Woo-Jin Shin

Woo-Jin Shin
Cleveland Clinic Florida Research and Innovation Center

Ph.D.

About

22
Publications
8,542
Reads
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609
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - July 2020
University of Southern California
Position
  • Research Associate
February 2016 - February 2018
University of Southern California
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2015 - February 2016
Oklahoma State University - Stillwater
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Full-text available
In order to exploit the 430-cavity in the active sites of neuraminidases, 20 zanamivir analogs with C-1 and C-4-modification were synthesized, and their inhibitory activities against both group-1 (H5N1, H1N1) and group-2 neuraminidases (H3N2) were determined. Compound 9f exerts the most potency, with IC(50) value of 0.013, 0.001 and 0.09 μM against...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The emergence of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus and the recent global circulation of H1N1 swine-origin influenza virus in 2009 have highlighted the need for new anti-influenza therapies. This has been made all the more important with the emergence of antiviral-resistant strains. Recent progress in achieving t...
Article
Full-text available
As oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) causes vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis, the polio endgame strategy introduced by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative calls for a phased withdrawal of OPV and an introduction of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). The introduction of IPV creates challenges in maintaining the cold chain for vaccine st...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The emergence of drug-resistant influenza virus strains highlights the need for new antiviral therapeutics to combat future pandemic outbreaks as well as continuing seasonal cycles of influenza. Areas covered: This review summarizes the mechanisms of current FDA-approved anti-influenza drugs and patterns of resistance to those drugs....
Article
Full-text available
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is a tick-borne virus with 12%–30% case mortality rates and is related to the Heartland virus (HRTV) identified in the United States. Together, SFTSV and HRTV are emerging segmented, negative-sense RNA viral (sNSV) pathogens with potential global health impact. Here, we characterize the amin...
Article
Full-text available
Patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 variants lacking open reading frame 8 (ORF8) have been associated with milder infection and disease outcome, but the molecular mechanism behind how this viral accessory protein mediates disease pathogenesis is not yet known. In our study, we revealed that secreted ORF8 protein mimics host IL-17 to activate IL-17 re...
Article
Full-text available
While pregnancy increases the risk for severe COVID19, the clinical and immunological implications of COVID19 on maternal-fetal health remain unknown. Here, we present the clinical and immunological landscapes of 93 COVID19 mothers and 45 of their SARS-CoV-2-exposed infants through comprehensive serum proteomics profiling for >1400 cytokines of the...
Article
Starting from the MLPCN probe compound ML300, a structure-based optimization campaign was initiated against the recent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) main protease (3CLpro). X-ray structures of SARS-CoV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro enzymes in complex with multiple ML300-based inhibitors, including the original probe ML300, we...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic continues to spread worldwide, with rapidly increasing numbers of mortalities, placing increasing strain on health care systems. Despite serious public health concerns, no effective vaccines or therapeutics have been approved by regulatory agencies. In this study, we tested the FDA-approved drugs lopinavir-ritonavir, hydroxy...
Article
Tick-borne diseases have become a growing threat to public health. SFTSV, listed by the World Health Organization as a prioritized pathogen, is an emerging phlebovirus, and fatality rates among those infected with this virus are high. Infected Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks are the major source of human SFTSV infection. In particular, the recent s...
Article
Full-text available
HPV is a human oncogenic virus that causes a major public health problem worldwide, which is responsible for approximately 5% of total human cancers and almost all cases of cervical cancers. HPV capsid consists of two structure proteins, the major capsid L1 protein and the minor capsid L2 protein. While L2 plays critical roles during the viral life...
Presentation
Full-text available
There are increasing demands of viruses and viral vectors due to recent successes in cell and gene therapies. Manufacturing and preserving intact biological activities of viruses and viral vectors, however, have been challenging because they have high-ordered complex structures and are labile to routine environment for pharmaceutical applications,...
Article
Full-text available
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome phlebovirus (SFTSV), listed in the most dangerous pathogens by the World Health Organization, has 12–30% fatality rates with a characteristic thrombocytopenia syndrome. With a majority of clinically diagnosed SFTSV patients older than ~50 years of age, age is a critical risk factor for SFTSV morbidity and...
Article
Full-text available
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome phlebovirus (SFTSV), listed in the World Health Organization Prioritized Pathogens, is an emerging phlebovirus with a high fatality. Owing to the lack of therapies and vaccines, there is a pressing need to understand SFTSV pathogenesis. SFSTV non-structural protein (NSs) has been shown to block type I int...
Article
Full-text available
Intracellular nucleic acid sensors often undergo sophisticated modifications that are critical for the regulation of antimicrobial responses. Upon recognition of DNA, the cytosolic sensor cyclic GMP-AMP (cGAMP) synthase (cGAS) produces the second messenger cGAMP, which subsequently initiates downstream signaling to induce interferon-αβ (IFNαβ) prod...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of an influenza pandemic as well as the continued circulation of seasonal influenza highlights the need for effective antiviral therapies. The emergence of drug-resistant strains further necessitates the development of novel antivirals that target the host factors crucial for viral replication. Area covered: This review summarizes the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The zoonotic transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses and the global pandemic of H1N1 influenza in 2009 signified the need for a wider coverage of therapeutic options for the control of influenza. Methods: An in-house compound library was screened using a cytopathic effect inhibition assay. Selected hits were then te...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the broad-spectrum antiviral effect of green tea catechins, we established an experimental skin contact model for influenza virus transmission and evaluated the use of a green tea solution as a first-hand disinfectant. The infectivity of the virus on the skin cell layer became obsolete when washed with the green tea solution. The skin cont...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza virus continues to emerge and re-emerge, posing new threats for humans. Here we tested various Korean medicinal plant extracts for potential antiviral activity against influenza viruses. Among them, an extract of Agrimonia pilosa was shown to be highly effective against all three subtypes of human influenza viruses including H1N1 and H3N2...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Vaccine stabilization
Project
Antiviral drug discovery