Xiaoming Wang

Xiaoming Wang
CAS/Monash University / Swinburne University of Technology

PhD

About

197
Publications
58,140
Reads
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5,761
Citations
Citations since 2017
50 Research Items
3828 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
Full-text available
For consideration of structural design of buildings and infrastructure in Australia, this paper presents hazard modelling and mapping of extreme wind gusts under the current climate and likely future climate change. Statistical and probabilistic approaches are applied to analyse the daily extreme wind gust data recorded between 1939 and 2007 at 545...
Article
Full-text available
The Mekong Delta is vulnerable to changes in climate and hydrological events which alter environmental conditions, resulting in increased risk of waterborne diseases. Research exploring the association between climate factors and diarrhoea, the most frequent waterborne disease in Mekong Delta region, is sparse. This study evaluated the climate-diar...
Article
Full-text available
While the cryosphere may bring in adverse impacts on natural and built environment, it may also provide benefits resulting from cryosphere services. By looking into the effect of the cryosphere on human-being, the study develops a unified approach in the analysis of cryospheric risks and services, with one focusing on the adverse impacts by cryosph...
Article
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Coastal inundation causes considerable impacts on communities and economies. Sea level rise due to climate change increases the occurrence of coastal flood events, creating more challenges to coastal societies. Here we intend to draw the understanding of coastal inundation from our early studies, and provide a silhouette of our approaches in assess...
Article
Environmental changes in response to global warming would conversely deplete the efficacy of our actions combating climate change, cultivating extra cost. Among them, the declining snow cover due to global warming would diminish its contribution to climate regulation, and further exacerbate global warming. This leads to a part of global carbon miti...
Article
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Refractory black carbon (rBC) is an important climate‐forcing agent emitted by biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion. Antarctica can receive rBC aerosols emitted in Southern Hemisphere (SH) and preserve the history of emissions and atmospheric transport. Here, we present a high‐resolution record of rBC in an ice core (CA2016‐75) acquired from...
Article
The effects of catchment characteristics and climate variables on water partitioning into evapotranspiration and runoff can be evaluated using the Budyko framework. However, the influence of glaciers on catchment characteristics within the framework has yet been adequately investigated. Here we extend the Budyko framework and apply the elasticity m...
Chapter
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The cryosphere is a portion of the Earth system where water is in solid form, normally found in the polar and high-altitude regions. With the global warming, it experiences a rapid change and the change is accelerating. This would profoundly impact, not only on climate systems, but also its functions to support our societies, known as cryosphere se...
Article
Coastal flood risk facing urban communities is increasing due to the compound impacts of sea level rise (SLR) and urban growth. Accurate information on future dynamic risk of coastal flooding and its physical and socio-economic drivers is essential for planning effective and targeted adaptation. However, the current scenarios regarding urban develo...
Article
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Significance Permafrost degradation may induce soil carbon (C) loss, critical for global C cycling, and be mediated by microbes. Despite larger C stored within the active layer of permafrost regions, which are more affected by warming, and the critical roles of Qinghai–Tibet Plateau in global C cycling, most previous studies focused on the permafro...
Article
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Permafrost collapse can rapidly change regional soil-thermal and hydrological conditions, potentially stimulating production of climate-warming gases. Here, we report on rate and extent of permafrost collapse on the extensive Tibetan Plateau, also known as the Asian Water Tower and the Third Pole. Combined data from in situ measurements, unmanned a...
Article
Global transboundary river basins (TRBs) cover about 47% of land surface and 52% of population. Water scarcity is driving the potential risks as a result of competition for the limited water resources in TRBs, which turns to be both of an urgent environment issue and economic/political problems. In this study, we used a water supply-demand balance...
Article
Full-text available
The terrestrial cryosphere functions to provide critical freshwater and serve societies and ecosystems, driving nature’s contributions to people (NCP). This becomes increasingly important for the oasis areas in Northwest China. The cryospheric meltwater is in demand to support the economy and reduce poverty, accompanied by growing requirements to p...
Article
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Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a long-term task, which puts forward high requirements on the sustainability of related policies and actions. Using the text analysis method, we analyze the China National Sustainable Communities (CNSCs) policy implemented over 30 years and its effects on achieving SDGs. We find that the nationa...
Article
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Stable isotope ratios (δ ¹⁸ O and δD) in Antarctic snow and ice are basic proxy indices of climate in ice core studies. The relation between the ratios has important indicative significance for moisture sources. In general, the fractionation characteristics of the two isotopes vary with different meteorological and topographical conditions. This pa...
