Xavier De Tiège

Xavier De Tiège
Université Libre de Bruxelles | ULB · UNI – ULB Neuroscience Institute, Laboratoire de Cartographie fonctionnelle Cérébrale

MD, PhD

About

220
Publications
24,854
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3,872
Citations
Citations since 2017
105 Research Items
2474 Citations
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Introduction
I am a neurologist, Director of the Department of translational Neuroimaging at the "Hôpital Universitaire de Bruxelles" (ULB, Brussels). I am also Professor of Neuroanatomy at the ULB and Principal Investigator at the "Laboratoire de Neuroanatomie & Neuroimagerie translationnelles" of the ULB Neuroscience Institute.

Publications

Publications (220)
Article
Motor information conveyed by viewing the kinematics of an agent's action helps to predict how the action will unfold. Still, how observed movement kinematics is processed in the brain remains to be clarified. Here, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to determine at which frequency and where in the brain, the neural activity is coupled with the k...
Article
Children have more difficulty perceiving speech in noise than adults. Whether this difficulty relates to an immature processing of prosodic or linguistic elements of the attended speech is still unclear. To address the impact of noise on linguistic processing per se, we assessed how babble noise impacts the cortical tracking of intelligible speech...
Article
We investigated the procedural learning deficit hypothesis in Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) while controlling for global performance such as slower reaction times (RTs) and variability. Procedural (sequence) learning was assessed in 31 children with DCD and 31 age-matched typically developing (TD) children through a serial reaction time...
Article
Objectives This study characterizes the structural and metabolic cerebral correlates of cognitive impairments found in a preclinical setting that considers the lifestyle of young European men exposed to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), including recreational drugs. Design Prospective inclusion of participants. Methods Simultaneous structural b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electrophysiological measures of functional connectivity can be affected by the power bias, i.e., variations in their estimation due to variations in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) rather than in genuine neural interactions. Intrinsic functional networks emerge at rest from magnetoencephalography (MEG) amplitude connectivity mostly within the α an...
Article
Full-text available
Humans’ extraordinary ability to understand speech in noise relies on multiple processes that develop with age. Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we characterize the underlying neuromaturational basis by quantifying how cortical oscillations in 144 participants (aged 5 to 27 years) track phrasal and syllabic structures in connected speech mixed w...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a heterogeneous condition. Besides motor impairments, children with DCD often exhibit poor visual perceptual skills and executive functions. This study aimed to characterize the motor, perceptual, and cognitive profiles of children with DCD at the group level and in terms of subtypes. A total of 50 child...
Article
Background: Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is an established method used to detect and localize focal interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs). Current MEG systems house hundreds of cryogenic sensors in a rigid, one-size-fits-all helmet, which results in several limitations, particularly in children. Purpose: To determine if on-scalp MEG based on op...
Preprint
Full-text available
Children have more difficulty perceiving speech in noise than adults. Whether these difficulties relate to immature processing of prosodic or linguistic elements of the attended speech is still unclear. To address the impact of noise on linguistic processing per se , we assessed how acoustic noise impacts the cortical tracking of intelligible speec...
Preprint
Objectives This study characterizes the structural and metabolic cerebral correlates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in a preclinical setting that considers the lifestyle of young European men exposed to HIV, including recreational drugs. Design Prospective inclusion of participants. Methods Simult...
Article
Full-text available
Motor learning features rapid enhancement during practice then offline post-practice gains with the reorganization of related brain networks. We hypothesised that fast transient, sub-second variations in magnetoencephalographic (MEG) network activity during the resting-state (RS) reflect early learning-related plasticity mechanisms and/or interindi...
Article
Primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is a rare inflammatory disease affecting central nervous system vessels. The diagnosis, which requires confirmation by brain biopsy, remains challenging due to unspecific clinical presentation and low specificity of imaging and laboratory exams. In these two pediatric biopsy-proven cases of svP...
Article
Full-text available
Dyslexia is a frequent developmental disorder in which reading acquisition is delayed and that is usually associated with difficulties understanding speech in noise. At the neuronal level, children with dyslexia were reported to display abnormal cortical tracking of speech (CTS) at phrasal rate. Here, we aimed to determine if abnormal tracking rela...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans’ extraordinary ability to understand speech in noise relies on multiple processes that develop with age. Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we characterize the underlying neuromaturational basis by quantifying how cortical oscillations in 144 participants (aged 5 to 27 years) track phrasal and syllabic structures in connected speech mixed w...
