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Xavier Castellsagué

Xavier Castellsagué
Catalan Institute of Oncology, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Catalonia · Cancer Epidemiology Research Program (CERP)

MD, MPH, Ph.D.

About

340
Publications
90,922
Reads
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46,569
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
17939 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,5003,000
Additional affiliations
July 1992 - present
Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO)
Position
  • Unit Head

Publications

Publications (340)
Article
Full-text available
Background The incidence of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV)-driven head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, in particular oropharyngeal cancers (OPC), is increasing in high-resource countries. Patients with HPV-induced cancer respond better to treatment and consequently have lower case-fatality rates than patients with HPV-unrelated OPC. These...
Article
Full-text available
Background Estimates of the humoral immune response to incident human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are limited. Methods In this post hoc analysis of 3875 women aged 16–23 years from a 4-valent HPV vaccine trial (NCT00092482), HPV seroprevalence on day 1 was measured with a 9-valent HPV (HPV 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) competitive Luminex immunoa...
Article
Background The main risk factors for head and neck cancer (HNC) are tobacco and alcohol use. However, an important fraction of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is caused by human papillomaviruses (HPV), a subgroup with increasing incidence in several western countries. Methods As part of the HPV-AHEAD study, we assessed the role of HPV infection in 772...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) are involved in the etiology of anogenital and head and neck cancers. The HPV DNA prevalence greatly differs by anatomical site. Indeed, the high rates of viral DNA prevalence in anal and cer-vical carcinomas contrast with the lower fraction of cancer cases attributable to HPVs in other anatomical sites, chiefly the vu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Infections with human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 account for ~70% of invasive cervical cancers but the degree of protection from naturally acquired anti-HPV antibodies is uncertain. We examined the risk of HPV infections as defined by HPV DNA detection and cervical abnormalities among women >25 years in the Human Papilloma VI...
Article
Objective: To estimate the proportion of vulvar and vaginal low-grade and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs and HSILs) in females 15-26 years of age attributable to 14 human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes (6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59). Methods: A post hoc analysis of prospectively diagnosed vulvar and v...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Studies on the role of antibodies produced after infection with human papillomavirus 18 (HPV-18) and subsequent protection from HPV-18 infection have been conflicting, mainly due to inadequate sample size. Methods: We pooled data from the control arms of the Costa Rica Vaccine Trial and the PATRICIA trial. Using Poisson regression we...
Article
Full-text available
With the aim to dissect the effect of adult height on head and neck cancer (HNC), we use the Mendelian randomization (MR) approach to test the association between genetic instruments for height and the risk of HNC. 599 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified as genetic instruments for height, accounting for 16% of the phenotypic vari...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide use of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded blocks (FFPE) is extensive in diagnosis and research. Yet, there is a lack of optimized/standardized protocols to process the blocks and verify the quality and presence of the targeted tissue. In the context of an international study on head and neck cancer (HNC)—HPV-AHEAD, a standardized protocol f...
Data
Summary of precautions to be employed during sectioning paraffin blocks for HPV analysis. (TIF)
Data
Revised pathology evaluation form. (TIF)
Data
Screenshot of the website pathology evaluation form. (TIF)
Chapter
Full-text available
Strong evidence has accumulated in the last 15 years showing that infection by certain human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is etiologically involved in a subset of head and neck cancers (HNCs). In this chapter, epidemiologic-related topics on HNCs are reviewed: (i) HPV-attributable fractions and HPV-type distributions by different anatomical HNC sites, u...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Current HPV vaccines do not protect against all oncogenic HPV types. Following vaccination, type replacement may occur, especially if different HPV types competitively interact during natural infection. Because of their common route of transmission, it is difficult to assess type interactions in observational studies. Our aim was to ev...
Article
Patients with neck squamous cell carcinomas of unknown primary tumour (NSCCUP) present with lymph node metastasis without evidence for a primary tumour. Most patients undergo an aggressive multimodal treatment, which induces severe, potentially unnecessary toxicity. Primary tumours of NSCCUP can be hidden in the oropharynx. Human papillomavirus (HP...
Article
Objectives: It has been reported that patients with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) have a lower risk of appearance of second primary neoplasm (SPN) than HPV-negative OPC patients. The aim of our study was to analyze the risk of developing SPN in a large group of patients with OPC according to HPV status in the primary tumor. Materials an...
