Yann Ménière

Yann Ménière
Institut Mines-Télécom | telecom-sudparis.eu · Centre d'Économie Industrielle (CERNA)

PhD

About

79
Publications
19,354
Reads
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1,743
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
876 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Additional affiliations
September 2007 - present
MINES ParisTech
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (79)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Global trends in clean energy technology innovation April 2021 2 Foreword The energy transition needed to mitigate climate change presents challenges of unparalleled scale and complexity. Many of the technologies needed to cut greenhouse gas emissions are not yet fully mature, whilst the time window available for bringing them to market is closing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Study of trends and evolution of batteries and electricity storage technology based on patents field for this technology.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Study of trends and evolution of additive manufacturing technology based on patents field for this technology.
Technical Report
The study, carried out by the European Patent Office (EPO) with experts led by Professor Keith Maskus (University of Colorado Boulder), assesses the impact of the European patent system on the circulation of technologies through trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) in the European Single Market. Industries with above-average use of intellectua...
Article
Drawing on more than half a million granted patents in all technological sectors filed at EPO between 1998 and 2012 we gather information on 300,000 inscriptions affecting changes in their ownership at the EPO and top national registers (France, Germany, Switzerland, Spain). After grouping parallel legal events in different European validation coun...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the characteristics of international patent families, including their domestic component. We exploit a relatively under-studied feature of patent families, namely the number of patents covering the same invention within a given jurisdiction. Using this information, we highlight common patterns in the stru...
Article
en This paper discusses the role of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in the market for carbon quotas and countries' commitments to reduce their carbon emission levels. We show that the CDM contributes to an efficient funding of clean technology investments in least developed countries. However, the CDM is not neutral on the global level of car...
Article
PurposeThis paper focuses on the strategic inclusion of reciprocity clauses in the licensing commitments disclosed by firms claiming standard essential patents (SEPs) in the telecom industry. We highlight the main cost and benefit of using these clauses for SEPs holders, namely, a possible deterrence effect for potential standard users on the one h...
Article
The development of formal ICT standards is a challenging form of collaborative innovation, combining consensus decision making and R&D rivalry. To supplement this formal standard setting process, it has thus become frequent that part of the involved firms create ad hoc consortia to better align positions on a common technology roadmap. This paper a...
Chapter
The development of patent markets should allow for better circulation of knowledge and more efficient allocation of technologies at a global level. However, the beneficial role of patents has recently come under scrutiny by those favouring 'open' innovation, and important questions have been asked, namely: How can we estimate the value of patents?...
Technical Report
After an introduction into the principle data and methodology, this study starts by providing a quantitative overview of the general features of standard essential patents (also called SEPs). It considers the occurrence of essential patents, how their existence has developed over time, and how essential patents are distributed among SSOs, technolog...
Article
Supplementary data to this article can be found online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2014.05.004
Article
Except in few locations, photovoltaic generated electricity remains considerably more expensive than conventional sources. It is however expected that innovation and learning-by-doing will lead to drastic cuts in production cost in the near future. The goal of this paper is to predict the cost of PV modules out to 2020 using experience curve models...
Article
The paper analyzes the interplay between technology diffusion and patent law. We develop a dynamic model where initial adoptions generate learning spillovers that reduce the cost of subsequent adoptions. In this setting, we contrast technology diffusion paths under competitive supply, subsidized adoption and patent protection. Competitive supply en...
Article
Full-text available
Using novel data on patents, trade of equipment goods, and foreign direct investments and insights from the economic literature, the paper seeks to lay out the state of knowledge on the role of innovation and the diffusion of technologies in the greening of global value chains as well as some of the main policy issues. A special emphasis is put on...
Book
Full-text available
Except in few locations, photovoltaic generated electricity remains considerably more expensive than conventional sources. It is however expected that innovation and learning-bydoing will lead to drastic cuts in production cost in the near future. The goal of this paper is to predict the cost of PV modules out to 2020 using experience curve models,...
