# Xiaofei ZhaoWuhan University | WHU · School of Mathematics and Statistics

Xiaofei Zhao

Doctor of Philosophy

## About

53

Publications

5,476

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792

Citations

Citations since 2017

## Publications

Publications (53)

We propose and analyze a multiscale time integrator Fourier pseudospectral
(MTI-FP) method for solving the Klein-Gordon (KG) equation with a dimensionless
parameter $0<\varepsilon\leq1$ which is inversely proportional to the speed of
light. In the nonrelativistic limit regime, i.e. $0<\varepsilon\ll1$, the
solution to the KG equation propagates wav...

A multiscale time integrator Fourier pseudospectral (MTI-FP) method is
proposed and analyzed for solving the Klein-Gordon-Schr\"{o}dinger (KGS)
equations in the nonrelativistic limit regime with a dimensionless parameter
$0<\varepsilon\le1$ which is inversely proportional to the speed of light. In
fact, the solution to the KGS equations propagates...

A multiscale time integrator sine pseudospectral (MTI-SP) method is presented for discretizing the Klein-Gordon-Zakharov (KGZ) system with a dimensionless parameter , which is inversely proportional to the plasma frequency. In the high-plasma-frequency limit regime, i.e. , the solution of the KGZ system propagates waves with amplitude at and wavele...

In this work, we consider the numerical integration of the nonlinear Dirac equation and the Dirac–Poisson system (NDEs) under rough initial data. We propose an ultra low-regularity integrator (ULI) for solving the NDEs which enables optimal first-order time convergence in H r H^r for solutions in H r H^{r} , i.e., without requiring any additional r...

In this work, we propose a symmetric exponential-type low-regularity integrator for solving the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation under rough data. The scheme is explicit in the physical space, and it is efficient under the Fourier pseudospectral discretization. Moreover, it achieves the second-order accuracy in time without loss of regularity of the...

In this paper, we consider the numerics of the dispersion-managed Korteweg-de Vries (DM-KdV) equation for describing wave propagations in inhomogeneous media. The DM-KdV equation contains a variable dispersion map with discontinuity, which makes the solution non-smooth in time. We formally analyze the convergence order reduction problems of some po...

We consider the computations of the action ground state for a rotating nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation. It reads as a minimization of the action functional under the Nehari constraint. In the focusing case, we identify an equivalent formulation of the problem which simplifies the constraint. Based on it, we propose a normalized gradient flow metho...

In this paper, we consider the numerical solution of the continuous disordered nonlinear Schrödinger equation, which contains a spatial random potential. We address the finite time accuracy order reduction issue of the usual numerical integrators on this problem, which is due to the presence of the random/rough potential. By using the recently prop...

In this paper, we consider a class of highly oscillatory Hamiltonian systems which involve a scaling parameter $\varepsilon\in(0,1]$. The problem arises from many physical models in some limit parameter regime or from some time-compressed perturbation problems. The solution of the model exhibits rapid temporal oscillations with $\mathcal{O}(1)$-amp...

In this paper, we introduce a novel class of embedded exponential-type low-regularity integrators (ELRIs) for solving the KdV equation and establish their optimal convergence results under rough initial data. The schemes are explicit and efficient to implement. By rigorous error analysis, we first show that the ELRI scheme provides the first order...

Two different Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) formulations with efficient pseudo-spectral numerical schemes are derived for the standard and non-relativistic nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations (NKGE). A pseudo-spectral explicit exponential integrator scheme for a first-order formulation and a linearly implicit preconditioned finite-difference scheme fo...

In this paper, we establish the optimal convergence for a second-order exponential-type integrator from Hofmanová & Schratz (2017, An exponential-type integrator for the KdV equation. Numer. Math., 136, 1117–1137) for solving the Korteweg–de Vries equation with rough initial data. The scheme is explicit and efficient to implement. By rigorous error...

In this paper we address the computational aspects of uniformly accurate numerical methods for solving highly oscillatory evolution equations. In particular, we introduce an approximation strategy that allows the construction of arbitrary high-order methods using solely the right-hand side of the differential equation. No derivative of the vector f...

Two different Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) formulations with efficient pseudo-spectral numerical schemes are derived for the standard and non-relativistic nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations (NKGE). A pseudo-spectral explicit exponential integrator scheme for a first-order formulation and a linearly implicit preconditioned finite-difference scheme fo...

We present a uniformly first order accurate numerical method for solving the Klein-Gordon-Zakharov (KGZ) system with two dimensionless parameters 0<ε≤1 and 0<γ≤1, which are inversely proportional to the plasma frequency and the acoustic speed, respectively. In the simultaneous high-plasma-frequency and subsonic limit regime, i.e. ε<γ→0+, the KGZ sy...

