Yaodong Gu

Yaodong Gu
Ningbo University · Faculty of Sports Science

PhD

About

374
Publications
91,577
Reads
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2,380
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - September 2015
University of Auckland
Position
  • visiting professor
June 2013 - December 2013
Imperial College London
Position
  • Research Associate
December 2010 - September 2011
Liverpool John Moores University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (374)
Conference Paper
In this study, we developed a musculoskeletal-driven FE model to understand the impact loading and stress response in the tibia and fibula across incremental walking and running (sprinting) speeds. Findings may integrate with IMU signals and machine learning models to record, monitor and predict the load accumulation in the shank during prolonged r...
Article
目的:探究跑鞋纵向抗弯刚度(longitudinal bending stiffness,LBS)调整对跑步过程中下肢生物力学功能调整以及跑步经济性(running economy,RE)的影响。方法:选取15 名男性马拉松跑者为受试者,对照跑鞋的LBS为0.06 Nm/deg(LLBS),通过在鞋中底添加全掌碳板增加LBS 至0.32 Nm/deg 作为高LBS 测试跑鞋(HLBS)。同步采集受试者在4 m/s 配速下随机穿着2 种跑鞋的下肢运动学与地面反作用力参数,通过逆向运动学与逆向动力学计算下肢髋、膝、踝及跖趾关节角度、力矩、功率及做功(能量学)特征。采集跑台疲劳测试过程的氧耗量反映跑步经济性。结果:随着跑鞋抗弯刚度提升,跖趾关节背屈活动受限,跖屈触发时间提前,跖屈力矩增大,跖趾关节...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to review the valuable lower limb biomechanical contribution to table tennis topspin forehand. Databases included Scopus, PubMed, and Web of science. In this case, 19 articles were selected for the systematic review. The mechanics of the plantar, lower limb joints kinematics and kinetics, muscle activity, and racket-joint r...
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Tibial shock attenuation is part of the mechanism that maintains human body stabilization during running. It is crucial to understand how shock characteristics transfer from the distal to proximal joint in the lower limb. This study aims to investigate the shock acceleration and attenuation among maximalist shoes (MAXs), minimalist shoes (MINs), an...
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Background Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neuromuscular disease whose primary hallmark is the progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the brainstem, spinal cord, and cerebral cortex that leads to weakness, spasticity, fatigue, skeletal muscle atrophy, paralysis, and even death. Exercise, as a non-pharmacological tool, may...
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The effect of heel elevation on the barbell squat remains controversial, and further exploration of muscle activity might help find additional evidence. Therefore, 20 healthy adult participants (10 males and 10 females) were recruited for this study to analyze the effects of heel height on lower extremity kinematics, kinetics, and muscle activity u...
Article
Objective: The lunge squat is one of the exercises to strengthen the lower limbs, however, there is little evidence of the effects of different equipment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical effects of different types of equipment and loads on the lunge squat's effect on the lower limbs. Methods: Fourteen male fitness...
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The aim of this study was to assess the stiffness of each lower limb joint in healthy persons walking at varying speeds when fatigued. The study included 24 subjects (all male; age: 28.16 ± 7.10 years; height: 1.75 ± 0.04 m; weight: 70.62 ± 4.70 kg). A Vicon three-dimensional analysis system and a force plate were used to collect lower extremity ki...
Article
Research on dance lower extremity joint motion has been limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the lower limb biomechanics differences between the side chasse step (SCS) and the bounce step (BS) of the second landing phase in Jive. Thirteen female recreational Latin dancers (Age: 22 2.5 years; Height: 1.65 0.05 m; Weight: 50 4....
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With the progress and innovation of table tennis technology, individualized training programs may deserve special attention. This study aimed to analyze elite table tennis athletes in chasse-step, with a particular focus on sex-based biomechanical differences. A total of 36 (18 males and 18 females) elite table tennis athletes performed topspin for...
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With the emergence of wearable technology and machine learning approaches, gait monitoring in real-time is attracting interest from the sports biomechanics community. This study presents a systematic review of machine learning approaches in running biomechanics using wearable sensors. Electronic databases were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, S...
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The study aimed to research the effects of innovative running shoes (a high heel-to-toe drop and special structure of midsole) on the biomechanics of the lower limbs and perceptual sensitivity in female runners. Fifteen healthy female runners were recruited to run through a 145-m runway with planted force plates at one peculiar speed (3.6 m/s ± 5%)...
