Xin Li

Xin Li
Simon Fraser University · Department of Economics

About

344
Publications
16,999
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4,155
Citations
Citations since 2017
252 Research Items
3142 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (344)
Article
The early diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a essential prevention of further development of MCI into Alzheimer's disease (AD). Electroencephalogram (EEG) has many advantages compared to other methods in the analysis of AD in an early stage, but there are some limitations of EEG such as small size of datasets caused by difficulty in c...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the perioperative outcomes of vNOTES tubal surgeries and to identify predictors of surgical conversion. Methods: A single-center retrospective cohort study was performed on 619 patients who underwent vNOTES tubal surgeries in our institute from December 2018 to October 2021. Patients were catego...
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Introduction: Though embryonic chromosome abnormalities have been reported to be the most common cause of missed abortions, previous studies have mainly focused on embryonic chromosome abnormalities of missed abortions, with very few studies reporting that of non-missed abortion. Without chromosome studies of normal abortion samples, it is impossib...
Article
Objective: Previous studies have demonstrated that transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) with noninvasive high penetration and high spatial resolution has an effective neuromodulatory effect on neurological diseases. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a persistent neurodevelopmental disorder that severely affects child health....
Article
Abnormal energy metabolism, as one of the important hallmarks of cancer, was induced by multiple carcinogenic factors and tumor-specific microenvironments. It comprises aerobic glycolysis, de novo lipid biosynthesis, and glutamine-dependent anaplerosis. Considering that metabolic reprogramming provides various nutrients for tumor survival and devel...
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Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) plays a crucial role in regulating microglial functions and removal of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, therapeutics based on this knowledge have not been developed due to the low antibody brain penetration and weak TREM2 activation. In this study, we engineered a TREM2 b...
Article
The electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is a general reflection of the neurophysiological activity of the brain, which has the advantages of being safe, efficient, real-time and dynamic. With the development and advancement of machine learning research, automatic diagnosis of Alzheimer's diseases based on deep learning is becoming a research hotspot....
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Cesium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) exhibit promising prospects for application in optoelectronic devices. However, electroactivated near-infrared (NIR) PNC light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with emission peaks over 800 nm have not been achieved. Herein, we demonstrate the electroactivated NIR PNC LEDs based on Yb3+-doped CsPb(Cl1-xBrx)3 P...
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Background According to epidemiological studies, gingivitis is a common disease. However, its morbidity, considerably varies among individual. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of gingivitis, including prevalence, severity, intraoral distribution, and associated risk factors, in children aged 6–12 years in Jinzhou,...
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common lethal form of liver cancer. Apart from surgical removal and transplantation, other treatments have not yet been well established for patients with HCC. In this study, we found that carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) is expressed at various levels in HCC. We further revealed that blockage of CES1 by pharmaco...
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In tropical and subtropical areas, tuber and root crops are staple foods and a key source of energy. Sweet potato (SP) is currently regarded as one of the world's top ten foods because of its diverse sizes, shapes, color, and health benefits. The resistant starch (RS) content of SP is substantial. It is predicted to become the cheapest item in the...
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The effects of pullulanase debranching combined with autoclaving (PDA) at various debranching times (0 h, 5 h, 10 h, 15 h, 20 h, and 25 h) and 121 °C/20 min of autoclave treatment on the structural and physicochemical characteristics of purple sweet potato (Jinshu No.17) starch were investigated. The results indicated that the native starch (NS) wa...
Article
SMARCA4, also known as transcription activator, is an ATP-dependent catalytic subunit of SWI/SNF (SWItch/Sucrose NonFermentable) chromatin-remodeling complexes that participates in the regulation of chromatin structure and gene expression by supplying energy. As a tumor suppressor that has aberrant expression in ∼10% of non-small-cell lung cancers...
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Emerging evidence shows that carotid atherosclerosis is related to the activation of immune-related pathways and inflammatory cell infiltration. However, the immune-linked pathways that helped in the advancement of the carotid atherosclerotic plaque and the association of such plaques with the infiltration status of the body’s immune cells still un...
Preprint
Full-text available
Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) interacts with flavoproteins to mediate oxidation-reduction reactions required for cellular energy demands. Not surprisingly, mutations that alter FAD binding to flavoproteins cause rare inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) that disrupt liver function and render fasting intolerance, hepatic steatosis, and lipodystrop...
Article
The objectives of this study were to investigate the properties of butyrylated lotus seed starch (LSB). LSB was prepared using an aqueous phase method and the substitution occurred at C2, C3, and C6. The surface of starch esters with high DS became rougher and more broken. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy proved that the carbonyl group was s...