Article
The development of formal ICT standards is a loose form of collaborative innovation: firms first develop rival technologies, some of which are then eventually selected in the standard. Against this background, firms often use informal consortia to define a clearer technology roadmap ahead of the formal standard setting process. The paper aims to as...
Conference Paper
The development of formal ICT standards is a loose form of collab-orative innovation: …rms …rst develop rival technologies, some of which are then eventually selected in the standard. Against this background, …rms often use informal consortia to de…ne a clearer technology roadmap ahead of the formal standard setting process. The paper aims to asses...
Article
This paper addresses the problem of non-cooperative patent pool formation by owners of patents related to a standard. We develop a model in which competing manufacturers must license several patents to produce standard-compliant goods. Separate licensing creates a double-marginalization problem. Moreover manufacturers must sink a fixed cost to ente...
Conference Paper
We analyze R&D competition and cooperation between firms involved in the development of a technology standard. Our model captures two types of incentives these firms are subject to: free-riding due to the public good nature of the standard and patent races in order to derive royalties from essential patents. As a consequence, R&D may be excessive o...
Article
The paper deals with the diffusion of GHG mitigation technologies in developing countries. We develop a model where an abatement technology is progressively adopted by firms and we use it to compare the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) with a standard Cap and Trade scheme (C&T). In the presence of learning spillovers, we show that the CDM yields a...
Article
Full-text available
This article uses the European Patent Office Worldwide Patent Statistical Database to examine the geographic distribution and global diffusion of inventions in thirteen climate-mitigation technologies since 1978. The data suggest that until 1990 innovation was driven mostly by energy prices. Since then, environmental policies, and, more recently, c...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article propose une analyse statistique du positionnement et de la performance de la France en matière de technologies de lutte contre le réchauffement climatique. La méthodologie s'appuie sur une base de données décrivant l'ensemble des dépôts de brevets entre 1980 et 2008 dans 17 classes technologiques couvrant un large spectre de technologie...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the role of the Clean DevelopmentMechanisms (CDM) on the market for carbon quotas and countries' commitments to reduce their carbon emission levels. We show that the CDM contributes to an efficient funding of clean technology investments in least developed countries. How- ever, the CDM is not neutral on the global level of carb...
Article
This paper explores the decentralized licensing of complementary patents reading on a technology standard. We develop a model in which manufacturers must buy licenses from different patent owners in order to enter the market for differentiated standard-compliant products. We consider three different types of licensing, namely, the fixed-fee, per-un...
Article
Using patent data from 66 countries for the period 1990-2003, we characterize the factors which promote or hinder the international diffusion of climate-friendly technologies on a global scale. Regression results show that technology-specific capabilities of the recipient countries are determinant factors. In contrast, the general level of educatio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper uses the EPO/OECD World Patent Statistical Database (PATSTAT) to provide a quantitative description of the geographic distribution of inventions in thirteen climate mitigation technologies since 1978 and their international diffusion on a global scale. Statistics suggest that innovation has mostly been driven by energy prices until 1990....
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with the diffusion of GHG mitigation technologies in developing countries. We develop a model where an abatement technology is progressively adopted by firms and we use it to compare the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) with a standard Cap and Trade scheme (C&T). In the presence of learning spillovers, we show that the CDM yields a...
Article
China is the largest solar photovoltaic cell producer in the world, with more than one third of worldwide production in 2008, exporting more than 95 percent of what it produces. The purpose of this paper is to understand the drivers of this success and its limits, with a particular emphasis on the role of technology transfers and innovation. Our an...
Article
This paper presents an empirical study on the production of open source software, based on a panel of 10,553 projects registered on SourceForge over a period of 28 months (February 2005 until May 2007). We use a flexible Translog specification to estimate a production function relating the number of program updates with the number of corporate and...
Article
In a companion paper [Dechezleprêtre, A., Glachant, M., Ménière, Y., 2008. The Clean Development Mechanism and the international diffusion of technologies: An empirical study, Energy Policy 36, 1273–1283], we gave a general description of technology transfers by Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects and we analyzed their drivers. In this paper...
