Xiaolan Fu

Xiaolan Fu
University of Oxford | OX · Department of International Development

Doctor of Philosophy

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146
Publications
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4,495
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Publications

Publications (146)
Article
United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals call for an inclusive development and empowerment of marginalised communities. However, scholars have suggested that one single discipline or party, Multinational Enterprises, Governments or NGOs, cannot tackle these issues alone. Parallel to this, nonmarket strategies emphasising the societal context o...
Article
This paper investigates the impact of international collaboration and its characteristics on the quality of the innovation of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in emerging markets. Using a unique dataset of 1428 international and comparable domestic collaboration projects over the 2010–2016 period, it finds that while international innovation collab...
Article
Technological progress and the rise of short video platforms have created new possibilities for the marginalized communities. This paper explores how such platform-based business model innovation can foster entrepreneurship from the base of the pyramid (BOP) and include poor people into value creation activities by sharing their skills, experiences...
Article
The global roll-out of vaccines is crucial to defeating the pandemic, but the lack of technical know-how and manufacturing infrastructure for production are constraining the speedy provision of vaccines globally. This will remain true even if the intellectual property rights of COVID-19 vaccines are waived temporarily. To accelerate technology tran...
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Full-text available
The digital economy has led to significant socio-economic transformations in all aspects of our society and livelihoods. While there is a growing literature on the effect of digital platforms on development, none consolidates the available evidence from a development perspective. In this systematic literature review, we grouped the available litera...
Article
Over the past century and a half, global technological leadership has shifted from Europe to the United States, while scholars argue that the world has seen that it is now shifting from the United States to China due to China’s extraordinary catch-up in the past four decades, in which the public policy-oriented national innovation system developmen...
Article
Research Summary While there is a wealth of literature on the benefits of open innovation (OI), little is known about when do latecomer firms undertake international open innovation (IOI) given the related benefits and challenges. This study examines how the characteristics of firms and their surrounding environment affect their engagement with int...
Article
Using firm- and industry-level panel data, this study investigates the impact of the Ghana–China trade on labour productivity of Ghanaian manufacturing firms and compares it to the impact induced by the trade of Ghana with the OECD. The main findings suggest that the productivity effect in Ghanaian manufacturing firms triggered by engaging in inter...
Article
This paper contributes to the literature by examining the impact of different forms of state ownership on corporate innovation and the moderating effects of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) practices, economic policy uncertainty (EPU), and corruption in this ownership–innovation nexus. Building on both agency theory and institutional the...
Article
The world is in the early stages of a paradigm transition toward a global green economy. In this article, we propose the notion of green windows of opportunity, highlighting the importance of institutional changes in the creation of new opportunities for latecomer development. We emphasize how demand and mission-guided technical change influence th...
Article
This paper presents a review of the literature concerning the relationship between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and structural transformation in emerging and developing countries based on journal publications over the 2000 to 2020 period. Both outward and inward foreign direct investment by multinationals were found to have strong potential imp...
Article
This article investigates how a leading Chinese multinational enterprise in a core sector of the fourth industrial revolution manages research collaborations within and beyond its sectoral systems of innovation to create novel innovations and push the technological frontier of the industry. We find the firm expanded its technology boundaries throug...
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Full-text available
It is indisputable that the Covid-19 pandemic has shaken the world economy and indeed panglobal society in many dimensions. In this Introduction to our Special Section, we examine the dynamics involved, particularly in relation to China and the world economy, and the response policies utilised for post-pandemic recovery based on detailed and critic...
Article
This paper contributes to open innovation (OI) and boundary spanning literatures by providing a first understanding of industry‐based boundary spanners in university‐industry (U‐I) collaboration through case studies of Chinese multinational corporations (MNCs) and their international OI platforms. Organisational roles created by these platforms wit...
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The emergence of intangibles has brought significant challenges for our understanding of capitalism and international trade. This paper develops a framework for the measurement of global trade that integrates trade‐in‐intangibles and trade‐in‐goods and services to analyse the global trade imbalance. Through in‐depth discussions of the five modes th...
Article
This paper investigates the impact of industrial robot adoption on inclusive growth based on labour market evidence from a cross-country panel dataset of 74 economies between 2004 and 2016. It finds that the adoption of industrial robots is associated with significant gains in labour productivity and total employment in developed economies, while s...
