Wout Joseph

Wout Joseph
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Information Technology

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About

695
Publications
157,365
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9,404
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1995 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (695)
Article
Today, our society mainly relies on the energy generated by burning fossil fuels, which provides a reliable supply at an affordable price. However, this energy is not renewable and will eventually be depleted in the future. To address sustainability issues, we need to take action in all layers of our society, including our wireless access networks,...
Conference Paper
In this study, we develop and validate a supervised machine-learning algorithm to monitor grazing and ruminating behaviours of cattle using accelerometer sensors. The method is specifically designed for performing real-time classification on resource-constrained sensor nodes. Twenty multiparous Holstein cows were used for this study. Each cow was w...
Article
Full-text available
The constant increase in the required user capacity and the evolution of wireless network technologies impact the exposure that users experience from wireless networks. This paper evaluates various 5G network topologies regarding human exposure, mobile communication quality, and sustainability. We assess human exposure, based on a novel Exposure Ra...
Article
Full-text available
Indoor path loss models characterize the attenuation of signals between a transmitting and receiving antenna for a certain frequency and type of environment. Their use ranges from network coverage planning to joint communication and sensing applications such as localization and crowd counting. The need for this proposed geodesic path model comes fo...
Article
New measurement methods and equipment for correct 5G New Radio (NR) electromagnetic field (EMF) in-situ exposure assessment of instantaneous time-averaged exposure (Eavg) and maximum extrapolated field exposure (Emax) are proposed. The different options are investigated with in-situ measurements around 5G NR base stations (FR1) in different countri...
Conference Paper
Radio frequency identification (RFID) localization technology has attracted great attention in stocktaking in warehouses. In this paper, we investigate drone-based RFID localization for fast and accurate inventory management. Considering the drone trajectory errors, we propose a robust RFID lateral localization method based on the unwrapped phase,...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate wireless network planning is crucial for the deployment of new wireless services. This usually requires the consecutive evaluation of many candidate solutions, which is only feasible for simple path loss models, such as one-slope models or multi-wall models. However, such path loss models are quite straightforward and often do not deliver...
Article
Ultra-wideband (UWB) attracts extensive attention for the Internet-of-Things applications, especially the fine-grained location-based services. Rather than active tracking, this paper explores the UWB-based device-free pedestrian tracking problem. Concerning the challenges of fine-grained passive tracking for the low-cost commodity UWB devices, we...
Article
Full-text available
In an increasingly wireless world, spatiotemporal monitoring of the exposure to environmental radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) is crucial to appease public uncertainty and anxiety about RF-EMF. However, although the advent of smart city infrastructures allows for dense networks of distributed sensors, the costs of accurate RF sensor...
Preprint
Objective In temporal interference (TI) deep brain stimulation (DBS), the neurons of mice react to two interfering sinusoids with a slightly different frequency. This is called a temporal interference (TI) signal. It was previously seen that for the same input intensity, the neurons do not react to a purely sinusoidal signal. This study aims to get...
Article
Full-text available
Most applications and services of Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) rely on accurate and continuous vehicle location information. The traditional localization method based on the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is the most commonly used. However, it does not provide reliable, continuous, and accurate positioning in all sce...
Article
Due to its high delay resolution, the ultra-wideband (UWB) technique has been widely adopted for fine-grained indoor localization. Instead of active positioning, UWB radar-based passive human tracking is explored using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) devices. To extract the time-of-flight (ToF) reflected by the moving person, the accumulated channe...
Article
Future vehicles will be increasingly connected to enable new applications and improve safety, traffic efficiency and comfort, through the use of several wireless access technologies, ranging from vehicle-to-everything (V2X) connectivity to automotive radar sensing and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies for intra-car wireless sensor networks. The...
Article
Full-text available
Future wireless communication networks can benefit from Unmanned Aerial Base Stations (UABSs) to provide enhanced capacity to ground users (GU) in large and remote locations. Connecting UABSs to the terrestrial network presents several challenges, such as the limited gain traditional antennas need to maintain suitable wireless links between the cor...
Article
A framework is proposed for long-term vehicular channel simulation based on the vector time-frequency autoregressive (VTFAR) model for a sparse parametric description of nonstationary multivariate random processes. Based on vehicle-to-infrastructure tunnel measurements, we estimate the VTFAR model parameters and validate the model by comparing the...
Article
Objective. To investigate computationally the interaction of combined electrical and ultrasonic modulation of isolated neurons and of the Parkinsonian cortex-basal ganglia-thalamus loop. Approach. Continuous-wave or pulsed electrical and ultrasonic neuromodulation is applied to isolated Otsuka plateau-potential generating subthalamic nucleus (STN)...
