Woo-Jung Song

Woo-Jung Song
Asan Medical Center University of Ulsan College of Medicine

MD, PhD

About

276
Publications
44,122
Reads
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4,404
Citations
Citations since 2017
171 Research Items
3558 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
Additional affiliations
March 2018 - present
Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2017 - April 2017
Seoul National University Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2012 - present
Seoul National University Hospital
Position
  • Medical Doctor

Publications

Publications (276)
Article
Recent studies suggest that Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin sensitization is a risk factor for asthma. However, there is a paucity of epidemiologic evidence on adult-onset asthma in community-based populations. We sought to evaluate the epidemiology and the clinical significance of Staphylococcal enterotoxin sensitization in community-based adult...
Article
Full-text available
Extract Cough is an essential defence mechanism [1]. However, chronic cough is a significant cause of morbidity, seriously impairing quality of life [2]. Previously, chronic cough was considered a consequence of various diseases, such as asthma/eosinophilic bronchitis, rhinitis and gastro-oesophageal acid reflux disease [3, 4]. Recent evidence, how...
Article
Full-text available
These guidelines incorporate the recent advances in chronic cough pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. The concept of cough hypersensitivity has allowed an umbrella term that explains the exquisite sensitivity of patients to external stimuli such a cold air, perfumes, smoke and bleach. Thus adults with chronic cough now have a firm physical ex...
Article
Background: Laryngeal or vocal cord dysfunction has long been regarded as a mimic of asthma; however recent evidence indicates that it may be a significant comorbid condition in asthmatics. Objective: We aimed to systematically estimate the prevalence of comorbid laryngeal dysfunction (LD) in asthmatic adults and to characterize its clinical imp...
Article
Chronic cough is globally prevalent across all age groups. This disorder is challenging to treat because many pulmonary and extrapulmonary conditions can present with chronic cough, and cough can also be present without any identifiable underlying cause or be refractory to therapies that improve associated conditions. Most patients with chronic cou...
Article
Full-text available
ERJ Open Research received its first impact factor of 4.2. We thank everyone whose commitment has helped the journal to grow and succeed. The journal will continue to contribute to the wider dissemination of relevant, robust and up-to-date knowledge. https://bit.ly/3g9X0lR.
Article
Asthma affects more than 300 million people of all ages worldwide, including about 10–15% of school-aged children, and its prevalence is increasing. Severe asthma (SA) is a particular and rare phenotype requiring treatment with high-dose inhaled corticosteroids plus a second controller and/or systemic glucocorticoid courses to achieve symptom contr...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in asthma research have led to the development of novel biologics that hinder the pathologic actions of key molecules in severe asthma (SA). Traditional randomised controlled studies (RCTs), the gold standard for evaluating the efficacy and safety of medical interventions with excellent internal validity, have proven the clinical be...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aimed to understand the cough characteristics and health journeys among community-based chronic cough (CC) patients, and their characteristics associated with healthcare visits. Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020, using the South Korea and Taiwan National Health and Wellness Survey (NHWS) and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Blood (EOS-B) and sputum (EOS-S) eosinophil counts may contribute differently to asthma pathogenesis. We compared the impact of the baseline EOS-B and EOS-S levels on lung function, asthma control, and exacerbation in Korean asthma patients. Methods Asthma patients with baseline EOS-B (n = 4257) and EOS-S (n = 1049) levels from a multicent...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose Blood (EOS-B) and sputum (EOS-S) eosinophil counts may contribute differently to asthma pathogenesis. We compared the impact of the baseline EOS-B and EOS-S levels on lung function, asthma control, and exacerbation in Korean asthma patients. Methods Asthma patients with baseline EOS-B (n=4257) and EOS-S (n=1049) levels from a multicenter co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic cough (CC) is a common condition, but the burden of CC in general populations remains largely unknown. This study aims to investigate the disease prevalence and burden among community-based CC patients in South Korea and Taiwan, using structured tools. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study uses data from the 2020...
Article
In recent decades, the concept of severe asthma has evolved from an umbrella term encompassing patients with high-intensity treatment needs to a clinical syndrome with heterogeneous, albeit distinct, pathophysiological processes. Biased and unbiased cluster approaches have been used to identify several clinical phenotypes. In parallel, cellular and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Routinely collected data (RCD) from electronic health records (EHR) are useful for studying disease epidemiology in the real world. We examined cough presentation and cough-related healthcare utilization using an academic institutional EHR database in Korea. Methods In this retrospective cohort study, patients with subacute (3–8 weeks) or...