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Background: The aim of this review was to examine the physiological and psychological benefits of dance and its effects on children and adolescents. We consider the therapeutic benefits of dance and outline the potential of dance as an alternative therapy for certain pathologies and medical disorders. Secondly, we summarize the types of dances used...
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Objective This systematic review aims to make a mixed comparison of interventions for kinesiophobia and individuals with musculoskeletal pain. Methods A comprehensive search strategy was conducted in the database of PubMed, MEDLINE, and Web of Science with the inclusion criteria: (1) randomized controlled design; (2) patients with musculoskeletal...
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Background: Changes in physical shape and body mass during pregnancy may increase the risk of walking falls. Shoes can protect and enhance the inherent function of the foot, helping to maintain dynamic and static stability. Methods: Sixteen women during the third trimester of pregnancy participated in this study to investigate the effect of nega...
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The aim of this study was to examine the effect of built environment (BE) elements on older people’s (OP) leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and leisure-time walking (LTW) level in the city of Ningbo. Older participants numbering 312 were randomly recruited using cross-sectional survey in 2019. International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short...
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As a simple and beneficial way of exercise, rope skipping is favored by the majority of teenagers, but incorrect rope skipping may lead to the risk of injury. In this study, 16 male adolescent subjects were tested for bounced jump skipping and alternating jump rope skipping. The kin-ematic data of the hip, knee, ankle and metatarsophalangeal joint...
Article
摘要:目的:探讨青少年跑者在不同纵向抗弯刚度 (longitudinal bending stiffness, LBS) 跑鞋条件下进行跑步运动时的下肢生物力学参数变化。方法:选取10名有一定训练基础的约13周岁青少年跑者(年龄:13.5±0.6岁;身高:166.3±1.9 cm;体重:50.8±3.1 kg;足长:25.4±0.2 cm),分别选用3种LBS不同的跑鞋(低刚度鞋:5.0 N·m;中刚度鞋:6.3 N·m; 高刚度鞋:8.6 N·m)进行跑步运动生物力学综合测试,通过VICON三维运动捕捉系统和AMTI三维测力台同步采集受试者下肢反光标记点轨迹和地面反作用力,分析比较不同LBS跑步支撑期的下肢关节角度、峰值力矩、关节功率和做功变化。结果:在3种不同LBS条件下,中刚度鞋和高刚...
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Felines have significant advantages in terms of sports energy efficiency and flexibility compared with other animals, especially in terms of jumping and landing. The biomechanical characteristics of a feline (cat) landing from different heights can provide new insights into bionic robot design based on research results and the needs of bionic engin...
Article
Objective: To explore the effect of osteoporosis on the stress, stability, and lumbar intervertebral disc of AIS lumbar vertebrae by finite element method. Better understand the biomechanical characteristics of osteoporotic scoliosis.Methods: Based on the CT images of normal lumbar vertebrae and lumbar vertebrae with AIS, the finite element models...
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Fetal movement has always been considered an essential indicator to evaluate the health of the unborn fetus. Many factors affect fetal movement. The frequency of fetal kicking is an important measurement of whether fetal development is progressing and healthy. Various instruments and methods of detecting fetal movement have been used and each metho...
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Abstract Background While the roles of injury prevention and performance enhancement have increasingly been investigated for badminton footwear, there is a lack of research on gender-specific badminton footwear. The purpose of this study was to examine the gender differences in footwear demands and foot injuries in badminton. Methods The study was...
Article
Objectives: Although overuse running injury risks for the ankle and knee are high, the effect of different shoe designs on Achilles tendon force (ATF) and Patellofemoral joint contact force (PTF) loading rates are unclear. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to compare the ATF at the ankle and the PTF and Patellofe-moral joint stress...
Article
Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) incidence has increased among badminton players in recent years. The foot internal stress was hard to obtain through experimental testing. The purpose of the current research is to develop a methodology that could improve the finite element model derived foot internal stress prediction for ATR clinical and rehabilitati...
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Independent ambulation is one of the most important motor skills in typically developing toddlers. Gait analysis is a key evaluation method in basic and clinical research. A narrative review on the literature of toddler gait development was conducted following inclusion criteria, explicitly including the factors of English article, age range, no ex...
