Xue Li

Xue Li
The University of Hong Kong | HKU · Department of Medicine

Doctor of Philosophy

About

137
Publications
11,861
Reads
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1,610
Citations
Citations since 2017
122 Research Items
1519 Citations
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Introduction
Health economics and decision analytics, real-world outcome research, population-based healthcare data, health techology assessment, patient-centerred outcome research, preference and willingess-to-pay investigation, health service and health policy assessment
Additional affiliations
February 2021 - present
Laboratory of Data Discovery for Health
Position
  • Assistant Professor
June 2020 - February 2022
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Assistant Professor
March 2019 - May 2020
The University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Research Assistant Professor
Education
August 2009 - April 2013
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Field of study
  • Public Health
August 2006 - July 2009
Peking Union Medical College
Field of study
  • Microbiology and biochemical pharmacology
September 2002 - June 2006
Jiangnan University
Field of study
  • Bioengineering

Publications

Publications (137)
Article
Aims: This study aims to evaluate the short- and long-term associations between COVID-19 and development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes and mortality in the general population. Methods and results: A prospective cohort of patients with COVID-19 infection between 16 March 2020 and 30 November 2020 was identified from UK Biobank, and fol...
Article
A growing number of studies show an association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and physical abuse in childhood. We examined temporal associations of physical abuse risk with methylphenidate treatment in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Using Hong Kong electronic medical records, we conducted a self-controlle...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence on the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines among people who recovered from a previous SARS-CoV-2 infection is warranted to inform vaccination recommendations. Using the territory-wide public healthcare and vaccination records of over 2.5 million individuals in Hong Kong, we examined the potentially differential risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection,...
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Background Meaning in life could be of clinical importance in stimulating healthy and preventive behaviors. The study aimed to investigate the association between meaning in life and preventive healthcare use among Chinese adults, and to assess their age and gender differences in the association. Methods A cross-sectional online survey was conduct...
Article
Full-text available
Background Information about the specific regulatory environment of orphan drugs is scarce and inconsistent. Uncertainties surrounding the postmarketing long-term safety of orphan drugs remain. This study aimed to evaluate the labelling changes of orphan drugs and to identify postmarketing safety-associated approval factors. Methods This retrospec...
Article
Background Association between messenger RNA (mRNA) COVID-19 vaccines and myocarditis has aroused public concern over vaccine safety. Objectives The goal of this study was to compare the prognosis of this condition with viral infection–related myocarditis over 180 days. Methods A territory-wide electronic public health care database in Hong Kong...
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Background Thyroiditis and Graves’ disease have been reported after COVID-19 vaccination. Patients with hypothyroidism due to various etiologies may be at risk of thyroid-specific outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the risks of thyroid-specific outcomes and adverse events after COVID-19 vaccination among patients treated for hypothyroidism. Methods In...
Article
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Background COVID-19 vaccines are important for patients with heart failure (HF) to prevent severe outcomes but the safety concerns could lead to vaccine hesitancy. This study aimed to investigate the safety of two COVID-19 vaccines, BNT162b2 and CoronaVac, in patients with HF. Methods We conducted a self-controlled case series analysis using the d...
Article
Background: With accruing case reports on de novo or relapsing glomerular diseases (GD) following different severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines, we evaluated the risk of GD following BNT162b2 and CoronaVac vaccines. Methods: A modified self-controlled case series analysis was conducted using anonymized, territor...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In view of limited evidence that specifically addresses vaccine effectiveness (VE) in the older population, this study aims to evaluate the real-world effectiveness of BNT162b2 and CoronaVac in older adults during the Omicron BA.2 outbreak. Methods: This case-control study analysed data available between January and March 2022 from t...
Article
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Background In view of accumulating case reports of thyroid dysfunction following COVID-19 vaccination, we evaluated the risks of incident thyroid dysfunction following inactivated (CoronaVac) and mRNA (BNT162b2) COVID-19 vaccines using a population-based dataset. Methods We identified people who received COVID-19 vaccination between 23 February an...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The risk of seizure following BNT162b2 and CoronaVac vaccinations has been sparsely investigated. This study aimed to evaluate this association. Method: Patients who had their first seizure-related hospitalization between February 23, 2021 and January 31, 2022 were identified in Hong Kong. All seizure episodes happening on the day of...
