Xi Xie

Xi Xie
Sun Yat-Sen University | SYSU · Department of Microelectronics

Doctor of Philosophy

About

128
Publications
18,855
Reads
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3,008
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2016 - December 2026
Sun Yat-Sen University
Position
  • Professor
July 2014 - June 2016
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2009 - June 2014
Stanford University
Field of study

Publications

Publications (128)
Article
Full-text available
With the advent of the 5G era and the rise of the Internet of Things, various sensors have received unprecedented attention, especially wearable and stretchable sensors in the healthcare field. Here, a stretchable, self-healable, self-adhesive, and room-temperature oxygen sensor with excellent repeatability, a full concentration detection range (0-...
Article
Developing techniques to effectively and real-time monitor and regulate the interior environment of biological objects is significantly important for many biomedical engineering and scientific applications, including drug delivery, electrophysiological recording and regulation of intracellular activities. Semi-implantable bioelectronics is currentl...
Article
Interstitial fluid (ISF) is considered an underutilized source of biomarkers for disease diagnosis and monitoring. However, biomacromolecular markers can not be enriched in ISF due to the restriction of capillary walls, which limits the wide use of ISF in biomarkers analysis. Here, an integrated micro-extracting system (MES) that includes a multimi...
Article
Full-text available
Engineering wearable devices that can wirelessly track intraocular pressure and offer feedback-medicine administrations are highly desirable for glaucoma treatments, yet remain challenging due to issues of limited sizes, wireless operations, and wireless cross-coupling. Here, we present an integrated wireless theranostic contact lens for in situ el...
Article
Ion-conductive hydrogels with intrinsic biocompatibility, stretchability, and stimuli-responsive capability have attracted considerable attention because of their extensive application potential in wearable sensing devices. The miniaturization and integration of hydrogel-based devices are currently expected to achieve breakthroughs in device perfor...
Article
The traditional human-machine interaction mode of communicating solely with pressure sensors needs modification, especially at a time when COVID-19 is circulating globally. Here, a transparent, stretchable, resilient, and high-performance hydrogel fiber-based bimodal sensor is fabricated by using a polyacrylamide-alginate double network hydrogel, w...
Article
Highly stretchable, sensitive and room-temperature nitrogen dioxide (NO2) sensors are fabricated by exploiting intrinsically stretchable, transparent and ion-conducting hydrogels and active metals as the novel transducing materials and electrodes, respectively. The NO2 sensor exhibits high sensitivity (60.02% ppm-1), ultralow theoretical limit of d...
Article
Full-text available
We present green organohydrogel‐based stretchable (up to 700% strain), transparent, and room‐temperature O2 sensors with impressive performance, including drying and freezing tolerances, high sensitivity, broad detection range (100 ppm‐100%), long‐term stability, low theoretical detection limit (0.585 ppm), linearity, and the capability to real‐tim...
Article
Microneedle Applications Microneedles as multifunctional platforms enable real‐time monitoring and efficient drug delivery. They hold great promise for healthcare diagnosis, personalized therapy, and closed‐loop theranostic applications. In article number 2102547, Changqing Yi, Lelun Jiang, and co‐workers, summarize recent key innovations in micron...
Article
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Microneedle systems have been widely used in health monitoring, painless drug delivery, and medical cosmetology. Although many studies on microneedle materials, structures, and applications have been conducted, the applications of microneedles often suffered from issues of inconsistent penetration rates due to the complication of skin-microneedle i...
Article
Flexible strain sensors, as a key component of the cutting-edge wearable and implantable electronics, have facilitated applications pertaining to human health monitoring and diagnosis. To fulfill the increasing requirements of sensing performance and broadening the application scope, novel materials and device design strategies have been continuous...
Article
Temporin-GHa (GHa) was cloned from , showing a weak antimicrobial activity. In order to improve its bactericidal efficacy, GHaR6R, GHaR7R, GHaR8R and GHaR9W were designed and synthesized. Compared to the parent peptide, the GHa-derived peptides show potent antimicrobial activities against methicillin-resistant (MRSA), which is the main pathogen wit...
Article
Multiple stretchable materials have been successively developed and applied to wearable devices, soft robotics, and tissue engineering. Organohydrogels are currently being widely studied and formed by dispersing immiscible hydrophilic/hydrophobic polymer networks or only hydrophilic polymer networks in an organic/water solvent system. In particular...
