Xingfeng Si

Xingfeng Si
East China Normal University | ECNU · School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences

斯幸峰, http://sixf.org
Looking for highly motivated postdocs. Contact: sixf_at_des.ecnu.edu.cn

About

70
Publications
39,714
Reads
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1,342
Citations
Citations since 2016
57 Research Items
1323 Citations
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Introduction
Research interests include community assembly of island faunas, biodiversity change after habitat fragmentation, and wildlife monitoring using camera traps, with broad interests in island biogeography, community ecology, conservation biology, urban ecology, and ornithology. | Website: http://sixf.org | Email: sixf_at_des.ecnu.edu.cn
Additional affiliations
November 2018 - present
East China Normal University
Position
  • Professor
October 2016 - October 2018
University of Toronto
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2016 - August 2016
Harvard University
Position
  • Visiting Scholar
Education
August 2012 - August 2013
Duke University
Field of study
  • Ecology
September 2008 - September 2014
Zhejiang University
Field of study
  • Ecology
September 2004 - June 2008
Zhejiang Normal University
Field of study
  • Biological Science

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
Full-text available
1. Biodiversity change in anthropogenically transformed habitats is often nonrandom, yet the nature and importance of the different mechanisms shaping community structure are unclear. Here, we extend the classic Theory of Island Biogeography (TIB) to account for nonrandom processes by incorporating species traits and phylogenetic relationships into...
Article
Full-text available
Incorporating imperfect detection when estimating species richness has become commonplace in the past decade. However, the question of how imperfect detection of species affects estimates of functional and phylogenetic community structure remains untested. We used long‐term counts of breeding bird species that were detected at least once on islands...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Although arboreal camera trapping is a growing field, it has rarely been used for monitoring plant‐frugivore interactions in the trees. Frugivore foraging behavior generally occurs in trees, hence arboreal camera trapping can be a potentially useful tool for frugivory research. We developed a camera trap sampling method to monitor plant‐fr...
Article
Full-text available
Islands frequently harbour unique assemblages of species, yet their ecological roles and differences are largely ignored in island biogeography studies. Here, we examine eco‐evolutionary processes structuring mammal assemblages on oceanic islands worldwide, including all extant and extinct late‐Quaternary mammal species. We find island mammal assem...
Article
Full-text available
Habitat fragmentation impacts seed dispersal processes that are important in maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. However, it is still unclear how habitat fragmentation affects frugivorous interactions due to the lack of high-quality data on plant-frugivore networks. Here we recorded 10,117 plant-frugivore interactions from 22 reserv...
Article
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Biodiversity has been subjected to increasing anthropogenic pressures. It is critical to understand the different processes that govern community assembly and species coexistence under biogeographic processes and anthropogenic events. Pheasants (Aves: Phasianidae) are highly threatened birds and China supports the richest pheasant species worldwide...
Article
Full-text available
Species and their interactions are more dynamic over time and space in fragmented habitats than in continuous habitats. In fragmented habitats, the low nestedness of mutualistic networks may be related to the position change of stable (high persistence over time/space) species and interactions in the networks. Previous studies have shown that stabl...
Article
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How β‐diversity patterns are shaped by landscape‐level processes remains unclear across habitat island systems. Here we assessed landscape‐level bird β‐diversity in habitat island systems and aimed to (1) evaluate the relative contribution of turnover (βSIM) and nestedness‐resultant (βSNE) components to multisite β‐diversity (βSOR) from taxonomic,...
Article
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Whether a Single Large Or Several Small (SLOSS) habitat patches contain more species is central to the debate about how habitat fragmentation threatens species diversity. However, the geographical and biogeographical variables that affect emergent SLOSS patterns remain poorly understood. Here, we quantified SLOSS‐based diversity patterns of woody p...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Hydropower infrastructure represents a major driver of habitat loss and insular fragmentation worldwide, mostly across the tropics and sub‐tropics. Despite growing evidence of dam‐induced impacts on biodiversity, the effects of insular habitat fragmentation on species assemblages remain poorly understood, particularly for East Asian verteb...
Article
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Mountain systems harbor an evolutionarily unique and exceptionally rich biodiversity, especially for amphibians. However, the associated elevational gradients and underlying mechanisms of amphibian diversity in most mountain systems remain poorly understood. Here, we explored amphibian phylogenetic and functional diversity along a 2 600 m elevation...
Article
University campuses (including college campuses) are home to many ecologists and conservationists, resulting in a large number of studies on campus plant and animal taxa. However, a systematic review on the biodiversity of university campuses is still lacking. We conducted a comprehensive review covering the history, diversity and distribution patt...
Article
Full-text available
Habitat loss and fragmentation reduce biodiversity and alter species composition in local communities. β diversity describes the variation in species composition between or among communities in fragmented landscapes and has two components: species turnover and nestedness. In this study, we assessed β diversity of ant assemblages on 24 island fragme...
Article
Full-text available