Article
This Introduction provides summaries and critical comments on the excellent papers for this timely and important Special Issue. The theme of Global Protectionism related to China, the United States and Europe is vitally relevant for today and is expected to remain highly pertinent for future decades. The Special Issue should be on the reading lists...
Article
This paper examines the growth impact of Chinese outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) on host developing countries and investigates whether it is different from that of OFDI from Western countries. The analysis covers the distinctive characteristics of Chinese OFDI, in particular, weak ownership advantages and strong state supportiveness, and h...
Article
In this Introduction to our Special Issue, we provide detailed and critical comments and summaries of the excellent papers. The papers are important contributions to the China-U.S. and China-Europe economic and trade issues in the context of the global trading environment, as shaped by the current unorthodox policies of the Trump Administration. Th...
Article
The Triple Helix (TH) interactions among innovation organizations have become increasingly important for national science and technology development. Yet, few studies in the extant literature have investigated their effects on the participants' scientific performance. This study fills in this research gap by exploring whether the scientific perform...
Article
The growth of digital financial innovations in emerging economies varies across countries with Kenya’s mobile money transactions leading in Africa. Empirical evidence is lacking to describe from a system perspective the major factors attributing to this. Among the major money mobile transfer innovations, M-Pesa has recorded a tremendous impact sinc...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to focus on “how to create value from collaborative innovation,” which is a core question when companies plan open-innovation initiatives. China’s Huawei Technologies is taken as the main case study, with other companies’ practices as further examples to elaborate and validate a new yet practical model. Design...
Article
International research collaboration (IRC) has been increasingly important as an emerging area of innovation studies. This study reviews the intellectual base, main research trajectories and intellectual communities of the IRC research domain over the period 1957–2015. It integrates qualitative review and three quantitative analyses including co-ci...
Article
Based on case studies of leading Chinese MNEs' international operations in developed countries, this study develops a reverse knowledge acquisition model of emerging market MNEs through subsidiary-led reverse learning, knowledge sharing and integration processes. It unpacks MNEs' external learning process and contributes to the literature by explor...
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Full-text available
This paper aims to integrate the literature on technology, international trade and global value chains, and develop an analytical framework of global trade that integrates trade-in-intangibles and trade-in-goods in the context of globalisation and fragmentation of production activities and increasing trade in intangibles. Through in-depth discussio...
Article
This study investigates the impact of outward direct investment (ODI) by Chinese MNEs on innovation performance and the conditions under which such an impact is moderated, based on a sample of Chinese firms. The empirical evidence suggests that undertaking ODI leads to an increase in the innovation performance of these Chinese firms. The impact of...
Chapter
The relationship between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and host governments has seen different waves of trust and mistrust. Over the years, it has changed from a period of conflict after World War II, where MNEs were investing for purposes felt to be contradictory to government policies, to a more cooperative one, where countries are providing i...
Chapter
Access to affordable and sustainable energy is crucial for the improvement of the well-being of modern societies. Most energy technologies require comparatively high up-front investment, which adds to the challenge of electrification, despite the recognized multiple benefits. Partnership with multinational enterprises (MNEs) can provide necessary i...
Chapter
This study investigates the impact of multinational enterprises (MNEs) on economic and human development in Africa. Specific focus is placed on the local managerial capability building. Capability building is an important part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) framework and is considered a necessary prerequisite for achieving poverty allev...
Article
Despite the high profile of the issue in current policy formulations in low-income countries (LICs), there is little large firm level survey based empirical evidence on innovativeness and firm performance, especially in informal establishments. This paper aims to fill this gap in the literature using a revised Crépon-Duguet-Mairesse (CDM) structura...
Article
This paper examines how Chinese firms acquire knowledge and experience in international markets by attracting returnees using an original firm level survey from Guangdong province. It finds that there is a strong and positive relation between a firm’s choice of hiring returnees and its propensity to embark in FDI. Moreover, it shows that not all re...
