Wouter Nijs

Wouter Nijs
European Commission | ec · Joint Research Centre (JRC)

Master of Engineering

About

43
Publications
27,091
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,206
Citations

Publications

Publications (43)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Our analysis quantifies the steps needed to support the conclusion of the EU Renovation Wave strategy that fossil fuels will disappear from heating and cooling. If improvements are mainly to the thermal integrity of buildings, a reduction in heat demand of around 15% can be achieved by 2030. However, the reduction of oil use needs to be four times...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) under its Long-term Energy Scenario Network, in collaboration with the Knowledge for the Energy Union Unit of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission, organised a two-day virtual workshop on “Benchmarking long-term scenario comparison studies for the clean energy transition” on 10...
Article
The relevance of sector coupling is increasing when shifting from the current highly centralised and mainly fossil fuel-based energy system to a more decentralized and renewable energy system. Cross-sectoral linkages are already recognized as a cost-effective decarbonisation strategy that provides significant flexibility to the system. Modelling su...
Article
Job creation is arguably an important socioeconomic benefit of renewable energy deployment. In turn, this employment creation may be contingent upon the influence of some key factors, including technology learning, trade effects and policies and may affect different renewable energy technologies and activities of the renewable energy value chain in...
Article
Full-text available
As the EU energy system transitions to low carbon, the technology choices should consider a broader set of criteria. The use of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) prevents burden shift across life cycle stages or impact categories , while the use of Energy System Models (ESM) allows evaluating alternative policies, capacity evolution and covering all the...
Article
Full-text available
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) currently have the challenge of high CAPEX mainly associated to the fuel cell. This study investigates strategies to promote FCEV deployment and overcome this initial high cost by combining a detailed simulation model of the passenger transport sector with an energy system model. The focus is on an energy system w...
Article
Full-text available
Data on the potential generation of energy from wind, solar and biomass is crucial for analysing their development , as it sets the limits on how much additional capacity it is feasible to install. This paper presents the methodologies used for the development of ENSPRESO, ENergy System Potentials for Renewable Energy SOurces, an EU-28 wide, open d...
Conference Paper
Please cite this article as: Matija Pavičević, Wouter Nijs, Konstantinos Kavvadias, Sylvain Quoilin, Modelling flexible power demand and supply in the EU power system: soft-linking between JRC-EU-TIMES and the open-source Dispa-SET model, Abstract: Modelling the variability of renewable energy sources together with flexible and/or storage technolog...
Research
Full-text available
This report provides an outlook for a set of Low Carbon Energy Technologies as well as background on how JRC-EU-TIMES baseline and decarbonisation scenarios are derived. The results help inform decision makers on the technology choices through which the EU can meet its climate and energy goals under different global energy scenarios.
Article
Full-text available
Power-to-Methane (PtM) can provide flexibility to the electricity grid while aiding decarbonization of other sectors. This study focuses specifically on the methanation component of PtM in 2050. Scenarios with 80–95% CO2 reduction by 2050 (vs. 1990) are analyzed and barriers and drivers for methanation are identified. PtM arises for scenarios with...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogen represents a versatile energy carrier with net zero end use emissions. Power-to-Liquid (PtL) includes the combination of hydrogen with CO2 to produce liquid fuels and satisfy mostly transport demand. This study assesses the role of these pathways across scenarios that achieve 80-95% CO2 reduction by 2050 (vs. 1990) using the JRC-EU-TIMES m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/news/eu-coal-regions-opportunities-and-challenges-ahead
Technical Report
Full-text available
Data on the potential generation of electricity from wind is crucial information for analysing the future role of this renewable energy source. In this report, a description is presented of the methodologies used for the derivation of a dataset. The dataset consists of an estimation of (1) wind speeds accounting for high-resolution effects, (2) pow...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses how different levels of geographical disaggregation of wind and photovoltaic energy resources could affect the outcomes of an energy system model by 2020 and 2050. Energy system models used for policy making typically have high technology detail but little spatial detail. However, the generation potential and integration costs o...
Article
Full-text available
The optimization energy system model JRC-EU-TIMES is used to support energy technology R&D design by analysing power technologies deployment till 2050 and their sensitivity to different decarbonisation exogenous policy routes. The policy routes are based on the decarbonised scenarios of the EU Energy Roadmap 2050 combining energy efficiency, renewa...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the impact of the current and an alternative stricter EU CO2 car legislation on transport related CO2 emissions, on the uptake of electric vehicles (EV), on the reduction of oil consumption, and on total energy system costs beyond 2020. We apply a TIMES based energy system model for Europe. Results for 2030 show that a stricter target of...