In this paper, we introduce a novel class of embedded exponential-type low-regularity integrators (ELRIs) for solving the KdV equation and establish their optimal convergence results under rough initial data. The schemes are explicit and efficient to implement. By rigorous error analysis, we first show that the ELRI scheme provides the first order...

In this work, we consider the error estimates of some splitting schemes for the charged-particle dynamics under a strong magnetic field. We first propose a novel energy-preserving splitting scheme with computational cost per step independent from the strength of the magnetic field. Then under the maximal ordering scaling case, we establish for the...

This work concerns the time averaging techniques for the nonlinear Klein-Gordon (KG) equation in the nonrelativistic limit regime which have recently gained a lot of attention in numerical analysis. This is due to the fact that the solution becomes highly-oscillatory in time in this regime which causes the breakdown of classical integration schemes...

In this work, we consider the numerical solution of the nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation with a highly oscillatory potential (NLSE-OP). The NLSE-OP is a model problem which frequently occurs in recent studies of some multiscale dynamical systems, where the potential introduces wide temporal oscillations to the solution and causes numerical diffic...

In this paper, we establish the optimal convergence result of a second order exponential-type integrator for solving the KdV equation under rough initial data. The scheme is explicit and efficient to implement. By rigorous error analysis, we show that the scheme provides second order accuracy in $H^\gamma$ for initial data in $H^{\gamma+4}$ for any...

Nonlinear Dirac equations describe the motion of relativistic spin-12 particles in presence of external electromagnetic fields, modelled by an electric and magnetic potential, and taking into account a nonlinear particle self-interaction. In recent years, the construction of numerical splitting schemes for the solution of these systems in the nonre...

Different efficient and accurate numerical methods have recently been proposed and analyzed for the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation (NKGE) with a dimensionless parameter ε∈(0,1], which is inversely proportional to the speed of light. In the nonrelativistic limit regime, i.e. 0<ε≪1, the solution of the NKGE propagates waves with wavelength at O(1) a...

In this paper, we consider the three dimensional Vlasov equation with an inhomogeneous, varying direction, strong magnetic field. Whenever the magnetic field has constant intensity, the oscillations generated by the stiff term are periodic. The homogenized model is then derived and several state-of-the-art multiscale methods, in combination with th...

In this work, we consider the numerical integration of the nonlinear Dirac equation and the Dirac-Poisson system (NDEs) under rough initial data. We propose a ultra low-regularity integrator (ULI) for solving the NDEs which enables optimal first-order time convergence in $H^r$ for solutions in $H^{r}$, i.e., without requiring any additional regular...

We present a uniformly and optimally accurate numerical method for solving the Klein-Gordon-Zakharov (KGZ) system with two dimensionless parameters $0<\epsilon\le1$ and $0<\gamma\le 1$, which are inversely proportional to the plasma frequency and the acoustic speed, respectively. In the simultaneous high-plasma-frequency and subsonic limit regime,...

In this paper, we consider the numerical methods for solving the two-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson equation in the finite Larmor radius approximation regime. The model describes the behaviour of charged particles under a strong external magnetic field and the finite Larmor radius approximation. We discretise the equation with the Particle-in-Cell meth...

This paper is concerned with the unconditional and optimal \(L^{\infty }\)-error estimates of two fourth-order (in space) compact conservative finite difference time domain schemes for solving the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in two or three space dimensions. The fact of high space dimension and the approximation via compact finite difference dis...

We apply the modulation theory to study the vortex and radiation solution in the 2D nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The full modulation equations which describe the dynamics of the vortex and radiation separately are derived. A general algorithm is proposed to efficiently and accurately find vortices with prescribed values of energy and spin index....

A group of high order Gautschi-type exponential wave integrators (EWIs) Fourier pseudospectral method are proposed and analyzed for solving the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation (KGE) in the nonrelativistic limit regime, where a parameter $0<\eps\ll1$ which is inversely proportional to the speed of light, makes the solution propagate waves with wavel...

The focus of this paper is on the optimal error bounds of two finite difference schemes for solving the d-dimensional (d = 2, 3) nonlinear Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger (KGS) equations. The proposed finite difference schemes not only conserve the mass and energy in the discrete level but also are efficient in practical computation because only two linea...

In this paper, we consider the numerical solution of highly-oscillatory Vlasov and Vlasov-Poisson equations with non-homogeneous magnetic field. Designed in the spirit of recent uniformly accurate methods, our schemes remain insensitive to the stiffness of the problem, in terms of both accuracy and computational cost. The specific difficulty (and t...

We applied different kinds of multiscale methods to numerically study the long-time Vlasov-Poisson equation with a strong magnetic field. The multiscale methods include an asymptotic preserving Runge-Kutta scheme, an exponential time differencing scheme, stroboscopic averaging method and a uniformly accurate two-scale formulation. We briefly review...