Article
Full-text available
Recent evolutions have called into question the traditional practices of standard-setting organizations (SSOs), especially as regards the licensing of essential patents. In the trail of recent antitrust cases, doubts have been cast in particular on the effectiveness of the current IP policies requiring that essential patent owners commit to licensi...
Article
This paper explores in what circumstances patent owners can be expected to join unilaterally a patent pool. We develop a simple model in which owners of patents reading on a standard grant licences to competing manufacturers. Manufacturers must sink a fixed cost to enter the market for standard compliant products, and are thus exposed to a hold up...
Article
Recent evolutions have called into question the traditional practices of standard-setting organizations (SSOs), especially as regards the licensing of essential patents. In the trail of recent antitrust cases, doubts have been cast in particular on the effectiveness of the current IP policies requiring that essential patent owners commit to licensi...
Article
This paper explores which patent policy should be applied to complementary innovations that are aggregated into broader technologies. I compare a setting in which complementary innovations must be bundled prior to patenting, with a second setting in which they can be patented separately. The first setting can improve static efficiency by avoiding t...
Article
This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection a...
Article
Full-text available
From the perspective of antitrust authorities, the multiplication of patents embodied in technology standards is a source of concerns. Certainly it is necessary and efficient that patents owners derive a revenue from the use of the standard. Yet by their function - ensuring compatibility between different products by promoting a common technology p...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze non-cooperative R&D investment by two firms that already hold patents that they can assert against each other with probabilistic success. The market structure results from stochastic innovation and patent litigation. Depending on the level of infringement fees, we highlight positive and negative effects of litigation threats on innovatio...
Article
Full-text available
April 15, 2008 This paper explores in what circumstances patent owners can be expected to join unilaterally a patent pool. We develop a simple model in which owners of patents reading on a standard grant licences to competing manufacturers. Manufacturers must sink a fixed cost to enter the market for standard compliant products, and are thus expose...
Article
We analyze non-cooperative R&D investment by two firms that already hold patents that they can assert against each other with probabilistic success. The market structure results from stochastic innovation and patent litigation. Depending on the level of infringement fees, we highlight positive and negative effects of litigation threats on innovatio...
Article
This paper analyzes how an inventor should fix the licensing terms to license a standard in complying with a non-discrimination requirement. Using a model incorporating imperfect competition between a finite number of users and product differentiation, we compare three different regimes: fixed fee (also known as royalty free), per unit royalty and...
Article
From the perspective of antitrust authorities, the multiplication of patents embodied in technology standards is a source of concerns. Certainly it is necessary and efficient that patents owners derive a revenue from the use of the standard. Yet by their function - ensuring compatibility between different products by promoting a common technology p...
Article
Full-text available
This paper compares three possible procedures for the licensing of patents reading on a technology standard. In the …rst scenario the licensor …xes its royalties once manufacturers have entered the market for standard compliant products. In two alternative scenarios the licensor commits on a royalty level or on a royalty cap before manufacturers en...
Article
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is expected to stimulate the North–South transfer of climate-friendly technologies. This paper provides an assessment of the technology transfers that take place through the CDM using a data set of 644 registered projects. It provides a detailed description of the transfers (frequency, type, by sector, by host...
Article
Full-text available
Open Source Software is often viewed as an anti-intellectual property regime. By contrast, we argue how IP law is at the heart of open source model since licenses that organize the innovation and business relationships between developers, distributors and end-users are based on copyright law. The proliferation of software patents can, however be se...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how an inventor should license an innovation that opens new markets for the licensees. Using a model incorporating product differentiation and network externalities we show that fixed fee licenses are optimal either when there is little competition downstream or when it is desirable to restrict entry. By opposition, royalty base...
Article
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is expected to stimulate the North–South transfer of climate-friendly technologies. This paper provides an assessment of the technology transfers that take place through the CDM using a data set of 644 registered projects. It provides a detailed description of the transfers (frequency, type, by sector, by host...
