Xuejun Ma

Xuejun Ma
Chinese Center For Disease Control And Prevention | CDC · Dept of Core facility

PhD

About

135
Publications
49,589
Reads
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37,194
Citations
Citations since 2016
61 Research Items
35966 Citations
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (135)
Article
Full-text available
Objective Human papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 are the two most common low-risk HPV subtypes, accounting for more than 90% of condyloma acuminatum. A simple, accurate and rapid screening method to be applied in community-level hospitals is in high demand. Methods Endogenous internally controlled recombinase-assisted amplification (EIC-RAA) assays f...
Article
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Rodents are natural reservoirs of diverse zoonotic viruses and widely distributed on the Tibetan Plateau. A comprehensive understanding of the virome in local rodent species could provide baseline of viral content and assist in efforts to reduce the risk for future emergence of rodent related zoonotic diseases. A total of 205 tissue and fecal sampl...
Article
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The pathogen laboratory (p-lab) is the core and primary department of centers for disease control and prevention (CDCs) in China to respond to infectious disease outbreaks such as COVID-19. To understand the current status and capacity of p-labs in Chinese CDCs during the COVID-19 pandemic, we conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey among 399...
Article
Introduction: After the epidemic in Wuhan City was brought under control in 2020, local outbreaks of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the mainland of China were mainly due to imported COVID-19 cases. The ongoing evolution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has continued to generate new variants. Some have been de...
Article
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Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a common human γ-herpesvirus, infects more than 90% of adults worldwide. The purpose of this study was to establish a novel EBV detection method by combining the recombinase aided amplification (RAA) assay with an initial enrichment step that utilizes magnetic beads coated with a recombinant human mannan-binding lectin (rh...
Article
Introduction: Recently, a local cluster epidemic has occurred in Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province. Failure to promptly identify patients with fever in rural areas was the major reason for this epidemic. Methods: We presented the field evaluation of a new real-time reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) kit incorporating...
Article
Background Nucleic acid amplification enhancers suitable for use in a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay were studied for the first time, and amplification of a long-fragment (509 bp) was initially explored. Methods Using recombinant plasmids and clinical samples, RAA fluorescence and basic methods were used to evaluate the efficacy. The...
Article
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Background This study aimed to assess the correlation between Norovirus (NoV), diarrhea, and raw oysters from the eastern coastal areas of Yantai, Shandong, China.Methods Marine oysters were selected from the three aquatic markets in Laishan district, Yantai City, in March 2019. Meanwhile, 100 fecal samples were collected from patients with diarrhe...
Article
Background Pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae is common in the elderly and children, and pneumonia caused by Chlamydia trachomatis is prevalent in newborns. This study aimed to establish a rapid, sensitive, and simple method for the direct detection of M. pneumoniae and C. trachomatis in clinical samples without DNA extraction. Methods We e...
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This study aimed to analyse the pathogenic spectrum and epidemiological characteristics of infectious diarrhea in Yantai City, Shandong Province, China and provide a reference for its prevention and control. A total of 713 stool specimens collected within 3 days of diarrhea onset from January to December 2017 at secondary or higher hospitals in Yan...
Article
Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) is a widely distributed pathogen in the coastal areas, which causes food poisoning and leads to gastroenteritis and sepsis. Therefore, developing a simple, sensitive, and rapid detection method for V. parahaemolyticus is a major concern globally. This study established a sensitive and rapid technique ba...
Article
Introduction: The best approach to preventing the importation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is enhancing the detection capacity at customs. The rapid detection is of utmost importance and therefore highly demanded. Methods: We conducted a field validation study of a duplex real-time reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification...
Article
Full-text available
Recombinase aided amplification (RAA) is an emerging isothermal amplification method used for detecting various pathogens. However, RAA requires a complex and long probe to ensure high sensitivity during fluorescence assay. TaqMan probe used for quantitative PCR (qPCR) is simple and universal. Herein, we developed a new approach for detecting nucle...
Article
Background: COVID-19 infection is a major public health problem worldwide, and the D614G mutation enhances the infectivity of COVID-19. Methods: A probe-directed recombinase amplification (PDRA) assay was discussed to detect the D614G mutation at 39 ℃ for 30 min. The sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility of the PDRA were evaluated by D614...
Article
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Background: Mosquitoes host and transmit numerous arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) that cause disease in both humans and animals. Effective surveillance of virome profiles in mosquitoes is vital to the prevention and control of mosquito-borne diseases in northwestern China, where epidemics occur frequently. Methods: Mosquitoes were collecte...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this research, nucleic acid amplification enhancers suitable for recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay were studied for the first time, and amplification of a long-fragment (509 bp) by the RAA assay was initially explored. Using recombinant plasmids and clinical samples, RAA fluorescence and basic methods were used to evaluate the efficacy...
Article
Full-text available
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have important application value in the research of population genetics, hereditary diseases, tumors, and drug development. Conventional methods for detecting SNPs are typically based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which is time-consuming, costly, and requires complex instrumentation. In this study, we present a du...