Article
Low-grade, sustained inflammation in white adipose tissue (WAT) characterizes obesity and coincides with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, pharmacological targeting of inflammation lacks durable therapeutic effects in insulin-resistant conditions. Through a computational screen, we discovered that the FDA-approved rheumatoid arthritis drug...
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Full-text available
One major limitation of neutralizing antibody-based COVID-19 therapy is the requirement of costly cocktails to reduce emergence of antibody resistance. Here we engineer two bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) using distinct designs and compared them with parental antibodies and their cocktail. Single molecules of both bsAbs block the two epitopes targete...
Preprint
Previous studies have demonstrated that transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) with noninvasive high penetration and high spatial resolution has an effective neuromodulatory effect on neurological diseases. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a persistent neurodevelopmental disorder that severely affects child health. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
Reactivation of latent human herpesvirus 2 (HHV-2) can cause spontaneous recovering aseptic meningitis and recurrent meningitis in adults, but it rarely affects the brain parenchyma to cause encephalitis. Here, we report the case of a 37-year-old male patient admitted to our hospital due to fever with a progressive headache for 3 days and paroxysma...
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Background Squamous cell carcinoma of the lung (LUSC) is a malignant tumor with a high mortality rate and few treatment options. Methods This study explored novel biomarkers and the related mechanisms in LUSC development via integrated bioinformatics analysis based on multiple databases. TCGA-LUSC, GSE30219, and GSE37745 datasets were selected, an...
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Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD), or Krabbe disease (KD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease, and adult-onset GLD is more even neglected by clinicians. This review provides detailed discussions of the serum enzymes, genes, clinical manifestations, neuroimaging features, and therapies of GLD, with particular emphasis on the characteristics of adult...
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Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) plays crucial roles in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by regulating microglia migration toward, and phagocytosis of oligomeric amyloid-β (oAβ) and amyloid plaques. Studies in rodent models of AD have shown that mice with increased TREM2 expression have reduced amyloid pathology. Here, we identified...
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Head and neck cancer has high heterogeneity with poor prognosis, and emerging researches have been focusing on the prognostic markers of head and neck cancer. PD-L1 expression is an important basis for strategies of immunosuppressive treatment, but whether it has prognostic value is still controversial. Although meta-analysis on PD-L1 expression ve...
Article
As more residents choose electric vehicles (EVs), the strain on the neighborhood’s energy supply will increase due to EVs’ dynamic charging requirements. Furthermore, the distributed energy system (DES) has demonstrated its benefit on local energy supply, considerably increasing its efficacy. This study concentrates on multi-year planning for the i...
Article
Effects associated with observed incivility are often neglected, especially in hospitality industries. The current research, drawing upon social identity theory, proposes that observed leader incivility and the relative relationship between observers and the supervisor (LMXSC) may jointly influence observers’ social categorization process. When obs...
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Background For clinical decision making, it is crucial to identify patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who may benefit from tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). In this study, a deep learning-based system was designed and validated using pre-therapy computed tomography (CT) images to predi...
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Objective: There is evidence showing both heterozygous HTRA1 and homozygous HTRA1 mutations as causal for familial cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). The clinical and neuroimaging signs of heterozygous HTRA1-related CSVD can mimic cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). We aimed to c...
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Background: Linc00996 has been reported in a variety of malignant tumors, but its potential role and significance in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) are not fully understood. The authors investigated the expression and biological behavior of Linc00996 in LUAD and elucidated the function of its potential target genes. Materials and methods: The data of L...
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Since December 2019, the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has imposed huge burdens to the whole world, seriously affecting global economic growth, and threatening people’s lives and health. At present, some therapeutic regimens are available for treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia, including antiviral therapy, immunity therapy, anticoagulant therapy, an...
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Carboxylesterase 1d (Ces1d) is a crucial enzyme with a wide range of activities in multiple tissues. It has been reported to localize predominantly in ER. Here, we found that Ces1d levels are significantly increased in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Intriguingly, a high level of Ces1d translocates onto lipid droplets where it digests the lipi...
Article
Background This study explored the inter-radicular space and buccal bone thickness of the posterior mandibular region to provide an appropriate miniscrew insertion site for lower dentition distalization. Methods The cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) records of 63 subjects were collected. Buccal bone thickness (BBT) was measured at four section...
