Xavier Ramon

Xavier Ramon
University Pompeu Fabra | UPF · Department of Communication

Communication PhD

About

53
Publications
8,508
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191
Citations
Introduction
Xavier Ramon is a lecturer at the Department of Communication of Pompeu Fabra University. He holds a PhD in Communication (’16) from the UPF. His research and teaching focus on sports media, journalism ethics, media accountability and the Olympic Studies. He has been a visiting researcher at the University of Stirling, the University of Glasgow, the University of Alabama and the IOC Olympic Studies Centre.

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Esta investigación tiene como objetivo determinar indicadores clave para evaluar la capacidad de transparencia, autorregulación y participación de los usuarios, las tres dimensiones de la accountability. Se adoptó un triple punto de partida metodológico: revisión sistemática de literatura sobre indicadores de accountability y sus características, u...
Article
Full-text available
As a crucial part of their mandate, public service media (PSM) have historically used sports to construct and nurture cultural citizenship. In a landscape characterised by dwindling resources and growing competition from pay-TV channels and on-demand streaming services, concerns about how PSM will enhance cultural citizenship through new platforms,...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Olympic Channel was launched after the Rio 2016 Olympics Closing Ceremony to deliver “a continuous exposure of Olympic sports and athletes beyond the Olympic Games period and help create anticipation while providing opportunities to ‘re-live the experience’ after the Games.” For nearly five years, the Olympic Channel has functioned as a multipl...
Article
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El periodismo deportivo se ha caracterizado por la uniformidad y la baja diversidad temática, que se traduce en la excesiva focalización en determinados deportes, competiciones y protagonistas con alta capacidad de atracción económica. La crisis del Covid-19 ha ofrecido al periodismo deportivo la oportunidad de reexaminar sus estrategias y articula...
Article
Since Cuba’s revolution in 1959, the country has found itself among the Olympic medal world leaders in terms of medals won against population size. Given the growing importance of the relationship between politics, major sporting events, and the media, this research uses predominantly qualitative methodology to analyze Cuban newspaper Granma’s cove...
Research
Full-text available
El presente documento, “Desinformación y plataformas de fact-checking: estado de la cuestión”, tiene por objetivo presentar los primeros resultados del proyecto de investigación “Instrumentos de rendición de cuentas ante la desinformación: Impacto de las plataformas de fact-checking como herramientas de accountability y propuesta curricular” (FACCT...
Article
Full-text available
En un escenario complejo y marcado por grandes transformaciones, la rendición de cuentas de los medios (media accountability) adquiere valor fundamental para recuperar la confianza de la opinión pública respecto al periodismo y a sus profesionales. Mediante la triangulación de métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos, esta investigación ahonda en la re...
Article
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As democracy-building tools, fact-checking platforms serve as critical interventions in the fight against disinformation and polarization in the public sphere. The Duke Reporters’ Lab notes that there are 290 active fact-checking sites in 83 countries, including a wide range of initiatives in Latin America and Spain. These regions share major chall...
Article
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Compared to the summer games, the winter Olympics hold a relatively limited sporting appeal, yet their importance and capacity to capture the public and media attention remain undisputable. For many years, in addition to events on the official programme, Olympic Games Organising Committees (OCOGs) have advanced demonstration sports, some of which t...
Article
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In the digital age, many people are concerned about how Public Service Media (PSM) will be able to fulfill their remits and promote "cultural citizenship" through sports journalism. Delivering diverse content should be a cornerstone of PSM in their myriad platforms: they should not only concentrate on mainstream disciplines but also give exposure t...
Article
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This paper aims to present, analyze, and compare the main deontological recommendations published by various international institutions and organizations since the beginning of the Covid-19 crisis. A total of 10 codes were identified from the period between February and April 2020, during which the World Health Organization declared the Covid-19 ou...
Article
Full-text available
La cobertura periodística dels atemptats terroristes de Barcelona i Cambrils el 2017 va generar un intens debat sobre la conveniència d’haver publicat certes fotografies i informacions particularment sensibles. L’objectiu d’aquesta investigació és examinar si la premsa digital nacional i internacional va complir les principals normes deontològiques...
Article
Full-text available
La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha generado una crisis sanitaria y comunicativa sin precedentes. A través de las plataformas digitales, se ha producido una ingente circulación de información falsa, inexacta o descontextualizada so-bre el coronavirus. Entre ella, cabe destacar los rumores, bulos y teorías conspirativas sobre (1) el origen, expansión y le...
Article
Full-text available
