Yan-Jiang Wang

Yan-Jiang Wang
Third Military Medical University | PLA · Department of Neurology

About

179
Publications
20,773
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4,578
Citations
Citations since 2016
89 Research Items
3496 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
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Background Loss of brain capillary pericyte is involved in the pathologies and cognitive deficits in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The role of pericyte in early stage of AD pathogenesis remains unclear. Methods We investigated the dynamic changes of soluble platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (sPDGFRβ) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a marker of b...
Article
Background: Imbalance between the production and clearance of amyloid-β (Aβ) promoted the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Presenilin-1 (PS1) is the catalytic subunit of γ-secretase, which is involved in the process of Aβ production. The profiles of autoantibodies are dysregulated in AD patients. Objective: This study aims to investigate...
Article
Background: Abnormal intracellular expression and aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is the histopathological hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases especially Parkinson's disease. However, safe and efficient approaches to clear α-syn remain unavailable. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the process of peripheral catabolism of b...
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Introduction and aims: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia with a complex genetic background. The cause of sporadic AD (sAD) remains largely unknown. Increasing evidence shows that genetic variations play a crucial role in sAD. P75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR, encoded by NGFR) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of...
Article
The extracellular domain (p75ECD) of p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) antagonizes Aβ neurotoxicity and promotes Aβ clearance in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The impaired shedding of p75ECD is a key pathological process in AD, but its regulatory mechanism is largely unknown. This study was designed to investigate the presence and alterations of natur...
Article
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Background Cognitive impairment (CI) has become a worldwide health problem. The relationship between CI and uric acid (UA) is contradictory. Objective We included participants with a full spectrum of CI, from cognitively unimpaired (CU) to dementia, from the Chongqing Ageing & Dementia Study (CADS). Methods First, we identified the relationships...
Article
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Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are essential for the accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), yet their measurement levels vary widely across centers and regions, leaving no uniform cutoff values to date. Diagnostic cutoff values of CSF biomarkers for AD are lacking for the Chinese population. As a member of the Alzheimer’s Association...
Article
Background: The dysregulation of lipid metabolism plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP, also known as FABP1) is critical for fatty acid transport and may be involved in AD. Objective: To investigate whether the FABP1 level is altered in patients with AD, and its as...
Article
Increased neuronal apoptosis is an important pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Bcl-2-interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) mediates amyloid-beta (Aβ)-induced neuronal apoptosis. Naturally-occurring antibodies against Bim (NAbs-Bim) exist in human blood, with their levels and functions unknown in AD. In this study, we found th...
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Angiostatin, an endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor generated by the proteolytic cleavage of plasminogen, was recently reported to contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, whether there are pathological changes in angiostatin levels in individuals with AD dementia is unclear, and whether plasma angiostatin has a relationshi...
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Objective: To explore associations of serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) at admission with clinical deficits and the long-term prognosis of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). Methods: We recruited 110 AIS patients with serum sampled at hospital arrival. The concentrations of sNfL were detected by a Simoa HD-1 analyser. We first investigated the d...
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CD22 has been suggested to contribute to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis by inhibiting microglial amyloid β (Aβ) phagocytosis. Soluble CD22 (sCD22) generated by cleavage from cell membranes may be a marker of inflammation and microglial dysfunction; but alterations of sCD22 levels in AD and their correlation with AD biomarkers remain unclear....
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As bone marrow transplant (BMT) is gradually applied to the study of central nervous system (CNS) disease, it is needed to investigate the proper dose of chemotherapy to eradicate bone marrow cells while bringing little damage to brain. In the present study, we established a BMT model with varied busulfan and cyclophosphamide (Bu-Cy) dosages. The r...
Article
Background: The G protein-coupled receptor P2RY2 protein of the purinergic receptor family is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Naturally occurring antibodies against P2RY2 (NAbs-P2RY2) are present in human plasma, with their clinical relevance in AD patients unknown. Objective: To explore the alteration of NAbs-P2RY2 in...
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Importance: Determining the long-term impact of COVID-19 on cognition is important to inform immediate steps in COVID-19 research and health policy. Objective: To investigate the 1-year trajectory of cognitive changes in older COVID-19 survivors. Design, setting, and participants: This cohort study recruited 3233 COVID-19 survivors 60 years an...
Article
The role of α1 adrenergic receptors (α1-ARs) signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has rarely been investigated. Clarifying the pathophysiological functions of α1-ARs in the AD brain is helpful for better understanding the pathogenesis and screening novel therapeutic targets of AD. This study included 2 arms of in vivo i...
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Background A previous study demonstrated that nearly 40%–60% of brain Aβ flows out into the peripheral system for clearance. However, where and how circulating Aβ is cleared in the periphery remains unclear. The spleen acts as a blood filter and an immune organ. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the spleen in the clearance...
