Xiaohe Xu

Xiaohe Xu
University of Texas at San Antonio | UTSA · Department of Sociology

Ph.D

About

115
Publications
77,184
Reads
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2,288
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
994 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Xiaohe Xu currently works in the Department of Sociology, the University of Texas at San Antonio. He conducts research in Quantitative Social Research and Comparative Family Studies. His current project explores family life and health in several Southeast Asian countries.
Additional affiliations
September 1998 - May 2009
Mississippi State University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
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Background Microscopic hematuria (MH) is a common finding on screening urinalyses in persons living with HIV (PLWH); however, a study in the pre-HAART era revealed that a complete urologic evaluation was generally non-diagnostic in young males with a benign history and normal renal function. Recent studies have shown a decreased incidence of hematu...
Article
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Breastfeeding is less prevalent among African American women than their white peers. Moreover, breastfeeding rates in the South lag behind those in other regions of the U.S. Consequently , various efforts have been undertaken to promote breastfeeding among groups for which this practice is less common. This study examines African American and white...
Article
Utilizing a survey conducted in 2016 by the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development, this study explores the effects of parenthood on the likelihood of the scientist’s first application for the Young Investigator Grant Program administered by the National Science Foundation of China. The analysis indicates that having a child nega...
Article
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Religious affiliation and attendance have been shown to affect various facets of mental health, including the willingness to seek mental health assistance; however, little is known about how theological beliefs influence people’s assessments of religious and secular mental health assistance options. Prior research using theological conservatism (be...
Article
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Background Few studies have explored the health and development of AIDS orphans using the positive youth development (PYD) framework. Grounded in this framework, the main objective of this study is to examine how internal assets (i.e., resilience) and external assets (i.e., school connectedness, peer support) affect subjective well-being among Yi A...
Article
Background The Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is home to the largest population of Yi ethnic minority within mainland China. Due to the high HIV/AIDS epidemic, many Yi children become AIDS orphans who lost one or both parents to AIDS-related causes. This study explored the prevalence and correlates of AIDS orphans’ depressive symptom, sleep dis...
Article
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Background People living with HIV (PLHIV) have increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), however CVD risk assessment can be challenging as HIV-related factors are not included in most calculators. We compared CVD risk calculators in US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS) participants. Methods The NHS database was screened for participan...
Article
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Prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, there were high rates of food and housing insecurity and unmet childcare, clothing, and physical and mental health needs among community college students. There was a growing body of evidence linking these unmet needs to adverse educational outcomes. In response, many community colleges had started to develop basic n...
Article
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Background and Objectives Active infection results in several outward signs in humans, including visible symptoms, changes in behavior, and possible alterations in skin color and gait. A potential adaptive function of these indicators is to signal distress and elicit care from close others. We hypothesized that sickness behavior, a suite of stereot...
Article
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Background: Depression is common among HIV-infected individuals and may contribute to suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and subsequent inability to attain viral load (VL) suppression. We evaluated associations between depression, self-reported adherence, and longitudinal HIV treatment outcomes in US Military HIV Natural History...
Article
Objectives HIV infection is associated with increased risk of erectile dysfunction (ED); however, factors associated with ED remain unclear. We evaluated the prevalence of ED among men living with HIV and factors associated with ED diagnosis in the US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS). Methods A retrospective cohort study evaluated participa...
Article
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Background Research suggests that health/safety behaviors (e.g., drinking heavily) and medical behaviors (e.g., donating blood) may be perceived as inherently risky, and further suggests there is substantial variation in the likelihood of engaging in a particular health-related risk behavior across people. Research examining demographic and sociocu...
Article
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Introduction Weight gain and obesity in people living with HIV have been associated with increased risk for non-AIDS-related comorbidities, and integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based regimens may lead to comparatively more weight gain than other regimens. We evaluated body mass index (BMI) following antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiatio...
Article
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Background Excessive heat is a leading weather related cause of fatalities in the USA. Vulnerable populations can face greater exposure to health risks during extreme heat events. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of excessive heat and community level social vulnerability on morbidity in San Antonio, Texas, in 2018. Methods Heat Index...
Article
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Background: A burgeoning body of research indicates that excessive heat is a leading weather-related cause of fatalities in the United States. The average annual heat-related deaths in the U.S. are about 1,500, which are more than deaths resulting from all natural disasters combined. Extreme heat conditions are also associated with non-fatal medica...