Article
Full-text available
Individual studies have suggested that upper airway dysbiosis may be associated with asthma or its severity. We aimed to systematically review studies that evaluated upper airway bacterial microbiota in relation to asthma, compared to nonasthmatic controls. Searches used MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science Core Collection. Eligible studies included...
Article
Full-text available
The current cut-off value for diagnosing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in adults—percent fall in FEV 1 (ΔFEV 1 ) ≥ 10% after exercise challenge test (ECT)—has low specificity and weak evidences. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the cut-off value for EIB that provides the highest diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. Participan...
Article
Background: Cough is often the most prominent and intractable symptom reported by patients with asthma, but few studies have explored the characteristics of patients with asthma and with chronic cough (CC) in a real-world setting. Methods: In a prospective cohort study, patients ages ≥ 18 years with stable asthma were consecutively recruited at the...
Article
Background: The effects of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remain unclear. Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of chronic obstructive airway diseases such as asthma, COPD, and ACO on COVID-19. Methods: In total, 5625 hospitalized patients with...
Article
Long coronavirus disease (COVID) refers to an array of variable and fluctuating symptoms experienced after acute illness, with signs and symptoms that persist for 8-12 weeks and are not otherwise explicable. Cough is the most common symptom of acute COVID-19, but cough may persist in some individuals for weeks or months after recovery from acute ph...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hypersensitivity reactions to cefaclor have increased in accordance with its frequent use. However, only limited data are available on the diagnostic value of skin tests for these conditions, particularly intradermal tests (IDTs). Objective To evaluate the clinical usefulness of IDT compared to the ImmunoCAP test in patients with cefacl...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic cough is a common symptom of many underlying respiratory and non-respiratory disorders and may be associated with less serious causes, such as gastroesophageal reflux and nasal diseases. Chronic cough in children differs from that in adults with respect to its etiologies and management since it can indicate a symptom of an underlying diseas...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The hospitalization for asthma exacerbation has varied with seasons, however, the underlying weather reasons have not been fully explored yet. This study is aimed to explore the effect of weather factors on increased number of hospitalization due to worsening of asthma symptoms. This will provide more information to the relevant author...
Article
Background Chronic refractory cough significantly impairs the psychological and social aspects of quality of life. Loss of inhibitory control is suggested as potential central neurobiological mechanism underlying chronic refractory cough. Research Question Do structural and functional changes related to chronic cough occur in higher cortical brain...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cough symptom severity represents an important subjective end-point to assess the impact of therapies for patients with refractory or unexplained chronic cough (RCC/UCC). As existing instruments assessing the severity of cough are neither widely available nor tested for measurement properties, we aim to develop a new patient-reported o...
Article
Background: Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane protease serine subtype 2 (TMPRSS2) are key proteins mediating viral entry of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although gene expressions of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 have been analyzed in various organs and diseases, their soluble forms have been less studied,...
Article
Objective: Few studies have investigated the relationship between asthma and sarcopenia. We aimed to examine the relationship between asthma and sarcopenia in a community-dwelling geriatric population, especially regarding lung function and asthma control. Methods: A cross-sectional dataset from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examinati...
Article
Severe asthma constitutes a serious health burden with significant morbidity and socioeconomic costs. The development and introduction of new biologics targeting type 2 inflammation changed the paradigm for management of severe asthma and initiated a biological era. These changes impose a challenge to clinicians in managing difficult-to-treat and s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Routinely collected data (RCD) from electronic health records (EHR) are useful for studying disease epidemiology in the real world. We examined cough presentation and cough-related healthcare utilization using an academic institutional EHR database in Korea. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with subacute (3–8 weeks...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Most knowledge on cough epidemiology was obtained from questionnaire surveys of general populations or small focused studies of patients visiting specialist clinics. Routinely collected data (RCD) from electronic health records (EHR) are useful sources for studying disease epidemiology, but their use was limited in chronic cough. The pr...
Article
Background: Targeted therapies have broadened the available treatment options for patients with severe eosinophilic asthma (SEA). However, differences in the magnitude of treatment responses among patients indicate the presence of various underlying pathophysiological processes and patient subgroups. Objectives: We aimed to describe the characte...
Article
Chronic cough is a common medical condition that has a significant impact on patients' quality of life. Although it was previously considered a symptom of other disorders, it is now regarded as a pathologic state that is characterized by a deviation from the intrinsic protective functions of the cough reflex, especially in adults. There are several...