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Sensory processing disorder (SPD) could influence the neuromuscular response and adjustment to external sensory discrimination and lead to disruptions in daily locomotion. The objective of the current study was to compare plantar loadings and foot balance during walking, running and turning activities in SPD children in order to reveal the behavior...
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Long-distance running has gained massive popularity in recent years, yet the intra-foot adaptations during this event remain unclear. This study aimed to examine the kinematic and ground reaction force alterations induced within the foot following a 5 and 10 km run using the Oxford Foot Model Ten marathon-experienced recreational runners participat...
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Background: Hallux valgus (HV) is a foot deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the big toe and medial deviation of the first metatarsal. Research question: This study aimed to shed light on the treatment effects of different interventions and surgical procedures for HV deformity to determine the effectiveness of gait biomechanics correct...
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The human being’s locomotion under the barefoot condition enables normal foot function and lower limb biomechanical performance from a biological evolution perspective. No study has demonstrated the specific differences between habitually barefoot and shod cohorts based on foot morphology and dynamic plantar pressure during walking and running. The...
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Running gait patterns have implications for revealing the causes of injuries between higher-mileage runners and low-mileage runners. However, there is limited research on the possible relationships between running gait patterns and weekly running mileages. In recent years, machine learning algorithms have been used for pattern recognition and class...
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Background The dynamic balance between oxidation and anti-oxidation in the body’s internal environment has a significant meaning for human health. Physical exercise and antioxidative supplementation could affect the balance of oxidation and anti-oxidation systems. The evidence on the effects of physical exercise and antioxidative supplementation is...
Preprint
Foot adaptation in the typically developed foot is well explored. In this study, we explore the form and function in an atypical foot, the Chinese Bound foot. We evaluate the foot shape and posture, gait plantar loading and bone density adaptation. The atypical foot with binding practice led to increased foot arch and vertically oriented calcaneus....
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With the increased popularity of running, many studies have been conducted into footwears that are highly related to running performance and running-related injuries. Previous studies investigated different shoe types and running shoes with different heel-to-toe drops (HTDs). However, no research was found in investigating shoes with negative value...
Article
Forefoot and toes are prominent regions for locomotion and individual metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) stiffness may be linked to jump takeoff mechanics and performances. However, little is known about the relationships between MTPJ stiffness and takeoff related variables. This study examined the relationship between individual MTPJ stiffness and b...
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It is essential for patients with hypertension to effectively reduce and maintain appropriate blood pressure levels. As one of the non-pharmacological and invasive methods, physical exercise seems to improve blood pressure of the patients with hypertension. However, different volumes and intensities of physical exercise on the improvement of hypert...
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Background: The stress of foot bone can effectively evaluate the functional damage caused by foot deformity and the results of operation. In this study, the finite element method was used to investigate the degree of displacement of distal chevron osteotomy on metatarsal stress and metatarsophalangeal joint load; Methods: Four finite element models...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: While the roles of injury prevention and performance enhancement have increasingly been investigated for badminton footwear, there is a lack of research on gender-specific badminton footwear. The purpose of this study was to examine the gender differences in footwear demands and foot injuries in badminton. Methods: A supervised question...
Preprint
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to compare swing time and golf club angle parameters during golf swings using three, two dimensional (2D) low cost, Augmented-Video-based-Portable-Systems (AVPS) (Kinovea, SiliconCoach Pro, SiliconCoach Live). Twelve right-handed golfers performed three golf swings whilst being recorded by a high-speed 2D video camera....
Article
Hallux valgus is a foot pathological condition showing a lateral deviation of the first phalange and medial deviation of the first metatarsal. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a longitudinal effect of minimalist footwear running protocol for a mild/moderate hallux valgus patient. The computer tomography (CT) images from a male hallu...
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Purpose: This study investigated the changes in the blood indices, specific athletic abilities, and physical fitness of outstanding cross-country skiers, trained in the subalpine; Methods: Twenty-eight athletes (twenty males and eight females) from the National Cross-country Ski Training Team completed sub-alpine training during the 2020–2021 snow...
Chapter
Aging and age-related complications are the major social burden that contributes to disability and other poor outcomes at a higher prevalence. However, no clear attempt has been made so far in terms of diagnosis and treatment. Despite considering several theories, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is the one that implicates in inducing a...