In this paper, we consider the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with wave operator (NLSW), which contains a dimensionless parameter 0<ε≤1. As 0<ε≪1, the solution of the NLSW propagates fast waves in time with wavelength O(ε²) and the problem becomes highly oscillatory in time. The oscillations come from two parts. One part is from the equation and an...

In this work, we focus on the numerical resolution of the four dimensional phase space Vlasov–Poisson system subject to a uniform strong external magnetic field. To do so, we consider a Particle-In-Cell based method, for which the characteristics are reformulated by means of the two-scale formalism, which is well-adapted to handle highly-oscillator...

We apply the modulated Fourier expansion to a class of second order differential equations which consists of an oscillatory linear part and a nonoscillatory nonlinear part, with the total energy of the system possibly unbounded when the oscillation frequency grows. We comment on the difference between this model problem and the classical energy bou...

This work is devoted to the numerical simulation of a Vlasov--Poisson equation modeling charged particles in a beam submitted to a highly oscillatory external electric field. A numerical scheme is constructed for this model. This scheme is uniformly accurate with respect to the size of the fast time oscillations of the solution, which means that no...

An efficient and accurate exponential wave integrator Fourier pseudospectral (EWI-FP) method is proposed and analyzed for solving the symmetric regularized-long-wave (SRLW) equation, which is used for modeling the weakly nonlinear ion acoustic and space-charge waves. The numerical method here is based on a Gautschi-type exponential wave integrator...

We apply the two-scale formulation approach to propose uniformly accurate (UA) schemes for solving the nonlinear Dirac equation in the nonrelativistic limit regime. The nonlinear Dirac equation involves two small scales $\varepsilon$ and $\varepsilon^2$ with $\varepsilon\to0$ in the nonrelativistic limit regime. The small parameter causes high osci...

Based on our previous work for solving the nonlinear Schrodinger equation
with multichannel dynamics that is given by a localized standing wave and
radiation, in this work we deal with the multichannel solution which consists
of a moving soliton and radiation. We apply the modulation theory to give a
system of ODEs coupled to the radiation term for...

In this article, we propose an exponential wave integrator sine pseudospectral (EWI-SP) method for solving the Klein–Gordon–Zakharov (KGZ) system. The numerical method is based on a Deuflhard-type exponential wave integrator for temporal integrations and the sine pseudospectral method for spatial discretizations. The scheme is fully explicit, time...

Due to the difficulty in obtaining the a priori estimate, it is very hard to establish the optimal point-wise error bound of a finite difference scheme for solving a nonlinear partial differential equation in high dimensions (2D or 3D). We here propose and analyze finite difference methods for solving the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations in two d...

In this work, we are concerned with a time-splitting Fourier pseudospectral (TSFP) discretization for the Klein-Gordon (KG) equation, involving a dimensionless parameter e E (0,1]. In the nonrelativistic limit regime, the small e produces high oscillations in exact solutions with wavelength of O(e2) in time. The key idea behind the TSFP is to apply...

In this paper, two multiscale time integrators (MTIs), motivated from two
types of multiscale decomposition by either frequency or frequency and
amplitude, are proposed and analyzed for solving highly oscillatory second
order differential equations with a dimensionless parameter
$0<\varepsilon\le1$. In fact, the solution to this equation propagates...

In this paper, we propose and study several accurate numerical methods for solving the one-dimensional Zakharov–Rubenchik equations (ZRE). We begin with a review on the important properties of the ZRE, including the solitary wave solutions and the various conservation laws. Then we propose a very efficient and accurate numerical method based on the...

We apply the method of modulation equations to numerically solve the NLS with
multichannel dynamics, given by a trapped localized state and radiation. This
approach employs the modulation theory of Soffer-Weinstein, which gives a
system of ODE's coupled to the radiation term, which is valid for all times. We
comment on the differences of this metho...

We develop a theory of dark matter based on a previously proposed picture, in
which a complex vacuum scalar field makes the universe a superfluid, with the
energy density of the superfluid giving rise to dark energy, and variations
from vacuum density giving rise to dark matter. We formulate a nonlinear
Klein-Gordon equation to describe the superfl...

An exponential wave integrator sine pseudospectral method is presented and analyzed for discretizing the Klein--Gordon--Zakharov (KGZ) system with two dimensionless parameters $0<\varepsilon\le 1$ and $0<\gamma\le 1$ which are inversely proportional to the plasma frequency and the speed of sound, respectively. The main idea in the numerical method...

## Projects

Projects (3)

1. Propose efficient and accurate numerical methods for solving NLS-type equations in two or three dimensions, and prove that these numerical methods preserve the total mass and energy in the discrete sense.
2. Establish the optimal maximum error estimates of the proposed numerical methods without imposing any restrictions on the grid ratios.