Yang Gao

Yang Gao
Hong Kong Baptist University · Department of Sport Physical Education and Health

PhD

About

106
Publications
18,325
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3,296
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Publications

Publications (106)
Article
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Children with intellectual disability (ID) are more vulnerable to health conditions than their typically developing peers. Evidence of effective interventions is scarce. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 30 overweight and obese children with intellectual disability (ID) in China to evaluate a 12-week school-based physical activity inte...
Article
Background Adaptive postural control is an important yet underexamined area in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). This study compared adaptive postural responses between children with DCD and those with typical development. Methods This was an exploratory cross-sectional study. Fifty-two children with DCD (aged 6–9 years) and...
Article
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To investigate the prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors in Chinese children with intellectual disability, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 558 children with intellectual disability aged 6–18 years in Hong Kong, and 452 (81.0%) with valid data were included in the data analysis. Blood pressure was measured accor...
Article
Objectives: This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows:. The overall aim of the review is to determine the effectiveness of interventions to prevent obesity in 5 to 11-year-old children. The four objectives are:. to evaluate the effects of interventions that aim to modify dietary intake on changes in zBMI...
Article
Objectives: This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows:. The overall aim of the review is to determine the effectiveness of interventions to prevent obesity in 12 to 18-year-old children and adolescents. The four objectives are:. to evaluate the effects of interventions that aim to modify dietary intake o...
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Background: The aim of this review was to examine the physiological and psychological benefits of dance and its effects on children and adolescents. We consider the therapeutic benefits of dance and outline the potential of dance as an alternative therapy for certain pathologies and medical disorders. Secondly, we summarize the types of dances used...
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Rarely has scientific research been as solicited as in the past two years, as societies struggle to cope with the coronavirus [...]
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The purpose of this paper is to stimulate debate in relation to physical education provision in the school environment. The paper outlines the potential benefits of dance as a viable alternative/addition to the provision of traditional physical activities used currently in the school setting. Further to this, the paper also comments on the changing...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and features of migraine and explore the possible migraine triggers in a sample of university nursing students in Hong Kong. Methods: A cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires was conducted in the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in 2016. The questionnaire included ID Mig...
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Both weightlifting belts and wrist straps are commonly used weightlifting training aids but their effects on deadlift kinematics and performance were still not known. This study examined the effects of weightlifting belts and wrist straps on the kinematics of the deadlift exercise, time to complete a deadlift and rating of perceived exertion (RPE)...
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Since spring 2020, in response to the global threat of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, several governments implemented emergency policies and regulations to prevent further transmission of the disease[...]
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Interventions in obesity management include nutritional selection, diet restriction, and physical exercise, followed by cognitive behavioral strategies, pharmacology, and surgery towards the tapered treatment end of the obesity pyramid of interventions. Calorie restriction, regular exercise, and several weight reducing drugs, including probiotic an...
Article
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a 9-month school-based adapted physical activity (APA) program for reducing weight among adolescents with intellectual disability (ID). Methods In this randomized controlled trial, adolescents with ID, aged 12–18 years, who were overweight/or with obesity were randomly assigned into intervention and contr...
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Background: Sarcopenia has been recognized as an inevitable part of aging. However, its severity and the age at which it begins cannot be predicted by age alone. The condition can be categorized into primary or age-related sarcopenia and secondary sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is diagnosed as primary when there are no other specific causes. However, seco...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has led to several pioneering scientific discoveries resulting in no effective solutions with the exception of vaccination. Moderate exercise is a significant non-pharmacological strategy, to reduce the infection-related burden of COVID-19, especially in patients who are obese, elderly, and with additional comorbidities. The i...
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Sarcopenia refers to a progressive and generalized weakness of skeletal muscle as individuals age. Sarcopenia usually occurs after the age of 60 years and is associated with a persistent decline in muscle strength, function, and quality. A comparison of the risk factors associated with sarcopenia based on the European Working Group on Sarcopenia (1...
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The world is still struggling against the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic [...]
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The purpose of this paper was to examine the benefits of dance in providing a realistic and viable alternative to the provision of traditional physical activities for dementia patients. Physical activity, while beneficial for increasing the components of health and fitness in general populations, may not be dementia friendly. Dance seems to be more...
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Research indicates that individuals who experience increased levels of stress often report increased alcohol consumption and consequently misuse [...]
