Xuesen Zeng

Xuesen Zeng
University of Southern Queensland  · Faculty of Engineering

PhD

About

57
Publications
23,354
Reads
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1,112
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
783 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
October 2019 - present
University of Southern Queensland 
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 2017 - October 2019
University of Southern Queensland 
Position
  • Senior Researcher
November 2006 - January 2017
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
January 2002 - June 2006
National University of Singapore
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Accurate and cost-effective full-scale measurement of fibre waviness and misalignment in continuous fibre-reinforced composite structures remains a challenge. This study proposes a novel approach of Filtered Canny Misalignment Analysis (FCMA) to capture and quantify in-plane and out-of-plane fibre waviness. The FCMA method measures fibre misalignme...
Article
The inclusion of both fibre and solid lubricants into polymers may provide a potential solution to maximise their tribological and mechanical performances. This study investigates the effect of incorporating flax fibres and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) reinformcements in epoxy matrix composites on their tensile, microhardness and adhesive wear beh...
Article
Pultruded Fibre Reinforced Polymer (PFRP) composite sections are being implemented extensively in many civil infrastructure applications due to their unique strength- and stiffness-to-weight ratio and non-corrosive nature. After production, PFRP sections are usually subjected to post-processing to enhance their versatility and structural integrity,...
Article
Hollow Pultruded Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) profiles are increasingly used as structural members in many infrastructure applications. However, there is still a lack of coherent design methodology considering local buckling. This research presents a fast-converging numerical approach combining the Finite Element Modelling (FEM) and the Genetic A...
Article
Full-text available
Thermoset polymer composites have increased in use across multiple industries, with recent applications consisting of high-complexity and large-scale parts. As applications expand, the emphasis on accurate process-monitoring techniques has increased, with a variety of in situ cure-monitoring sensors being investigated by various research teams. To...
Article
Full-text available
A certified aerospace resin (RTM 6) normally utilised for resin transfer moulding is considered for vacuum infusion. The resin was subjected to simulated vacuum infusion conditions by using a specialised thermogravimetric analysis that enables control of pressure as well as temperature. By varying conditions, it was possible to investigate the expe...
Article
Full-text available
Hollow box pultruded fibre-reinforced polymers (PFRP) profiles are increasingly used as struc-tural elements in many structural applications due to their cost-effective manufacturing process, excellent mechanical properties-to-weight ratios, and superior corrosion resistance. Despite the extensive usage of PFRP profiles, there is still a lack of kn...
Article
Full-text available
The use of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars is becoming accepted as internal longitudinal reinforcement in concrete members subject to compressive load. In building and construction, GFRP reinforcement is subject to elevated in-service temperatures that might soften the polymer matrix and affect the mechanical properties of the reinforcem...
Article
Pultruded Fibre Reinforced Polymer (PFRP) composite profiles now have been utilizedin many Civil and infrastructure applications due to their low density and outstanding mechanical properties. However, different manufacturing techniques have been used to produce these PFRP profiles, and these have an influence on the structural performance of the P...
Article
Hollow Pultruded Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (PFRP) profiles, as novel construction material, require further development of design tool to broaden the applications. This paper proposes a combined experimental and numerical methodology as a design tool to investigate the failure modes of these profiles under four-point bending. Two different profiles,...
Article
Pultruded Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (PFRP) profiles are widely used as structural elements in many civil infrastructure applications. However, the anisotropic elasticity and the application-driven slenderness make these profiles prone to local buckling failure, well below their ultimate load capacity. In this paper, a numerical study was undertaken...
Article
Full-text available
3D woven composites are frequently employed due to their improved through-thickness properties and high damage tolerance compared with laminated composites. Due to the large design space for 3D weave patterns, an in-depth understanding of the relationship between the weave parameters and mechanical properties is essential for the design of these ma...