Article
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The development of non-invasive biosensor for monitoring glucose in interstitial fluid (ISF) is still challenging, because ISF extraction through classical reverse iontophoresis (RI) is limited by low extraction flux and consistency. Here, we developed a touch-actuated biosensor for monitoring glucose in ISF. The biosensor is composed of three main...
Article
Theranostic system combined diagnostic and therapeutic modalities is critical for the real-time monitoring of disease-related biomarkers and personalized therapy. Microneedles, as a multifunctional platform, are promising for transdermal diagnostics and drug delivery. They have showed attractive properties including painless skin penetration, easy...
Article
The fabrication technology of vertical nanostructures, the formation of cellular nanointerfaces and the effects of cellular nanointerfaces on cells' fates and functions, as well as its applications.
Article
Full-text available
Establishing a reliable electrophysiological recording platform is crucial for cardiology and neuroscience research. Noninvasive and label-free planar multitransistors and multielectrode arrays are conducive to perform the large-scale cellular electrical activity recordings, but the signal attenuation limits these extracellular devices to record su...
Article
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major microvascular complications of diabetes. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a crucial cellular defense factor to cope with oxidative stress. Silent information regulator T1 (Sirt1) is a deacetylase with antioxidative stress activity. Fucoxanthin is a marine-derived carotenoid. This st...
Preprint
Full-text available
Engineered closed-loop devices that can wirelessly track intraocular pressure (IOP) and offer feedback-medicine administrations are highly desirable for glaucoma treatments, yet remain difficult to develop. Integrated theranostic systems based on contact lens still confront several challenges, including size limits, requirements of wireless operati...
Article
Ionic hydrogels are promising candidates for fabricating stretchable electronics, but the deficiency in drying and freezing tolerances severely limits their application. Here, we report a facile and versatile salt-percolated strategy to fabricate hydrogels with exceptional freezing and drying tolerances, high conductivity, and anti-swelling ability...
Article
Here stretchable, self-healable, and transparent gas sensors based on salt-infiltrated hydrogels for high-performance NO2 sensing in both anaerobic environment and air at room temperature, are reported. The salt-infiltrated hydrogel displays high sensitivity to NO2 (119.9%/ppm), short response and recovery time (29.8 and 41.0 s, respectively), good...
Article
Intracellular delivery of advanced therapeutics, including biologicals and supramolecular agents, is complex because of the natural biological barriers that have evolved to protect the cell. Efficient delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids, proteins, peptides and nanoparticles is crucial for clinical adoption of emerging technologies that can benefi...
Article
Full-text available
A closed‐loop system that can mini‐invasively track blood glucose and intelligently treat diabetes is in great demand for modern medicine, yet it remains challenging to realize. Microneedles technologies have recently emerged as powerful tools for transdermal applications with inherent painlessness and biosafety. In this work, for the first time to...
Article
Electroporation serves as a powerful technique to introduce the exogenous nucleotides, DNA, RNA, proteins, dyes, and virus particles into cells. Through the effect of high intensity of electric field, the permeability of the cell membrane is instantaneously improved to absorb the exogenous molecules in surrounding medium. To protect the cell viabil...
Article
Electrophysiological study is an essential and significant strategy to explore the biological mechanism of electrogenic cells. Current advanced nanodevices can achieve the high-fidelity intracellular electrophysiological recordings, and most of detection systems record the extracellular and intracellular action potentials (EAPs and IAPs) in an asyn...
Preprint
Full-text available
Engineered closed-loop devices that can wirelessly track intraocular pressure (IOP) and offer feedback-medicine administrations are highly desirable for glaucoma treatments, yet remain difficult to develop. Integrated theranostic systems based on contact lens still confront several challenges, including size limits, requirements of wireless operati...
Article
While intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is the only effective treatment for vision restoration in cataract patients, it is always suffering from the related complications after surgery. A leading post-implantation complication, posterior capsule opacification (PCO), is induced by the adhesion and proliferation of residual lens epithelial cells (L...
Article
A one-step, facile hydrothermal approach was developed to synthesize gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) modified reduced graphene oxide hydrogel (Au-RGOH) with three-dimensional (3D) porous microstructures for sensitive NO2 and NH3 monitoring. It was found that the Au-RGOH displayed an order of magnitude higher sensitivity and much lower limit of detectio...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer is one of the leading causes of human death, despite enormous efforts to explore cancer biology and develop anticancer therapies. The main challenges in cancer research are establishing an efficient tumor microenvironment in vitro and exploring efficient means for screening anticancer drugs to reveal the nature of cancer and develop treatmen...