En un escenario complejo y en profunda transformación, la interacción que implica la comunicación digital ha cambiado de forma irreversible el sentido del pluralismo informativo. En la era de la deliberación digital, los cauces se multiplican y per- miten contrastar diversas perspectivas a través de una comunidad de usuarios internacional. Asimismo...
Article
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In the current media landscape, accountability can be promoted through a wide range of established and innovative instruments. Focusing on the Spanish context, this article examines journalists' perceptions of in-house accountability instrument effectiveness and analyses citizens' knowledge and understanding of these mechanisms. A mixed-method appr...
Article
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El periodismo deportivo es un ámbito caracterizado por la infrarrepresentación de la mujer deportista y la naturaleza sesgada de su tratamiento, así como por la segregación horizontal y vertical de las periodistas en las redacciones. Mediante la realización de 20 entrevistas semiestructuradas, se examina cómo las estudiantes universitarias en Catal...
Article
Full-text available
En un contexto caracterizado por transformaciones estructurales y la crisis de credibilidad del periodismo, la rendición de cuentas de los medios adquiere una importancia central. Focalizándose en el contexto español, este artículo examina las percepciones de los periodistas y los ciudadanos sobre los mecanismos de accountability impulsados por los...
Article
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En escenario actual la rendición de cuentas de los medios de comunicación cobra una importancia de primera magnitud para ayudar a recuperar el prestigio del periodismo ante la opinión pública. La rendición de cuentas se sustenta en tres pilares fundamentales: la transparencia informativa, la autorregulación y la participación del público. Tanto des...
Article
Full-text available
Alguns dos desafios mais emergentes para a ética jornalística estão relacionados à capacidade de profissionais e meios de comunicação adotarem boas práticas de prestação de contas e de transparência de seus métodos e procedimentos. Para além da criação de instrumentos que facilitem uma maior aproximação entre os produtores da informação e seus públ...
Chapter
Full-text available
"If video killed the radio star, social media appeared to have effectively killed the need for an ESPN ombudsman. With the role of ombudsman discontinued, this chapter will reflect on its value to examine how it fostered both criticism and transparency while helping fans understand ESPN’s journalistic culture and the editorial criteria behind the c...
Article
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In a cluttered and increasingly complex environment characterized by the multiplication of platforms, a constellation of quality football print magazines has emerged as an alternative destination in sports journalism. To trace the expansion of the independent football magazine market, in-depth interviews were conducted with the editors of eight pre...
Article
This article focuses upon two contexts which have arguably received the most academic and media attention with regard to the interconnection between sport and secessionist nationalism, Scotland and Catalonia, given that both “submerged nations” have held public referenda on the topic of independence/secession from the states of the United Kingdom a...
Preprint
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ESPN, the self-proclaimed (yet rarely disputed) “Worldwide Leader in Sports”, has long realized it was much more than an entertainment company. Acknowledging that with great power comes great responsibility, ESPN assigned George Solomon the title of first “Ombudsman” in 2005, functioning much like a referee ensuring that sports journalism exhibited...
Article
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Sports journalism has been characterized by a series of ethical deficiencies that have challenged the normative standards of the profession. These widespread questionable practices include the blurring of the frontiers between journalistic genres; the pervasiveness of rumour; sensationalism; the use of warlike language; the inequalities in relation...
Article
Full-text available
Sports journalism has been characterized by a series of ethical deficiencies that have challenged the normative standards of the profession. These widespread questionable practices include the blurring of the frontiers between journalistic genres; the pervasiveness of rumour; sensationalism; the use of warlike language; the inequalities in relation...
Article
Full-text available
In the age of multiple viewing portals, the Olympic Games are consumed through a whole plethora of platforms on a global scale, from live television broadcasting to social media. Nevertheless, once the action fades out, mainstream media fails to provide a sustained coverage of the Games in the years between the Olympics. The launch of the Olympic C...
Article
Full-text available
Far from its traditional consideration as the 'little brother' of the profession, sports journalism plays a key role in the new information ecosystem and has a huge impact in society. Therefore, sports journalists must gain awareness of their accountability in order to counteract the widespread deficiencies that have not only challenged the normati...
Article
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Through a mixed-method approach, we examine the sports programming offered by BBC ALBA between 2008 and 2016 and identify the value that the channel creates in Scotland through its diverse sports portfolio. In an increasingly cluttered and complex scenario where pay-TV giants Sky and BT hold a plethora of top-tier rights and BBC Scotland and STV ca...
Article
