Yacine Rezgui

Yacine Rezgui
Cardiff University | CU · BRE Institute of Sustainable Engineering

About

349
Publications
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Publications

Publications (349)
Preprint
Many composite materials, both natural and fabricated, process a Voronoi like architecture or microstructure. Furthermore, the stochasticity and connectivity of Voronoi tessellation endow the composite materials constructed by this kind of structures a wide range of desired properties including high and tuneable stiffness, high strength and good ma...
Article
Sports facilities (SFs) consume massive energy given their unique demand profiles and operation requirements. Intelligent and effective solutions are necessary to tackle the matter of facilities’ sustainability and efficiency. Promoting efficient and environmentally sustainable SFs is pivotal towards environmentally friendly and socially resilient...
Article
Sports facilities are considered complex buildings due to their high energy demand and occupancy profiles. Therefore, their management and optimization are crucial for reducing their energy consumption and carbon footprint while maintaining an appropriate indoor environmental quality. This work is part of the SportE3.Q project, which aims to manage...
Article
Full-text available
Social media data analysis in a smart city context can represent an efficacious instrument to inform decision making. The manuscript strives to leverage the power of Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques applied to Twitter messages using supervised learning to achieve real-time automated event detection in smart cities. A semantic-based taxo...
Article
It is highly demanding and challenging to maximise the stiffness of the interpenetrating phase composites (IPCs) while still keeping their isotropy. In this paper, the elastic properties of IPCs reinforced by three different types of regular lattice fibre networks are investigated by computer simulation and analytical methods. The numerical results...
Article
Smart cities attempt to reach net-zero emissions goals by reducing wasted energy while improving grid stability and meeting service demand. This is possible by adopting next-generation energy systems, which leverage artificial intelligence, the Internet of things (IoT), and communication technologies to collect and analyze big data in real-time and...
Article
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Many seaports are facing increasing pressure to reduce their carbon footprint, while increasing their energy efficiency and global competitiveness. Moreover, energy consumption in seaports is continuously monitored to manage the increasing energy costs, these rising costs are reflected in the increased fuel demand. The fishing industry is one of th...
Article
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Background The literature includes many studies which individually assess the efficacy of protective measures against the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. This study considers the high infection risk in public buildings and models the quality of the indoor environment, related safety measures, and their efficacy in preventing the spread of the SARS-...
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Purpose This paper reviews the state-of-the art research in life cycle assessment (LCA) applied to buildings. It focuses on current research trends, and elaborates on gaps and directions for future research. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted to identify current research and applications of LCA in buildings. The proposed review m...
Article
Seismic hazards represent a permanent threat to buildings. The paper argues that risk-oriented approaches provide an interesting solution to account for the long-term resilience of buildings, both for the design of new structures and the rehabilitation of existing ones. The proposed research draws upon the standard definition of risk as a function...
Article
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Purpose Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is the process of systematically assessing impacts when there is an interaction between the environment and human activity. Machine learning (ML) with LCA methods can help contribute greatly to reducing impacts. The sheer number of input parameters and their uncertainties that contribute to the full life cycle ma...
Conference Paper
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The recent ongoing digital transformation of the energy landscape provides new opportunities to decarbonise energy-intensive industries, including the fish processing sector. The paper explores the potential of deploying multi-vector smart micro-grid solutions in fishery ports, sourced from dispatchable renewable generation, including solar energy....
Article
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Marine activities in seaports account for circa 3% of total carbon emissions worldwide, prompting several initiatives to decarbonise their energy systems and make seaports smarter and greener. This paper provides a thorough and authoritative review of the vast array of research in this field, including past and ongoing initiatives. The study reveal...
Conference Paper
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Sports tourism in the Gulf region started to flourish where several international sports events were secured for the next decade. This reflects on the number of sports facilities, their energy consumption, and CO2 emissions mainly due to the indoor and outdoor air conditioning requirements. This paper aims to emphasize the significance of energy ma...
Conference Paper
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As our society is becoming increasingly interconnected, the construction industry is faced with unparalleled needs for digital infrastructure as it is beginning to adopt sophisticated cyber-physical integra-tions, known as Digital Twins. Previous work on BIM and cyber-physical systems within the construction sec-tor as well as from nearby engineeri...
Chapter
PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) model is currently the most extensively used method for thermal sensation (TS) evaluation. However, the model is criticized for not being able to account for human thermal preferences and expectations. In response to these limitations, the adaptive model was developed to factor in behavioural, psychological and physiologic...
Chapter
The Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model is extensively used by current thermal comfort standards, such as ASHRAE 55 and ISO 7730, despite its discrepancy in predicting Thermal Sensation (TS). The implicit assumption is that PMV can be applied for predicting TS of a large population. Our statistical analysis of a subset of ASHRAE global database of ther...