Article
Full-text available
There are possibilities and obstacles to the use of objective cough monitoring in real-world practice. Advances in technology will overcome the difficulties and continuous real-time cough monitoring will then provide a valuable tool in cough management. https://bit.ly/3lu5cfk.
Article
Deep inspiration-provoked cough (DIPC) is a form of allotussia. Allotussia is thought to be a manifestation of cough reflex arc hypersensitivity but objective evidence about this is lacking. 36 subjects with chronic cough and 25 healthy subjects underwent mannitol and citric acid cough provocation tests. DIPC was defined as two or more coughs after...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nasal symptoms frequently coexist in patients with chronic cough, and non-sedating H1-receptor antihistamines (nsH1RAs) are often prescribed for cough management in several countries. However, recommendations on the use of nsH1RAs vary among chronic cough guidelines. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of nsH1RAs over placebos in ad...
Article
These guidelines incorporate the recent advances in chronic cough pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. The concept of cough hypersensitivity has allowed an umbrella term that explains the exquisite sensitivity of patients to external stimuli such a cold air, perfumes, smoke and bleach. Thus, adults with chronic cough now have a firm physical e...
Article
Purpose: Although genome-wide association studies (GWASs) represent the most powerful approach for identifying genes that influence asthma, to date, no studies have established genetic susceptibility to asthma in the Korean population. This study aimed to identify genetic variants associated with adult Korean asthmatics and compare them with the s...
Article
Full-text available
Large airway collapse (LAC) is a frequently encountered clinical problem, caused by tracheobronchomalacia +/- excessive dynamic airway collapse, yet there are currently no universally accepted diagnostic criteria. We systematically reviewed studies reporting a diagnostic approach to LAC in healthy adults and patients, to compare diagnostic modaliti...
Article
Full-text available
The global burden of children and young people (CYP) with bronchiectasis is being recognised increasingly. They experience a poor quality-of-life and recurrent respiratory exacerbations requiring additional treatment, including hospitalisation. However, there are no published data on patient-driven clinical needs and/or research priorities for paed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SARS CoV-2 infection has been associated with long-term sequelae, including cough. The clinical course of chronic cough following SARS CoV-2 infection and therapies are not known. This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of chronic cough following SARS CoV-2 infection, aiming to assess its course, impact on patient well-being and pred...
Article
Full-text available
Cough is an important physiological mechanism to protect the lower airways, but it is also one of the most common symptoms that lead patients to seek medical consultations. Chronic cough, usually defined by cough duration longer than 8 weeks in adults, is prevalent in the community and impairs quality of life in individual patients. There are sever...
Article
Background Although inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are the recommended first-line therapy for asthma, determining whether to continue or discontinue ICS treatment in patients with mild asthma remains challenging for clinicians. Several studies have demonstrated that patients with mild-persistent asthma maintained a well-controlled state after ICS w...
Article
Cough is one of the most common presenting symptoms of COVID-19, along with fever and loss of taste and smell. Cough can persist for weeks or months after SARS-CoV-2 infection, often accompanied by chronic fatigue, cognitive impairment, dyspnoea, or pain—a collection of long-term effects referred to as the post-COVID syndrome or long COVID. We hypo...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.
Chapter
Cough is a protective mechanism against aspiration, but it becomes pathologic when cough reflex is impaired or hypersensitive. Chronic cough is a clinical syndrome in adults, commonly characterized by hypersensitivity in the cough reflex, and is more prevalent and difficult to manage in older adults (≥65 years). The reason for the age-related incre...
Chapter
Upper airway diseases involving the nose or throat areas are frequently observed in patients with chronic cough. However, the causal relationships with cough are controversial. Despite their frequent overlaps, evidence is largely lacking on how to assess and treat upper airway conditions in patients with chronic cough. This chapter summarizes clini...
Article
There is increasing awareness of bronchiectasis in children and adolescents, a chronic pulmonary disorder associated with poor quality-of-life for the child/adolescent and their parents, recurrent exacerbations and costs to the family and health systems. Optimal treatment improves clinical outcomes. Several national guidelines exist, but there are...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with severe asthma may have a greater risk of dying from COVID-19 disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) and the enzyme proteases, transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and FURIN, are needed for viral attachment and invasion into host cells. Methods We examined microarray mRNA expression of ACE2, TMPRSS2 and FURIN...