Article
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An emerging body of research has linked intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization with negative mental health outcomes among women in postreform China. However, limited scholarly attention has been given to the independent effects of multiple types of IPV victimization on depressive symptoms among men and women. Little is known if these indepen...
Preprint
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Background: Depression is common among HIV-infected individuals and may contribute to suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and subsequent inability to attain viral load (VL) suppression. We evaluated longitudinal HIV treatment outcomes in US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS) participants with depression. Methods: Male NHS par...
Article
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Over the past two decades, health-related issues among rural-to-urban migrant workers in China have been widely discussed and documented by public health scholars. However, little, if any, scholarly attention has been paid to migrant workers' secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home. This study aims to explore the contours of SHS exposure at home an...
Article
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Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Southwest China has a high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence rate. This study examined the changing modes of HIV transmission among women with new HIV infections and explored the spatial heterogeneities in the factors associated with heterosexual transmission in this minority region. The data consis...
Article
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A growing body of research has documented salutary associations between religious involvement and poor mental health outcomes, such as depressive symptoms and psychological distress. However, little scholarly attention has been given to the association between Buddhism, a non-Western religious faith, and depressive symptomatology in Thailand. Using...
Article
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Sickness behavior is an evolutionarily conserved phenomenon found across a diverse range of animals involving a change in motivational priorities to theoretically maximize energetic investment in immune function and recovery. Typical components of sickness behavior include reduced sociability and activity, changes in diet, and depressed affect. Imp...
Article
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Background: Incidents of patient-initiated workplace violence against health care workers have been a subject of substantial public attention in China. Patient-initiated violence not only represents a risk of harm to health care providers but is also indicative of general tensions between doctors and patients which pose a challenge to improving he...
Preprint
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1) Background: This study examines the impact of Synar policy adoption on youth commercial access to tobacco products in Mississippi, the South, and the remaining U.S. The principal focus on youth commercial access is complemented by analyses of Synar's impact on minors' non-commercial access to tobacco and tobacco use patterns. Mississippi has bee...
Article
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Background Depression is common among HIV-infected individuals and may contribute to suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and reduced rates of viral load (VL) suppression. We evaluated longitudinal HIV treatment outcomes in US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS) participants with or without a diagnosis depression. Methods Male...
Article
Full-text available
Background Weight gain and obesity in people living with HIV have been associated with increased risk for non-AIDS-related comorbidities, and integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based regimens may lead to comparatively more weight gain than other regimens. We evaluated body mass index (BMI) following antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to examine racial/ethnic and gender variations and intersectionality in the knowledge, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors pertaining to substance abuse (SA) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention among racial/ethnic minority college students (ages 18–24) in South Texas. A...
Article
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The primary goal of this study is to link both subjective and objective indicators of financial strain to two distinct dimensions of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women—the husband’s violent behavior and gendered control—in postreform China. The data for this study were drawn from a community survey conducted in Chengdu, the capital of Si...
Article
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Objective This study examines linkages between childhood exposure to family violence (FV) and adulthood depressive symptoms, directly and indirectly, through adulthood experience of FV among ever‐married Thai women. Background A growing body of research has shown that childhood experience of FV is not only intergenerationally transmitted but also...
Article
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This study evaluated the relationships between depression trajectories, depression diagnosis and sexual risk behaviors in the US Military HIV Natural History Study. Risk behavior survey data, a coded diagnosis of depression, available Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression measures, and self-reported depressive symptoms (n = 662) were utiliz...
Article
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Previous research has linked parental religiosity to a number of positive developmental characteristics in young children. This study introduces the concept of selective sanctification as a refinement to existing theory and, in doing so, adds to a small but growing body of longitudinal research on this topic. We explore how parents’ religious atten...
Article
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Background: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is common but difficult to predict in HIV-infected persons. Objective: Since qualitative VZV antibodies can determine past VZV disease or vaccination, we evaluated whether quantitative VZV antibody levels over time can predict future zoster. Study design: US Military HIV Natural History (NHS) pa...
Article
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Does religious involvement (i.e., attendance and salience) mitigate the association between combat casualty exposure and sleep disturbance among US military veterans? To address this question, we analyze cross-sectional survey data from the public-use version of the 2011 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Military Personnel. Results from mul...