Article
Objective To develop an electrophysiological marker of proprioceptive spino-cortical tracts integrity based on corticokinematic coherence (CKC) in young children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP), in whom behavioral measures are not applicable. Methods Electroencephalography (EEG) signals from 12 children with UCP aged 19 to 57 months were reco...
Article
State modeling of whole-brain electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG) allows to investigate transient, recurring neurodynamical events. Two widely-used techniques are the microstate analysis of EEG signals and hidden Markov modeling (HMM) of MEG power envelopes. Both reportedly lead to similar state lifetimes on the 100 ms time...
Article
Full-text available
Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) present lower abilities to acquire and execute coordinated motor skills. DCD is frequently associated with visual perceptual (with or without motor component) impairments. This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study compares the brain resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) and spectral power...
Preprint
Full-text available
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is an established method to investigate epilepsy. Current MEG systems house hundreds of cryogenic sensors in a rigid, one-size-fits-all helmet, which results in several limitations, particularly in children. On-scalp MEG based on optically-pumped magnetometers (OPMs) may alleviate these limitations. We report on five ch...
Article
Full-text available
Impaired speech perception in noise despite normal peripheral auditory function is a common problem in young adults. Despite a growing body of research, the pathophysiology of this impairment remains unknown. This magnetoencephalography study characterizes the cortical tracking of speech in a multi-talker background in a group of highly selected ad...
Article
Full-text available
This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study addresses (i) how Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) affects the sub-second dynamics of resting-state brain networks, (ii) the main determinants of their dynamic alterations, and (iii) how these alterations are linked with FRDA-related changes in resting-state functional brain connectivity (rsFC) over long timescales....
Article
Full-text available
The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) is a largely validated neuropsychological test for the identification of amnestic syndrome from the early stage of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Previous electrophysiological data suggested a slowing down of the alpha rhythm in the AD-continuum as well as a key role of this rhythmic brain activity for...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dyslexia is a frequent developmental disorder in which reading acquisition is delayed and that is usually associated with difficulties understanding speech in noise. At the neuronal level, children with dyslexia were reported to display abnormal cortical tracking of speech (CTS) at phrasal rate. Here, we aimed to determine if abnormal tracking is a...
Preprint
This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study aimed at characterizing the spectro-temporal dynamics of brain oscillatory activity elicited by sentence completion (SC). For that purpose, we adapted a version of the SC experimental paradigm typically used in functional magnetic resonance imaging to MEG investigation constraints. Twenty right-handed healthy...
Article
Full-text available
This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study investigates how procedural sequence learning performance is related to prior brain resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC), and to what extent sequence learning induces rapid changes in brain rsFC in school-aged children. Procedural learning was assessed in 30 typically developing children (mean age ±...
Preprint
The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) is a largely validated neuropsychological test for the identification of amnestic syndrome from the early stage of Alzheimers disease (AD). Previous electrophysiological data suggested a slowing down of the alpha rhythm in the AD-continuum as well as a key role of this rhythmic brain activity for e...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Sudden loss of smell is a very common symptom of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). This study characterizes the structural and metabolic cerebral correlates of dysosmia in patients with COVID-19. Methods Structural brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography with [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) were prosp...
Article
Background: Two concerns with respect to pre-operative task-based motor functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in patients with brain tumours are inadequate performance due to patients' impaired motor function and head motion artefacts. New method: In the present study we validate the use of a stimulator based on a pneumatic artificial mus...
Article
Full-text available
Humans and other animal species are endowed with the ability to sense, represent, and mentally manipulate the number of items in a set without needing to count them. One central hypothesis is that this ability relies on an automated functional system dedicated to numerosity, the perception of the discrete numerical magnitude of a set of items. This...
Article
Full-text available
In multiple sclerosis, the interplay of neurodegeneration, demyelination and inflammation leads to changes in neurophysiological functioning. This study aims to characterize the relation between reduced brain volumes and spectral power in multiple sclerosis patients and matched healthy subjects. During resting-state eyes closed, we collected magnet...
