Xuan Zhang

Xuan Zhang
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization

PhD

About

21
Publications
3,213
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
154
Citations

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
This work addresses the effects of different thermal sidewall boundary conditions on the formation of flow states and heat transport in two- and three-dimensional Rayleigh–Bénard convection (RBC) by means of direct numerical simulations and steady-state analysis for Rayleigh numbers ${\textit {Ra}}$ up to $4\times 10^{10}$ and Prandtl numbers ${\te...
Article
Full-text available
While the heat transfer and the flow dynamics in a cylindrical Rayleigh-Bénard (RB) cell are rather independent of the aspect ratio Γ (diameter/height) for large Γ, a small-Γ cell considerably stabilizes the flow and thus affects the heat transfer. Here, we first theoretically and numerically show that the critical Rayleigh number for the onset of...
Article
Full-text available
Streaming Dynamic Mode Decomposition (sDMD) is a low-storage version of dynamic mode decomposition (DMD), a data-driven method to extract spatiotemporal flow patterns. Streaming DMD avoids storing the entire data sequence in memory by approximating the dynamic modes through incremental updates with new available data. In this paper, we use sDMD to...
Article
Full-text available
Using direct numerical simulations, we study rotating Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a cylindrical cell with aspect ratio Γ=1/2, for Prandtl number 0.8, Ekman number 10−6, and Rayleigh numbers from the onset of wall modes to the geostrophic regime, an extremely important one in geophysical and astrophysical contexts. We connect linear wall-mode stat...
Preprint
Full-text available
This work addresses the effects of different thermal sidewall boundary conditions on the formation of flow states and heat transport in two- and three-dimensional Rayleigh--B\'enard convection (RBC) by means of direct numerical simulations and steady-state analysis for Rayleigh numbers $Ra$ up to $4\times10^{10}$ and Prandtl numbers $Pr=0.1,1$ and...
Preprint
Using direct numerical simulations, we study rotating Rayleigh-B\'enard convection in a cylindrical cell for a broad range of Rayleigh, Ekman, and Prandtl numbers from the onset of wall modes to the geostrophic regime, an extremely important one in geophysical and astrophysical contexts. We connect linear wall-mode states that occur prior to the on...
Article
Full-text available
This work addresses the effect of travelling thermal waves applied at the fluid layer surface, on the formation of global flow structures in two-dimensional (2-D) and 3-D convective systems. For a broad range of Rayleigh numbers (10^3≤Ra≤10^7) and thermal wave frequencies (10^−4≤Ω≤10^0), we investigate flows with and without imposed mean temperatur...
Preprint
Recently, in Zhang et al. (2020), it was found that in rapidly rotating turbulent Rayleigh--B\'enard convection (RBC) in slender cylindrical containers (with diameter-to-height aspect ratio $\Gamma=1/2$) filled with a small-Prandtl-number fluid ($Pr \approx0.8$), the Large Scale Circulation (LSC) is suppressed and a Boundary Zonal Flow (BZF) develo...
Preprint
Full-text available
This work addresses the effect of travelling thermal waves applied at the fluid layer surface, on the formation of global flow structures in 2D and 3D convective systems. For a broad range of Rayleigh numbers ($10^3\leq Ra \leq 10^7$) and thermal wave frequencies ($10^{-4}\leq \Omega \leq 10^{0}$), we investigate flows with and without imposed mean...
Preprint
Full-text available
Streaming Dynamic Mode Decomposition (sDMD) (Hemati et al., Phys. Fluids 26(2014)) is a low-storage version of Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) (Schmid, J. Fluid Mech. 656 (2010)), a data-driven method to extract spatio-temporal flow patterns. Streaming DMD avoids storing the entire data sequence in memory by approximating the dynamic modes through...
Article
Full-text available
For rapidly rotating turbulent Rayleigh--B\'enard convection in a slender cylindrical cell, experiments and direct numerical simulations reveal a boundary zonal flow (BZF) that replaces the classical large-scale circulation. The BZF is located near the vertical side wall and enables enhanced heat transport there. Although the azimuthal velocity of...
Preprint
Full-text available
For rapidly rotating turbulent Rayleigh--B\'enard convection in a slender cylindrical cell, experiments and direct numerical simulations reveal a boundary zonal flow (BZF) that replaces the classical large-scale circulation. The BZF is located near the vertical side wall and enables enhanced heat transport there. Although the azimuthal velocity of...
Chapter
Thermal convection in an electrically conducting fluid (for example, a liquid metal) in the presence of a static magnetic field is considered in this chapter. The focus is on the extreme states of the flow, in which both buoyancy and Lorentz forces are very strong. It is argued that the instabilities occurring in such flows are often of unique and...
Article
Full-text available
Thermal convection in an electrically conducting fluid (for example, a liquid metal) in the presence of a static magnetic field is considered in this chapter. The focus is on the extreme states of the flow, in which both buoyancy and Lorentz forces are very strong. It is argued that the instabilities occurring in such flows are often of unique and...
Article
The downward flow in a vertical duct with one heated and three thermally insulated walls is analyzed numerically using the two-dimensional approximation valid in the asymptotic limit of an imposed strong transverse magnetic field. The work is motivated by the design of liquid metal blankets with poloidal ducts for future nuclear fusion reactors, in...
Article
The work continues the exploration of the effect of thermal convection on flows in toroidal ducts of a liquid metal blanket. This time we consider the effect of the mean flow along the duct and of the associated heat transfer diverting the heat deposited by captured neutrons. Numerical simulations are conducted for a model system with two-dimension...
Article
We explore the effect of poloidal magnetic field on the thermal convection flow in a toroidal duct of a generic liquid metal blanket. Non-uniform strong heating (the Grashof number up to 10¹¹) arising from the interaction of high-speed neutrons with the liquid breeder, and strong magnetic field (the Hartmann number up to 10⁴) corresponding to the r...
Article
Thermal convection caused by non-uniform internal heating in a horizontal duct with an axial magnetic field is studied numerically. The magnetic field is strong enough to make the flow purely or nearly two-dimensional (uniform in the axial direction). The goal is to understand the effect of convection in toroidal ducts of a conceptual liquid metal...
Article
Full-text available
Convection in a horizontal duct aligned with a uniform magnetic field is analysed computationally. The motivation of the study is the concept of a liquid metal blanket for a tokamak fusion reactor, in which ducts are oriented toroidally, i.e. parallel to the main component of the magnetic field. Computations of two-dimensional (streamwise-uniform)...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed convection in a horizontal duct with imposed transverse horizontal magnetic field is studied using direct numerical simulations (DNS) and linear stability analysis. The duct's walls are electrically insulated and thermally insulated with the exception of the bottom wall, at which constant-rate heating is applied. The focus of the study is on...