Article
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Background HIV-infected men have increased incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) compared with men without HIV infection. Risk factors for ED among HIV-positive individuals have not been widely described. Methods A retrospective cohort study was completed evaluating participants in the US Military HIV Natural History Study, a cohort of HIV-infect...
Article
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This study develops and tests a theory of scriptural coping. Using elements from hermeneutic theory as our guide, we contend that (1) specific life exigencies will increase the likelihood of someone turning to scripture for relevant insights, and (2) reading scripture for relevant insights will moderate associations between exigencies and psycholog...
Article
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One body of extant research has documented the social contours and positive effects of teen religiosity, while another has explored the religious sources of social congeniality (“niceness”) among adult Americans. This study integrates these parallel bodies of scholarship by examining the religious bases of niceness among American teens. Using post-...
Article
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Rural American youth exhibit pronounced health disparities. This study enlists insights from an economy of scale paradigm to determine the relative effects of serving smaller versus larger client groups in an assembly-style school-based behavioral health promotion program. Evaluation results are reported from a three-year intervention delivered to...
Article
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Although a growing body of research has detected the effects of community‐level religiosity on various health outcomes, very little scholarship has examined the influence of religious ecology on infant mortality rates (IMRs). We conduct ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analyses on postneonatal IMRs (PNIMRs) using county‐level data from the N...
Article
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In recent years, people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have moved from institutionalized settings to local community residences. While deinstitutionalization has yielded quality of life improvements for people with IDD, this transition presents significant health-related challenges. Community clinicians have typically not be...
Chapter
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Using multi-level data from the World Bank, the United Nations, the statistical yearbooks, and the cumulative World Values Survey, this chapter explores the effects of fertility change on religiosity in the 21st Century. Drawing on multiple literatures from population and religious studies, it is hypothesized that fertility declines may lead to eve...
Article
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Math proficiency is considered a critical subject for entry into most science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations. This study examines the relationship between parental occupation and gender differences in students' math performance, that is, the gender math gap. Using insights from theories of social and gender reproduction, we h...
Article
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Using pooled data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG 2006–2010), we examine the effects of denominational affiliation, worship service attendance, and religious salience on remarriage timing. Survival analyses indicate that both men and women affiliated with conservative Protestant faith traditions are significantly more likely than th...
Article
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Background: Although clinical data is limited, guidelines recommend avoiding live attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine (LAIV) in HIV-infected persons. Objectives: To evaluate non-guideline LAIV use and resulting adverse effects in an HIV-infected population. Study design: A retrospective analysis of influenza vaccination in US Air Force (US...
Article
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Numerous studies have documented religious variations in gender ideology in the United States. Despite growth, diversification, and religious ferment among Latinas/os, few have investigated this topic within the Latina/o population. Drawing on insights from gender theory and prior empirical research, we develop several hypotheses regarding the link...
Article
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God imagery has been shown to have a profound influence on a diverse array of attitudes and behaviors. Research has also underscored the religious antecedents of traditionalist gender ideologies. This study integrates these parallel literatures by examining the degree to which gendered God imagery is a transposable schema that is associated with at...
Article
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This evaluation study reports the effects of a combined alcohol- use and sex education intervention program on the knowledge, attitudes, and risk- taking behaviors among college-attending Hispanic and other minority young adults. A random sample of Hispanic, Black, and other racial minority college students aged 18– 24 was selected to participate i...
Chapter
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Since the 1990s, a growing body of research on relationship quality and divorce in the People’s Republic of China has emerged. To synthesize and corroborate this emerging body of research, this chapter explores multifaceted determinants of marital quality and divorce in post-reform China using the pooled, nationally representative China General Soc...
Article
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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with reduced muscle mass and adverse metabolic effects. We evaluated the impact of HIV infection on longitudinal exercise performance in US Air Force (USAF) members with HIV infection. USAF members perform standardized fitness assessments every 6 to 12 months with a composite score compris...
Article
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Prior research suggests that religiosity, especially public religious participation, is related to greater volunteerism. However, less is known about religious transmission across the life course, in particular whether and how religiosity in childhood is linked to later life volunteerism. This study investigates a sample of emerging adults in South...
Article
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Using data on adults ages 55 and over from the second wave of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH-2), this study models the main and interactive effects of religious involvement and race/ethnicity on four items of attitudes towards intergenerational assistance. Results indicate that African Americans and Hispanics tend to express s...