Article
During continuous speech listening, brain activity tracks speech rhythmicity at frequencies matching with the repetition rate of phrases (0.2–1.5 Hz), words (2–4 Hz) and syllables (4–8 Hz). Here, we evaluated the applicability of wearable MEG based on optically-pumped magnetometers (OPMs) to measure such cortical tracking of speech (CTS). Measuring...
Preprint
Full-text available
State modeling of whole-brain electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG) allows to investigate transient, recurring neurodynamical events. Two widely-used techniques are the microstate analysis of EEG signals and hidden Markov modeling (HMM) of MEG power envelopes. Both reportedly lead to similar state lifetimes on the 100 ms time...
Article
Purpose To determine whether awake EEG criteria can differentiate epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike and waves during sleep (EE-CSWS) at the time of cognitive regression from typical, self-limited focal epilepsy (SFE). Methods This retrospective case-control study was based on the analysis of awake EEGs and included 15 patients with EE...
Article
Full-text available
Human brain activity is intrinsically organized into resting-state networks (RSNs) that transiently activate or deactivate at the sub-second timescale. Few neuroimaging studies have addressed how Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects these fast temporal brain dynamics, and how they relate to the cognitive, structural and metabolic abnormalities characte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: To determine whether awake EEG criteria can differentiate epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike and waves during sleep (EE-CSWS) at the time of cognitive regression from typical, self-limited focal epilepsy (SFE). Methods: This retrospective case-control study was based on the analysis of awake EEGs and included 15 patients with...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory (WM) problems are frequently present in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Even though hippocampal damage has been repeatedly shown to play an important role, the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the neurophysiological underpinnings of WM impairment in MS using magnetoencephal...
Article
Full-text available
The pathophysiology of cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis (MS) is still unclear. This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study investigates the impact of MS on brain resting‐state functional connectivity (rsFC) and its relationship to disability and cognitive impairment. We investigated rsFC based on power envelope correlation within and between...
Article
Full-text available
This magnetoencephalography study aimed at characterizing age-related changes in resting-state functional brain organization from mid-childhood to late adulthood. We investigated neuromagnetic brain activity at rest in 105 participants divided into three age groups: children (6–9 years), young adults (18–34 years) and healthy elders (53–78 years)....
Article
In this article, we present the clinical indications and advances in the use of magnetoencephalography to map the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex in neurosurgical patients noninvasively. We emphasize the advantages of magnetoencephalography over sensorimotor mapping using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Recommendations to the referring phy...
Article
Background Loss of hand dexterity has a profound impact on disability in patients with cerebellar, pyramidal or extrapyramidal diseases. Analysis of multiple finger tapping (FT) parameters can contribute to identify the underlying physiopathology, while providing a quantitative clinical assessment tool, particularly in patients not reliably evaluat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives Sudden loss of smell is a very common symptom of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19). This study characterizes the structural and metabolic cerebral correlates of dysosmia in patients with COVID-19. Methods Structural brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography with [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) were prosp...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews the historical contribution of magnetoencephalography (MEG) to the understanding of the functioning of the somatosensory system and how some achievements have been transferred to clinical research or routine to be integrated in clinical guidelines. Considering the vast literature and the existence of comprehensive MEG review pa...
Article
Full-text available
Humans’ propensity to acquire literacy relates to several factors, including the ability to understand speech in noise (SiN). Still, the nature of the relation between reading and SiN perception abilities remains poorly understood. Here, we dissect the interplay between (1) reading abilities, (2) classical behavioral predictors of reading (phonolog...
Article
In the 50 years since magnetoencephalography (MEG) was invented, various clinical and research applications of it have been attempted with considerable success. This is most notable in the area of epilepsy and presurgical functioning mapping. However, the best ways to apply MEG and interpret the findings still remain conjectural. As such, this book...