Article
Society could sustain the impact of climate change by adapting to the change and mitigating risks from adverse effects of increasing changes, so that it can continue maintaining its prospect and improving wellbeing. Nevertheless, climate change is more or less affecting society’s functions at different scales, including both individuals and communi...
Article
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Free access to the full-text between 17 Feb. and 3 Mar. 2021, Thanks NREE for this promotion. A read-only version for those without a subscription: https://rdcu.be/ceDKY _______ Glaciers in the Himalaya-Karakoram mountain ranges harbour approximately half of the ice volume in High- mountain Asia and modulate the flow of freshwater to almost 869 mi...
Article
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Snow cover and seasonally frozen ground (SFG) are the key cryospheric elements on the southern edge of Altai Mountains (SEAM). Quantifying the thermal effect of snow cover on the frozen ground remains challenging. Utilizing the datasets observed at Altai Kuwei Snow Station (AKSS) and by National Meteorological Stations of China Meteorological Admin...
Article
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and nitrogen (N) play essential roles in global C and N cycles. To address the possible role of DOC and N in precipitation and enrich the related global database, the characteristics of DOC and N in precipitation were investigated in a typical remote permafrost region (upper Heihe River Basin) of the northern Tibetan...
Chapter
Over the past 30 years or so, all sectors of society have been developing and interpreting the principles of sustainability according to their specific context. Sustainability and sustainable development have emerged as an increasingly influential driver of change in public policy, community attitudes, and corporate governance. This chapter outline...
Chapter
Energy and carbon emission are two major driving forces of the sustainable built environment. This chapter discusses energy use and its impact on the environment from a global perspective and in the Australian context. Buildings and infrastructure are expected to last 50–200 years, and the efficient use of energy, as well as the corresponding emiss...
Chapter
It is evident that anthropogenic climate change has caused severe implications on the planet, and subsequently, the built environment is also affected. This chapter provides an introduction to climate change and the implications on the built environment. It first introduces the fundamental terminology used in climate science such as climate system,...
Chapter
Managing solid waste with proper disposal remains a major challenge in many countries around the world. In particular, increasing concerns have been raised in low-income countries. The traditional approach to waste management relies on the natural environment to absorb and assimilate unwanted by-products. Improper waste disposal is associated with...
Chapter
Despite the fact that energy efficiency in buildings is an essential measure of sustainable development, its operative performance to the changing climate should also be ensured. Buildings are designed to operate for extended periods, preferably exceeding 40–50 years, and the initial design of buildings should enable proactive adaptation to a great...
Chapter
This book provides an in-depth understanding of sustainable development in the construction sector and provided information on concepts, issues and implementation methods to achieve sustainable construction. The book was written to help graduate students, teachers and engineers to apply the knowledge in building and construction practices and makin...
Book
This monograph offers analyses of construction activities using various key concepts and assessments of sustainable development, and provides students and researchers with methodologies and design aspects for the sustainable development of the built environment. Additionally, the book demonstrates various national and international policies for ass...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the information that is of direct practical use for sustainable construction. It lists the key indicators that need to be considered for management to be sustainable. The chapter is divided into three main sections of green building design, low-energy building design and zero-energy/zero-carbon design, and the features and st...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the consumption of resources such as materials and water in the construction of buildings and its implications for the environment. All products used in building construction require transforming raw materials extracted from the environment. Various informed strategies for using material inputs efficiently, such as recycling...
Article
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Decline in snow mass threatens the regional economy that critically depends on meltwater. However, the economic scale of snow mass loss is hardly understood, and its role in the vulnerability of future economic development is unclear. We investigate the current reserves of snow cover and the value of its loss. The result showed that the total annua...
Article
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The cryosphere is closely related to human society. As a result of climate warming and corresponding cryosphere shrinkage, the cryosphere functions (CFs) and their associated services and hazards are undergoing profound changes. On the one hand, the cryosphere hazards become more and more frequent with heavily extreme events; on the other hand, the...
Article
Glacier melting represents an important flux of carbon and nitrogen (N) and affects the hydrological cycle. In this study, we presented the features of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and N concentrations, their potential sources and export from the Muz Taw glacier in Central Asia. The average DOC and total dissolved nitrogen concentrations were 1.1...
Article
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This Data in Brief article provides a supplementary information to the dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen from the snow of Muz taw glacier in the Central Asia, which is related to the scientific article titled with “Characterization, sources and transport of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen from a glacier in the Central Asia”[1]. Meanwhile,...
Article
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The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China (Ningxia), one of main agriculture areas in northwest China, has been severely affected by drought. Based on observed meteorological data, outputs of 20 global climate models and drought disaster data, future climate change and relevant drought hazard in the twenty-first century were projected in Ningxia,...