During a 2018 antimicrobial resistance surveillance of Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheal calves in Xinjiang Province, China, an unexpectedly high prevalence (48.5%) of fosfomycin resistance was observed. This study aimed to reveal the determinants of fosfomycin resistance and the underlying transmission mechanism. Polymerase chain reaction (...
Article
Full-text available
How communities assemble is a central and fundamental question in ecology. However, it has been mired by conflicting conclusions about whether community assembly is driven by environmental filtering, biotic interactions, and/or dispersal processes. Elevational gradients provide an ideal system for exploring the biotic and abiotic forces influencing...
Article
Since the Industrial Revolution, the rapid global population and economic expansion has had tremendous impacts on biodiversity across spatial scales, especially for islands. While changes in species richness are easily inferred, the impact of human activity on the underlying community assembly processes has been difficult to ascertain because of la...
Article
Conversion of rainforests into agriculture resulted in massive changes in species diversity and community structure. Although the conservation of the remaining rainforests is of utmost importance, identifying and creating biodiversity‐friendly agriculture landscape is vital for preserving biodiversity and their functions. Biodiversity studies in ag...
Article
Full-text available
Brood parasites such as the common cuckoo Cuculus canorus exploit the parental abilities of their hosts, Hosts avoid brood parasitism and predation by showing specific behaviour such as loss of feathers, emission of fear screams and contact calls, displaying wriggle behavior to avoid hosts or potential prey, pecking at hosts and prey and expressing...
Article
The human introduction and spread of species in urban greenspace may lead to an increase in the similarity of plant species composition between distant areas. Univervsity campuses are an important element of greenspace in many cities, but we know little about the extent to which such biotic homogenization of plant species can be detected across dif...
Article
Full-text available
Foliar fungi (defined as all fungal species in leaves after surface sterilization; hereafter, ‘FF’) are of great importance to host plant growth and health, and can also affect ecosystem functioning. Despite this importance, few studies have explicitly examined the role of host filtering in shaping local FF communities, and we know little about the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly restricted human activities, and wild species are seemingly thriving in human-dominated areas. However, we have little understanding of the consequences for biodiversity from governmental policies and socioeconomic changes in response to COVID-19, and their conservation significance. Understanding these impacts is...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Glacial-interglacial climate stability and contemporary climate could affect bird diversity through their direct effects on diversification and physiological tolerance, and indirect effects on plant species richness, which could provide more food and ecological niches. This study aims to quantitatively assess the direct and indirect effects o...
Article
Full-text available
To explore the impact of island area and isolation on multiple dimensions of ant biodiversity (taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity) and the underlying processes of community assembly on islands. Thousand Island Lake, Zhejiang, China, created by dam construction in 1959. Ants. We sampled ants on 33 islands, built a species‐level phyloge...
Article
Full-text available
Although egg colour polymorphism has evolved as an effective defensive adaptation to brood parasitism, spatial variations in egg colour polymorphism remain poorly characterized. Here, we investigated egg polymorphism in 647 host species (68 families and 231 genera) parasitised by 41 species of Old Word cuckoos (one family and 11 genera) across Asia...
Article
Full-text available
Range shifts are important species response to climate change and anthropogenic activities. While many studies have suggested that species traits are also important predictors of range shifts, they are mainly conducted in Europe and North America, and more importantly there are still many controversies about the roles of species traits. As far as w...
Article
Full-text available
Camera traps deployed in grids or stratified random designs are a well‐established survey tool for wildlife but there has been little evaluation of study design parameters. We used an empirical subsampling approach involving 2225 camera deployments run at 41 study areas around the world to evaluate three aspects of camera trap study design (number...
Article
Full-text available
1. It is now commonplace in community ecology to assess patterns of phylogenetic or functional diversity in order to inform our understanding of the assembly mechanisms that structure communities. While both phylogenetic and functional approaches have been used in conceptually similar ways, it is not clear if they both in fact reveal similar commun...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although assessing temporal dynamics of populations is crucial for understanding metacommunities, empirical studies have primarily analyzed only static snapshots of communities. Here, we present a holistic view of how species traits and habitat characteristics relate to metacommunity dynamics and use it to test for differences in the sp...
Article
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Although elevational patterns of species richness have been well documented, how the drivers of richness gradients vary across ecological guilds has rarely been reported. Here, we examined the effects of spatial factors (area and mid‐domain effect; MDE) and environmental factors, including metrics of climate, productivity, and plant species richnes...
Article
Full-text available
Forest-habitat loss and fragmentation reduce connectivity, presenting dispersal challenges for many forest-dependent species with deleterious effects on community structure and diversity. It is expected that avian forest specialists are vulnerable to fragmentation, yet seasonal migrants may be more resilient to isolation effects than sedentary spec...