Article
We report the case of an 11‐year‐old Syrian girl born to consanguineous parents, who presents an ataxic gait from early childhood. On clinical examination, she presented a severe static ‐ kinetic cerebellar syndrome, walking without support is possible for short distances only. Strikingly, three consecutive MRIs did not show any sign of cerebellar...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans and other animal species are endowed with the ability to sense , represent, and mentally manipulate the number of items in a set without needing to count them. One central hypothesis is that this ability relies on an automated functional system dedicated to numerosity , the perception of the discrete numerical magnitude of a set of items. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Post-learning slow wave sleep (SWS) is known to support declarative memory consolidation. As SWS is more abundant in young population, we suggested that sleep-dependent memory consolidation processes could occur at a faster pace in school-aged children. After learning new associations between non-objects and their functions, retrieval performance w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Working memory (WM) problems are frequent in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Even though hippocampal damage has been repeatedly shown to play an important role, the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the neurophysiological underpinnings of WM impairment in MS using magnetoencephalography (...
Article
Objectives The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is considered to have potential neuro-invasiveness that might lead to acute brain disorders or contribute to respiratory distress in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study investigates the occurrence of structural brain abnormalities in non-survivors...
Article
Full-text available
Dentate nuclei (DN) are involved in cerebellar modulation of motor and cognitive functions, whose impairment causes ataxia and cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome (CCAS). Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) disease progression relates to degeneration of the dentate nucleus and dentato‐thalamic pathways, causing cerebellar ataxia. Volumetric MRI also shows...
Preprint
Human brain activity is intrinsically organized into resting-state networks (RSNs) that transiently activate or deactivate at the sub-second timescale. Few neuroimaging studies have addressed how Alzheimer’s disease (AD) affects these fast temporal brain dynamics, and how they relate to the cognitive, structural and metabolic abnormalities characte...
Preprint
Full-text available
This magnetoencephalography study aimed at characterizing age-related changes in resting-state functional brain organization from mid-childhood to late adulthood. We investigated neuromagnetic brain activity at rest in 105 participants divided into three age groups: children (6-9 years), young adults (18-34 years) and healthy elders (53-78 years)....
Preprint
Importance The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is considered to have potential neuro-invasiveness that might lead to acute brain disorders or contribute to respiratory distress in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data in COVID-19 patients are scarce due to difficu...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting predators is essential for survival. Given that snakes are the first of primates’ major predators, natural selection may have fostered efficient snake detection mechanisms to allow for optimal defensive behavior. Here, we provide electrophysiological evidence for a brain-anchored evolved predisposition to rapidly detect snakes in humans,...
Article
Full-text available
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allowed the spatial characterization of the resting-state verbal language network (vLN). While other resting-state networks (RSNs) were matched with their electrophysiological equivalents at rest and could be spectrally defined, such correspondence is lacking for the vLN. This magnetoencephalography (MEG...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human brain activity is not merely responsive to environmental context but includes intrinsic dynamics, as suggested by the discovery of functionally meaningful neural networks at rest, i.e., even without explicit engagement of the corresponding function. Yet, the neurophysiological coupling mechanisms distinguishing intrinsic (i.e., task-invariant...
Article
Full-text available
How the human brain uses self-generated auditory information during speech production is rather unsettled. Current theories of language production consider a feedback monitoring system that monitors the auditory consequences of speech output and an internal monitoring system, which makes predictions about the auditory consequences of speech before...
Article
Full-text available
Multi‐item working memory (WM) is a complex cognitive function thought to arise from specific frequency band oscillations and their interactions. While some theories and consistent findings have been established, there is still a lot of unclarity about the sources, temporal dynamics, and roles of event‐related fields (ERFs) and theta, alpha, and be...
Article
Full-text available
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has been used in conjunction with resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) based on band-limited power envelope correlation to study the intrinsic human brain network organization into resting-state networks (RSNs). However, the limited availability of current MEG systems hampers the clinical applications of electro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans' propensity to acquire literacy relates to several factors, among which, the ability to understand speech in noise (SiN). Still, the nature of the relation between reading and SiN perception abilities remains poorly understood. Here, we dissect the interplay between (i) reading abilities, (ii) classical behavioral predictors of reading (phon...
Article
Discrimination of words from nonspeech sounds is essential in communication. Still, how selective attention can influence this early step of speech processing remains elusive. To answer that question, brain activity was recorded with magnetoencephalography in 12 healthy adults while they listened to two sequences of auditory stimuli presented at 2....
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the commonest hereditary ataxia in Caucasians. Most patients are homozygous for expanded GAA triplet repeats in the first intron of the frataxin (FXN) gene, involved in mitochondrial iron metabolism. Here, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to characterize the main determinants of FRDA-related changes in in...