Article
Research question: What are the risks associated with cryopreserved semen collected during and after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic wave in Wuhan, China? Design: Retrospective cohort study involving young adult men who were qualified sperm donors at the Hunan Province Human Sperm Bank (China) during the pandemic wave (1 January...
Article
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Cervical cancer is primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), and 70% of cases are associated with HPV16 and 18 infections. The objective of this study was to establish rapid, simple, and sensitive internally controlled recombinase-aided amplification (IC-RAA) assays for the detection of HPV16 and 18. The as...
Article
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The capability of high-throughput sequencing (HTS) for detection of known and unknown viruses timely makes it a powerful tool for public health emergency response. Third-generation sequencing (TGS) offers advantages in speed and length of detection over second-generation sequencing (SGS). Here, we presented the end-to-end workflows for both Oxford...
Article
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a public health emergency. The reverse transcriptase real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) test is currently considered as a gold standard in the laboratory for the etiological detection of COVID-19. However, qRT-PCR results could be false-negative due to the inadequate sensitivity of qRT-PCR. In this s...
Article
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Objectives To evaluate the performance of an ultra-fast single-tube nucleic acid isothermal amplification detection assay for SARS-CoV-2 RNA using clinical samples from multiple centers. Methods A reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay for SARS-CoV-2 was conducted within 15minutesat39°C with portable instruments after...
Article
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a widespread blood-borne pathogen associated with the complication of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, particularly in south-east Asian and African countries where HBV is highly endemic and the budget and resources are limited. Therefore, simple, rapid and portable field detection methods are cru...
Article
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Objectives: As a highly contagious respiratory agent, Bordetella pertussis is the causative pathogen of pertussis, which primarily affects children. However, the in-practice diagnostic techniques for this pathogen has a variety of limitations including longer culture time, low bacterial load and lack of specificity. Methods: Here we report on th...
Article
Background: In late December, 2019, patients presenting with viral pneumonia due to an unidentified microbial agent were reported in Wuhan, China. A novel coronavirus was subsequently identified as the causative pathogen, provisionally named 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). As of Jan 26, 2020, more than 2000 cases of 2019-nCoV infection have be...
Article
Multiplex real‐time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (mRT‐qPCR) assay is commonly used to detect respiratory viruses, however, the sensitivity is limited for most reports. A panel of locked nucleic acid based multiplex closed one‐tube nested real‐time PCR (mOTNRT‐PCR) assay consisting of five separate internally controlled RT‐qPCR assays was...
Article
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In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of unknown cause was linked to a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China. A previously unknown betacoronavirus was discovered through the use of unbiased sequencing in samples from patients with pneumonia. Human airway epithelial cells were used to isolate a novel coronavirus, named 2019-nCoV,...
Article
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Background: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) are the two main etiological agents of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD). Simple and rapid detection of EV71 and CA16 is critical in resource-limited settings. Methods: Duplex real time reverse-transcription recombinase aided amplification (RT-RAA) assays incorporating competitive...
Article
West Nile virus (WNV) causes West Nile fever and West Nile encephalitis. Because infection by WNV creates serious public health problems, its simple, rapid, and visual detection is very important in clinical practice, especially in resource-limited laboratories. We have developed a rapid, specific, and highly sensitive internally controlled reverse...
Article
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Background: Human adenoviruses are a common group of viruses that cause acute infectious diseases. Human adenovirus (HAdV) 3 and HAdV 7 cause major outbreaks of severe pneumonia. A reliable and practical method for HAdV typing in clinical laboratories is lacking. A simple, rapid and accurate molecular typing method for HAdV may facilitate clinical...
Article
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Objectives: Pertussis is a highly transmissible acute respiratory infection caused by the bacterial pathogen Bordetella pertussis. The purpose of this study was to develop a rapid, simple and sensitive diagnostic test for detecting this pathogen. Methods: Here we present a recombinase aided amplification (RAA) assay incorporating competitive int...
Article
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common viral pathogen that causes lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children globally. In this study, we developed a duplex reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (duplex-rtRAA) assay containing an internal control in a single closed tube for the detection of human RSV. The...
Article
Objective: People in Western Africa suffer greatly from febrile jaundice, which is caused by a variety of pathogens. However, yellow fever virus (YFV) is the only pathogen under surveillance in Sierra Leone owing to the undeveloped medical and public health system there. Most of the results of YFV identification are negative. Elucidation of the pa...
Article
Objective: Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an emerging pathogen in Europe and North Asia that causes tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). A simple, rapid method for detecting TBEV RNA is needed to control this disease. Methods: A reverse-transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay was developed. This assay can be completed in...
Article
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Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the major public health problem worldwide. In clinical practice, serological and molecular assays are the most commonly used diagnostic methods to detect HBV infection in clinical practices. Methods Here we present a rapid and sensitive recombinase aided amplification assay (RAA) to detect HBV at 39....
Article
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Some serotypes of enterovirus (EV) may lead to transient and symptomatic gastrointestinal infections while others are commensal residents of the human gut. To determine whether certain EV types are more often associated with diarrhea, we conducted a preliminary study on the prevalence of EV serotypes and common diarrhea viruses in fecal samples of...