Article
Full-text available
Marine energy could play a significant role in the long-term energy system in Europe, and substantial resources have been allocated to research and development in this field. The main objective of this paper is to assess how technology improvements affect the deployment of marine energy in the EU. To do so the linear optimization, technology-rich m...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogen is a promising avenue for decarbonising energy systems and providing flexibility. In this paper, the JRC-EU-TIMES model – a bottom-up, technology-rich model of the EU28 energy system – is used to assess the role of hydrogen in a future decarbonised Europe under two climate scenarios, current policy initiative (CPI) and long-term decarbonis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Different tools and methods have been proposed in the literature to assess the required flexibility resources and needs in a particular grid or geographical area. However, few of them are readily usable in long term energy planning models because they require small time steps and detailed data. In this paper, two candidate methods to address the fl...
Technical Report
The JRC-EU-TIMES is a partial equilibrium energy system model maintained by the Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) to analyse the role of energy technologies development and their potential contribution to decarbonisation pathways of the energy system. The technical potentials for renewable energies are a ke...
Chapter
This chapter describes a methodology to integrate DC power flow modeling and N − 1 security into JRC-EU-TIMES, a multiregional TIMES energy system model. It improves the accuracy of modeling cross-border transmission expansion especially for energy systems with higher penetration of renewable energy sources (RES). We describe three grid representat...
Conference Paper
The linear optimization bottom-up technology model JRC-EU-TIMES is used to assess the cost-effectiveness of electricity storage technologies in the EU28 energy system. The model represents the EU28 energy system from 2005 to 2050, where each country is one region. We model five scenarios, one of which is the "reference" and four decarbonized scenar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The linear optimization bottom-up technology model JRC-EU-TIMES is used to assess how different decarbonisation pathways affect the power sector's technological deployment till 2050. The model represents the EU28 energy system from 2005 to 2050, where each country is one region. We model eight scenarios, two of which are the "reference" complemente...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses how a global climate target may influence iron and steel production technology deployment and scrap use. A global energy system model, ETSAP-TIAM, was used and a Scrap Availability Assessment Model (SAAM) was developed to analyse the relation between steel demand, recycling and the availability of scrap and their implications f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The JRC-EU-TIMES model Assessing the long-term role of the SET plan energy technologies The JRC-EU-TIMES model is one of the models currently pursued in the JRC under the auspices of the JRC Modelling Taskforce. The model has been developed over the last years in a combined effort of two of the JRC Institutes, IPTS and IET. The JRC-EU-TIMES model...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Energy System Analysis Agency (ESA²) is a lighthouse innovation project of KIC (Knowledge and Innovation Communities) InnoEnergy under the leadership of the European Institute of Innovation & Technology (EIT) and is additionally funded by the State of Baden-Württemberg. Energy system models are combined to analyse the European energy system in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper estimates the impact on Belgium of the EU climate policy. This policy intends to reduce the emissions of EU greenhouse gases (GHG) by 80% in 2050 compared to 1990 emissions. The EU target was distributed over member countries in a cost effective way with the European TIMES model and this resulted for Belgium, in a 59% reduction goal for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The objective of the TUMATIM project is to develop the MARKAL/TIMES modelling framework for a better assessment of energy and climate change policies. Climate change and security of supply, along with sustainable development have remained high on the agenda of the policy makers and this was reinforced by recent oil price crisis. The energy sector a...
Book
Full-text available
Dit document brengt de milieudruk veroorzaakt door de energiesector in Vlaanderen zo volledig en toegankelijk mogelijk in beeld voor Vlaanderen aan de hand van indicatoren. Ook het energiesysteem in Vlaanderen wordt uitgebreid beschreven (energieproductie en energiegebruik). Het document is gestructureerd volgens de zogenaamde milieuverstoringskete...
Article
This paper examines the effects of replacing current fuel taxes by a system of taxes that account better for all the different external costs of the different transport modes. One of the important implications of this reform is that current fuel taxes are decreased to a level of 80 euro/ton of CO2 but that the mileage related taxes on car and truck...
Article
This report examines possible post-Kyoto options for Belgium. Climate change is coming up again at the top of the policy agenda with the decision of the European Commission to reduce its GHG emissions by 20% by 2020. The analysis is done with the MARKAL/TIMES model, a partial equilibrium model for the energy system. It is a technico-economic model,...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The objective of Heat Roadmap Europe is to create the scientific evidence required to support the decarbonisation of the heating and cooling sector in Europe.