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Abstract: The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is a candidate gene to provide promising evidence of psychiatric disorders, but there is a knowledge gap between the genetic factor and multiple physical activity-related injuries (PARIs). The aim of this study was to explore the contribution of COMT to the risk of PARIs among university students in...
Article
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The world has been severely challenged by the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak since the early 2020s. Worldwide, there have been more than 66 million cases of infection and over 3,880,450 deaths caused by this highly contagious disease. All sections of the population including those who are affected, those who are not affected and those who...
Article
Childhood obesity continues to be a serious problem. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to great life-changing challenges amongst schoolchildren, which might subsequently aggravate existing childhood obesity issues. We suggest that educators and schools need to provide solutions to the problem. © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open-acces...
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Background: Childhood obesity accompanied by lower levels of health-related physical fitness (HRPF) is a major threat to public health both internationally and locally. Children with intellectual disability, especially adolescents, have a higher risk of being overweight/obese and having poor HRPF levels. Therefore, more interventions are needed to...
Article
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Many experimental studies use the quantification of aerobic and anaerobic ability as performance indicators and as injury rehabilitative measures. The measurement of aerobic performance can be quantified by the volume of oxygen consumed while exercising sub-maximally or at maximum capacity or intensity. Recently, high intensity interval training (H...
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Objectives Data on the problem of physical activity-related injury (PARI) in university students and the risk factors for PARI among different genders are rare. We conducted a multicentre population-based study to investigate the occurrence of PARI and to explore the gender-specific risk factors for PARI among Chinese university students. Design C...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND Childhood obesity accompanied with lower levels of health-related physical fitness (HRPF) is a major threat to public health both internationally and locally. Children with intellectual disability (ID), especially adolescents, have a higher risk of being overweight/obese and having poor HRPF levels. More interventions, therefore, are nee...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Recent studies revealed that most discharged patients with COVID-19 suffered ongoing symptoms months later. Rehabilitation interventions can help address the consequences of COVID-19. These include medically, physically, cognitively and psychologically related problems. To our knowledge, no studies have investigated the effects of rehabi...
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Background: Recent studies revealed that most discharged patients with COVID-19 suffered ongoing symptoms months later. Rehabilitation interventions can help address the consequences of COVID-19. These include medically, physically, cognitively and psychologically related problems. To our knowledge, no studies have investigated the effects of reha...
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Background: Regular participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is related to decreased risk of morbidity and mortality. Among working populations, lack of MVPA may also be a risk factor for absenteeism and presenteeism. Both traditional workplace-based and web-based interventions have been suggested as being effective in promot...
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This prospective study was to describe the incidence and characteristics of physical activity-related injuries (PARI) among college students in southern China. Online questionnaires and telephone interviews were combined to investigate the physical activity (PA) participation and PARI occurrences every two weeks. Totally, 84 college students (men:...
Article
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This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the characteristics of physical activity-related injury (PARI) and to explore its associated factors among university students in Chaoshan district. Selected from the baseline survey in March and April, 434 students graded 1–3 from two universities were interviewed face-to-face in April and May 2017. Soc...
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This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the characteristics of physical activity-related injury (PARI) and to explore its associated factors among university students in chaoshan district. Selected from the baseline survey in March and April, 434 students graded 1-3 from two universities were interviewed face-to-face in April and May 2017. Soc...
Article
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Climate change, especially as reflected in heat waves, is a rising threat worldwide. Appropriate use of cooling devices can protect people from health impacts during a heat wave. A population-based telephone survey was conducted in a representative sample of residents in Hong Kong to investigate ownership and use of domestic cooling devices, identi...
Article
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Increase in physical activity (PA) might elevate risks for physical activity-related injuries (PARIs). This study aimed to investigate the incidence rate and risk factors for PARIs among secondary school students in Hong Kong. All eligible students from three secondary schools were invited to participate in the study from November to December 2014....
Article
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Background: Adaptive balance control is often compromised in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Neuromuscular training (NMT) is commonly used in clinical settings to improve neuromuscular control and hence balance performance in these children. However, its effectiveness has not been proven scientifically. This randomized con...
Article
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Objective: To evaluate the effects of Ving Tsun (VT) sticking-hand training on upper-limb joint position sense and muscular performance in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Methods: Thirty-three adults were randomly allocated to either a VT group or a control group. The VT group received VT sticking-hand training twice per week fo...
Article
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Knowledge gaps of the physical activity‐related injury (PARI) problem among general undergraduates exist. We conducted a study in four universities, where 1421 students graded 1‐3 were interviewed face‐to‐face during April and May after their completion of the baseline survey in March and April, 2017, aiming to describe the incidence and characteri...