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Background: Recent studies have shown that monocytes can phagocytize the tau protein, which may ameliorate tau-type pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there are few clinical studies on the relationship between monocytes and tau-type pathology in AD patients. Objective: We aimed to explore changes in peripheral monocytes and their as...
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Background: Understanding the long-term effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on cognitive function is essential for monitoring the cognitive decline in the elderly population. This study aims to assess the current cognitive status and the longitudinal cognitive decline in elderly patients recovered from COVID-19. Methods: This cross-se...
Article
Deficits in the clearance of amyloid β protein (Aβ) by the peripheral system play a critical role in the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Impaired uptake of Aβ by dysfunctional monocytes is deemed to be one of the major mechanisms underlying deficient peripheral Aβ clearance in AD. In the current study, flow cytometry and biochemi...
Article
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It is traditionally believed that cerebral amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposits are derived from the brain itself in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Peripheral cells such as blood cells also produce Aβ. The role of peripherally produced Aβ in the pathogenesis of AD remains unknown. In this study, we established a bone marrow transplantation model to investigate th...
Article
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Amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation in the brain is a pivotal event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and its clearance from the brain is impaired in sporadic AD. Previous studies suggest that approximately half of the Aβ produced in the brain is cleared by transport into the periphery. However, the mechanism and pathophysiological significa...
Article
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Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have discovered numerous risk genes for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but how these genes confer AD risk is challenging to decipher. To efficiently transform genetic associations into drug targets for AD, we employed an integrative analytical pipeline using proteomes in the brain and blood by systematically apply...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The role of α1 adrenergic receptors (α1-ARs) signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has rarely been investigated. Clarifying pathophysiological functions of α1-ARs in the AD brain is helpful for better understanding the pathogenesis and screening novel therapeutic target of AD. Methods This study included 2 arm...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most popular neurodegenerative disease affecting cognitive functions of the elderly population. Neuronal apoptosis is an important pathological process during the development of AD. The Bcl-2-interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) mediates Amyloid-beta (Aβ)-induced neuronal apoptosis. Naturally occurring...
Article
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Recent studies show that fibrinogen plays a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which may be crucial to neurovascular damage and cognitive impairment. However, there are few clinical studies on the relationship between fibrinogen and AD. 59 11C-PiB-PET diagnosed AD patients and 76 age- and gender-matched cognitively normal control...
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The pathological relevance of naturally occurring antibodies to β-amyloid (NAbs-Aβ) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains unclear. We aimed to investigate their levels and associations with Aβ burden and cognitive decline in AD in a cross-sectional cohort from China and a longitudinal cohort from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL...
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Deficits in the clearance of amyloid β-protein (Aβ) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The roles of blood monocytes in the development of AD remain unclear. In this study, we sought to investigate the alterations in the Aβ phagocytosis function of peripheral monocytes during ageing and in AD patients. A to...
Preprint
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Background Insufficient cerebral perfusion is suggested to play a role in the development of AD. We investigated the effect of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion on AD-related pathology, including β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition and brain atrophy in humans. Methods We enrolled 10 cognitively normal patients (median age: 64 years old) with unilateral chronic...
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Background Accumulating reports have suggested that α-synuclein is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). As the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein has been suggested as a potential biomarker of AD, this study was set out to test whether CSF α-synuclein is associated with other AD biomarkers and could predict neurodegeneration...
Article
Amyloid-beta (Aβ) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and has been regarded as the main therapeutic target for AD. However, most of the Aβ-targeted clinical trials have not succeeded. Therefore, the Aβ-targeted therapeutic strategy on treating this complex disease needs to be re-evaluated. In this review, we analyze...
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Progranulin (PGRN) is a secreted pleiotropic glycoprotein associated with the development of common neurodegenerative diseases. Understanding the pathophysiological role of PGRN may help uncover biological underpinnings. We performed a genome-wide association study to determine the genetic regulators of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) PGRN levels. Common...
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Introduction: Amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition was identified to precede tau pathology and neurodegeneration in familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). But the divergence between sporadic and familial AD limits the extension of these findings to sporadic AD. Methods: Longitudinal changes of biomarkers among different stages were assessed using linear mix...