Article
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Using a large community sample from urban China, this study retests the factorial and discriminant validity of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF). Cross-sectional survey data are collected from 4,458 Chinese women ages 20 and above residing in five Chinese urban centers (Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shanghai...
Conference Paper
Background: In 2013, Mississippi (MS) was ranked 50th in the US for overall health. Currently MS is ranked 50th for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and 49th in both diabetes and obesity. Findings from two successful community-based interventions offered in the MS Gulf Coast counties of Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson whose objective was to educate par...
Article
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This study utilized data from the 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey to examine correlates of the lifetime experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) against married women in Uganda. Guided by an integrated theoretical framework that synthesizes resource and gender theories, five hypotheses are developed and tested concerning three major...
Article
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Previous studies have revealed denominational subculture variations in marriage timing in the U.S. with conservative Protestants marrying at a much younger age than Catholics and the unaffiliated. However, the effects of other religious factors, such as worship service attendance and religious salience, remain overlooked. Informed by a theoretical...
Article
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Using a random sample of adult residents from the state of Texas, we examine how religious participation and secular civic engagement buffer the effects of perceived financial strain and neighborhood disadvantage on psychological distress. Our findings suggest that (a) both organizational religious and secular civic engagement buffer the deleteriou...
Chapter
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This chapter reviews relevant theory and research on the linkages between religion and family life in the United States over the past 25 years. It focuses on how religion exerts important influences on multiple domains of family life, including but not limited to premarital interactions, union formation, relationship dynamics and quality, childbear...
Article
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Since the inception of the economic reform, marital relationship in urban China has undergone dramatic transformations. Though the burgeoning body of scholarly research has demonstrated that marital quality has increasingly become an important aspect of family life among married persons in urban China, both the conceptualization and measurement of...
Article
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Despite evidence of the salutary effects of religion on physical health, relatively little attention has been paid to the influence of religiosity on the risk of overweight and obesity. Our study examines this relationship with specific attention to the influence of Latter-day Saint (LDS, Mormon) affiliation and attendance on bodyweight status. Lat...
Article
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This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the cont...
Article
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Prior research has identified a number of antecedents to infant mortality, but has been focused on either structural (demographic) forces or medical (public health) factors, both of which ignore potential cultural influences. Our study introduces a cultural model for explaining variations in infant mortality, one focused on the role of community-le...
Article
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Previous research has demonstrated that the effects of postdivorce cohabitation on the quality of intimate relationships are similar to those of premarital cohabitation. Thus, like premarital cohabitation in first marriage, postdivorce cohabitation in general and multi-partnered postdivorce cohabitation in particular delay remarriage and diminish r...
Article
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There is a widespread agreement among gender and family violence investigators that gender and socioeconomic inequalities play key roles in domestic violence against women (DVAW). By integrating the concepts of gender traditionalism and decision-making power into a variety of resource-based theories, this study develops a gender perspective to expl...
Article
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This study examines the association between religious factors and the virginity status of unmarried Brazilian female adolescents aged 15-19 years. The analysis draws on data from the Brazilian National Demographic and Health Survey (2006) using a sub-sample of unmarried Brazilian female adolescents aged 15-19 years (N = 2,364). Multinomial logistic...
Article
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Abstract "Subsistence" and "informal economy" are contrasted in their utility as sociological concepts and their ability to explain a variety of activities in two rural Mississippi Delta communities. Literature on subsistence stresses that the desired outcome of participation is not an increase in income but the social rewards of participation itse...
Article
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Dating continues to be a key point of transition into American adolescence for many teens. Yet, despite a growing research literature on romantic relationships and dating in adolescence, little attention has been paid to the impact of religion on teen dating. This study examines how various forms of personal religiosity and the family's religious e...
Article
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Scholars have shown increasing interest in the social implications of Protestant and, specifically, Pentecostal expansion in Latin America over the past several decades. This study uses data from the National Demographic and Health Survey in Brazil to explore the influence of religious affiliation and attendance on the reproductive behavior of unma...
Article
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Investigators who study intimate partner violence have long recognized a relationship between exposure to violence in the family of origin and subsequent offending and victimization in the family context. This relationship holds not only for direct exposure (i.e., experiencing violence), but also for indirect exposure (i.e., witnessing violence aga...