Xueyan Li

Xueyan Li
Kunming Institute of Zoology CAS · State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution

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51
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Publications

Publications (51)
Article
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The Elateridae family (click beetles) represents a highly diverse lineage that possesses a specialized clicking mechanism to startle predators. At present, however, phylogenetic relationships, especially among recognized subfamilies, remain contentious. Mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) can help resolve previously intractable phylogenetic relatio...
Article
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Papilio machaon was assigned as the type species for all butterflies by Linnaeus and P. bianor is a congener but exhibits a great difference in morphology (especially larva and adult color pattern) and larval host plants from P. machaon. Thus, they are the ideal models to investigate genetic mechanisms underlying morphology and plasticity between c...
Article
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Oakleaf butterflies in the genus Kallima have a polymorphic wing phenotype, enabling these insects to masquerade as dead leaves. This iconic example of protective resemblance provides an interesting evolutionary paradigm that can be employed to study biodiversity. We integrated multi-omic data analyses and functional validation to infer the evoluti...
Article
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Hybridization is a major evolutionary force that can erode genetic differentiation between species, whereas reproductive isolation maintains such differentiation. In studying a hybrid zone between the swallowtail butterflies Papilio syfanius and Papilio maackii (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), we made the unexpected discovery that genomic substitution...
Article
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Swallowtail butterflies (Papilionidae) are a historically significant butterfly group due to their colorful wing patterns, extensive morphological diversity, and phylogenetically important position as a sister group to all other butterflies and have been widely studied regarding ecological adaption, phylogeny, genetics, and evolution. Notably, they...
Article
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The three weevil species, Sternochetus gravis, S. mangiferae, and S. olivieri, have all been reported to be serious pests of mango fruits. Morphology, biology, and various management approaches of these economically important weevils have been well studied. However, no mitochondrial genomes have been reported from the genus Sternochetus. Herein, we...
Article
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Pupal color polyphenism in Papilio butterflies, including green, intermediate, or brown, is an excellent study system for understanding phenotypic plasticity. Previous studies suggested that development of brown pupae may be controlled by a hormone called pupal-cuticle-melanizing-hormone (PCMH) which is synthesized and secreted from brain-suboesoph...
Article
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Here we report a new twisted-wing parasite species of the family Xenidae based on both morphological and molecular evidence. By using nearly complete mitogenomes, we confirmed the twisted-wing parasites on two wasps ( Vespa velutina and Vespa bicolor ) (China: Yunnan) as the same species, and associated its neotenic females and alate males. Combini...
Article
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November 2020 marked 2 y since the launch of the Earth BioGenome Project (EBP), which aims to sequence all known eukaryotic species in a 10-y timeframe. Since then, significant progress has been made across all aspects of the EBP roadmap, as outlined in the 2018 article describing the project’s goals, strategies, and challenges (1). The launch phas...
Preprint
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Please see the published version (open-access) here: https://elifesciences.org/articles/78135 Substitution rate defines the fundamental timescale of molecular evolution which often varies in a species-specific manner. However, it is unknown under what conditions lineage-specific rates can be preserved between natural populations with frequent hybr...
Article
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Butterflies are diverse in virtually all aspects of their ontogeny, including morphology, life history, and behavior. However, the developmental regulatory mechanisms underlying the important phenotypic traits of butterflies at different developmental stages remain unknown. Here, we investigated the developmental regulatory profiles of butterflies...
Article
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Firefly adult bioluminescence functions as signal communication between sexes. How sympatric sibling species with similar glow pattern recognize their conspecific mates remains largely unknown. To better understand the role of the luciferases of sympatric fireflies in recognizing mates, we cloned the luciferase genes of three sympatric forest dwell...
Article
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A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02005-4
Article
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Lamprigera is found only in those countries from the Himalaya–Karakoran –Tibet region to SE Asia where 17 species have been previously recorded. These 17 include four species from China. In this work, combined molecular data (COI) and morphological traits identified eight species in our collections. Among these, we found three Chinese species (Lamp...