Article
The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China edited by Shenggen Fan , Ravi Kanbur , Shang-Jin Wei , and Xiaobo Zhang Oxford University Press, 2014 - Volume 15 Issue 4 - Xiaolan Fu
Article
Full-text available
China has now moved considerably away from being an imitative latecomer to technology toward to being an innovation-driven economy. The key lessons from China’s experience are that (1) there is synergy between External Knowledge and Indigenous Innovation because the process of learning the tacit knowledge required in using the foreign technology fu...
Article
After more than three decades of opening up and reforms, China has moved from a low to an emerging middle-income country. The main challenge facing the country is how to sustain this momentum and develop into a high-income country and avoid the middle-income trap. In order to achieve this, industrial upgrading and structural change is crucial. This...
Article
This study examines the impact of mobile phone enhanced intervention in agricultural extension service delivery in India. Findings show that the amount, quality and speed of service delivery have improved significantly because of the intervention. There are also benefits in terms of greater knowledge and awareness of new agricultural practices, far...
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Full-text available
While prior research has focused upon the role of university-industry linkage in the promotion of innovation, there has been little research distinguishing the different roles of domestic and foreign universities in this pursuit. This paper explores the different impacts of domestic and foreign universities on innovation performance in emerging eco...
Article
This paper considers the case of managerial knowledge spillovers from Chinese FDI in Africa, in the context of the Ghanaian construction sector. Using empirical data from in-depth qualitative interviews, the paper first identifies key channels and determinants of managerial knowledge spillovers. Limited local employment at the managerial level in C...
Article
Innovation and technological change have radically altered the economic landscape over the past decades, contributing to growth in developed economies and promoting the catch-up process in developing countries. Despite these developments, there remain concerns that least developed countries (LDCs) have failed to derive significant benefits from the...
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Full-text available
In this study, we review the literature on the creation and diffusion of innovation in the private sectors (industry and services) in developing countries. In particular, we collect evidence on what are the barriers to innovation creation and diffusion and the channels of innovation diffusion to and within developing countries. We find that innovat...
Book
Over the past three decades, China has experienced rapid economic growth and a fascinating transformation of its industry. However, much of this success is the result of industrial imitation and China’s continuing success now relies heavily on its ability to strengthen its indigenous innovation capability. In this book, Xiaolan Fu investigates how...
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Full-text available
This paper examines the determinants of open innovation as a response to the constraints and risks of innovation that firms face in emerging economies. A recent national firm-level survey of 1,400 firms in the manufacturing sector is used as the basis of the analysis. We find that institutional, financial and knowledge/skills-related risks and cons...
Article
Based on a categorization of technological change, this paper proposes three patterns of catch-up: incremental, disruptive and revolutionary. Variations in innovation forms within the three patterns of catch-up are analyzed using Chinese firm-level survey data. The innovativeness of firms evolve following an inverted U-shape in the case of the incr...
Article
Transforming China into an innovation-driven economy has been one of the top priorities of the Chinese Government. This paper examines the policy choices involved in the extended national innovation performance framework for creating an open innovation system. Innovation capabilities, incentives and institutional frameworks are examined. The paper...
Article
Since China's entry into the WTO, US anti-dumping (AD) actions against China have increased, particularly with respect to multiple petitions. Distinguishing between US single and multiple petitions, we examine the trade effects of US AD actions against China based on an unbalanced panel of quarterly trade data. The results show that a US single pet...
Article
This symposium aims to bring together researchers interested in the emerging field of ‘frugal innovation’. The increasing practitioner and scholarly discourse in frugal innovation encourages dialogue from different perspectives around new forms of innovation strategy and entrepreneurship in undeserved markets. We feel this subject rethinks fundamen...
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This paper analyses the determinants of export upgrading using a cross-country panel dataset over the 1992–2006 period. The results suggest that the export sophistication of countries is enhanced by capital deepening, engagement in knowledge creation, transfers via investment in education and R&D and foreign direct investment and imports. Instituti...
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This article explores the paths of regional technology development in a large open developing economy. Findings from the research based on Chinese data suggest a differentiated approach to regional technology development. In technologically advanced regions, indigenous R&D plays a more important role than learning-by-doing while in backward regions...
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This article explores the impact of computerisation on the efficiency of rural cooperative banks using recent survey data on the usage of various types of information technology in rural cooperative banks in India. Findings from the research suggest that the adoption of appropriate technology such as stand-alone computers in branches promotes the e...