Article
Conductive hydrogels can be used in wearable electronics integrated with skin, but the bulk structure of existing hydrogel-based temperature sensors limits the wearing comfort, response/recovery speeds, and sensitivity. Here, stretchable and transparent temperature sensors based on a novel thin-film sandwich structure (TFSS) are designed, which dis...
Article
Type II pyrethroids has been reported to possess significant toxicity. The analysis of type II pyrethroid residues in biological samples for clinical monitoring and toxicological studies will be favorable. However, due to the interference caused by complex matrix and the trace amount of the pyrethroids, the analysis remains difficult. This study de...
Article
Full-text available
Biosensors worn on or implanted in eyes have been garnering substantial attention since being proven to be an effective means to acquire critical biomarkers for monitoring the states of ophthalmic disease, diabetes. Among these disorders, glaucoma, the second leading cause of blindness globally, usually results in irreversible blindness. Continuous...
Article
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of death in humans. Arrhythmia induced by gene mutations, heart disease, or hERG K+ channel inhibitors is a serious CVD that can lead to sudden death or heart failure. Conventional cardiomyocyte-based biosensors can record extracellular potentials and mechanical beating signals. However, paramete...
Article
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Cardiovascular diseases have emerged as a significant threat to human health. However, drug development is a time-consuming and costly process, and few drugs pass the preclinical assessment of safety and efficacy. The existing patch-clamp, Ca2+ imaging, and microelectrode array technologies in cardiomyocyte models for drug preclinical screening hav...
Article
During the long‐term operation of temperature sensors, periodical calibration is required to achieve accurate readings, which usually requires bulky and costly heating facilities for calibration. Herein, a new kind of self‐calibrated thermistors using embedded microheaters as a self‐heating platform are proposed for in situ, convenient, cost‐effect...
Article
Biosensors that can automatically and continuously track fluctuations in biomarker levels over time are essential for real-time sensing in biomedical and environmental applications. Although many electrochemical sensors have been developed to quickly and sensitively monitor biomarkers, their sensing stability in complex biofluids is disturbed by un...
Article
Liquid food containers commonly suffer from inevitable contamination and even biofilm formation due to the adhesion of food residuals or saliva, which requires detergents to clean. Although previously reported superhydrophobic and omniphobic coatings can resist the adhesion of liquids, the requirements of specific nanostructures or infused lubrican...
Article
Full-text available
In our previous study, temporin-GHaR (GHaR) showed potent antimicrobial activity with strong hemolytic toxicity. To overcome its weakness, we designed GHaR6R, GHaR7R, GHaR8R, GHaR9R, and GHaR9W by changing the number of positive charges and the hydrophobic surface of GHaR. With the exception of GHaR7R, the hemolytic toxicity of the derived peptides...
Article
Conductive hydrogels have emerged as promising candidate materials for fabricating wearable electronics because of their fascinating stimuli-responsive and mechanical properties. However, the inherent instability of hydrogels seriously limits their application scope. Herein, the stable, ultrastretchable (upon to 1330% strain), self-healing, and tra...
Article
As a structural analog of graphene and boron nitride, hexagonal boron carbonitride nanosheets (BCNNSs) are supposed to be a potential drug deliverer. In the present work, an improved solid-state reaction method combined with ultrasonic exfoliating was reported for preparing BCNNSs. Vapor-solid (VS) mechanism was proposed to be responsible for the f...
Article
The synthesized sheet-like polypyrrole (ppy) nanowires were used as solid phase extraction materials, followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS) for the detection of traces residues of pyrethroid pesticides in human plasma. A multiresidue method was developed and verified for the determination of trace pyrethroid residues (transfluthr...
Article
Full-text available
Engineered nano–bio cellular interfaces driven by 1D vertical nanostructures (1D‐VNS) are set to prompt radical progress in modulating cellular processes at the nanoscale. Here, tuneable cell–VNS interfacial interactions are probed and assessed, highlighting the use of 1D‐VNS in immunomodulation, and intracellular delivery into immune cells—both cr...
Article
Electrophysiological study that records the action potential of cardiomyocyte served as excellent tool to explore cardiology and neuroscience, disease investigation and pharmacological screening. Advances of micro/nanotechnologies promote the development of three-dimensional (3D) nanodevices to record high-quality intracellular recordings by variou...
Article
Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) on T-cells combined with programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) critically accounts for tumor immune evasion. Anti-PD-1 (aPD-1) blocks the binding of PD-1 to PD-L1, thus allowing T-cell activation for tumor cell eradication. Currently, the major challenges for cancer immunotherapy are how to improve the respon...
