Xiaozhao Yousef Yang

Xiaozhao Yousef Yang
Sun Yat-Sen University | SYSU · School of Sociology and Anthropology

Professor

About

69
Publications
7,251
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Xiaozhao Yousef Yang is an Associate Professor at Sun Yat-sen University. He is a Purdue graduate and a former Assistant Professor at Murray State University. He investigates the contextual origins of at-risk health behaviors and the class-labor gradients in population health. His research has been awarded and recognized by organizations including the American Sociological Association, Society for the Study of Social Problems, USCIS, the Government of Zhejiang Province, etc. More at xy-yang.com
Additional affiliations
August 2016 - December 2019
Murray State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2012 - June 2016
Purdue University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
August 2012 - June 2016
Purdue University
Field of study
August 2006 - June 2010
Zhejiang University
Field of study

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
While most studies on Internet pornography focus on individual's psychological characteristics, few have explored how social status itself is associated with Internet pornography use. As the Internet is becoming increasingly prevalent, online behaviors may have started to reflect the inequalities of the offline world. This study tested whether lowe...
Article
Some scholars argue that the maintenance of social networks contributes to the lower prevalence of deviant behaviours and fewer adverse health effects among migrants. But others suggest that if migrants are embedded in homogeneous networks, such networks may enable the formation of a deviant subculture that promotes risk taking. Facing this dilemma...
Article
We examine the relationship between disadvantaged social status and adverse health outcomes within a context-contingent thesis of relative deprivation. We argue that the health effect of low relative status depends on contextual status homogeneity, which is measured as income inequality and group diversity. Applying mixed-effect modeling to the poo...
Article
Full-text available
A dominant discourse in the social sciences theorizes that religious diversity puts individuals’ health at risk via interreligious hostility. However, this discourse overlooks the different subtypes of religious diversity and the moderation of political institutions. To better understand the issue of diversity and health, in this study, we distingu...
Article
Family bonds and deviant peers constitute two important competing forces of socialization in migrants’ social life. This study furthers the theory of family-peer relationship by arguing that migrants’ social network homogeneity shapes the development of family bonds and peer deviance and is ultimately associated with increased likelihood of sexual...
Article
The health disparity associated with gender has raised attention on the rampant health inequity issues in China. This gender-health disparity is further complicated by the contrasting evidence in several substantive demographic phenomena such as the female survival paradox and female morbidity paradox. The current study proposes a theoretical model...
Article
Full-text available
The widespread exchange of tobacco cigarettes as a gift in some societies normalises the symbolic desirability of tobacco products and promotes smoking. Little is known about how and why people exchange toxic substances as gifts. This study argues two key factors involved in social exchange processes - reciprocity and social capital - can explain g...
Article
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Introduction prior studies on the association between the intensity of and motives for vaping e-cigarettes have highlighted the psychological dynamics of motivational changes, but less about how vaping motives may shift as a function of risk perceptions exacerbated by unanticipated events. This study frames the COVID-19 pandemic as an exacerbating...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Internet Addiction (IA) is a growing issue predominate in adolescents and young adults. Although the effects of diverse stressors on IA have been highlighted, there is little consensus about the specific underpinnings of IA. The current study aims to investigate associations between uncertainty stress, life stress and IA among Chinese un...
Article
Caregiving burden proves to be a risk factor of anxiety disorders and anxiety affection. The current study investigates how an endogenous personality dimension – neuroticism – moderates the association between caregiving burden and anxiety affection. Between 2015 and 2017, the study deployed a cross-sectional survey of 674 (response rate = 89%) old...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on trends in smoking prevalence and examines classic models of the smoking transition and their relevance to China. Traditionally these models have been used to explain major shifts in smoking prevalence in richer nations and variations between different population groups. The chapter describes current smoking prevalence in Chi...
Chapter
This concluding chapter draws upon the authors’ own empirical work, and a synthesis of existing literature to show how a knowledge of economic, social and cultural environments is needed to fully understand changing patterns of smoking. As China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of cigarettes, it is important to understand the significan...