Article
Full-text available
Integrating data analytics, optimisation and dynamic control to support energy services has seen significant interest in recent years. Larger appliances used in an industry context are now provided with Internet of Things (IoT)-based interfaces that can be remotely monitored, with some also provided with actuation interfaces. The combined use of Io...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The digitalization of the construction industry has been supported recently with various building information modelling (BIM) methods applied to lifecycle stages. This has enabled the transition towards an improved management of information required in the development of different construction project tasks. In a digital construction context, trace...
Conference Paper
Several attempts have been made in the past to advance fire safety standards for residential buildings. However, the UK government has only partially succeeded in delivering detailed legislation that has been both successfully implemented and enforced across all types of dwellings. To further understand the government's approach, the author carried...
Article
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The recent adoption of building information modelling (BIM), and the quest to decarbonise our built environment, has impacted several segments of the supply chain, including design and engineering practitioners, prompting the need to redefine the construction personnel positions along with associated skills and competencies. The research informs wa...
Article
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Urban environments are urgently required to become smarter to overcome sustainability and resilience challenges whilst remaining economically viable. This involves a vast increase in the penetration of ICT resources, both physical and virtual, with the requirement to factor in built environment, socio-economic and human artefacts. This paper, there...
Article
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Branched actin network supports cell migration through extracellular microenvironments. However, it is unknown how intracellular proteins adapt the elastic properties of the network to the highly varying extracellular resistance. Here we develop a three-dimensional assembling model to simulate the realistic self-assembling process of the network by...
Article
Automated compliance checking brings advantages to the built environment but, currently, there has been no meaningful adoption, despite the increasing maturity of asset information models. This paper addresses this by ascertaining the blockers/obstacles to adoption and develops a road-map to overcome them. This work has been conducted in the UK and...
Article
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This research extends Hasan Fathy’s (1986) principle of vernacular architecture by focusing on the Rawshan through an investigation of two criteria: aesthetics and energy efficiency. The paper discusses the views of both the Saudi public and key decision-makers on reviving vernacular architecture in the context of Saudi Arabia’s rapidly developing...
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The decentralisation of energy supply and demand can contribute decisively to protecting the environment and climate of the planet by consuming electricity in the proximity of the generation source and avoiding losses in transmission and distribution. Supporting energy transactions with emerging intelligent technologies can advance the development...
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As the Architecture, Engineering and Construction sector is embracing the digital age, the processes involved in the design, construction and operation of built assets are more and more influenced by technologies dealing with value-added monitoring of data from sensor networks, management of this data in secure and resilient storage systems underpi...
Article
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Air quality and energy consumption are among the top ten environmental priorities in seaports as stated by the European Sea Ports Organization. Globally, it is estimated that 15% of energy consumption can be attributed to refrigeration and air conditioning systems in fishing activities. There is a real need to understand energy usage in fishery por...
Article
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With the rapid growth in clean distributed energy resources involving micro-generation and flexible loads, users can actively manage their own energy and have the capability to enter in a market of energy services as prosumers while reducing their carbon footprint. The coordination between these distributed energy resources is essential in order to...
Article
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The development of new climate change policies has increased the motivation to reduce energy use in buildings, as reflected by a stringent regulatory landscape. The construction industry is expected to adopt new methods and strategies to address such requirements, focusing primarily on reducing energy demand, improving process efficiency and reduci...
Article
In this research, the Poisson’s ratio of three different types of almost isotropic interpenetrating composites are designed to be either positive, or negative, or zero. As they are strengthened by a self-connected fibre-network and do not contain any pore in their structure, they all are stiffer than the conventional particle composites. In additio...
Book
Full-text available
Global warming is driving the need to reduce energy consumption in buildings. Energy for the construction sector accounts for over 40% of Europe’s energy and CO2 emissions. A game-changing strategy is required to support the transition to cleaner and more cost-efficient practices. BIM is already demonstrating effective collaborations across discipl...
Conference Paper
With the growing concerns regarding energy consumption, companies and industries worldwide are looking for ways to reduce their costs and carbon footprint linked to energy usage. The rising cost of energy makes energy saving and optimisation a real stake for businesses which have started to implement more intelligent energy management techniques to...
Article
Full-text available
Urban sustainability assessment frameworks have emerged during the past decade to address holistically the complexity of the urban landscape through a systems approach, factoring in environmental, social and economic requirements. However, the current assessment schemes are (a) static in nature, and as such don't reflect the dynamic and real-time n...
Article
The Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model is extensively used by current thermal comfort standards, such as ASHRAE 55 and ISO 7730, despite its discrepancy in predicting Thermal Sensation (TS). The implicit assumption is that PMV can be applied for predicting TS of a large population. Our statistical analysis of a subset of ASHRAE global database of ther...
