Xiaojun Zhai

Xiaojun Zhai
University of Essex · School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering

Doctor of Philosophy

About

108
Publications
11,414
Reads
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777
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2021 - present
University of Essex
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2018 - September 2021
University of Essex
Position
  • Lecturer
June 2015 - September 2018
University of Derby
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
Motivation Data normalization is an essential step to reduce technical variation within and between arrays. Due to the different karyotypes and the effects of X chromosome inactivation, females and males exhibit distinct methylation patterns on sex chromosomes, thus it poses a significant challenge to normalise sex chromosome data without introduci...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of new nanoscale technologies has imposed significant challenges to designing reliable electronic systems in radiation environments. A few types of radiation like Total Ionizing Dose (TID) can cause permanent damages on such nanoscale electronic devices, and current state-of-the-art technologies to tackle TID make use of expensive rad...
Preprint
Background DNA methylation (DNAm) based age clocks have been studied extensively as a biomarker of human ageing and risk factor for age-related diseases. Despite different tissues having vastly different rates of proliferation, it is still largely unknown whether they age at different rates. It was previously reported that the cerebellum ages slowl...
Article
Full-text available
Knee joint moments are commonly calculated to provide an indirect measure of knee joint loads. A shortcoming of inverse dynamics approaches is that the process of collecting and processing human motion data can be time-consuming. This study aimed to benchmark five different deep learning methods in using walking segment kinematics for predicting in...
Preprint
Full-text available
The emergence of new nanoscale technologies has imposed significant challenges to designing reliable electronic systems in radiation environments. A few types of radiation like Total Ionizing Dose (TID) effects often cause permanent damages on such nanoscale electronic devices, and current state-of-the-art technologies to tackle TID make use of exp...
Article
Full-text available
A cerebrovascular accident or stroke is the second commonest cause of death in the world. If it is not fatal, it can result in paralysis, sensory impairment and significant disability. Rehabilitation plays an important role to help survivors relearn lost skills and assist them to regain independence and thus ameliorate their quality of life. With t...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate weed mapping is a prerequisite for site-specific weed management to enable sustainable agriculture. This work aims to analyse (spectrally) and mapping blackgrass weed in wheat fields by integrating Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), multispectral imagery and machine learning techniques. 18 widely-used Spectral Indices (SIs) are generated from...
Article
The emerging field of flexible bio-mechatronic technologies, such as wearable sensors, actuators and robots, are playing more and more crucial roles in the design and development of next generation healthcare and rehabilitation systems that safely and smartly interact with human patients. To create a complex and intelligent healthcare and rehabilit...
Conference Paper
The recent COVID-19 pandemic has further high-lighted the need for improving tele-rehabilitation systems. One of the common methods is to use wearable sensors for monitoring patients and intelligent algorithms for accurate and objective assessments. An important part of this work is to develop an efficient evaluation algorithm that provides a high-...
Article
Joint moments are commonly calculated in biomechanics research and provide an indirect measure of muscular behaviors and joint loads. However, joint moments cannot be easily quantified clinically or in the field, primarily due to challenges measuring ground reaction forces outside the laboratory. The present study aimed to compare the accuracy of t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motivation Data normalization is an essential step to reduce technical variation within and between arrays. Due to the different karyotypes and the effects of X chromosome inactivation, females and males exhibit distinct methylation patterns on sex chromosomes, thus it poses a significant challenge to normalise sex chromosome data without introduci...
Article
All-Programmable System-on-Chips (APSoCs) constitute a compelling option for employing applications in radiation environments thanks to their high-performance computing and power efficiency merits. Despite these advantages, APSoCs are sensitive to radiation like any other electronic device. Processors embedded in APSoCs, therefore, have to be adequ...
Article
Internet-of-Things (IoT) is an appealing service to revolutionise Smart City (SC) initiatives across the globe. IoT interconnects a plethora of digital devices known as Sensor Nodes (SNs) to the Internet. Due to their high performance and exceptional Quality-of-Service (QoS) Multiprocessor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) computing architectures are gaining...
Article
Malaria is an important and worldwide fatal disease that has been widely reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), and it has about 219 million cases worldwide, with 435,000 of those mortal. The common malaria diagnosis approach is heavily reliant on highly trained experts, who use a microscope to examine the samples. Therefore, there is a n...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sex is an important covariate of epigenome-wide association studies due to its strong influence on DNA methylation patterns across numerous genomic positions. Nevertheless, many samples on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) frequently lack a sex annotation or are incorrectly labelled. Considering the influence that sex imposes on DNA meth...