Preprint
Emerging evidence shows that carotid atherosclerosis is related to the activation of immune-related pathways and inflammatory cell infiltration. However, the immune-linked pathways that helped in the advancement of the carotid atherosclerotic plaque and the association of such plaques with the infiltration status of the body’s immune cells still un...
Article
Considerable research has investigated the effects of workplace anxiety. However, the question of how leaders respond to followers who signal their workplace anxiety via information and communication technologies (ICTs) is still unclear. Drawing upon the transactional model of stress, we tested leaders’ emotional and behavioral reactions to cyber a...
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Purpose Frontline service employees are often subjected to customer mistreatment and considerable studies have tested outcomes of customer mistreatment. However, the importance of its antecedents is particularly underestimated. This meta-analytic paper aims to develop an overarching framework that identifies the antecedents of customer mistreatment...
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Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a preclinical stage of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and early diagnosis and intervention may delay its deterioration. However, the electroencephalogram (EEG) differences between patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and healthy controls (HC) subjects are not as significant compared to those with AD....
Preprint
We present the Pathways Autoregressive Text-to-Image (Parti) model, which generates high-fidelity photorealistic images and supports content-rich synthesis involving complex compositions and world knowledge. Parti treats text-to-image generation as a sequence-to-sequence modeling problem, akin to machine translation, with sequences of image tokens...
Article
Background aims: The infusion of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells that target specific tumor-associated antigens is a promising strategy that has exhibited encouraging results in clinical trials. However, few studies have focused on the effectiveness and safety of CD20 CAR T cells in rituximab-refractory/relapsed (R/R) B-cell non-Hodgkin ly...
Article
Urinary exosomes (UE) are small circular membranous vesicles with a lipid bilayer with a diameter of 40–160 nm secreted by epithelial cells of the kidney and genitourinary system, which can reflect the physiological and functional status of secretory cells. Protein and RNA in exosomes can be used as markers for diseases diagnosis. Urine specimens a...
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Background: Carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) bloodstream infection (BSI) pose a significant threat to the prognosis of hematologic malignancies (HM) patients. Understanding the distribution of pathogenic bacteria, changes in carbapenem-resistant trends, risk factors for CRGNB infections, and exploring the early detection measure...
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Purpose: To explore the tumor response and propose a nomogram-based prognostic stratification for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). Patients and methods: From the database of two centers, patients who received DEB-TACE as an initial treatment were enrolled and divided into the tra...
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Cognitive dysfunction in patients with infratentorial stroke has been paid little attention. Brainstem stroke may disrupt network connectivity across the whole brain and affect multidomain cognition, but the details of this process remain unclear. The study aimed to investigate the effects of stroke-induced pontine injury on whole-brain network con...
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Background Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is considered an inflammation-driven cancer. However, a systematic investigation of the relationship between the tumor immune microenvironment and the prognosis of PTC has not been conducted. Methods A prognostic model based on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and progression-free survival (PFS) da...
Article
Objective This study aimed to investigate the influence of abdominal aortic calcification on the distal extent, blood supply, and mid-term outcomes of acute aortic dissection (AAD). Methods This single-centre retrospective study was conducted from August 2014 to May 2021. The aortic calcification index (ACI) was used to evaluate abdominal aortic c...
Article
Oral lichen planus is a chronic non-infectious mucosal inflammatory disease caused by an imbalance between reactive oxygen species homeostasis and antioxidant defense systems. Notably, excessive oxidative stress products result in related autoimmune reactions. Further, it activates signaling pathways related to the development of oral lichen planus...
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Boiler combustion system is a typical dynamic system with many variables, strong coupling, large-lag, and multiple input/output. It is very difficult to build a combustion system model that conforms to the actual working conditions. This paper presents a new modeling method of boiler combustion system based on bidirectional threshold cycle unit (Bi...
Preprint
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Background Malocclusion can present a variety of clinical forms and manifestations, which affect children's oral health and lead to psychological problems.However, among children in Jinzhou, there are few reports on the prevalence of malocclusion and the effect of malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life. Methods A total of 2162 childre...
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Biomaterials have long been the focus of research and hydrogels are representatives thereof. Hydrogels have attracted much attention in the medical sciences, especially as a candidate drug-carrier. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and MSC-derived secretome are a promising therapeutic method, owing to the intrinsic therapeutic properties thereof. The lo...
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Background: Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) and carbapenemase-producing E. coli (CP-EC) is well reported among hospitalized adults and children. However, there are few studies on the carriage prevalence and ESBL-EC and CP-EC genotypes among healthy children in China. Patients and methods: Stoo...