Article
IntroductionIn Hong Kong, CoronaVac and BNT162b2 have been approved for emergency use owing to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Reactions towards the vaccine and the risk of post-vaccination adverse events may be different between recipients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Objective The aim of this study was to eva...
Article
The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has posed a serious threat to individuals with underlying chronic kidney disease (CKD). People with CKD are immunocompromised and therefore result in poorer outcomes including increased risk of hospitalization and mortalit...
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Background: Monoclonal antibody (mAb) and Fc-fusion protein (FcP) are highly effective therapeutic biologics. We aimed to analyse consumption and expenditure trends in 14 Asia-Pacific countries/regions (APAC) and three benchmark countries (the UK, Canada, and the US). Methods: We analysed 440 mAb and FcP biological products using the IQVIA-MIDAS gl...
Article
Objective To investigate for potential protective effects of statin use among patients with infective endocarditis (IE) with consideration for underlying diseases and bacterial culture — variables which have prognostic implications and show considerable geographic variation yet are unappreciated in previous pharmacoepidemiological studies. Patient...
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Full-text available
Data regarding protection against mortality and severe complications after Omicron BA.2 infection with CoronaVac and BNT162b2 vaccines remains limited. We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the risk of severe complications and mortality following 1-3 doses of CoronaVac and BNT162b2 using electronic health records database. Cases were adults...
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Background This study aims to evaluate the association between thromboembolic events and hemorrhagic stroke following BNT162b2 and CoronaVac vaccination. Methods Patients with incident thromboembolic events or hemorrhagic stroke within 28 days of covid-19 vaccination or SARS-CoV-2 positive test during 23 February to 30 September 2021 were included...
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Background: PARP inhibitors have shown significant improvement in progression-free survival, but their costs cast a considerable financial burden. In line with value-based oncology, it is important to evaluate whether drug prices justify the outcomes. Objectives: The aim of the study was to systematically evaluate PARP inhibitors on 1) cost-effec...
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Full-text available
Background Because evidence on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in older adults is scarce, we aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk of adverse events after CoronaVac (Sinovac Biotech) vaccination in adults aged 60 years or older. Methods In this modified self-controlled case series, we enrolled adults aged 60 years or older who had received at l...
Article
Background Case reports of severe acute liver injury (ALI) following COVID-19 vaccination are recently described. We evaluated the risks of ALI following COVID-19 vaccines (BNT162b2 or CoronaVac). Methods We conducted a modified self-controlled case series analysis using the vaccination records in Hong Kong with data linkage to electronic medical...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Because evidence on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in older adults is scarce, we aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk of adverse events after CoronaVac (Sinovac Biotech) vaccination in adults aged 60 years or older. METHODS: In this modified self-controlled case series, we enrolled adults aged 60 years or older who had received at...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Monoclonal antibody (mAb) and Fc-fusion protein (FcP) are highly effective therapeutic biologics. We aimed to analyse consumption and expenditure trends in 14 Asia-Pacific countries/regions (APAC) and three benchmark countries (the UK, Canada, and the US). Methods: We analysed 440 mAb and FcP biological products using the IQVIA-MIDAS...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Concern about the cardiovascular safety of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines among individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD) may lead to vaccine hesitancy. We sought to assess the association between two COVID-19 vaccines, BNT162b2 and CoronaVac, and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in individuals with es...
Article
Full-text available
Background Safety monitoring of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines is crucial during mass vaccination rollout to inform the choice of vaccines and reduce vaccine hesitancy. Considering the scant evidence directly comparing the safety profiles of mRNA and inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, this territory-wide cohort study aims to compare the...
Article
Background Observable symptoms of Bell’s palsy following vaccinations may arouse concern over the safety profiles of novel COVID-19 vaccines in the general public. However, there are only a few studies on Bell’s palsy following mRNA COVID-19 vaccination with inconclusive findings. This study aimed to update the previous analysis on the risk of Bell...
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Full-text available
Background Post-marketing pharmacovigilance data are scant on the safety of Covid-19 vaccines among people with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection compared with ordinary vaccine recipients. We compared the post-vaccination adverse events of special interests (AESI), accident and emergency room (A&E) visit, and hospitalization between these two groups. M...
Article
AIMS: Concern about the cardiovascular safety of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines among individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD) may lead to vaccine hesitancy. We sought to assess the association between two COVID-19 vaccines, BNT162b2 and CoronaVac, and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in individuals with est...