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Background: Sarcopenia has been recognized as an inevitable part of aging. However, its severity and the age at which it begins cannot be predicted by age alone. The condition can be categorized into primary or age-related sarcopenia and secondary sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is diagnosed as primary when there are no other specific causes. However, seco...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has led to several pioneering scientific discoveries resulting in no effective solutions with the exception of vaccination. Moderate exercise is a significant non-pharmacological strategy, to reduce the infection-related burden of COVID-19, especially in patients who are obese, elderly, and with additional comorbidities. The i...
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The therapeutic benefit of high heel shoes (HHS) for plantar fasciitis treatment is controversial. It has been suggested that plantar fascia strain can be decreased by heel elevation of shoes which helps in body weight redistribution throughout the length of the foot. Yet it is a fact that the repetitive tension caused by HHS wearing resulting in p...
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Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) reflects aerobic capacity and is crucial for assessing cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity level. The purpose of the present study was to classify and predict the population-based cardiorespiratory fitness based on the anthropometric parameters, workload, and steady-state heart rate (HR) of the submax...
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Objective: The efficacy of arch orthoses in posture adjustment and joint coordination improvement during steady-state gait is well documented; however, the biomechanical changes of gait sub-tasks caused by arch support (AS), especially during gait termination, are poorly understood. Hence, this study aimed to investigate how the acute arch-support...
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Nearly all cellular functions depend on redox reactions, including those of immune cells. However, how redox reactions are rearranged to induce an immune response to the entry of pathogens into the host is a complex process. Understanding this scenario will facilitate identification of the roles of specific types of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in...
Article
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Background: Females with different practice experience may show different body postures and movement patterns while squatting in different depths, which may lead to changes of biomechanical loadings and increase the risks of injuries. Methods: Sixteen novice female participants without squat training experience participated in this study. A 3D m...
Article
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Background: Biomechanical footwork research during table tennis performance has been the subject of much interest players and exercise scientists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the lower limb kinetic characteristics of the chasse step and one step footwork during stroke play using traditional discrete analysis and one-dimensional st...
Article
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Objective: This study is aimed to analyse the difference in the ground reaction force between male and female runners and left versus right limbs using the one-dimensional Statistical Parametric Mapping. Methods: Thirty male and female runners participated the running test on the Bertec force treadmill at a speed of 12 km/h (3.3m/s). Ground reacti...
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Background: Longtime standing may cause fatigue and discomfort in the lower extremities, leading to an increased risk of falls and related musculoskeletal diseases. Therefore, preventive interventions and fatigue detection are crucial. This study aims to explore whether anti-fatigue mats can improve gait parameters following long periods of standi...
Article
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The original idea for bionic shoes (BSs) involves combining the function of unstable foot conditions and the structure of the human plantar. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between the normal shoes (NS) and the BS during the stance phases of walking and running. A total of 15 Chinese males from Ningbo University were re...
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Pelvic floor disorder (PFD) is a common disease affecting the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly women. Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) damage is related to delivery mode, fetal size, and parity. Spontaneous vaginal delivery causes especially great damage to PFM. The purpose of this study was to summarize the characteristics of PFM action during...
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Kinematics data are primary biomechanical parameters. A principal component analysis (PCA) of waveforms is a statistical approach used to explore patterns of variability in biomechanical curve datasets. Differences in experienced and recreational runners' kinematic variables are still unclear. The purpose of the present study was to compare any dif...
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Background: Joint mechanics are permanently changed using different intensities and running durations. These variations in intensity and duration also influence fatigue during prolonged running. Little is known about the potential interactions between fatigue and joint mechanics in female recreational runners. Thus, the purpose of this study was to...
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There is limited research on the biomechanical assessment of the lower limb joints in relation to dynamic movements that occur at the hip, knee, and ankle joints when performing dorsiflexion (DF) and plantarflexion (PF) among males and females. This study investigated the differences in joint angles (including range of motion (ROM)) and forces (inc...
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Running-related injuries are common among runners. Recent studies in footwear have shown that designs of shoes can potentially affect sports performance and risk of injury. Bionic shoes combine the functions of barefoot running and foot protection and incorporate traditional unstable structures based on bionic science. The purpose of this study was...
Article
Background: Electromyographic systems are widely used in scientific and clinical practice. The reproducibility and reliability of these measures are crucial when conducting scientific research and collecting experimental data. Objective: To test the reliability of surface electromyography signals from both the Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (FDS...