Article
“Demand Response” energy management of thermal grids requires consideration of a wide range of factors at building and district level, supported by continuously calibrated simulation models that reflect real operation conditions. Moreover, cross-domain data interoperability between concepts used by the numerous hardware and software is essential, i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a newly constructed smart low carbon district energy network in Belval, Luxembourg. The district was the site for the largest steelworks in Luxembourg and currently a majority of the site is renovated into a new modern community with university, research institutes, banks, shopping malls, hotels and residential apartments. The w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Irish Seafood agency reports that 15% of global energy is consumed by operations related to refrigeration and air conditioning in the fish industry which stresses the importance of integration with clean renewables and adoption of smart energy management solutions. While fish processing industries have high energy costs with continuous refriger...
Article
The building sector accounts for 40% of the total energy consumption in the EU. It faces great challenges to meet the goal of transforming the existing building stocks into near zero-energy buildings by 2050. The development of Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) schemes in the EU provides a powerful and comprehensive information tool to quantitat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fish processing industries involve the usage of energy-intensive equipment, such as refrigerators, air conditioners and ice making machines leading to high energy costs and, indirectly, to an increase of the carbon emissions. As most fish industries sites are old, there is a strong need to make them more sustainable and achieve economic competitive...
Conference Paper
Information modelling for the construction industry can address the fragmentation, multitude of professions and companies that often require collaboration and data exchange. Construction projects involve various professions, including design teams, contractors, facility managers, product manufacturers and suppliers, user associations, clients and i...
Article
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Decentralisation of energy generation and distribution to local districts or microgrids is viewed as an important strategy to increase energy efficiency, incorporate more small-scale renewable sources and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To achieve these goals, an intelligent, context-aware, adaptive energy management platform is required. This pap...
Article
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The integration of resilience in disaster management is an emerging field as evidenced by an abundant literature. While resilience has been widely explored in several domains, its application demands the consideration of the entire ecosystem and its lifecycle, including disaster stressors and consequences, recovery process, and ultimately the preve...
Article
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The past decade has seen the development of new means of production and distribution as well as more efficient appliances and materials that limit consumption. The variety of technical solutions has increased dramatically making decision more complex when it comes to energy systems implementation. This paper presents the ongoing research on the dev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Estimating energy costs for an industrial process can be computationally intensive and time consuming, especially as it can involve data collection from different (distributed) monitoring sensors. Industrial processes have an implicit complexity involving the use of multiple appliances (devices/ subsystems) attached to operation schedules, electric...
Article
Full-text available
Predictive analytics play a significant role in ensuring optimal and secure operation of power systems, reducing energy consumption, detecting fault and diagnosis, and improving grid resilience. However, due to system nonlinearities, delay, and complexity of the problem because of many influencing factors (e.g., climate, occupants’ behaviour, occup...
Article
Full-text available
Predictive analytics play an important role in the management of decentralised energy systems. Prediction models of uncontrolled variables (e.g., renewable energy sources generation, building energy consumption) are required to optimally manage electrical and thermal grids, making informed decisions and for fault detection and diagnosis. The paper...
Article
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The variability of renewable energy resources, due to the characteristic weather fluctuations, introduces uncertainty in generation output that are greater than the conventional energy reserves the grid uses to deal with the relatively predictable uncertainties in demand. The high variability of renewable generation makes forecasting critical for o...
Conference Paper
The concepts of structural behavior analysis and optimization have started to be combined in the latest decades with an increasing trend also due to the need of often meeting performance targets, high structural complexity and costs. Nonetheless, existing approaches tackled this issue mainly in the domain of static calculations or referring to a sp...
Conference Paper
The effect of climate change on water ecosystems include increased winter precipitation, severe floods, leading to fluctuations in stream flow in areas and affecting both fish survival and water supplies. Several methods exist for establishing projections of changes in precipitation with regards to river flows and water levels at the river-basin sc...
Conference Paper
There is increased interest in complying with the new regulations and policies associated with the climate change. In particular industries such as the AEC (Architecture, Engineering and Construction) industry seek to find new strategies and practices for facilitating sustainability but also new regulations to improve efficiency at the building lev...
Article
Full-text available
The operational management of potable water distribution networks presents a great challenge to water utilities, as reflected by the complex interplay of a wide range of multidimensional and nonlinear factors across the water value chain including the network physical structure and characteristics, operational requirements, water consumption profil...
Conference Paper
The concept of Building Information Modelling (BIM) is increasingly adopted as a means of gathering digital and semantic building information across the life-cycle of constructions. The present work aims at assessing the structural resilience of the existing building stock in face of earthquakes and seismically triggered geo-environmental hazards....