Article
We conducted a genome-wide association study of oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer in 6,034 cases and 6,585 controls from Europe, North America and South America. We detected eight significantly associated loci (P < 5 × 10(-8)), seven of which are new for these cancer sites. Oral and pharyngeal cancers combined were associated with loci at 6p21.32 (...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated the efficacy of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in preventing HPV-related disease after surgery for cervical lesions in a post-hoc analysis of the PApilloma TRIal against Cancer In young Adults (PATRICIA; NCT00122681). Healthy women aged 15-25 years were randomised (1:1) to receive vaccine or control at mon...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since 2006, many countries have implemented publicly funded human papillomavirus (HPV) immunisation programmes. However, global estimates of the extent and impact of vaccine coverage are still unavailable. We aimed to quantify worldwide cumulative coverage of publicly funded HPV immunisation programmes up to 2014, and the potential impa...
Article
Background: Poor oral hygiene has been proposed to contribute to head and neck cancer (HNC) risk although causality and independency of some indicators are uncertain. This study investigates the relationship of five oral hygiene indicators with incident HNCs. Methods: In a pooled analysis of 8,925 HNC cases and 12,527 controls from 13 studies pa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although smoking and HPV infection are recognized as important risk factors for oropharyngeal cancer, how their joint exposure impacts on oropharyngeal cancer risk is unclear. Specifically, whether smoking confers any additional risk to HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer is not understood. Methods: Using HPV serology as a marker of HP...
Data
Supplementary material Fig. A.1. Percent of disease in CIN2/3 attributed to the respective high-risk HPV types using 4 attribution methods for women ages 15–26 (panel A) and women ages 24–45 (panel B). Only regions with >20 CIN2 or CIN3 lesions are shown. Minimum (Min): numerator includes only those lesions where a respective HPV type was present a...
Data
Supplementary material Fig. A-3. Percent of disease attributed to the respective high-risk HPV types in CIN1 in women ages 15–24 (Panel A) and CIN2/3 using in women ages 24–45 (Panel B), proportional method. Only regions with >20 CIN2 or CIN3 lesions are shown. Total data adapted from reference 4.
Article
Full-text available
Background: We estimated the proportion of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) cases attributed to 14 HPV types, including quadrivalent (qHPV) (6/11/16/18) and 9-valent (9vHPV) (6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) vaccine types, by region METHODS: Women ages 15-26 and 24-45 years from 5 regions were enrolled in qHPV vaccine clinical trials. Among 10,7...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We conducted a large international study to estimate fractions of head and neck cancers (HNCs) attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV-AFs) using six HPV-related biomarkers of viral detection, transcription, and cellular transformation. Methods: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cancer tissues of the oral cavity (OC), pharynx, and lar...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In addition to HPV, high parity and hormonal contraceptives have been associated with cervical cancer (CC). However, most of the evidence comes from retrospective case-control studies. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate associations between hormonal factors and risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Invasive penile cancer is a rare disease with an approximately 22 000 cases per year. The incidence is higher in less developed countries, where penile cancer can account for up to 10% of cancers among men in some parts of Africa, South America, and Asia. Objective: To describe the human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA prevalence, HPV type...
Article
Full-text available
The control arm of the phase III VIVIANE (Human PapillomaVIrus: Vaccine Immunogenicity ANd Efficacy; NCT00294047) study in women >25 years was studied to assess risk of progression from cervical HPV infection to detectable cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) . The risk of detecting CIN associated with the same HPV type as the reference infecti...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior in young people is influenced by external factors that may increase their vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: to describe sexual behavior and other indicators of sexual and reproductive health among young people (16 to 24 years) in Catalonia and to identify factors associated with sexual risk behaviors. METHODS: Cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related screening technologies and HPV vaccination offer enormous potential for cancer prevention, notably prevention of cervical cancer. The effectiveness of these approaches is, however, suboptimal owing to limited implementation of screening programmes and restricted indications for HPV vaccination. Trials of HPV vacci...
Article
Most mouthwashes contain alcohol, a known cause of head and neck cancer (oral cavity, pharynx, larynx), likely through the carcinogenic activity of acetaldehyde, formed in the oral cavity from alcohol. We carried out a pooled analysis of 8981 cases of head and neck cancer and 10 090 controls from 12 case-control studies with comparable information...