Article
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The nearly complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Phyllium westwoodii, a typical leaf mimic insect in Phasmatodea, was obtained in this study. This mitogenome is 17,222 bp in length and contains 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs) and almost complete control regions. All PCGs initiat...
Article
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Background Insect body coloration often functions as camouflage to survive from predators or mate selection. Transportation of pigment precursors or related metabolites from cytoplasm to subcellular pigment granules is one of the key steps in insect pigmentation and usually executed via such transporter proteins as the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) tr...
Article
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The nearly complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Xenos cf. moutoni, one twisted-wing parasite on wasp Vespa velutina from Southwest of China, is described in this study. The total length of this mitogenome is 16,717 bp, containing 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs) and an incomplet...
Article
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Fireflies are among the most charismatic insects for their spectacular bioluminescence, but the origin and evolution of bioluminescence remain elusive. Especially, the genic basis of luciferin (D-luciferin) biosynthesis and light patterns is largely unknown. Here, we present the high-quality reference genomes of two fireflies Lamprigera yunnana (10...
Article
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Bioluminescence has been hypothesized as aposematic signalling, inter-sexual communication and a predatory strategy, but origins and relationships among bioluminescent beetles have been contentious. We reconstruct the phylogeny of the bioluminescent elateroid beetles (i.e. Elateridae, Lampyridae, Phengodidae and Rhagophthalmidae), analysing genomic...
Article
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Echinoderms are an exceptional group of bilaterians that develop pentameral adult symmetry from a bilaterally symmetric larva. However, the genetic basis in evolution and development of this unique transformation remains to be clarified. Here we report newly sequenced genomes, developmental transcriptomes, and proteomes of diverse echinoderms inclu...
Article
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The leaf resemblance of Kallima (Nymphalidae) butterflies is an important ecological adaptive mechanism that increases survival. However, the genetic mechanism underlying ecological adaptation remains unclear owing to a dearth of genomic information. Herein, we determined the karyotype (n = 31) of the dead‐leaf butterfly Kallima inachus, and genera...
Article
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Butterflies have been of great interest to naturalists for centuries, and the study of butterflies has been an integral part of ecology and evolution ever since Darwin proposed his theory of natural selection in 1859. There are > 18 000 butterfly species worldwide, showing great diversity in morphological traits and ecological niches. Compared with...
Article
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Background Papilio bianor Cramer, 1777 (commonly known as the Chinese peacock butterfly) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) is a widely distributed swallowtail butterfly with a wide number of geographic populations ranging from the southeast of Russia to China, Japan, India, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Thailand. Its wing color consists of both pigmenta...
Article
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Fireflies (Lampyridae Rafinesque) are a diverse family of beetles which exhibit an array of morphologies including varying antennal and photic organ features. Due in part to their morphological diversity, the classification within the Lampyridae has long been in flux. Here we use an anchored hybrid enrichment approach to reconstruct the most extens...
Article
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The pH‐insensitive beetle luciferases cloned from Rhagophthalmidae, Phengodidae, and Elateridae exhibit great potential application as reporter assays for monitoring gene expression. At present, however, only one luciferase has been reported from the enigmatic and predominantly Asian distributed luminous family Rhagophthalmidae. Here, we cloned the...
Article
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Background The mustache toad, Vibrissaphora ailaonica, is endemic to China and belongs to the Megophryidae family. Like other mustache toad species, V. ailaonica males temporarily develop keratinized nuptial spines on their upper jaw during each breeding season, which fall off at the end of the breeding season. This feature is likely result of the...
Article
Fireflies are one of the best-known examples of luminescent organisms. The limited geographic distribution and rarity of some firefly genera have hindered molecular phylogenetic analysis, resulting in uncertainty in regard to firefly phylogeny. Here, using genome skimming next-generation sequencing, we sequenced 23 Asian firefly species from 15 gen...