Article
The global rollout of the fifth generation of cellular networks (5G) brings new challenges to the characterization and measurement of their emissions of radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs). The new generation of telecommunications is focused more than ever on efficiency, flexibility, and adaptability as well as features (among other...
Article
Full-text available
With the deployment of data-driven assembly and production factories, challenges arise in sensor data acquisition and gathering. Different wireless technologies are currently used for transferring data, each with different advantages and constraints. In this paper, we present a hybrid network architecture for providing Quality of Service (QoS) in a...
Article
Full-text available
In order to achieve an integrated radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) dose assessment, detailed information about source-specific exposure duration and output power is needed. We developed an Integrated Exposure Model (IEM) to combine energy absorbed due to use of and exposure to RF-EMF sources and applied it to a sample of the general...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) is often measured with personal exposimeters, but the accuracy of measurements can be hampered as carrying the devices on-body may result in body shielding. Further, the compact design may compromise the frequency selectivity of the sensor. The aim of this study was to compare me...
Article
Full-text available
Fifth generation networks (5G) will be associated with a partial shift to higher carrier frequencies, including wavelengths of insects. This may lead to higher absorption of radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) by insects and could cause dielectric heating. The yellow fever mosquito ( Aedes aegypti ), a vector for diseases such as yell...
Preprint
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) improve traffic efficiency, traffic management, driver’s comfort, and safety. They consist of a broad range of components, including vehicles, sensors, Base Stations, Road Side Units, and road infrastructure (i.e., traffic signals). ITS of the near future will need to support multi-modal transportation schem...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) improve traffic efficiency, traffic management, driver's comfort, and safety. They consist of a broad range of components, including vehicles, sensors, Base Stations, Road Side Units, and road infrastructure (i.e., traffic signals). ITS of the near future will need to support multi-modal transportation schem...
Article
Full-text available
Simple Summary Analyzing equestrian show jumping and dressage training movements can be greatly useful during training, but existing technologies fall short in terms of user convenience and detection of major horse training activities. As a result, attaching sensors to the horse's legs could give a simple solution that is accessible to all riders....
Preprint
Due to its high delay resolution, the ultra-wideband (UWB) technique has been widely adopted for fine-grained indoor localization. Instead of active positioning, UWB radar-based passive human tracking is explored using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) devices. To extract the time-of-flight (ToF) reflected by the moving person, the accumulated channe...
Article
Despite the recent advances in broadband penetration and accessibility, broadcasting networks continue to be the most efficient way for delivering media content to large areas independently of the user density. Nevertheless, a convergence of broadcasting services into the broadband networks is foreseen. In this context, Layered Division Multiplexin...
Article
LTE-eMBMS systems efficiently deliver multicast/broadcast services using Layered Division Multiplexing (LDM) technology. In a two-layer LDM system, Layer 1, with higher power allocation delivers mobile services, and Layer 2 in a Single Frequency Network scheme provides local content. The challenge is to reduce the gap in the layers' coverage areas...
Article
It has been suggested that the wireless network evolution to smaller carrier wavelengths (from 2G to 5G) increases radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) absorption in Western Honey Bees (Apis mellifera). It is unknown whether the radiation performance of antennas is stable when an insect appears in their vicinity. In this research, the abs...
Article
Fine-grained indoor localization has attracted attention recently because of the rapidly growing demand for indoor location-based services (ILBS). Specifically, massive (large-scale) multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) systems have received increasing attention due to high angular resolution. This paper presents an indoor localization testbed...
Article
Among the potential road maps to sustainable production, efficient manufacturing scheduling is a promising direction. This paper addresses the lack of knowledge in the scheduling theory by introducing a generalized flexible flow shop model with unrelated parallel machines in each stage. A mixed-integer programming formulation is proposed for such m...
Article
Full-text available
Optical Wireless Communication (OWC) is being explored for application in the next-generation broadcasting networks, where possessing accurately determined user locations becomes increasingly important. Received signal strength (RSS) Visible Light Positioning (VLP)-based localisation systems aim to deliver these centimetre-level location data at a...
Article
Wireless connectivity has been realized for multiple environments and different frequency bands. However, little research exists about mmWave communication in industrial environments. This paper presents the 60 GHz double-directional radio channel for mmWave communication in a ship hull for Line-of-Sight (LOS) and non-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) condition...