Chapter
This chapter examines how cultural practices have influenced smoking in China with specific reference to regional and rural contexts. Particular attention is paid to cultural norms and practices and regional cultural differences. Consideration is also given as to why smoking is higher in the countryside and the importance of cultural and socio-econ...
Chapter
Neoliberal reforms have economically transformed China, increased income inequality and changed the nature of the built environment. This chapter first develops a conceptual framework for examining patterns of intra-urban change and their effects on health behaviour and health outcomes. Using this framework two major themes are addressed: the growt...
Article
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Background: As China's aging trend intensifies and the proportion of empty nests increases, the health-related quality of life of the elderly is the focus of social attention. Previous studies focused on the quality of life of the elderly, rather than empty nesters, and lacked the discussion of the mechanism of influencing factors. Thus, this stud...
Article
Purpose To investigate perceived beliefs, uncertainty, and behavioral responses among Chinese residents toward the COVID-19 outbreak, and explore their relationships amid an incipient pandemic. Design A cross-sectional correlational survey with a combination of a convenience and snowball sampling design. Setting This study was conducted online fr...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Social deprivation is a known determinant of health and related behaviors. Many studies have linked socioeconomic factors to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. However, no studies have examined the relationship between social deprivation and SHS exposure. This study examined whether contextual social deprivation - variously based on li...
Article
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This prospective observational study examined changing trends in mental and behavioral responses, and their association with perceived risk, severity, self-efficacy and isolation status during the Chinese COVID-19 epidemic. There were five waves of interviews. Descriptive statistics and non-parametric test methods were used for data analysis. Parti...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We examined changing trends of uncertainty stress, and its impact on disease fear and prevention behaviors during the Chinese COVID-19 epidemic, using a prospective observational study. Methods: We employed a longitudinal design. We recruited participants for an online panel survey from chat groups on social media platforms. There were...
Article
Objectives: To investigate whether caregiver neuroticism affects the level of elder abuse and whether changes of caregiver perceived burden alter this relationship. Methods: Using 2-year longitudinal data, a consecutive sample of 800 Chinese family caregivers and their care recipients with dementia were recruited from the geriatric and neurologi...
Book
This book fills a major gap in research into smoking and tobacco control in China. In recent decades, few studies have explored the significance of geographical factors and the role they have played either in affecting the prevalence of smoking or in tobacco control responses to the smoking epidemic in China. In light of this, the book investigates...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To investigate whether caregiver neuroticism has an effect on subsequent occurrence of elder abuse and whether change in the level of caregiver perceived burden alters this relationship. Methods: Using two-year longitudinal data, we analyzed a consecutive sample of 800 Chinese family caregivers and their care recipients with dementia re...
Preprint
Full-text available
IntroductionSocial deprivation is a known determinant of health and related behaviors. Many studies have linked socioeconomic status to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. However, no studies have examined the relationship between social deprivation and SHS exposure. This study examined whether social deprivation has any independent effect on SHS expo...
Article
Full-text available
Studies of people who buy sex often focus on psychological and personality factors with less attention paid to the role of social contexts. This study integrates the two lines of inquiry, routine activity theory and peer deviance, to examine the social process of paying for sex. We argue that deviant peer association may shape buying sex due to pee...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective To examine changing trends of uncertainty stress, and its impact on disease fear and prevention behaviors during the Chinese COVID-19 epidemic using a prospective observational study. Methods The study employed a longitudinal design. Participants were recruited for an online panel survey from chat groups on social media platforms. There w...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is growing attention to social mobility's impact on tobacco use, but few studies have differentiated the two conceptually distinct mechanisms through which changes in social class can affect tobacco smoking: the class status effect and the mobility effect. Methods: We applied Diagonal Reference Modeling to smoking and heavy smo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and behavioral and psychosocial correlates of road traffic injuries (RTIs) among Chinese university students. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among fifty universities in China, using a multi-stage sampling methodology. The participants were asked to report their...
Preprint
Objective This prospective observational study examined changing trends of excess self-protective behavior (EPB), and its association with perceived risk, severity and belief in prevention myths during the Chinese COVID-19 epidemic. Methods The study employed a longitudinal design. Participants were recruited for an online panel survey from chat gr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: With the disintegration of the extended family in recent years, the empty-nest phenomenon is increasingly common in China and the health of empty nesters is attracting more attention. Lifestyles, accounting for 53% in determining death, play a vital role in improving the health of individuals. However, it was rarely studied in promotin...