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Background The purpose of this study is to explore the differences of resting EEG in children with autism spectrum disorders and then analyze the sensitive channels with significant differences, to provide support for the accurate differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). New method Based on the weighted multi-scale sample entropy...
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Objective: Transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS), a large penetration depth and high spatial resolution technology, has developed rapidly in recent years. This study aimed to explore and evaluate the neuromodulation effects of TUS on mouse motor neural circuits under different parameters. Approach: Our study used functional corticomuscular c...
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Background Little previous research has been conducted outside of major cities in China to examine how physicians currently perceive palliative care, and to identify specific goals for training as palliative care access expands. This study explored physicians’ perceptions of palliative care integration for advanced cancer patients in Changsha, Chin...
Article
The dimension is a leading parameter in customization of unique optoelectronic properties of halide perovskite, while it is still challenging to achieve dimension control beyond the well‐developed composition regulation‐based strategy considering their intrinsic feature of ionic crystal. In this paper, ligands‐directed confinement effect is emphasi...
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Background Patients who survive initial esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB) are at an increased risk of recurrent bleeding and death; however, a reliable predictive model is lacking. We aimed to develop a model for rebleeding prediction in patients with EVB after modified percutaneous transhepatic variceal embolization (PTVE) with cyanoacrylate...
Article
Rationale and objectives: To develop and validate a nomogram for the prediction of stent dysfunction after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Materials and methods: From 2012 to 2020, 355 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis who underwent TIPS placements were enrolled in this stu...
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Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an acute viral central nervous system disease, although less than 1% of patients infected with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) result in JE, which has an extremely poor prognosis. The Routine detection methods for JEV are time-consuming or limited by hospital conditions, therefore, need the quicker and sensitive tech...
Article
Patients with central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas have a poor prognosis. Chimeric antigen receptor-modified (CAR) T-cells have shown remarkable efficacy for B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, few studies have reported the effects of CAR T-cells in the treatment of CNS lymphoma, and the duration of remission is short. In this study, seven CN...
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Objective: To investigate the role of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) and related proteins in iron acquisition of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (HVKP) and classic Klebsiella pneumoniae (cKP). Methods: The OMVs of HVKP and cKP under iron-deficient and iron-sufficient media were extracted and purified by ultracentrifugation. Transmission elec...
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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited disorder characterized by degeneration of motor neurons and symmetrical muscle weakness and atrophy. Moyamoya syndrome (MMS) or moyamoya disease (MMD) is radiologically defined by chronic cerebrovascular occlusion with abnormal vascular network formation in the skull base. We report herein a 21-year-old...
Preprint
Full-text available
One major limitation of neutralizing antibody-based COVID-19 therapy is the requirement of costly cocktails to reduce antibody resistance. We engineered two bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) using distinct designs and compared them with parental antibodies and their cocktail. Single molecules of both bsAbs block the two epitopes targeted by parental an...
Article
Full-text available
It has been previously shown that (never in mitosis gene A)‐related kinase 2 (NEK2) is upregulated in multiple myeloma (MM) and contributes to drug resistance. However, the mechanisms behind this upregulation remain poorly understood. In this study, it is found that amplification of NEK2 and hypermethylation of distal CpG islands in its promoter co...
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Full-text available
Flame image feature extraction is the basis for boiler combustion monitoring and control. The flame video images of recent research are mainly derived from experimental burners in the laboratory, and few pay attention to the flame images in industrial boilers. The actual industrial boiler flame images differ significantly from the laboratory flame...
Article
Why was the cohort set up? The Fetal Programming Hypothesis/Fetal Origins of Adult Disease Hypothesis (FOAD), first proposed in the 1980s,¹ stated that a suboptimal intrauterine environment has potential to negatively affect fetal developmental in a manner that ultimately results in excess risk of disease in adulthood. This hypothesis covers many m...
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Increasing evidence shows that the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD) is caused by abnormal and unbalanced innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the changes in and functions of adaptive immune cells in the peripheral blood of subjects with KD remain controversial. In this study, three different methods, CIBERSORT, Immune Cell Abundance...
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Background Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent and regulated cell death that has been widely reported in a variety of malignancies. The overall survival of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is excellent, but the identification of patients with poor prognosis still faces challenges. Nevertheless, whether ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) can be used to scr...
Article
Background m6A methylation-related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a significant role in the progression of various tumors and can be used as prognostic markers. However, whether m6A-related lncRNAs also play the same function as prognostic markers in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remains unclear. Methods Consensus cluster analysis was per...