Article
Changes in the hydrological regimes of Arctic rivers could affect the thermohaline circulation of the Arctic Ocean. In this study, we analysed spatiotemporal variations in temperature and precipitation in the Ob River Basin regions during 1936–2017 based on data from the Global Precipitation Climatology Center. Changes in discharge and response to...
Article
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Cities play a significant role in climate change mitigation and adaptation. Urban land planning shapes the urban form and is considered to be an effective approach for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Yet, there is little knowledge about what urban forms can reduce both greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate stresses while considering...
Article
The Tarim River Basin (TRB) is one of the most important areas in Central Asia, and also the largest inland river basin in China. The runoff largely originates from alpine mountains, mainly supplied by glacier and snow melting. It meets the demand of oasis and more broadly ecosystems while shaping them up. In this study, the spatio-temporal variati...
Article
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Snow cover provides essential resources and services for human well-being and socioeconomic development in arid areas. With the change in snow cover resulting from climate change that causes concerns about its consequences, there is a pressing need to analyze and understand its impact on the benefits that people has been enjoying from snow cover. T...
Article
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The cryosphere provides a wide range of benefits to human well-being, directly or indirectly and materially or spiritually. They are defined as cryosphere services, including provisioning, regulating, culture, bearing and supporting services. All cryospheric services are supported by cryospheric functions reflected in their processes, structures an...
Article
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This paper investigates the potential of using form-stable phase change material (FS-PCM) integrated cement mortars in building envelopes to prevent overheating and to improve summer thermal comfort. The FS-PCM integrated cement mortar was applied as the interior surface plastering mortar of a full-scale test hut and compared with identical test hu...
Article
Glacial retreat and the thawing of permafrost due to climate warming have altered the hydrological cycle in cryospheric‐dominated watersheds. In this study, we analysed the impacts of climate change on the water budget for the upstream of Shule River Basin on the northeast Tibetan Plateau. The results showed that temperature and precipitation incre...
Article
This study focuses on further development of a novel paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite form-stable PCM composite to increase its heat transfer performance when used in cement-based composites. For this purpose, various high conductive carbon-based additives, such as graphite (G), carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNP), were int...
Method
Full-text available
Climate Adaptation through Sustainable Urban Water Development in Can Tho City, Vietnam, Case Study 14.1 In Vicuña, S., Redwood, M., Dettinger, M., and Noyola, A. (2018). Urban water systems. In Rosenzweig, C., W. Solecki, P. Romero-Lankao, S. Mehrotra, S. Dhakal, and S. Ali Ibrahim (eds.), Climate Change and Cities: Second Assessment Report of the...
Article
Thermal performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems is often limited by low thermal conductivity of phase change materials (PCMs), which reduces the heat transfer rate and energy storage efficiency. This study investigates the development of a thermally enhanced paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite (EPOP) form-stable PCM seed...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, cement-based thermal energy storage composites (TESC) were developed by integrating a novel phase change material (PCM) composite into ordinary cement mortar (NC). The composite PCM is based on paraffin and hydrophobic expanded perlite and it is form-stable when integrating into cementitious composites. The composite PCM was integrat...
Article
This study demonstrates the development of thermal energy storage cementitious composites (TESCs) by integrating a form-stable phase change material (PCM) composite into cement matrix. The PCM composite was fabricated on paraffin and hydrophobic expanded perlite. The mass percentage of paraffin in the composite can reach as much as 50% due to the e...
Article
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Access to facilities, services and socio-economic opportunities plays a critical role in the growth and decline of cities and human settlements. Previous attempts to explain changes in socio-economic indicators by differences in accessibility have not been convincing as countries with highly developed transport infrastructure have only seen margina...
Article
This paper presents a comprehensive experimental and numerical investigation on thermal enhancement of form-stable phase change material (PCM) integrated cementitious composites, with the goal of applying as interior surface plastering mortars in building walls. The composite PCM fabricated on paraffin/hydrophobic expanded perlite (EPO) showed an a...
Article
Full-text available
The efficiency of latent heat thermal energy storage systems is often limited by the low thermal conductivity of phase change materials (PCMs), which limits the heat transfer rate and energy storage efficiency. Therefore, this study investigates the performance enhancement of form-stable PCMs with the addition of exfoliated graphene nano-platelets...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental and numerical study has been carried out to evaluate the energy saving potential of thermal energy storage cementitious composite (TESC) in commercial buildings. Here, TESC was fabricated by integrating a composite phase change material based on paraffin and expanded perlite into ordinary cementitious composite. The TESC developed w...
Article
Guided waves find their niche in cost-effective damage identification in comparison with conventional nondestructive evaluation. Comprehensive research has been conducted since the 1980s, focusing on the detection of a wide variety of types of damage in metallic and composite structures. The main scope of this paper is to present a review of state-...