Article
Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) based on Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle-assisted in situ ionic liquid was developed as a novel method for the pretreatment of pyrethroid pesticides (flumethrin, bifenthrin and silafluofen) in urine samples. [N4,4,4,4]Cl and Na[N(CN)2] formed a ionic liquid ([N4,4,4,4][N(CN)2]), which provides an alterna...
Article
Full-text available
Biosensors have been extensively studied in the areas of biology, electronics, chemistry, biotechnology, medicine, and various engineering fields. The interdisciplinarity creates an ideal platform for scientists to analyze biological species and chemical materials in a direct, efficient, and sensitive manner; this is expected to revolutionize the l...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major microvascular complications of diabetes, and mitochondrial dysfunction has been observed in the kidneys of diabetic patients. Tilapia skin peptides (TSPs) are mixtures of small-molecular-weight peptides derived from tilapia skin. Rising evidence suggests that bioactive peptides from marine sources are b...
Article
Full-text available
Since toxic gas leakage may cause ecological environmental problems and even life-threatening damage, effective monitoring of toxic gas is of great importance and subject to increasing demand. However, complicated environmental factors, as well as various coexisting interferences can easily affect the sensitivity and selectivity of gas sensors, hin...
Article
It is important to develop highly sensitive, accurate, and easy‐calibration flexible temperature sensors for emerging wearable applications. Here, ultrasensitive and flexible temperature sensors are developed using 3D porous graphene (Gr) synthesized by microwave plasma‐enhanced chemical vapor deposition as the channel transducing material, and the...
Article
This study investigates the degradation of a refractory emerging contaminant (i.e., ibuprofen) by a newly developed piezoelectric catalytic persulfate (PS) activation process. BaTiO3 nanoparticles (NP) and nanowires (NW) were hydrothermally synthesized and used as the piezo-catalysts to activate PS under ultrasonic irradiation for radical generatio...
Article
Full-text available
Correction for ‘An intrinsically stretchable humidity sensor based on anti-drying, self-healing and transparent organohydrogels’ by Jin Wu et al. , Mater. Horiz. , 2019, 6 , 595–603, DOI: 10.1039/C8MH01160E.
Article
Circulating tumor cell (CTC) detection has become a powerful tool for early diagnosis of metastasis and precise monitoring of cancer progression. While existing microchips have achieved promising progress on CTC capture, facile release and in situ regulation of CTC from devices for downstream analysis have rarely been realized. Herein, we demonstra...
Article
Full-text available
Establishing techniques to efficiently and nondestructively access the intracellular milieu is essential for many biomedical and scientific applications, ranging from drug delivery, to electrical recording, to biochemical detection. Cell penetration using nanoneedle arrays is currently a research focus area because it not only meets the increasing...
Article
Cardiac arrhythmia and drug-induced cardiotoxicity seriously threaten the human life. To develop antiarrhythmic agents and prevent the drug-induced cardiotoxicity, it is demanded to explore the high-specificity and high-efficiency drug screening platforms for preclinical investigations. Here, a specific electromechanical integrated correlation (EMI...
Article
To address the low gas sensitivity of pristine graphene (Gr), chemical modification of Gr has been proved as a promising route. However, existing chemical functionalization method imposes the utilization of toxic chemicals, increasing the safety risk. Herein, vitamin C (VC) modified reduced graphene hydrogel (V-RGOH) is synthesized via a green and...
Article
Paper-based electronics are gaining increasing attention due to their merits of low cost, degradability, and foldability. However, the roughness and porosity of paper are not conducive to the deposition of functional layers by conventional film-coating methods such as solution processing and vacuum evaporation. In this work, a facile yet feasible p...
Article
It is essential to impart the thermal stability, high sensitivity, self-healing and transparent attributes to the emerging wearable and stretchable electronics. Here, a facile solvent replacement strategy is exploited to introduce ethylene glycol/glycerol (Gly) in hydrogels for enhancing their thermal sensitivity and stability synchronously. For th...
Article
Silver nanoparticles (NPs) and 6-Mercaptohexanoic acid (MHA) co-modified reduced graphene oxide (RGO-Ag-MHA) is rationally designed for ultrasensitive and highly reversible NO2 sensing at room temperature (RT). Due to the enhanced adsorption of NO2 on the abundant active sites provided by Ag NPs and MHA, both the NO2 adsorption and charge transfer...