Article
To understand the influence of the fibre architecture of 3D woven composite T-joints on mechanical performance, as well as the benefits that 3D woven T-joints can offer over the equivalent 2D laminates, experimental testing is performed on two types of 3D woven T-joint with only weave variation at the junction, and one type of 2D woven laminate T-j...
Article
Full-text available
A meso-scale modelling framework is proposed to simulate the 3D woven fibre architectures and the mechanical performance of the composite T-joints, subjected to quasi-static tensile pull-off loading. The proposed method starts with building the realistic reinforcement geometries of the 3D woven T-joints at the mesoscale, of which the modelling stra...
Article
Full-text available
Clamped rectangular orthogonal 3D woven carbon composite beams under ballistic impact at a velocity range were investigated in order to understand the damage mechanisms within the material and the role of through-the-thickness (TTT) reinforcement. Experimental tests revealed three distinct categories of beam response: (i) low velocity impacts () wh...
Article
Full-text available
Axial flow through gaps between aligned straight yarns with realistic cross-sectional shapes, described by power-ellipses, was analysed numerically. At a given fibre volume fraction, equivalent gap permeabilities have a maximum at minimum size of elongated tapering parts of the gap cross-section and a ratio of gap width to height near 1. When the y...
Article
This work presents a correlation between the transverse permeability of a preform and the process variability of the automated dry fiber placement manufacturing technique. In this study, an experimental and numerical analysis of the dry tape preform, with a focus on its through-thickness permeability, has been undertaken. Geometric models, containi...
Article
Full-text available
A common method to fabricate net-shaped three-dimensional (3D) woven preforms for composite T-joints is to weave flat 3D preforms via a standard weaving machine with variation in binder yarn path and then separate the preform in the form of a bifurcation. Folding introduces fiber architecture deformation at the 3D woven bifurcation area. In this pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The application of 3D weaves has advantages over conventional uni-directional or 2D woven lay-ups. There is potential to produce near net-shaped preforms and to increase damage resistance due to the presence of through thickness reinforcement. Conventional 3D weaves typically consist of orthogonal yarns interwoven with through thickness binder yarn...
Article
Finite element simulation with cohesive contact is presented, to correlate the vacuum assisted RTM process and the bending performance of Omega beams. The model considers the process induced variations, including part thickness, resin rich pockets and voids. The bending performance prediction relies on cohesive contact to model delamination initiat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The impregnation of reinforcement fabrics in the manufacture of composite components employing Liquid Composites Moulding processes is determined mainly by resin flow through inter-yarn gaps. In this study, numerical flow simulation is employed to quantify the equivalent permeability of inter-yarn gaps as a function of the yarn cross-sectional shap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vacuum assisted resin transfer moulding (VARTM) poses challenges to produce aerospace graded composite structures. The associated quality variations are void, resin rich pocket and varied thickness, shown in Figure 1. The influence of these quality variations on the structural performance requires a close correlation, in order to prioritise and imp...
Article
Full-text available
Many technical applications of woven fabric are subject to increasing high pressure from air transport through the fabric. The through-thickness permeability (TP) of woven materials exhibits a dynamic response to increased air pressure. This paper presents an analytical model for predicting the steady TP of woven fabric. The approach was based on D...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study focuses on benchmarking Class-A surface finish of composite components processed through vacuum assisted resin transfer moulding (VARTM) for use in the aerospace sector. The surface quality baselines have been established for tooling, as-moulded composite part, part with primer coating and part with top coating. The Class-A surface quali...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Delamination was found to be a key factor in the initial non-linear load-displacement responses, for 3D woven composite T-joints under quasi-static tensile pull-out loading. This paper presents a voxel-based method to predict the non-linear response and damage initiation of 3D woven composite T-joints, by incorporating realistic fibre geometry and...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental and numerical investigation was undertaken to characterise the collapse of 3D orthogonal woven carbon fibre composites during the load cases of in-plane tension, inplane compression and out-of-plane bending. Two different fibre architectures, varying only by the density of through-thickness reinforcement, were investigated. Cantilev...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation into the dynamic response of 3D orthogonal woven carbon composites undergoing soft impact. Composite beams of two different fibre architectures, varying only by the density of through-thickness reinforcement, were centrally impacted by metallic foam projectiles. Using high speed photog...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There are vast possibilities in fibre architecture design of 3D woven reinforcement. This paper considers the application of Genetic Algorithm (GA) in 3D woven composites optimisation. A set of real and integral variables, representing 3D fibre architecture, are formulated into a mixed integer Genetic Algorithm. The objective function is evaluated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the experimental assessment and numerical analysis of the mechanical properties of 3D woven composite T-joints subjected to a pull-off loading scenario. Mechanical pull-off tests were performed on two types of 3D woven composite T-joint specimens with variation in weave pattern, as well as one type of 2D woven specimen for the p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Manipulation of the through-thickness yarn path enables 3D woven reinforcement to separate locally in the form of a bifurcation, creating net-shaped preforms for T- and I-beams. Preforming introduces fibre architecture deformation at the 3D woven bifurcation area. We report a geometric modelling approach to represent the realistic fibre architectur...