Article
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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of age-related dementia and is currently incurable. The failures of current clinical trials and the establishment of modifiable risk factors have shifted the AD intervention from treatment to prevention in the at-risk population. Previous studies suggest that there is a geographic overlap between AD...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Deficits in the clearance of amyloid β-protein (Aβ) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The roles of blood monocytes, the counterparts of microglia in the periphery, in the development of AD remain unclear. In this study, we sought to investigate the alterations in the Aβ phagocytosis function of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Accumulating reports suggest that α-synuclein is involved in Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein could be a potential biomarker of AD. We sought to test whether CSF α-synuclein is associated with other AD biomarkers and could predict neurodegeneration and clinical progression in non-demented elders...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Accumulating reports suggest that α-synuclein is involved in Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein could be a potential biomarker of AD. We sought to test whether CSF α-synuclein is associated with other AD biomarkers and could predict neurodegeneration and clinical progression in non-demented elders....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Accumulating reports have suggested that α-synuclein is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). As the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein has been suggested as a potential biomarker of AD, this study was set out to test whether CSF α-synuclein is associated with other AD biomarkers and could predict neurodegeneration...
Article
Background The chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein‐1 (MCP‐1) is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to investigate whether urinary MCP‐1 can distinguish patients with AD, patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and cognitively normal (CN) subjects. Methods A total of 754 participants,...
Article
To evaluate whether the polygenic profile modifies the development of sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (sAD) and pathological biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), 462 sAD patients and 463 age-matched cognitively normal (CN) controls were genotyped for 35 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are significantly associated with sAD. Then, the al...
Article
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Polymorphism of the cholesterol-24S-hydroxylase (CYP46A1) gene is thought to be a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). A single nucleotide polymorphism (T/C) in intron 2, rs754203, has been confirmed to be implicated in AD. Rs754203 is located in the long intronic non-coding RNA (LincRNA) sequence, which has previously been shown to be involve...
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background evidence on preventing Alzheimer's disease (AD) is challenging to interpret due to varying study designs with heterogeneous endpoints and credibility. we completed a systematic review and meta-analysis of current evidence with prospective designs to propose evidence-based suggestions on AD prevention. Methods electronic databases and rel...
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease characterized by neuronal loss in the substantia nigra. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR, encoded by NGFR) was found to play an important role in the selective neuronal death of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra, as well as the pathogenesis and development of PD. To assess t...
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is attributed to interactions among genes and environmental and lifestyle factors, but the genetic architecture of PD is complex and not completely understood. To evaluate whether the genetic profile modifies PD development and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathological biomarkers, we enrolled 418 PD patients and 426 age- and s...
Article
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p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether p75NTR is involved in Tau hyperphosphorylation, one of the pathologies observed in AD, remains unclear. In our previous study, the extracellular domain of p75NTR blocked amyloid beta (Aβ) toxicity and attenuated Aβ-induced Tau hyperphosphorylation....
Article
Neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated tau protein (p-tau) are a key pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Tau phosphorylation is suggested to be secondary to amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation. However, the mechanism by which Aβ induces tau phosphorylation in neurons remains unclear. Neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) is a receptor...
Article
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The neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) plays important roles in regulating amyloid-beta (Aβ) metabolism in the brain. The expression of p75NTR is altered in the brain of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether p75NTR mRNA level in the peripheral blood cells is changed among AD patients and its potential t...
Article
Emerging evidence suggests that gut microbiota dysbiosis plays a role in neurodegenerative disorders. However, whether the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota are altered in tauopathies remains largely unknown. This study was aimed to examine the diversity and composition of the gut microbiota in tauopathies, as well as the correlation...
Article
Brain amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition is a hallmark to define Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the positive rate of brain amyloid deposition assessed with 11C-Pittsburgh compound (PiB)-PET and blood Aβ levels in a cohort of probable AD patients who were diagnosed according to the 1984 NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. Eighty-four subjects with a clinical d...
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Objective Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by nocturnal intermittent hypoxemia and can increase the risk of Parkinson's disease. This study aimed to investigate the association between plasma α‐synuclein levels and hypoxia in the patients with OSAS. Methods We recruited 42 OSAS patients and 46 controls with simple snoring m...
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The accumulation of excess intracellular or extracellular amyloid beta (Aβ) is one of the key pathological events in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Aβ is generated from the cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta secretase-1 (BACE1) and gamma secretase (γ-secretase) within the cells. The endocytic trafficking of APP facilitates amyloidogenes...
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The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistake. The old version of Fig. 3 was published. © 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
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Background Capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is defined as recurrent episodes of transient ischaemic attacks ≥3 times during a short time frame. There is no effective therapy to stop these attacks. We, herein, report our experience of using intravenous tirofiban to treat CWS. Methods All patients with CWS in our hospital from January 2013 to Septemb...
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MMP13 (matrix metallopeptidase 13) plays a key role in bone metabolism and cancer development, but has no known functions in Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we used high-throughput small molecule screening in SH-SY5Y cells that stably expressed a luciferase reporter gene driven by the BACE1 (β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1) p...