full-text available
Few clinically validated biomarkers of ASD exist which can rapidly, accurately, and objectively identify autism during the first years of life and be used to support optimized treatment outcomes and advances in precision medicine. As such, the goal of the present study was to leverage both simple and computationally-advanced approaches to validate...
Article
Full-text available
The transition from childhood to adolescence is marked by significant changes in peer interactions. However, limited research has examined the brain systems (e.g., mentalizing and reward networks) involved in direct peer interaction, particularly during childhood and early adolescence. Here, we analyzed fMRI data from 50 children aged 8–12 years wh...
Article
Full-text available
Affective speech, including motherese, captures an infant’s attention and enhances social, language and emotional development. Decreased behavioural response to affective speech and reduced caregiver–child interactions are early signs of autism in infants. To understand this, we measured neural responses to mild affect speech, moderate affect speec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Social and language abilities are closely intertwined during early development. Yet, it is still unknown how neural features underlying early social and language deficits are linked in toddlers with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We examined functional connectivity of left and right temporal language regions and its correlations with language and...
Article
Full-text available
Even clinically "asymptomatic" carotid stenosis is associated with multidomain cogni-tive impairment, gray matter (GM) atrophy, and silent lesion. However, the links between them remain unclear. Using structural MRI data, we examined GM asymmetry index (AI) and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) in 24 patients with severe asymptomatic carotid stenos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Importance: ASD diagnosis remains behavior-based and the median age of the first diagnosis remains unchanged at ~52 months, which is nearly 5 years after its first trimester origin. Long delays between ASD's prenatal onset and eventual diagnosis likely is a missed opportunity. However, accurate and clinically-translatable early-age diagnostic metho...
Article
Carotid stenosis is a major contributor to vascular dementia. Recent studies suggest that even clinically “asymptomatic” carotid stenosis is linked with cognitive decline and neuroimaging changes. Here we examined surface-based cortical morphometry, white matter hyperintensity (WMH), and multidomain cognitive performance in unilateral severe (>70%...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroscience research has shown that meditation practices have effects on brain structure and function. However, few studies have combined information on the effects on structure and function in the same sample. Long-term daily meditation practice produces repeated activity of specific brain networks over years of practice, which may induce lasting...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motherese is an experience-expectant, human-specific and innate form of parent speech that enhances social and language learning, and affect and emotion development in infants. An early sign of ASD is the child’s lack of responding to motherese and reduced social mother-child interactions. To learn why, we devised a novel experiment quantifying (a)...
Article
Full-text available
Here we address the current issues of inefficiency and over-penalization in the massively univariate approach followed by the correction for multiple testing, and propose a more efficient model that pools and shares information among brain regions. Using Bayesian multilevel (BML) modeling, we control two types of error that are more relevant than t...
Article
Theory of mind (ToM) encompasses a range of abilities that show different developmental time courses. However, relatively little work has examined the neural correlates of ToM during early childhood. In this study, we investigated the neural correlates of ToM in typically developing children aged 4-8 years using resting-state functional magnetic re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Here we address the current issues of inefficiency and over-penalization in the massively univariate approach followed by the correction for multiple testing, and propose a more efficient model that pools and shares information among brain regions. Using Bayesian multilevel (BML) modeling, we control two types of error that are more relevant than t...
Article
Full-text available
Some meditation techniques teach the practitioner to achieve the state of mental silence. The aim of this study was to investigate brain regions that are associated with their volume and functional connectivity (FC) with the depth of mental silence in long-term practitioners of Sahaja Yoga Meditation. Twenty-three long-term practitioners of this me...
Article
Full-text available
Resting state studies of spontaneous fluctuations in the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) blood oxygen level dependent signal have shown great potential in mapping the intrinsic functional connectivity of the human brain underlying cognitive functions. The aim of the present study was to explore the developmental changes in functional n...
Article
Full-text available
Previous behavioral research points to a positive relationship between maternal touch and early social development. Here, we explored the brain correlates of this relationship. The frequency of maternal touch was recorded for 43 five-year-old children during a 10 min standardized play session. Additionally, all children completed a resting-state fu...
Article
Full-text available
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging is a powerful technique to study the whole-brain neural connectivity that underlies cognitive systems. The present study aimed to define the changes in neural connectivity in their relation to language development. Longitudinal resting-state functional data were acquired from a cohort of preschool...
Article
Full-text available
The development of language comprehension abilities in childhood is closely related to the maturation of the brain, especially the ability to process syntactically complex sentences. Recent studies proposed that the fronto-temporal connection within left perisylvian regions, supporting the processing of syntactically complex sentences, is still imm...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, research on human functional brain imaging using resting-state fMRI techniques has been increasingly prevalent. The term "default mode" was proposed to describe a baseline or default state of the brain during rest. Recent studies suggested that the default mode network (DMN) is comprised of two functionally distinct subsystems: a d...

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