Article
Full-text available
A unit cell based Computational Fluid Dynamics model is presented for predicting permeability of multilayer fabric structures. In Liquid Composites Moulding processes, fabric lay-ups undergo significant manufacture-induced deformation, combining compression, shear, and inter-layer nesting. Starting from the configuration of un-deformed fabric, the...
Article
Full-text available
A number of factors impede the direct translation of fibre properties from plant crop species to natural fibre composites. Commercially available fibre extraction processes introduce defects and degrade the mechanical properties of fibres. This study reports on a novel image based approach for investigating the effect of fibre extraction processes...
Article
Technical textiles used in airbag are usually in tight structure and subject to high air pressure in through- thickness direction. The pressure can deform fabric with changing its properties such as porosity and air permeability. This paper proposes an analytical approach to predict the out-of-plane deformation of tight fabric by analogy with membr...
Article
Full-text available
Three-dimensional (3D) woven textiles, including orthogonal and angle-interlock woven fabrics, exhibit high inter-laminar strength in addition to good in-plane mechanical properties and are particularly suitable for lightweight structural applications. Resin transfer moulding (RTM) is a cost-effective manufacturing process for composites with 3D-wo...
Article
Full-text available
The local fiber arrangement in a bi-directional fabric formed to a complex shape was modeled considering the stochastic arrangement of filaments within yarns, which determines axial and transverse yarn permeabilities, and the stochastic arrangement of yarns in a fabric, which determines the dimensions of interyarn gap spaces locally. To mimic the u...
Article
Full-text available
Through-thickness permeability (TTP) is one primary property of technical textiles used in air-related applications, such as filtration and protection. The TTP depends on the textile geometrical factors and usually varies according to the test conditions. In this article, the effect of low air pressure compression (LPC) on TTP of woven fabric was i...
Article
Full-text available
When a woven fabric is subject to a normal uniform loading, its properties such as tightness and through-thickness permeability are both altered, which relates to the fabric out-of-plane deformation (OPD) and dynamic permeability (DP). In this article, fabric OPD is analytically modelled through an energy minimisation method, and corresponding fabr...
Article
Full-text available
Before being processed into composites, reinforcement fabrics may undergo repeated involuntary deformation, the complete sequence of which is here referred to as specimen history. To mimic its effect, fabric specimens were subjected to sequences of defined shear operations. For single fabric layers with unconstrained thickness, quantitative evaluat...
Article
For a 3D orthogonal carbon fibre weave, geometrical parameters characterising the unit cell were quantified using micro-Computed Tomography and image analysis. Novel procedures for generation of unit cell models, reflecting systematic local variations in yarn paths and yarn cross-sections, and discretisation into voxels for numerical analysis were...
Conference Paper
The study focuses on unit cell FE modelling to predict coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) for sheared fabric laminates. Shear, as a dominant deformation mode in textile composites forming, introduces high degrees of anisotropy in both elasticity and thermal expansion. The unit cell predictions are based on realistic fibre architecture and mea...
