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Xavier Corrales

Xavier Corrales
AZTI · Marine Research Division

PhD

About

22
Publications
8,503
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408
Citations
Introduction
I am a biologist, with a master's degree in Sustanainable fisheries management and a PhD in Marine Science. Currently I am working at AZTI at the Marine Ecosystem Functioning department. My main research has focused on characterize marine ecosystems and their changes over time, and to assess the impact of human activities, including fishing activity, invasive species and climate change.
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - present
AZTI
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • EwE model in the Bay of Biscay. EPELECO project
April 2019 - July 2019
Ecopath International Initiative
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • EwE models in the NW Mediterranean Sea. Safenet and Merces projects
January 2016 - March 2019
Institut de Ciències del Mar
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • PhD thesis “Ecosystem modeling in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: the cumulative impact of invasive species, fishing and climate change on the Israeli marine ecosystem” under the DESSIM project
Education
February 2014 - March 2019
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Field of study
  • Marine Science
October 2011 - September 2013
University of Alicante
Field of study
  • Marine Science - Fisheries management
September 2006 - June 2011
University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Characterizing the structure and functioning of marine ecosystems requires a deep understanding of the dynamics of its populations and the biotic interactions among them. To this end, we developed a mass-balanced food-web model of a regional sea in the Northeast Atlantic, the Bay of Biscay (BoB), considering one of the most important anthropogenic...
Article
Among FAO's Major Fishing Areas, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea had the highest percentage (62.5%) of stocks fished at unsustainable levels, especially demersal stocks. Spatial-temporal restrictions of fishing activities are important measures used for the management of marine stocks. However, sometimes these regulations are not fully implemen...
Article
Environmental stressors related to climate change and other anthropogenic activities are impacting Arctic marine ecosystems at exceptional rates. Within this context, predicting future scenarios of deep‐sea ecosystems and their consequences linked with the fate of coastal areas is a growing need and challenge. We used an existing food‐web model dev...
Article
• The overexploitation of many marine resources and ecosystems calls for the development and implementation of measures to support their recovery and conservation. • The potential contributions to support fisheries and ecosystem recovery were assessed at the local level of the three multiple‐use marine protected areas (MPAs) of Cerbère‐Banyuls, Med...
Article
The current alarming state of many coastal ecosystems and fisheries calls for the development of tools to support recovery of exploited stocks, ensure their sustainable exploitation and protect marine ecosystems. Multi-zone Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are often advocated to reconcile conservation and fisheries benefits. However, while there is a...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive alien species (IAS) have become an important driver of biodiversity change and exert severe pressure on natural ecosystems. The development of modelling approaches to assess and predict their distributions and impacts, and evaluate management options has increased substantially. We reviewed these modelling approaches, applied in aquatic ec...
Preprint
Many commercial species of the world are overexploited resulting in substantial reductions of biomass and ecological changes. Spatial-temporal restrictions of fishing activities are important measures used for the management of marine stocks. However, evidence of whether fishing bans benefit whole ecosystems is still scant. Here, we developed a foo...
Article
We developed a trophic mass-balance model to describe the structure and functioning of the insular shelf ecosystem of the Republic of Cyprus and assess the impact of fishing and alien species during the mid-2010s. A total of 40 functional groups were defined, ranging from producers and detritus to top predators and when possible, alien species were...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the fishing pressure exerted by the most common recreational and professional, small-scale fishing practices on vulnerable target and bycatch species in coastal and offshore waters of the western Mediterranean. By combining multiple data sources, we assembled a unique dataset on catches at multiple sites in these areas by recre...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Using a temporal-dynamic calibrated Ecosim food web model, we assess the effects of future changes on marine resources and ecosystem conditions of the Israeli Mediterranean continental shelf. This region has been intensely invaded by Indo-Pacific species. The region is exposed to extreme environmental conditions, is subjected to high rates...