Article
Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) offer the flexibility of general-purpose processors along with the performance efficiency of dedicated hardware that essentially renders it as a platform of choice for modern-day robotic systems for achieving real-time performance. Such robotic systems when deployed in harsh environments often get plagued by f...
Article
Full-text available
The transistor simulation tools (e.g. TCAD and SPICE) are widely used to simulate single event effects (SEE) in industry. However, due to the variances of the physical parameters in practical design, e.g. the nature of the particle, linear energy transfer and circuit characteristics would have a large impacts on the final simulation accuracy, which...
Article
There is an increasing desire to conduct autonomous inspection of nuclear sites using robots. However, the presence of gamma radiation in nuclear sites induces degradation in vision sensors. In this paper, the effects of gamma radiation on a robot vision sensor (CMOS camera) used for radiological inspection is examined. The analyses have been carri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sex is an important covariate of epigenome-wide association studies due to its strong influence on DNA methylation patterns across numerous genomic positions. Nevertheless, many samples on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) frequently lack a sex annotation or are incorrectly labelled. Considering the influence that sex imposes on DNA methylation pat...
Conference Paper
An attractive option for realizing applications in radiation environments is to employ All-Programmable System-on-Chips (APSoCs) thanks to their high-performance computing and power efficiency merits. Despite APSoC’s advantages, like any other electronic device, they are prone to radiation effects. Processors found in APSoCs must, therefore, be ade...
Article
Wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of a large number of sensor nodes distributed over a certain target area. The WSN plays a vital role in surveillance, advanced healthcare, and commercialized industrial automation. Enhancing energy-efficiency of the WSN is a prime concern because higher energy consumption restricts the lifetime (LT) of the net...
Article
PurposeCerebral aneurysms are one of the prevalent cerebrovascular disorders in adults worldwide and caused by a weakness in the brain artery. The most impressive treatment for a brain aneurysm is interventional radiology treatment, which is extremely dependent on the skill level of the radiologist. Hence, accurate detection and effective therapy f...
Article
Recently, coronary heart disease has attracted more and more attention, where segmentation and analysis for vascular lumen contour are helpful for treatment. And intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) images are used to display lumen shapes in clinic. Thus, an automatic segmentation method for IVOCT lumen contour is necessary to reduce...
Article
Full-text available
Soft-core processors implemented in SRAM-based FPGAs are an attractive option for applications to be employed in radiation environments due to their flexibility, relatively-low application development costs, and reconfigurability features enabling them to adapt to the evolving mission needs. Despite the advantages soft-core processors possess, they...
Article
In the last five years or so, there has been a great interest in RF OAM to address the contradiction between the lack of wireless spectrum resources and the continually growing demands of the bandwidth. Recent developments and technological advancements in antenna design, material science, and integrated circuits have enabled miniaturized, multiple...
Article
Orbital angular momentum (OAM) beam emitters with compact structure and high performance are highly desirable for wireless communication and radar technology. Here, we propose a compact emitter that only consists of a ring resonator and a feed line. Continuously-variable-mode OAM beams are generated by adjusting the wavelength and transmission path...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disorder caused by a weakness in the wall of an artery or vein, which causes a localized dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel. It is life-threatening; hence, an early and accurate diagnosis would be a great aid to medical professionals in making the correct choice of treatment. HemeLB is a massively para...
Article
Full-text available
Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) systems have become widely used in safety, security, and commercial aspects. A typical ANPR system consists of three main stages: number plate localization (NPL), character segmentation (CS), and optical character recognition (OCR). In recent years, to provide a better recognition rate, high-definition (HD)...
Chapter
Malaria, a not only widespread but also a potentially fatal disease that can be found mainly in tropical regions of the world, with the World Health Organization reporting an estimated 219 million cases worldwide as of 2017 of which 435,000 were mortal. Diagnosis currently involves taking a blood sample from a patient who is presumed to be infected...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, with the phenomenon of the world ageing getting serious, the demand for intelligent medical treatment becomes higher than past. A series of smart bracelets have been launched for the health of the elderly, which can detect the health condition of the elderly in real-time. When an abnormal phenomenon occurs and the rescue will be needed, i...