Article
Full-text available
Background The World Health Organization has defined a list of adverse events of special interest (AESI) for safety surveillance of vaccines. AESI have not been adequately assessed following COVID-19 vaccination in patients with cancer contributing to vaccine hesitancy in this population. We aimed to evaluate the association between BNT162b2 and Co...
Article
Full-text available
Importance: COVID-19 has required universities to rapidly develop vaccination policies for students and staff, yet little is known about the preferences of these individuals toward vaccination. Objective: To quantify student and staff preferences for COVID-19 vaccination at a university in Hong Kong. Design, setting, and participants: A cross-...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Few studies investigated the mechanisms of treatment-resistant depression (TRD) leading to the worsened survival outcome, and economic evidence was mostly restricted to short follow-ups. We aimed to examine the association and potential mediators between TRD and all-cause mortality, and estimate a longer-term associated health resource...
Article
Importance: Strategies that enhance self-care of patients with heart failure reduce mortality and health care use. Objective: To examine whether an empowerment-based self-care education program was more effective and cost-effective to improve self-care, health status, and hospital service use than a didactic education program in patients with he...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Several studies reported hematological abnormalities after vaccination against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We evaluated the association between COVID-19 vaccines (CoronaVac and BNT162b2) and hematological abnormalities. Methods: We conducted nested case-control and self-controlled case series (SCCS) analyses using the da...
Article
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Background Stimulation of immunity by vaccination may elicit adverse events. There is currently inconclusive evidence on the relationship between herpes zoster related hospitalization and COVID-19 vaccination. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of inactivated virus (CoronaVac, Sinovac) and mRNA (BNT162b2, BioNTech/Fosun Pharma) COVID-19 vaccin...
Article
Background Concerns regarding the autoimmune safety of COVID-19 vaccines may negatively impact vaccine uptake. We aimed to describe the incidence of autoimmune conditions following BNT162b2 and CoronaVac vaccination and compare these with age-standardized incidence rates in non-vaccinated individuals. Methods This is a descriptive cohort study con...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Stimulation of immunity by vaccination may elicit adverse events. There is currently inconclusive evidence on the relationship between herpes zoster related hospitalization and COVID-19 vaccination. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of inactivated virus (CoronaVac, Sinovac) and mRNA (BNT162b2, BioNTech/Fosun Pharma) COVID-19 vacci...
Article
Full-text available
Accruing evidence suggests an increased risk of myocarditis in adolescents from messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccines. However, other potential adverse events remain under-researched. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adolescents aged 12 – 18 with a territory-wide electronic healthcare database of the Hong Kong population linked with populatio...
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Full-text available
Background Safety after the second dose of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine remains to be elucidated, especially among individuals reporting adverse events after their first dose. This study aims to evaluate the impact of a delayed second dose on all-cause mortality and emergency services. Methods A territory-wide, retrospective cohort of people who had com...
Article
Full-text available
Background Few studies investigated the mechanisms of treatment-resistant depression (TRD) leading to the worsened survival outcome, and economic evidence was mostly restricted to short follow-ups. We aimed to examine the association and potential mediators between TRD and all-cause mortality, and estimate a longer-term associated health resource u...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Although clinical data have shown that the BNT162b2 vaccine, which is widely used in many countries, is safe and effective as a protection against the Covid-19 infection, extant research in adverse reactions using real-world data of various socio-demographic characteristics is scant. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study to com...
Article
Background: Case reports of carditis after BNT162b2 vaccination are accruing worldwide. Objective: To examine the association of BNT162b2 and CoronaVac (Sinovac) vaccination with carditis. Design: Case–control study with hospital control participants. Setting: Territory-wide, public health care database with linkage to population-based vaccination...
Article
OBJECTIVE: CoronaVac (Sinovac) Covid-19 vaccine has recently been approved for emergency use by the World Health Organization. However, data on its reactogenicity in real-world settings is scant. This study aimed to compare self-reported post-vaccination adverse reactions between CoronaVac and Comirnaty (Pfizer-BioNTech). METHODS: We adopted a pros...
Article
Background Depression symptoms are significantly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, understanding of the magnitude of the association between depression duration and risk of CVD is limited. Therefore, we aimed to assess whether a longer duration of exposure to depression is associated with a higher risk of n...
Article
Background: Thyroiditis and Graves' disease have been reported after COVID-19 vaccination. We evaluated the risks of adverse events after COVID-19 vaccination among patients treated for hypothyroidism. Methods: In this retrospective population-based cohort study of Hong Kong Hospital Authority electronic health records with Department of Health...