Article
Background: Prevention of childhood obesity is an international public health priority given the significant impact of obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, development and well-being. The international evidence base for strategies to prevent obesity is very large and is accumulating rapidly. This is an update of a previous review...
Article
Background Few studies have examined the associations between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and risk of colorectal neoplasia (CN). Methods We systematically searched Medline, Embase, PsyInfo, Cochrane and other sources from their inception to 30 September 2018 for cohort, case-control and cross-sectional studies that evaluated t...
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This cross-sectional study was carried out to explore the potential risk factors of physical activity-related injuries (PARI) among middle-school students of different genders. Selected by the random cluster sampling method, students aged from 12 to 16 years old in grades 7–8 from six middle schools in Shantou, southern China, were recruited for th...
Article
This study examined whether physical activity (PA) mediated the relationships of four PA-related environmental settings (home, school, neighborhood environments and convenient facilities) with body mass index (BMI) among Chinese adolescents aged 13-18 years. Two setting indicators were assessed: (1) perceived availability of environmental resources...
Article
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Objectives This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and preliminarily explore possible risk factors of physical activity-related injury (PARI) occurrences among Chinese university students via a multicentre mixed survey. Design Cross-sectional study. Participants A total of 4758 undergraduates graded 1–3 in nine univers...
Article
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Abstract: Physical activity (PA) promotion is beneficial to gain and maintain optimal health, but might increase risks for physical activity-related injury (PARI). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the incidence rate and identify risk factors of PARI among Chinese middle school students. Selected via the method of cluster random sampl...
Article
Background: The epidemic of childhood obesity has been well documented in typically developing child populations, while situations among children with intellectual disabilities (ID) remain unclear. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 524 Chinese children with ID (males: 68.9%, mean age: 12.2 years) in Hong Kong in 2015. Children...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity (PA) promotion is beneficial to gain and maintain optimal health, but might increase risks for physical activity-related injury (PARI). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the incidence rate and identify risk factors of PARI among Chinese middle school students. Selected via the method of cluster random sampling, stude...
Article
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Background This study examined the reliability of measures of correlates of dietary behaviours (DBs), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) for Hong Kong adolescents. Method Individual, social and environmental correlates of obesity-related behaviours were assessed twice, 15–27 days apart (average 20 days), via self-administered ques...
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Background Childhood overweight is a crucial public health concern. Recognizing its associated factors can facilitate the establishment of effective prevention strategies. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of overweight in Hong Kong Chinese children and explore its influential factors in relation to family, early-life devel...
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Background Numerous school-based interventions for childhood obesity have been emerging in mainland China in recent decades, but little is known about the effectiveness of such interventions. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of school-based interventions for childhood obesity conducted in mainland China. Methods A systematic search was...
Data
PRISMA 2009 checklist. (DOC)
Data
Characteristics of 40 treatment studies. This file demonstrated author, target population, study design, sample size, types of intervention, intervention duration, study location, main results, study quality and effectiveness of each 40 treatment studies included. (XLSX)
Data
Full electronic search strategy. (DOCX)
Data
Characteristics of 36 prevention studies. This file demonstrated author, target population, study design, sample size, types of intervention, intervention duration, study location, main results, study quality and effectiveness of each 36 prevention studies included. (XLSX)
Data
Funnel plots of studies examining the body mass index (BMI) of school-based obesity treatment / prevention studies. (a) Change in BMI for treatment studies using physical activity only. (b) Change in BMI for treatment studies using both physical activity and health education with or without other components. (c) Change in BMI for prevention studies...
Data
Forest plots of moderate quality studies examining the body mass index (BMI) of school-based obesity treatment / prevention studies. (a) Change in BMI for treatment studies using physical activity only (no moderate quality study was found). (b) Change in BMI for treatment studies using both physical activity and health education with or without oth...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce bicycle injuries among rural middle school students in China. A one-year cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted with seventh grade students from six middle schools in two towns in rural Chaoshan, China. The two towns were randomly assigned to either the intervent...
Article
Background: Previous studies have not found a consistent association between circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and the risk of cardiovascular events. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate this association in prospective studies.Methods and Results:A systematic search of prospective studies published through...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the effect of playing a health video game embedded with story immersion, Escape from Diab (Diab), on children's diet and physical activity (PA) and to explore whether children immersed in Diab had greater positive outcomes. Design: Two groups, nonrandomized; 3 outcome assessments: at baseline, immediately after the game (p...
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Objectives Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. Setting Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. Participants A to...