Article
Full-text available
The widely used Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) food web modelling approach has been extended with a new module to measure the impact of input parameter sensitivity on its results. Ecosampler records samples-alternate mass-balanced parameter sets for a food web model-from the built-in Monte Carlo routine, and replays these samples through all of EwE modu...
Article
Full-text available
Biological invasions threaten biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, requiring substantial conservation and management efforts. To examine how the conservation planning literature addresses biological invasions and if planning in the marine environment could benefit from experiences in the freshwater and terrestrial systems,...
Article
Full-text available
An important challenge for conserving and managing marine ecosystems is to advance our understanding of how multiple human stressors, environmental factors and marine resources interact and influence each other. The ecosystems of the Israeli Mediterranean coast have undergone significant ecological changes in recent decades, caused primarily by the...
Article
The ecosystems of the Israeli Mediterranean coast have undergone significant changes in recent decades mainly due to species invasions and fishing. In order to characterize the structure and functioning of the marine continental shelf of the Israeli Mediterranean coast and assess temporal changes, we developed a food web model representing two time...
Article
We developed an ecological model to characterize the structure and functioning of the marine continental shelf and slope area of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, from Toulon to Cape La Nao (NWM model), in the early 2000s. The model included previously modeled areas in the NW Mediterranean (the Gulf of Lions and the Southern Catalan Sea) and expa...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The EPELECO research project is based on a multidisciplinary approach that integrates the existing and innovative information derived from multidisciplinary pelagic surveys to implement an improved framework towards an ecosystem-based management of the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem. By developing an ecosystem-based modelling framework to support decision making in fisheries management, we will able to (1) incorporate new data on ecosystem scale surveys and (2) to incorporate trophic relationships between different pelagic components with the aim of implementing (a) develop a new framework for supporting tactical decision makings of pelagic species from a holistic perspective and (b) implement a spatial and time dynamic model that provides a working framework for a long term strategic management of the Bay of Biscay ecosystem, requiring the participation of involved during the process.
Project
The Working Group on Ecosystem Assessment of Western European Shelf Seas (WGEAWESS) focuses on using integrated ecosystem assessments (IEAs) to inform the ecosystem approach to marine management of the Atlantic European continental shelf. We have a key responsibility in reviewing and updating the ICES Ecosystem Overviews for the Bay of Biscay and Iberian Coast, and the Celtic Seas ecoregions. Sub-regional areas of interest include the West of Scotland, Celtic Sea, Irish Sea, Bay of Biscay, Cantabrian Sea, Galician Waters, Western Iberia, and the Gulf of Cadiz encompassing five countries (Ireland, UK, France, Spain, and Portugal). Our work builds on case studies within these sub-regional areas to identify key trends, pressures, and threats, and to understand the ecosystem dynamics within our ecoregions. The overall aim of WGEAWESS is to produce high quality science that underpins holistic, adaptive, evidence-based management. As a group we have a particular interest in risk assessment, integrated trend analysis, multiple modelling approaches (foodweb, fisheries and spatial), and collaborating with other ICES groups to evolve and update the IEAs Ecosystem Overviews and move towards implementing IEAs as a tool for marine management. In this regard, we are exploring ways to effectively incorporate the socio-economic and climate change side of our ecosystems into management. WGEAWESS has been meeting annually since 2011 and has representation from all countries in its ecoregions. Check out the WGEAWESS resolution to see our current terms of reference and ongoing work. More information at: https://www.ices.dk/community/groups/Pages/WGEAWESS.aspx
Project
The research project MODIAS aims to advance our state of knowledge regarding the cumulative impacts of biological invasions, fisheries and climate change in the South Aegean Sea by the development of the first ecosystem models for the study area. These models will be used to assess for the first time the historical effects of these stressors on the study ecosystem and also make predictions under different scenarios regarding the invasion regime, fisheries management, and climate change. The results of the project are expected to advance our knowledge regarding the process of biological invasions in the Eastern Mediterranean and also inform fisheries management and marine conservation of the significantly impacted marine ecosystem of the region.