Article
Full-text available
Large bandwidths are needed to meet the high-throughput requirements of future wireless communication systems. These larger bandwidths are available at mmWave and sub-THz frequencies, such as the V-band ranging from 50 to 75 GHz and the D-band ranging from 110 to 170 GHz. In this paper, we present channel measurements in an office environment, cove...
Article
Full-text available
We present a smartphone-based indoor localisation system, able to track pedestrians over multiple floors. The system uses Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR), which exploits data from the smartphone’s inertial measurement unit to estimate the trajectory. The PDR output is matched to a scaled floor plan and fused with model-based WiFi received signal st...
Article
Full-text available
A novel Machine Learning (ML) method based on Neural Networks (NN) is proposed to assess radio‐frequency (RF) exposure generated by WiFi sources in indoor scenarios. The aim was to build an NN capable of addressing the complexity and variability of real‐life exposure setups, including the effects of not only down‐link transmission access points (AP...
Article
The dramatic growth of data traffic during the past decade has challenged wireless networks to provide new mechanisms to support such demand. Fast deployable wireless networks supported by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are a promising solution, especially to support in crowded scenarios with high peaks of traffic. Nevertheless, mounting a Base Sta...
Article
Full-text available
The characteristics of multipath components (MPCs) are addressed in an industrial environment at 1.3 GHz by means of measurements with a multidimensional channel sounder. The maximum likelihood estimator, RiMAX, is used to determine the MPCs parameters and takes into account the diffuse scattering. Both line‐of‐sight (LOS) and obstructed LOS (OLOS)...
Article
Objective: To investigate the importance of membrane charge oscillations and redistribution in multi-compartmental ultrasonic neuromodulation (UNMOD) intramembrane cavitation models. Methods: The Neuronal Intramembrane Cavitation Excitation (NICE) model and multiScale Optimized model of Neuronal Intramembrane Cavitation (SONIC) of UNMOD are compare...
Article
Full-text available
Optogenetics has a lot of potential to become an effective neuromodulative therapy for clinical applications. Selecting the correct opsin is crucial to have an optimal optogenetic tool. With computational modeling, the neuronal response to the current dynamics of an opsin can be extensively and systematically tested. Unlike electrical stimulation w...
Article
Full-text available
Ultra-Wideband (UWB) is a Radio Frequency technology that is currently used for accurate indoor localization. However, the cost of deploying such a system is large, mainly due to the need for manually measuring the exact location of the installed infrastructure devices (“anchor nodes”). Self-calibration of UWB reduces deployment costs, because it a...
Article
Full-text available
Ultra-wideband (UWB) positioning performance is highly related to the accuracy of the coordinates of the fixed anchor nodes, which form the system infrastructure. The process of determining the position of the anchors is called calibration. In an anchor-based system, it is crucial for the fixed nodes to know their locations with the highest possibl...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the assessment of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure from fifth generation (5G) new radio (NR) base stations in a commercial NR network in Bern, Switzerland. During the measurement campaign, four base station sites were investigated and the exposure induced by the NR massive multiple-input-multiple-output...
Article
Full-text available
Automated behavioral detection and classification through sensors can enhance the horses’ health and welfare. Since monitoring needs to be carried out continuously, an energy-efficient method is needed. The number of logging axes, sampling rate, and selected features of accelerometer data not only have a significant impact on classification accurac...
Article
Full-text available
Background The general population is exposed to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMFs) used by telecommunication networks. Previous studies developed methods to assess this exposure. These methods will be inadequate to accurately assess exposure in 5G technologies or other wireless technologies using adaptive antennas. This is due to the...
Article
The improvement of the energy efficiency and the reduction of the latency are two of the main goals of the next generation of Radio Access Networks (RANs). In order to achieve the latter, Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) is emerging as a promising solution: it consists of the placement of computing and storage servers, directly at each Base Statio...
Article
Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology attracts extensive attention for industrial applications, especially supply chain businesses and inventory management. In this paper, a passive RFID localization scheme based on unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or drones is established for inventory management in warehouses. In case of the major challen...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we explore the possibility of estimating the number of people inside a below-deck ship compartment using the theory of room electromagnetics. Most RF-based occupancy detection solutions focus on residential environments. Confined metallic spaces such in industrial environments are more hostile and exhibit features of a reverberant ca...
Preprint
Fine-grained indoor localization has attracted attention recently because of the rapidly growing demand for indoor location-based services (ILBS). Specifically, massive (large-scale) multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) systems have received increasing attention due to high angular resolution. This paper presents an indoor localization testbed...