Article
In this study, the feasibility of integrating form-stable phase change material (FS-PCM) composites into cementitious composites was investigated. Two different FS-PCM composites were fabricated by using paraffin as functional PCM and hydrophilic and hydrophobic expanded perlite as supporting materials. Because of different surface treatment proper...
Article
To predict both end-use energy and water consumption of households, an integrated approach was developed by adding water module into the AusZEH design tool, which was a physically-based model to simulate energy consumption of residential buildings considering building envelop, appliance characteristics, local climate and occupant behaviour. Water a...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of phase change materials (PCMs) in reducing potential heat stress risks in non-air-conditioned buildings during heat wave periods, such as that occurred in Melbourne, 2009. A residential house is refurbished with the installation of shape-stabilized phase change material as inner linings of walls and ceiling. Dyn...
Conference Paper
In the last few decades, global warming and climate change have had great impact on infrastructures. Increasingly frequent extreme weather conditions, such as heat wave, severe cold, floods, and earthquakes, significantly change the construction and operation process of infrastructures. Huge social and economic lost raises the awareness to address...
Article
Building refurbishment, through incorporating phase change materials (PCMs) into building fabrics, has been considered to be an effective way to reduce the energy consumption and related carbon emission of buildings. At the same time, it can also help to reduce the extreme heatwave risks in non-air-conditioned buildings. This study investigates the...
Poster
Full-text available
The CityEngines tool was developed to integrate the latest knowledge to support the development of well-informed planning and policy decisions to build resilient communities. The information presented in this brochure uses coastal inundation as a sample application of the tool. However, CityEngines is designed and currently being developed to suppo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The case study of Climate Adaptation through Sustainable Urban Development in Can Tho City Vietnam has demonstrated a sustainable development approach to improve the planning of water services, through which to build capacity and enhance the resilience of the city and local communities to future challenges, including the changing climate. It provid...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a novel thermal energy storage composite was developed by impregnating paraffin into hydrophobic coated expanded perlite (EPO) granules. A paraffin/uncoated expanded perlite (EPW) phase change composite was also prepared to study and compare the stability when integrated into cementitious composites. Paraffin/EPW, containing 35% by w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of phase change materials (PCMs) in reducing potential heat stress risks in non-air-conditioned buildings during heat wave periods, such as that occurred in Melbourne, 2009. A low energy rated residential house without active air-conditioning system is refurbished with the installation of shape-stabilized phase ch...
Article
Background: As heatwaves are expected to be more frequent, longer, and more intense in the future, it is imperative to understand how heatwaves affect health. However, it is intensely debated about how a heatwave should be defined. Objectives: This study explored the possibility of developing a health risk-based definition for heatwave, and asse...
Article
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Background: Different locations and study periods were used in the assessment of the relationships between heatwaves and mortality. However, little is known about the comparability and consistency of the previous effect estimates in the literature. This study assessed the heatwave-mortality relationship using different study periods in the three l...
Article
Full-text available
Pathways of adapting the built assets for future risk reduction are highly uncertain because of changes in socio-economic trends and climate. To provide solid foundation for better adaptation planning, this paper presents a statistical approach to investigate the future direct damage loss and the benefit of adaptation through elevating building flo...
Article
The summer cooling potential of urban vegetation is investigated using an urban climate model for the current and future climates in the Melbourne central business district (CBD) area with various urban forms and vegetation schemes. Simulation results suggest that the average seasonal summer temperatures can be reduced in the range of around 0.5 an...
Article
Full-text available
The present study is an evaluation of temporal/spatial variations of surface water quality using multivariate statistical techniques, comprising cluster analysis (CA), principal component analysis (PCA), factor analysis (FA) and discriminant analysis (DA). Eleven water quality parameters were monitored at 38 different sites in Can Tho City, a Mekon...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the temporal and spatial patterns of diarrhoea in relation to hydrometeorological factors in the Mekong Delta area in Vietnam. A time-series design was applied to examine the temporal pattern of the climate–diarrhoea relationship using Poisson regression models. Spatial analysis was applied to examine the spatial clusters of dia...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Mekong Delta is the most vulnerable region to climate change in South-East Asia however the association between climate and children’s health has rarely been studied in this region. Objective: We examined the short-term association between daily temperature and hospital admissions for all causes, gastrointestinal, and respiratory in...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, a risk-based assessment method and benefit-cost analysis to support policy decisions for adapting Australian coastal residential buildings to future coastal inundation hazard is presented. Future coastal inundation is mainly influenced by storm surge and rising sea level. The sea level rises projected by the A1FI, A1B and B1 emissions...