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The reality of women continues to be explained by the media from an androcentric perspective, despite a greater female presence in the public sphere. In the context of sports journalism, the media coverage of athletes is modest, even null. Qualitatively, information about women and their activity repeatedly refers to gender stereotypes. This is bec...
Code
This specialised code is presented as a decalogue comprising the most frequent ethical issues that are addressed in the codes available on the platform Accountable Sports Journalism, as well as crucial dilemmas that sports journalism faces today. This dynamic tool will be permanently updated to point journalists in the right direction with regard t...
Article
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This article analyses the Twitter accounts created by four international news media organisations to adapt their stylebooks to this social network.The analysis is based on the comparison of the volume and frequency of tweets, user interactions, use of hashtags and links, engagement and types of content published in Twitter over a two-year period by...
Article
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Cómo citar este artículo / Referencia normalizada JL Rojas Torrijos, X Ramón Vegas (2017): " Accountability en las redes sociales. Libros de estilo en continua evolución y retroalimentación a través de Twitter ". Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 72, pp. 915 a 941.
Article
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According to their normative public service role in democratic societies, media should carry out responsible treatment of all the areas of the news arena, including sports. Nevertheless, this field has been characterized by many ethical drawbacks, including the biased representation of non-white and disabled athletes. This paper has examined if six...
Article
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Sports journalism has been characterized by a series of ethical deficiencies that have challenged the normative standards of the profession. Media accountability instruments can play an invaluable role in addressing these shortcomings. With this in mind, this article identifies and examines the most relevant accountability instruments in the field...
Article
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The consolidation of the counter genre that is long-form sports journalism (LFSJ) is of growing interest to the sports media researcher. In order to trace its expansion across the sports journalism landscape, this article offers a comparative transatlantic case study featuring the entire collection of long-form stories developed by two prestigious...
Article
Full-text available
According to their centrality as transmitters of information and values in democratic societies, the quality media should carry out a responsible treatment of all areas of the news arena, including sports. However, a major ethical drawback in the field of sports journalism has been the long-standing underrepresentation and biased portrayal of femal...
Article
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In a media landscape characterized by fierce competition, accelerated production cycles, and the impact of social media, the expansion of a counter-genre such as digital long-form journalism, is of growing interest. Both legacy outlets and native online platforms have invested resources in products that embrace technological innovation and storytel...
Article
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Three cases of pioneering online media are examined in the introduction of accountability methods based on reporting transparency, self-regulation and interaction with the public (TexasTribune.org, Mural.com and Rue89.com). The analysis formulates a proposal of criteria to assess if a media complies with the optimal requirements in these three key...
Article
Three cases of pioneering online media are examined in the introduction of accountability methods based on reporting transparency, self-regulation and interaction with the public (TexasTribune.org, Mural.com and Rue89.com). The analysis formulates a proposal of criteria to assess if a media complies with the optimal requirements in these three key...
Article
Full-text available
In a profoundly changing context, media accountability systems have clearly undergone a process of evolution by taking advantage of the internet and web 2.0 possibilities. While traditional instruments have a limited impact on professional practice and are scarcely used by citizens, the digital environment allows new ways of self-regulation, transp...
Article
Full-text available
At the London 2012 Olympics, the Chinese swimmer Ye Shiwen achieved a remarkable milestone, winning the gold medal in the 400 m individual medley. However, The Guardian became the first medium to give voice to a senior American coach, John Leonard, who cast doubts on her performance. The subsequent doping controversy posed key ethical challenges re...
Article
Starting from the theoretical foundations of the role of press offices in the transmission of the content of scientific journals, the article analyses an experiment carried out between November 2011 and November 2012 with El profesional de la informacion. The methodological approach, the sources, the dissemination targets and the selection and edit...

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Project (1)
Project
Accountability instruments can play an invaluable role in offering guidance and helping journalists and users monitor and criticize the quality of sports content. Thus far, the majority of studies on accountability have focused on the description of traditional and innovative tools. However, no study to date has provided a map of the existing instruments in sports journalism. Here we identify and analyse the most relevant accountability instruments in this field.