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This paper examines the relationship between organisation structure and innovation performance in a large sample of UK small and medium-sized enterprises. It asks whether there is an optimal structure and whether this differs between different firm environments and between young and older firms. We find that the influences on the ability to innovat...
Article
This paper analyzes the unit prices of imports into the EU, Japan, and the US during 1989–2006 of manufactured products in which China specializes. It finds that imports from middle income countries are in close price competition with those from China and that there has been price competition between China and high-income countries in low-technolog...
Article
abstractAlthough managerial knowledge spillovers have long been claimed to be a major benefit of foreign direct investment (FDI), such spillovers have not yet been systematically analysed. This paper adds to the literature by analysing the nature and extent of managerial knowledge spillovers from FDI through the diffusion of management practices. T...
Article
â–º This paper investigates how openness in innovation affects the importance of incentives for innovation. â–º While both openness and incentives are positively associated with innovation efficiency, a substitution effect is found between openness and incentives. â–º While long-term incentives appear to enhance efficiency to a greater extent than...
Article
We investigate the impact of management capabilities of foreign firms on the management capabilities and performance of domestic firms using survey data on the UK retail sector. On average, foreign-owned retail firms achieve higher management capability scores and are more productive than domestic firms. Our results suggest two faces of foreign man...
Article
This study examines the impact of processing trade‐foreign direct investment (FDI) on the export competitiveness of indigenous firms using disaggregated firm‐level production data and product‐level trade data from China covering the 2000–07 period. The estimation results show that processing trade‐FDI has generated significant positive information...
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This paper provides an analysis of the relative significance of various methods of acquiring tacit knowledge within the Chinese optical fibre and cable industry. The paper contributes to the definition, understanding and investigation of tacit knowledge using firm-level data in a developing country context, helping to complete a gap in the existing...
Article
In recent years China and India have achieved tremendous technological progress and development in the solar photovoltaic (PV) industry. Using case studies, this paper analyses and compares the technology progress in the solar PV industry in China and India, and discusses the role national innovation systems played in sustaining technology acquisit...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the evolution of policies and practices of open innovation (OI) in China under globalization. Design/methodology/approach – This is a review paper. It combines historical archives and case study approaches, covering policies and practices at both the macro- and micro-levels. Findings – It is found th...
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Summary This paper explores the role of indigenous and foreign innovation efforts in technological upgrading in developing countries, taking into account sectoral specificities in technical change. Using a Chinese firm-level panel dataset covering 2001-05, the paper decomposes productivity growth into technical change and efficiency improvement and...
Article
Summary This article explores in depth the role of indigenous and foreign innovation efforts in technological change and catching up and their interactions in the emerging economies. It presents original evidence and argues that, despite the potential offered by globalization and a liberal trade regime, the benefits of international technology diff...
Patent
This study examines the impact of a mobile phone technology enhanced service delivery system on agricultural extension services delivery in India. An impact analysis is carried out based on randomised survey data taking into account of potential systematic selection bias through double difference techniques and reflexive comparisons. Findings from...
Chapter
PART I: POLICY, STRATEGY AND CATCH-UP Innovation Strategies of Three of the BRICS: Brazil, India and China- What Can We Learn From Three Different Approaches? C.Dahlman Technological Catch Up of the Late Comers: Implications from the BRICS D.Nayyar China's Development Model: An Alternative Strategy for Technological Catch-Up X.Liu Science and Techn...
Chapter
Over the past 30 years, technology-intensive social innovations have gained an ever-growing role in the development of many low-income countries and can be expected to remain prominent drivers of social and economic change. Information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as internet and mobile phone tools, may help to create links to commer...
Chapter
The rate at which the BRICS countries have grown in the last couple of decades has been impressive. As the chapters of this book have shown, a number of factors have contributed to this, including, for example, foreign direct investment (FDI), improved absorptive capacity and growth of domestic high-tech industries as well as the support of small a...
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Full-text available
This paper benchmarks the patent activities of a sample of OECD countries against the world frontier and explores the sources of the cross-country differences in patenting (regarded as a proxy for innovation). A patent production frontier is estimated for a panel of 21 OECD countries over the 1990–2002 period using Stochastic Frontier Analysis. Pat...