Article
Full-text available
University campus is an important component of urban landscapes for biodiversity conservation. However, to our knowledge no study has quantitatively assessed the diversity and structure of bird communities in Chinese university campuses, especially from phylogenetic and functional perspectives. Here, for the first time we linked species richness, p...
Article
Full-text available
1. Habitat loss and fragmentation often leads to defaunation of large-bodied mammals , and their loss could trigger release from top-down control or food resource competition for small mammal seed dispersers, which in turn may affect the effectiveness of seed dispersal by altering the number of dispersed seeds or the manner in which they are disper...
Article
Aim We investigated habitat heterogeneity and patterns of avian taxonomic and functional diversity change across a decreasing patch‐size gradient in a critically endangered, fragmented forest‐system to elucidate: (1) habitat patch‐size and structural drivers of avian diversity change, (2) potential patch‐size thresholds at which avian diversity and...
Article
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China is one of the countries with the richest bird biodiversity in the world. Among the 1372 Chinese birds, 146 species are considered threatened and three species are regionally extinct according to the officially released China Biodiversity Red List in 2015. Here, we conducted the first extensive analysis to systematically investigate the patter...
Article
Full-text available
Bird species richness is mediated by local, regional, and historical factors, for example, competition, environmental heterogeneity, contemporary, and historical climate. Here, we related bird species richness with phylogenetic relatedness of bird assemblages, plant species richness, topography, contemporary climate, and glacial-interglacial climat...
Article
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Aim: The species–area (SAR) and species–time relationships (STR) are of vital importance in community ecology. Previous studies suggest that a unified, general species–time–area relationship (STAR) may hold, with non-independent scaling of richness across space and time. Most STAR studies to date have considered species accumulation curves in relat...
Article
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We tested the effects of season and migratory status (residents-versus-seasonal migrants) on island biogeography of bird assemblages through partitioning beta diversity into richness and turnover components and community nestedness metrics. We predicted that total beta diversity, the richness component of beta diversity and community nestedness wil...
Article
Full-text available
Beta diversity describes the variation in species composition among communities within a region and it is determined by two antithetic processes: species turnover (or species replacement), and nestedness (or difference in richness). Beta-diversity partitioning aims to separate these two processes when examining species composition among communities...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To identify geographical drivers determining the relative partitioning of species replacement and richness difference or nestedness-resultant components of beta diversity in spider groups with differing dispersal modalities. Location Thousand Island Lake, China. Methods We sampled spider assemblages on 31 land-bridge islands for two years. Each...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the relative importance of six variables: area, the mid-domain effect, temperature, precipitation, productivity, and habitat heterogeneity on elevational patterns of species richness for breeding birds along a central Himalaya gradient in the Gyirong Valley, the longest of five canyons in the Mount Qomolangma National Nature Res...
Data
Observed, estimated (Chao2, Jackknife2) and interpolated richness of birds in each elevational band in the Giyrong Valley
Data
Parameter estimates averaged across 63 ordinary least squares (OLS) models
Data
Supplemental table S5
Data
Species checklists of all birds recorded over survey period in the Gyirong Valley ‘1, 2, 3, … 12’ were the twelve elevational bands distributed from the lowest elevation to the highest elevation along the gradient.
Data
Polynomial regressions of the interpolated species richness patterns along the elevational gradients for all the species groups
Article
Full-text available
Island biogeography theory is an important part of community ecology, and its core process is species turnover, which is determined by species colonization and extinction. A large number of studies have shown that community dynamics of many biotic taxa can be affected by their dispersal abilities. Our study explored the effects of dispersal abiliti...
Article
Full-text available
1.Taxonomic diversity considers all species being equally different from each other, and thus disregards species' different ecological functions. Exploring taxonomic and functional aspects of biodiversity simultaneously can better understand the processes of community assembly. 2.We analyzed taxonomic and functional alpha and beta diversities of br...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape Ecol DOI 10.1007/s10980-015-0312-3 EDITORIAL Habitat fragmentation and biodiversity conservation: key findings and future challenges Maxwell C. Wilson . Xiao-Yong Chen . Richard T. Corlett . Raphael K. Didham . Ping Ding . Robert D. Holt . Marcel Holyoak . Guang Hu . Alice C. Hughes . Lin Jiang . William F. Laurance . Jiajia Liu . Stuart...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape Ecol DOI 10.1007/s10980-015-0312-3 EDITORIAL Habitat fragmentation and biodiversity conservation: key findings and future challenges Maxwell C. Wilson . Xiao-Yong Chen . Richard T. Corlett . Raphael K. Didham . Ping Ding . Robert D. Holt . Marcel Holyoak . Guang Hu . Alice C. Hughes . Lin Jiang . William F. Laurance . Jiajia Liu . Stuart...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed-species flocks of birds are distributed world-wide and can be especially dominant in temperate forests during the non-breeding season and in tropical rainforests year-round. We review from a community ecology perspective what is known about the structure and organization of flocks, emphasizing that flocking species tend to be those particular...