Article
Open Source Software is often viewed as an anti-intellectual property regime. By contrast, we argue how IP law is at the heart of open source model since licenses that organize the innovation and business relationships between developers, distributors and end-users are based on copyright law. The proliferation of software patents can, however be se...
Article
This paper presents an economic opinion on the questionnaire on the European patent system that was recently issued by the European Commission. We argue that the debate on patent reform in Europe needs to be more focused on its economic purpose, namely the promotion of innovation. As a first step we unfold sub-issues and trade-offs underlying the g...
Article
Over 2 million patents are currently in force in the EU and in the USA. Do they testify innovation is blockaded for they restrict freedom in research or do they give evidence innovation is flourishing for patent law provides incentives to invent new products and processes? In other terms do patents freeze or spur innovation? The question arises for...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the impact of patent policy on innovation in a context of R&D competition with knowledge spillovers. We develop a model where two di¤erent market structures, namely monopoly and duopoly, can re-sult from stochastic innovation by two …rms. Because of the spillovers, patents that simply protect innovators against imitators generate insuf-…...
Article
The reform of Patent Law in Europe is an old project. It started with the creation of the European Patent in 1973, but it has now been put to a halt because European States do not manage to implement new reforms. The goal of this article is to present the economic issues underlying these reforms and the problems that their implementation could rais...
Article
La théorie économique aborde généralement le brevet comme un droit exclusif temporaire portant sur un produit ou un procédé, et conférant de ce fait un profit de monopole à l'innovateur. Cette approche permet notamment de mettre en évidence le rôle incitatif du brevet, qui permet de rentabiliser à posteriori les investissements nécessaires à l'inno...
Article
Full-text available
List of Figures. v List of Tables. vi Introduction - 1 I The Economics of Patent Law - 19 1 A legal system to allocate rights on innovations - 21 1.1 Introduction - 21 1.2 Stand alone innovations - 24 1.2.1 Patent duration is not sufficient to tailor patent protection to innovations - 24 1.2.2 Knowledge disclosure and selective patenting - 27 1.2.3...
Article
Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips stock price has been predicted using the difference between core and headline CPI in the United States. Linear trends in the CPI difference allow accurate prediction of the prices at a five to ten-year horizon.
Book
Full-text available
Economics is a powerful instrument to understand the current controversial issues on intellectual property: e.g., the extension of patents to software and business models, the lengthening of copyright protection, the compulsory licensing of pharmaceutical products or the legal suits against music downloaders.Economics is also a powerful instrument...
Article
Full-text available
Firms use patents not only to protect themselves against imitation but also to block competitors and negociate cross licensing agreements. We propose a model that captures this behaviour in the case of an integrated duopoly where the …rms invest successively in upstream patentable tech-nologies and downstream marketable products. We study the e¤ect...
Article
Full-text available
From the perspective of antitrust authorities, the multiplication of patents embod- ied in technology standards is a source of concerns. Certainly it is necessary and efficient that patents owners derive a revenue from the use of the standard. Yet by their function - ensuring compatibility between different products by promoting a common technology...
Article
Complementary innovations are innovations that can be combined into a broader aggregate product. However, in contrast to cumulative innovations, they do not occur sequentially and thus there is no time order between them. This paper tackles the issue of the optimal novelty requirement as regards the patentability of such innovations. A low requirem...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the diusion of GHG mitigation technologies in developing countries. We develop a model to evaluate the ability of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to yield the optimal diusion path. Two …rms can adopt a cleaner technology simultaneously or sequen- tially. Adoption entails a …xed cost which endogenously decreases with prev...
Article
Full-text available
We develop a model of collective innovation for the repeated updating of a technology standard. We characterize equilibria in an open or con- sortium standard and proprietary standard environments. We highlight a possible free riding problem due to the public goods nature of the open standard. This implies a larger number of …rms in a standard may...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses …rms'innovation strategies in a standard setting environment. We develop a theoretical model of open innovation into a standard, and assess how the ability of …rms to coordinate through infor-mal consortia may a¤ect their R&D investments. We show that depending on the standard's IP policy, standard development can entail either...

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