Article
Full-text available
Electromagnetic waves carrying an orbital angular momentum (OAM) are of great interest. However, most OAM antennas present disadvantages such as a complicated structure, low efficiency, and large divergence angle, which prevents their practical applications. So far, there are few papers and research focuses on the problem of the divergence angle. H...
Chapter
Full-text available
Violence detection is becoming increasingly relevant in many areas such as for automatic content filtering, video surveillance and law enforcement. Existing datasets and methods discriminate between violent and non-violent scenes based on very abstract definitions of violence. Available datasets, such as “Hockey Fight” and “Movies”, only contain fi...
Article
The interlinked processing units in modern Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) creates a large network of connected computing embedded systems. Network-on-Chip (NoC)-based Multiprocessor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) architecture is becoming a de facto computing platform for real-time applications due to its higher performance and Quality-of-Service (QoS). The n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery causing a dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel is known as a cerebral aneurysm. Optimal treatment requires fast and accurate diagnosis of the aneurysm. HemeLB is a fluid dynamics solver for complex geometries developed to provide neurosurgeons with information related to the flow of blood in and aro...
Chapter
PhotoDNA is a perceptual fuzzy hash technology designed and developed by Microsoft. It is deployed by all major big data service providers to detect Indecent Images of Children (IIOC). Protecting the privacy of individuals is of paramount importance in such images. Microsoft claims that a PhotoDNAhash cannot be reverse engineered into the original...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, modern communication system relies on the designs of high-performance devices to enhance communication effect for high quality of life and smart city system. As a crucial signal processing step, microwave filter removes unwanted frequency components away from the received signal and enhances the useful ones. However, large loss, bulky siz...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives Surgical procedures such as laparoscopic and robotic surgeries are popular since they are invasive in nature and use miniaturized surgical instruments for small incisions. Tracking of the instruments (graspers, needle drivers) and field of view from the stereoscopic camera during surgery could further help the surgeons to...
Preprint
Full-text available
A weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery causing a dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel is known as a cerebral aneurysm. Optimal treatment requires fast and accurate diagnosis of the aneurysm. HemeLB is a fluid dynamics solver for complex geometries developed to provide neurosurgeons with information related to the flow of blood in and aro...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing use of social media networks on handheld devices, especially smartphones with powerful built-in cameras, and the widespread availability of fast and high bandwidth broadband connections, added to the popularity of cloud storage, is enabling the generation and distribution of massive volumes of digital media, including images and vide...
Article
Cloud datacentres are turning out to be massive energy consumers and environment polluters, which necessitate the need for promoting sustainable computing approaches for achieving environment-friendly datacentre execution. Direct causes of excess energy consumption of the datacentre include running servers at low level of workloads and over-provisi...
Article
Full-text available
Mobile robots can effectively coordinate information among sensor nodes in a distributed physical proximity. Accurately locating the mobile robots in such a distributed scenario is an important requirement, such that mobile robots can be instructed to coordinate with appropriate sensor nodes. Packet loss is one of the prevailing issues in such wire...
Article
Cerebral aneurysm is a life‐threatening condition. It is a weakness in a blood vessel that may enlarge and bleed into the surrounding area. In order to understand the surrounding environmental conditions during the interventions or surgical procedures, a simulation of blood flow in cerebral arteries is needed. One of the effective simulation approa...
Chapter
The Internet of Things (IoT) has started redesigning the paradigm of the connected health sector by leveraging the availability of low power, low-cost sensors and efficient communication protocols. Consequently, IoT based connected health platforms are expected to further enhance the patient connectivity and everyday convenience. Nevertheless, issu...
Article
Online shopping is an important part of the development of the Internet and plays a critical role in the current and future economy. However, there are many risks in the trading process. In order to reduce the hidden risks, it is necessary to study the method of risk identification. This paper proposes user risk identification method of online shop...
Article
Full-text available
Network-on-Chip (NoC) based Multiprocessor System-on-Chips (MPSoCs) are becoming the de-facto computing platform for computationally intensive real-time applications in the embedded systems due to their high performance, exceptional Quality-of-Service (QoS) and energy efficiency over superscalar uniprocessor architectures. Energy saving is importan...
Article
With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), various large-scale real-time data processing applications for handling real-time sensor data are becoming one of the important applications in cloud computing. The academia, the industry, and even the government institutions have already begun to pay close attention to how to efficiently proces...