Article
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The new subfamily Sinopyrophorinae within Elateridae is proposed to accommodate a bioluminescent species, Sinopyrophorus schimmeli Bi & Li, gen. et sp. nov., recently discovered in Yunnan, China. This lineage is morphologically distinguished from other click-beetle subfamilies by the strongly protruding frontoclypeal region, which is longitudinally...
Article
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Lamprigera (Lampyridae) is a small genus with only 17 species distributing in Asian countries. Its larviform females and alate males can produce continuously strong yellow‐green light at night. However, no luciferase gene was reported for this genus and its subfamily‐level phylogenetic position still remains uncertain. Here, we cloned the luciferas...
Article
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The nearly complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Sinopyrophorus schimmeli Bi et Li, the luminous click beetle recorded in Asia, is described in this study. It totalizes 15,951 bp and contains 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and most part of AT-rich region. Thirteen PCGs totalize 11,136 bp, start with ATN, stop...
Article
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Eukaryotic genome size data are important both as the basis for comparative research into genome evolution and as estimators of the cost and difficulty of genome sequencing programs for non-model organisms. In this study, the genome size of 14 species of fireflies (Lampyridae) (two genera in Lampyrinae, three genera in Luciolinae, and one genus in...
Article
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Butterflies are a promising system to explore the genetic, evolutionary, and developmental mechanisms underlying morphological diversification and speciation. Papilio machaon is named as the type-species for all butterflies by Linnaeus, and together with Papilio xuthus, belong to the most basal lineage and the most historically significant groups o...
Article
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Butterflies are exceptionally diverse but their potential as an experimental system has been limited by the difficulty of deciphering heterozygous genomes and a lack of genetic manipulation technology. Here we use a hybrid assembly approach to construct high-quality reference genomes for Papilio xuthus (contig and scaffold N50: 492 kb, 3.4 Mb) and...
Article
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A luciferase from the railroad worm (Phrixothrix hirtus) is the only red-emitting bioluminescent enzyme in nature that is advantageous in multicolor luciferase assays and in bioluminescence imaging (BLI). However, it is not used widely in scientific or industrial applications because of its low activity and stability. By using site-directed mutagen...
Article
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Rhagophthalmus fugongensis Li & Liang and Rhagophthalmus lufengensis Li & Ohba are introduced as new to science. The first record of R. tonkineus in China is provided. The male genitalia of R. gibbosulus and R. giganteus are described and illustrated. The female and larva of R. giganteus and the female of R. semisulcatus are illustrated. The distri...
Article
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A new species, Diaphanes pectinealis Li & Liang, from Gaoligong Mountains of Yunnan, Southwest China, is described. Individuals of this species are characterized mainly by the long and strongly pectinate antennae in males and the greatly developed and sclerotized incurved lobe along the dorsal inner margin of male parameres. The characters of the n...
Article
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We determined the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences of two luminous beetles (Arthropoda, Insecta, Coleoptera), Rhagophthalmus lufengensis from Yunnan, China and Rhagophthalmus ohbai from Yaeyama Island, Japan. We identified all the 37 mtDNA genes of R. lufengensis (15,982 bp) and the 34 genes of R. ohbai (15,704 bp). R. lufengensis and R. ohbai g...
Article
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We sequenced partial mitochondrial 16S ribosomal DNA (16S rDNA) of 18 firefly species from Southwest of China.Combined with homologous sequences previously reported phylogenetic trees including Japanese, Korean and Chinese species were reconstructed by neighbor-joining, maximum parsimony and Bayesian methods. All reconstructions agree on most nodes...
Article
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The present paper deals with 19 species in four subgenera of the attelabid genus Euops from China (including Taiwan), of which six species and a subgenus are new to science. The subgenus Synaptops is newly divided into three species-groups. A key to species, with photographs and line illustrations of important features of new species is provided.
Conference Paper
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The domestic goat is one of the most important livestock. Here we report its high quality reference genome generated by combining Illumina sequencing and a new whole genome mapping system based on optical mapping technology. The N50 size of contigs, scaffolds, and super-scaffolds for the assembly are 18.7 kb, 3.06 Mb, and 16.3 Mb, respectively. Sup...

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