Article
Full-text available
Smoking at a young age poses significant risks to one's health and is linked with a wide range of deviant conducts. While prior research has looked into the ways in which individual religious characteristics may influence smoking, much less is known about how the overall religious context in which individuals are embedded may affect smoking during...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have repeatedly found the association between network homogeneity based on native-place and sexual risk behaviors among migrants. However, it remains unclear why such a simple numerical property of network composition can be correlated with a sexual risk behavior. Using a dataset (n = 1591) with detailed information on the sexual b...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this article unfortunately missed to add the affiliation of the corresponding author. The new affiliation is “Department of Sociology and Social Work, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China”.
Article
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Background China has the world’s largest size of elderly population. Mental disorders of the elders deserve keen attention. This study aims to comparatively explore mental disorders and risk factors among empty and non-empty nesters. Methods Using the stratified random cluster sampling method, we recruited 8526 elders aged 60 years and above from...
Article
Compared to individual‐level research on religion and marijuana use, much less research has been conducted to investigate how the overall religious context of a geographic location may influence marijuana use during adolescence and early adulthood. Using multilevel analyses on two waves of the National Study of Youth and Religion (NSYR) merged with...
Article
Background: China has the world's largest elderly population and an increasing number of empty-nest elderly. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Self-Mutual-Group model on social support of the empty-nest elderly, thus providing reference for improving their quality of life. Methods: A intervention study was conduct...
Article
Full-text available
Substance use is often thought to harm employment prospects, an assumption challenged by the anomaly that people who use licit substances such as alcohol and tobacco are sometimes at a lower risk of unemployment. We argue that employment stability may benefit from the socialisation afforded through using licit substances, particularly in a context...
Article
Full-text available
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Full-text available
Acculturation is often found to increase substance use among immigrants in the U.S., but such effect may depend on how immigrants are attached to their co-ethnic community. Meanwhile, the high socioeconomic status of some new immigrant groups also challenges the classical assumption that ties to co-ethnic community are associated with deviance. Wit...
Article
Full-text available
The religious mobility of immigrants has rarely received a systematic investigation that separates the two mutually exclusive mechanisms: the structural shift that occurs due to an overall environment favorable to certain religions, and the exchange effect that occurs when people voluntarily flow between any pair of two religions. Chinese overseas...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has demonstrated that individual religious beliefs and practices may reduce the likelihood of underage alcohol consumption, but less is known about how the overall religious cultural influence of a religion may influence individual alcohol consumption behaviors. Using multilevel analyses on two waves of the National Study of Youth...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of the study was to illustrate the immediate effect of the college education process (across college grades) on the strength of association between parental education and college attendees' health literacy. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted based on data from a random sample of students in one university in Shan...
Article
Full-text available
Although weak social bonds are found to be associated with addictive behaviors in cross-sectional studies, few studies have explored the longitudinal impacts of social bonds on nonmedical prescription drug use (NPDU). This study adopted a developmental perspective on social bonds and tested how their different trajectories are associated with NPDU...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Marijuana is popular among younger people, but who smoke it into their early midlife? Do these smokers have a different trajectory of social bonds? Current studies on social control and substance use measure social bonds either retrospectively or concurrently with marijuana use, but I argue that marijuana use is determined not only by socia...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Few studies have discussed how the increasing ambient air pollution may affect policy-related attitudes. Medical professionals constitute an important interest group who analyse and solve public issues within a medicalised framework. The current study investigates whether ambient air pollution is associated with a greater likelihood of su...