Article
p>Background: Patients with severe asthma may have a greater risk of dying from COVID-19 disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) and the enzyme proteases, transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and FURIN, are needed for viral attachment and invasion into host cells. Methods: We examined microarray mRNA expression of ACE2, TMPRSS2 and FUR...
Article
Full-text available
Background/aims: Skin (STs) and drug provocation (DPTs) tests are essential for identifying the culprit drugs causing drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs). Several protocols have been developed for the identification of some culprit drugs, but they are neither thoroughly validated nor standardized. Furthermore, language barriers may impede the e...
Book
This book is a practical resource for clinicians who manage patients with chronic cough, which represents a major challenge in the clinic due to multiple diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. Essential assessments for cough and treatable traits are described, covering the upper and lower airways and the gastrointestinal tract, and appropriate...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) occurs in >10% of the adult population in Europe and the USA and can be differentiated into CRS without nasal polyps and CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Both phenotypes are characterized by a high disease burden and an overlapping spectrum of symptoms, with facial pain and loss of smell being the most differentiating. G...
Article
Full-text available
Background The values of the skin prick test (SPT) and allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) measurement in predicting dog and cat allergies remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of SPT and sIgE measurement in predicting self-reported allergic symptoms during exposure to dogs and cats in Korean adults. Methods A total of 552 participants in a...
Article
Background: Eperisone is a commonly prescribed oral muscle relaxant, but few studies have been conducted of eperisone-induced hypersensitivity reactions. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical manifestations of eperisone-induced immediate-type hypersensitivity, and to evaluate the role of an intradermal test (IDT) i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exacerbation is a defining feature of severe asthma, and oral corticosteroids (OCSs) are frequently prescribed to manage exacerbations. This qualitative study was conducted to examine the experience of patients with severe asthma, with a focus on asthma exacerbation and OCS treatment. Methods Adults with severe asthma were recruited fro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Patients with severe asthma may have a greater risk of dying from COVID-19 disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) and the enzyme proteases, transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and FURIN, are needed for viral attachment and invasion into host cells. Methods. We examined microarray mRNA expression of ACE2, TMPRSS2 and FURIN...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Chronic cough is a prevalent condition in the community and may pose considerable impairment to quality of life (QoL). However, its disease burden remains largely undefined in the general population. The present study investigated the relationship between chronic cough and health-related QoL in a Korean nationwide population database, wit...
Article
Background Current guidelines for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap (ACO) recommend initial treatment using inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) plus 1 or more bronchodilators. Objective To clarify which therapeutic effect is better between the ICS + long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) and ICS + LABA + long-acting musca...
Article
Background/aims: Recent evidence suggests an association between allergic sensitization and metabolic markers. However, this association has rarely been examined in the elderly. Retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) is a recently identified adipokine that acts on the muscle and liver affecting insulin sensitivity. We evaluated the association between...
Article
Full-text available
Different patterns of bacterial communities have been reported in the airways and gastrointestinal tract of asthmatics when compared to healthy controls. However, the blood microbiome of asthmatics is yet to be investigated. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether a distinct serum microbiome is observed in asthmatics by metagenomic analysis of ser...
Article
Quite a few patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) are refractory to H₁-antihistamines, even though the dose of H₁-antihistamines is increased up to 4-fold. CSU that is not controlled with H₁-antihistamines results in increased disease burden. Several immunomodulators have been used to manage these patients. The guidelines reported herei...
Article
Chronic cough is a common condition, and generally affects about 3% of Korean adults with a significant influence on quality of life (QoL). Despite continued clinical and academic efforts, there are unmet needs for chronic cough prevention and management in Korea. Epidemiologically, there are two major challenges: an aging population and air pollut...
Article
Eosinophilia occurs commonly in many diseases including allergic diseases and helminthic infections. Toxocariasis has been suggested as one cause of eosinophilia. The present study was undertaken to examine the prevalence of toxocariasis in patients with eosinophilia and to identify the risk factors for toxocariasis. This prospective cohort study r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Patients with severe asthma may have a greater risk of dying from COVID-19 disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus. Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor and enzyme proteases, transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and furin are needed for the attachment and invasion of the virus into host cells. We determined whether their exp...
Article
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the occurrence of spontaneous wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks in the absence of specific causes. It is a common condition associated with substantial disease burden both for affected individuals and societies in many countries, including Korea. CSU frequently persists for several years and...