Article
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Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human Rhinovirus (HRV) and human Metapneumo Virus (HMPV) are important viral pathogens causing acute respiratory tract infections in the hospitalized patients. Sensitive and accurate detection of RSV, HRV and HMPV is necessary for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Results: A locked nucleic acid (LNA...
Article
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Background: Diarrhea is a major source of morbidity and mortality among young children in low-income and middle-income countries. Human adenoviruses (HAdV), particular HAdV species F (40, 41) has been recognized as important causal pathogens, however limited data exist on molecular epidemiology of other HAdV associated with acute gastroenteritis....
Article
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes serious respiratory tract infection worldwide. The relatively low RSV load makes it difficult to detect in frail, elderly, and severely immune-compromised patients. In the present study, we developed a locked nucleic acid--based 1-tube nested real-time RT-PCR (OTNRT-PCR) assay with the advantages of extremel...
Article
Objective: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms( SNPs) of 5, 10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase( MTHFR) C677T, A1298C, methionine synthase( MS) A2756G, methionine synthase reductase( MTRR) A66G and the risk of congenital heart disease( CHD). Methods: By restricting the corresponding conditions, a case-contro...
Article
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Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a serious public health problem, and coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) and coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) are two of the major causative pathogens, in addition to enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16). A simple and rapid reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay (RT-RAA) was developed for t...
Article
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Background Human adenovirus (HAdV) serotypes 2, 3 and 7 are more prevalent than other serotypes and have been associated with severe pneumonia in pediatric children. Molecular typing of HAdV is not routinely performed in clinical diagnostic laboratories as it is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Methods In the present study, we developed a triple...
Article
Full-text available
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) play an important role in susceptibility to complex diseases, treatment efficacy and adverse drug responses. Conventional methods to detect SNPs are usually based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which are typically time-consuming and require sophisticated equipment. In this proof-of-concept study, a probe-directed r...
Article
The sensitivity of qRT-PCR assay is not adequate for the detection of the samples with lower viral load, particularly in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients. Here, we present the development of a highly sensitive real-time nested RT-PCR (RTN RT-PCR) assay in a single closed tube for detection of human enterovirus (HEV). The clinical performan...
Article
In this study, a rapid reverse-transcription recombinase aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay was developed to detect respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) subgroups A and B, respectively. The reaction was performed at 39°C in less than 30min. The analytical sensitivities of RSVA and RSVB at 95% probability by probit regression analysis were 38copies per...
Article
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Respiratory viruses are recognized as serious causes of morbidity and mortality in lower respiratory tract infections in patients. Isothermal amplification assays are increasingly used in their detection because of their rapidity, simplicity and cost-effectiveness, when compared to traditional molecular diagnostic methods. However, systematic asses...
Article
Respiratory Pathogen 13 Detection Kit (13× kit) is able to simultaneously detect 11 respiratory viruses, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) and Chlamydia in a single reaction. Using 572 Nasopharyngeal aspirates collected from hospitalized children, the clinical performance of 13× kit for detecting 11 respiratory viruses was evaluated in comparison with a r...
Article
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To investigate bat coronaviruses (CoVs), we collected 132 rectal swabs and urine samples from five bat species in three countries in southwestern China. Seven CoVs belonging to distinct groups of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-like CoVs and α-CoVs were detected in samples from least horseshoe bats. Samples from other bat species were nega...
Article
Full-text available
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the major causative agents of outbreaks of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). A commercial TaqMan probe-based real-time PCR assay has been widely used for the differential detection of EV71 despite its relatively high cost and failure to detect samples with a low viral load (Ct value > 35). In this study, a highly...
Article
Full-text available
Yellow fever (YF) is a viral disease endemic to the tropical regions of Africa and South America. An outbreak of YF has been occurring in Angola, since the beginning of 2016. In March 2016, a 32-year-old Chinese man who returned from Angola was hospitalized and diagnosed with the first case of imported YF in China. Clinical observations, blood vira...
Article
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Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) have long been recognized as the cause of more than one-half of acute viral upper respiratory illnesses, and they are associated with more-serious diseases in children, such as asthma, acute otitis media and pneumonia. A rapid and universal test for of HRV infection is in high demand. In this study, a reverse transcription...
Article
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Background: The early detection and identification of pathogens in central nervous system viral infections associated with neurological disease increases the survival rate. However, the limitations of current diagnostic methods contribute to a lack of proper diagnosis in 62% of patients. Therefore, a robust method for detecting multiple viruses in...
Article
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The first case of Zika virus infection was identified in a Chinese traveler returning from Venezuela in February 2016. This report describes the complete genome sequence of Zika virus from the first imported case in China. The genome sequence analysis showed that the Zika virus isolated in this case belongs to the Asian lineage.
Article
Respiratory viruses are among the most important causes of human morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially for infants and young children. In the past years, a few commercial multiplex RT-PCR assays have been used to detect respiratory viruses in spite of the high cost. In the present study, an improved single-tube multiplex reverse transcripti...