Article
Most social changes take place at the community level before indirectly affecting individuals. Although the contextual effect is far-reaching, few studies have investigated the important questions of: how do community-level developments affect drinking and smoking, and how do they change the existing gender and income patterns of drinking and smoki...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many studies have examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and mental stress. Uncertainty stress is a prominent aspect of mental stress. Yet no research has ever empirically analyzed the impact of SES on uncertainty stress. Methods Students were identified through a multistage survey sampling process including 50 univ...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Getting accurate information on religious demographics from survey-based self-reports presents a difficult task, suffering from the biases of social desirability, personal safety concerns, and the ambiguous definitions of religious identity. An estimation strategy based on the enumeration of social network ties, the network scale-up method (NSUM),...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study estimated the prevalence of road traffic injury among Chinese urban residents, and examined individual and regional level correlates. Method: A cross-sectional multistage process was used to sample resident from 21 selected cities in China. Survey respondents reported their history of road traffic injury in the past 12 months...
Article
The nexus between religion and mental health in the East has been understudied, where the coexistence of multiple religions calls for scholarly attention to religious identification. This article investigates the impact on self‐reported depression of an individual's identification with Christianity in a non‐Judeo‐Christian and religion‐regulating s...
Article
Efforts toward controlling secondhand smoke in public places have been made throughout China. However, in contrast to the western world, significant challenges remain for effectively implementing smoke-free regulations. This study explores individual and regional factors which influence smoking in smoke-free public places. Participants included 16...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Ecological models depict violent injuries against women being influenced by both individual and environmental characteristics. However, only few studies examined the association between regional variables and the likelihood of violent injuries. Our study is a preliminary assessment of the impact of regional variables on the likelihood...
Article
The purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary assessment of province of residence and other contextual factors on the likelihood of being a current smoker in China. A cross-sectional, multistage sampling process was used to recruit participants, and their smoking status and sociodemographic characteristics were obtained through face-to-fac...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives This study will examine explanatory variables including socioeconomic inequalities related to mental stress at both the individual and regional level. Methodology A cross-sectional multistage sampling process was used to obtain participants. Data on mental stress and individual socioeconomic status were gathered via face to face intervi...
Article
Full-text available
The decision to initiate, maintain, or quit cigarette smoking is structured by both social networks and health beliefs. Self-exempting beliefs affect people's decisions in favor of a behavior even when they recognize the harm associated with it. This study incorporated the literatures on social networks and self-exempting beliefs to study the probl...
Article
Background Methamphetamine use has grown considerably in China in recent years. Information about perceptions of risk on methamphetamine is important to facilitate health promotion efforts. Methods Using both survey data and qualitative interview data, the authors evaluate the perceived risk of methamphetamine use among Chinese users using a mixed...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of different tobacco health-warning images on intention to quit smoking among urban Chinese smokers. The different tobacco health-warning images utilised in this study addressed the five variables of age, gender, cultural-appropriateness, abstractness and explicitness. Design Participa...
Article
Full-text available
To examine how expectations of role models concerning smoking and exposure to tobacco control policies are associated with people's support for smoking bans. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using multistage sampling. Employed structural equation modeling to examine the relationships and multi-group analysis to compare cross-group difference...
Article
Full-text available
To explore HIV/AIDS sexual risk behaviors and specifically the use of commercial sex workers among Chinese male rural-urban migrants. The study design is loosely based on diffusion of innovation theory and examines the hedonistic tendencies of this group. Survey data were collected from male rural to urban migrants by an anonymous questionnaire in...
Article
Prior research has revealed a high prevalence of stress among general urban populations in China. However, little is known about stress in rural Chinese counterparts. This research estimates the prevalence of severe stress among rural Chinese males and identifies sociodemographic and psychological correlates. The study design was a cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of a recent 18-month project which set out for the first time to introduce training on tobacco control into the curricula of public health courses in Chinese universities. The aim was to produce graduates with appropriate knowledge and skills to be effective in advocating for policies that could lead to the reduction...
Article
To examine the factors associated with smoking cessation among adult Chinese males in rural China. The data were collected by face-to-face interviews at the respondents' household using interviewer-administered questionnaires. The factors associated with quitting were being residents of Guiyang, having received junior or high school education, bein...
Article
Full-text available
Although evidence has shown high prevalence rates of tobacco use in the general urban populations in China, relatively little is known in its rural population. The purposes of this study were to examine smoking patterns and sociodemographic correlates of smoking in a sample of rural Chinese male residents. The study employed a cross-sectional, mult...

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