Article
This study was designed to evaluate the immunogenicity and tolerability of a prophylactic 9-valent HPV (types 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) VLP (9vHPV) vaccine in young men 16-26 years of age in comparison to young women 16-26 years of age (the population that was used to establish 9vHPV vaccine efficacy). Safety and immunogenicity data from this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for head and neck cancer (HNC). To our knowledge, low cigarette smoking (<10 cigarettes per day) has not been extensively investigated in fine categories or among never alcohol drinkers. We conducted a pooled analysis of individual participant data from 23 independent case-control studies including 19 660 HN...
Article
Prophylactic vaccination of youngwomen aged 16 to 26 years with the 9-valent (6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) human papillomavirus (HPV) virus-like particle (9vHPV) vaccine prevents infection and disease. We conducted a noninferiority immunogenicity study to bridge the findings in young women to girls and boys aged 9 to 15 years. Subjects (N = 3066) rec...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction A second generation HPV vaccine has been developed for the prevention of anogenital cancers and precancerous lesions of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus and of genital warts due to nine HPV types. We estimated the annual burden of these diseases attributable to the nine HPV types compared to HPV types from first generation vaccines in w...
Article
Full-text available
Deleterious BRCA2 genetic variants markedly increase risk of developing breast cancer. A rare truncating BRCA2 genetic variant, rs11571833 (K3326X), has been associated with a 2.5-fold risk of lung squamous cell carcinoma but only a modest 26% increase in breast cancer risk. We analyzed the association between BRCA2 SNP rs11571833 and upper aerodig...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a risk factor for various cancer types, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). HPV-positive HNSCC show better survival compared to HPV-negative HNSCC despite their frequent early metastatic spread to cervical lymph nodes. Patients initially presenting only with a cervical lymph...
Article
Full-text available
Human papillomavirus (HPV) related disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Prophylactic vaccines have been recognized as the most effective intervention to control for HPV-related diseases. This article reviews the major phaseii/iii trials of the bivalent (HPVs16/18), quadrivalent (HPVs6/11/16/18), and the recently appro...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation in the at the 3rd ESTRO Forum.
Article
Full-text available
Genetic variants located within the 12p13.33/RAD52 locus have been associated with lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). Here, within 5,947 UADT cancers and 7,789 controls from 9 different studies, we found rs10849605, a common intronic variant in RAD52, to be also associated with upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) squamous cell carcinoma cases (OR =...
Article
Full-text available
Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 (HPV16) causes cancer at several anatomic sites. In the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition study, HPV16 E6 seropositivity was present more than 10 years before oropharyngeal cancer diagnosis and was nearly absent in controls. The current study sought to evaluate the extent to which HPV16...
Article
Full-text available
We report final event-driven analysis data on the immunogenicity and efficacy of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in young women aged 15-25 years from the PApilloma TRIal against Cancer In young Adults (PATRICIA; NCT001226810). The total vaccinated cohort (TVC) included all randomised participants who received at least o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The increasing incidence of oropharyngeal cancer in many developed countries has been attributed to human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) infections. Recently, HPV16 E6 serology has been identified as a promising early marker for oropharyngeal cancer. Therefore, characterization of HPV16 E6 seropositivity among individuals without cancer...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC) in young adults has been reported. We aimed to compare the role of major risk factors and family history of cancer in HNC in young adults and older patients. We pooled data from 25 case-control studies and conducted separate analyses for adults ≤45 years old ('young adults', 2010 cases and 4042 con...
Article
Background: Sexual behavior in young people is infuenced by external factors that may increase their vulnerability. Objective: to describe sexual behavior and other indicators of sexual and reproductive health among young people (16 to 24 years) in Catalonia and to identify factors associated with sexual risk behaviors. Methods: Cross-sectional stu...
Article
Full-text available
Efficacy of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine against cervical infections with HPV in the PApilloma TRIal against Cancer In young Adults (PATRICIA; NCT00122681) was evaluated using a combination of the broad-spectrum L1-based SPF10 PCR-DEIA/LiPA25 system with type-specific PCRs for HPV-16 and 18. Broad-spectrum PCR assays...
Article
We aimed to provide updated information about the global estimates of attributable fraction and type distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas by doing a systematic review and meta-analysis. We did a literature search on PubMed to identify studies that used PCR for detection of HPV DNA in head and neck squ...