Article
Objective CoronaVac (Sinovac) Covid-19 vaccine has recently been approved for emergency use by the World Health Organization. However, data on its reactogenicity in real-world settings is scant. This study aimed to compare self-reported post-vaccination adverse reactions between CoronaVac and Comirnaty (Pfizer-BioNTech). Methods We adopted a prosp...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: None. Background Dementia, in the setting of heart failure (HF), portends poorer outcomes and poses great challenges in its clinical management. Purpose We investigated the incidence, types, clinical correlates, and the prognostic impact of dementia in a population-based cohort of patients with HF...
Article
Objectives A multicenter randomized clinical trial in Hong Kong Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments concluded that intramuscular (IM) olanzapine is noninferior to haloperidol and midazolam, in terms of efficacy and safety, for the management of acutely agitated patients in A&E setting. Determining their comparative cost-effectiveness will furt...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Although clinical data have shown that the BNT162b2 vaccine, which is widely used in many countries, is safe and effective as a protection against the Covid-19 infection, extant research in adverse reactions using real-world data of various socio-demographic characteristics is scant. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study to c...
Article
Full-text available
During the COVID-19 lockdown, with social distancing measures in place and a decrease in social activities, emotional states are more likely to be transferred between family members via increased interactions and communication. However, longitudinal evidence, particularly for early adolescents, is lacking. This study investigated family pre-pandemi...
Article
During the COVID-19 lockdown, with social distancing measures in place and a decrease in social activities, emotional states are more likely to be transferred between family members via increased interactions and communication. However, longitudinal evidence, particularly for early adolescents, is lacking. This study investigated family pre-pandemi...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research using electronic health records for Covid-19 vaccine safety monitoring typically focuses on specific disease groups and excludes individuals with multimorbidity, defined as ≥2 chronic conditions. We examine the potential additional risk of adverse events 28 days after the first dose of CoronaVac or Comirnaty imposed by multimorbidity...
Article
Full-text available
Background Evidence suggests that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a higher risk of lung carcinoma. Using a territory-wide clinical electronic medical records system, we investigated the association between low-dose aspirin use (≤160 mg) among patients with COPD and incidence of lung carcinoma and the corresponding ri...
Article
BACKGROUND: Information about the specific regulatory environment of orphan drugs is scarce and inconsistent. Uncertainties surrounding the postmarketing long-term safety of orphan drugs remain. This study aimed to evaluate the labelling changes of orphan drugs and to identify postmarketing safety-associated approval factors. METHODS: This retrospe...
Article
Full-text available
Background The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having a profound impact on the health and development of children worldwide. There is limited evidence on the impact of COVID-19 and its related school closures and disease-containment measures on the psychosocial wellbeing of children; little research has been done on the characterist...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy is a rare adverse event reported in clinical trials of COVID-19 vaccines. However, to our knowledge no population-based study has assessed the association between the inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and Bell's palsy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of Bell's palsy after BNT162b2 and CoronaVac vaccination. MET...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To promote public health and resume university activities, COVID-19 vaccination has been mandated from an increasing number of universities worldwide. The objective of the study is to understand the factors that impact preference and willingness to take the vaccine among university students in Hong Kong universities utilizing an online qu...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To investigate the relationship between COVID-19 full vaccination (two completed doses) and possible arthritis flare. Methods Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were identified from population-based electronic medical records with vaccination linkage and categorised into BNT162b2 (mRNA vaccine), CoronaVac (inactive virus vaccine) an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Concerns regarding the autoimmune safety of COVID-19 vaccines may negatively impact vaccine uptake. We aimed to describe the incidence of autoimmune conditions following BNT162b2 and CoronaVac vaccination and compare these with age-standardized incidence rates in non-vaccinated individuals. Methods This is a descriptive cohort study cond...
Article
Objective There is a socioeconomic gradient to depression risks, with more pronounced inequality amid macroenvironmental potential traumatic events. Between mid-2019 and mid-2020, the Hong Kong population experienced drastic societal changes, including the escalating civil unrest and the COVID-19 pandemic. We examined the change of the socioeconomi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives This study aims to investigate the potential factors associated with mental health outcomes among Chinese adults during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. Methods This is an online cross-sectional survey conducted among Chinese adults in February 2020. Outcome measurements included the three-item UCLA Loneliness Scale (UC...