Conference Paper
Realistic geometric representation of fabrics is essential for modelling of mechanical and physical properties of textiles and textile composites. It is also advantageous to be able to generate those models quickly and easily. Recent developments in TexGen which automate the creation of models for 3D orthogonal, angle interlock and layer-to-layer f...
Conference Paper
Numerical methods have become increasingly effective tools for analysis and design of composite materials. This study investigates how the inclusion of geometrical variations in modelling 3D woven fabrics affects the accuracy of numerical predictions. Based on micro-Computed Tomography data of 3D orthogonal woven composites, unit cell models were g...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A recent international benchmark exercise compared in-plane permeability data for two woven reinforcement fabrics and determined experimentally using 16 different procedures. The results showed a scatter of one order of magnitude in principal permeability values, which was attributed to the difference in procedures implemented by the participants i...
Article
Full-text available
Dynamic permeability is relevant to textile applications subjected to fluid/gas flow under high pressure, such as automotive airbags, wearable airbags and parachute fabrics. Dynamic permeability can be determined when a porous medium is tested under transient pressure conditions. This paper utilizes a reliable approach to measure and characterize d...
Article
Full-text available
Woven fabric permeability is relevant to many applications, such as airbags, textile composites processing, paper making and air and water filtration. This paper proposes an analytical model to predict through-thickness fabric permeability based on viscous and incompressible Hagen–Poiseuille flow. The flow is modeled through a unit cell of fabric w...
Article
Full-text available
3D woven fabrics are widely used as reinforcement of composites, which are relevant to many applications. Permeability is one of primary properties in manufacturing of parts by liquid composite moulding. This paper proposes a new approach to describe through-thickness permeability for a unit cell, which is divided into three parts: flow perpendicul...
Article
The advance of 3D fabric technology allows tailored material structure in different directions for optimised performance. 3D fabrics open up increasing applications in automotive, medical, energy and many other areas. This paper explores highly automated techniques to simulate 3D fabric geometry and mechanical behaviour. The basis of the work start...
Article
The quasi-static and rate-dependent mechanical properties of aramid yarns are presented together with a study on different methods of securing yarn specimens in tensile tests. While capstans were found to be suitable for quasi-static tests, they either were not strong enough or had too high inertia for dynamic tests in a Split Hopkinson Pressure Ba...
Article
We present an approach to multiscale modeling of polymers whereby atomistic scale domains coexist with continuum-like domains. The atomistic domains faithfully predict severe deformation of polymer chains while the continuum domains allow the computation to scale up the size of the model without incurring excessive computational costs associated wi...
Article
The effects of inter-yarn friction on the ballistic performance of woven fabric armour are investigated in this paper. Frictional sliding between yarns is implemented in a computational model of the fabric that takes the form of a network. Yarn crimp and its viscoelastic properties are taken into account. Ballistic experiments are performed to veri...
Article
Woven fabrics are widely used in flexible armour systems for protection against fragments and projectiles from small arms. The woven architecture introduces crimp or undulations in the yarns as they pass alternately over and under orthogonal yarns. An undesirable effect of crimp is excessive deflection in fabric armour during impact. The numerical...
Article
High-strength fabric is commonly used in personnel protection systems against small arms projectiles and fragments. An understanding of the characteristics of high-strength fabric under ballistic impact would provide useful insights for fabric armor design. A numerical model is formulated and used to study the perforation of square plain-woven fabr...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This program is focused on holistic engineering approach to optimise the existing composite pultrusion process for increased productivity and development of novel value-added products such as fire-retardant civil structures to be used in rail and pedestrian bridges and most notably for Australian Inland Rail project. These high strength advance structures will capture new high-value markets such as oil & gas and transport industry in national and international markets such as the US and Europe.
Project
To understand the influence of cure cycle and vacuum compaction on void formation during Out-Of-Autoclave composite repairs.