Wolfram Weckwerth

Wolfram Weckwerth
University of Vienna | UniWien · Department of Ecogenomics and Systems Biology

Prof. Dr.

About

478
Publications
81,210
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
17,430
Citations
Citations since 2016
270 Research Items
10497 Citations
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,000
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - present
University of Vienna
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (478)
Article
The traceability of palm oil to determine its geographical origins within the palm oil supply chains is of importance to ensure quality and sustainable production. The current traceability systems are insufficient, thus requiring a more viable and effective approach to improve the traceability framework of the palm oil supply chain. In this study,...
Article
Full-text available
Machine learning has become a powerful tool for systems biologists, from diagnosing cancer to optimizing kinetic models and predicting the state, growth dynamics, or type of a cell. Potential predictions from complex biological data sets obtained by “omics” experiments seem endless, but are often not the main objective of biological research. Often...
Article
Nitrification and denitrification are soil biological processes responsible for large nitrogen losses from agricultural soils and generation of the greenhouse gas (GHG) N2O. Increased use of nitrogen fertilizer and the resulting decline in nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) are a major concern in agroecosystems. This nitrogen cycle in the rhizosphere is...
Article
Full-text available
Macrophages are prominent immune cells in the tumor microenvironment that can be educated into pro-tumoral phenotype by tumor cells to favor tumor growth and metastasis. The mechanisms that mediate a mutualistic relationship between tumor cells and macrophages remain poorly characterized. Here, we have shown in vitro that different human and murine...
Article
Full-text available
Is data-driven analysis sufficient for understanding the COVID-19 pandemic and for justifying public health regulations? In this paper, we argue that such analysis is insufficient. Rather what is needed is the identification and implementation of over-arching hypothesis-related and/or theory-based rationales to conduct effective SARS-CoV2/COVID-19...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plants rely on fine-tuning organ movement to ensure their survival and productivity. Even subtle loss of directional growth orchestration can result in a huge impact when the plant is impaired to adapt to everchanging environment, where it is exposed to manifold exogenous stimuli simultaneously. We present a newly designed chamber to obtain live im...
Article
Full-text available
Murine macrophages activated by the Toll-like receptor 4 agonist lipopolysaccharide (LPS) polarize to the M1 type by inducing proinflammatory marker proteins and changing their energy metabolism to increased aerobic glycolysis and reduced respiration. We here show that the aliphatic isothiocyanate sulforaphane (Sfn) diminishes M1 marker expression...
Article
Full-text available
Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) is an invasive plant with allergenic pollen. Due to environmental changes, ragweed pollen (RWP) airborne concentrations are predicted to quadruple in Europe by 2050 and more than double allergic sensitization of Europeans by 2060. We developed an experimental RWP model of allergy in BALB/c mice to evaluate h...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Birch pollen-related apple allergy is the most frequent IgE-mediated food allergy in Central-Northern Europe with Mal d 1 as major allergen. Its concentration in apples varies with the cultivar and storage time. Year-round appealing, hypoallergenic cultivars still are needed to satisfy the nutritional needs of affected individuals. We...
Article
Full-text available
In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the RNA chaperone Hfq and the catabolite repression protein Crc act in concert to regulate numerous genes during carbon catabolite repression (CCR). After alleviation of CCR, the RNA CrcZ sequesters Hfq/Crc, which leads to a rewiring of gene expression to ensure the consumption of less preferred carbon and nitrogen source...
Article
Full-text available
Roots secrete a vast array of low molecular weight compounds into the soil broadly referred to as root exudates. It is a key mechanism by which plants and soil microbes interact in the rhizosphere. The effect of drought stress on the exudation process and composition is rarely studied, especially in cereal crops. This study focuses on comparative m...
Article
Catechin is an extensively investigated plant flavan-3-ol with a beneficial impact on human health that is often associated with antioxidant activities and iron coordination complex formation. The aim of this study was to explore these properties with FeII and FeIII using a combination of nanoelectrospray-mass spectrometry, differential pulse volta...
Article
Full-text available
Directional root growth control is crucial for plant fitness. The degree of root growth deviation depends on several factors, whereby exogenous growth conditions have a profound impact. The perception of mechanical impedance by wild-type roots results in the modulation of root growth traits, and it is known that gravitropic stimulus influences dist...
Article
Full-text available
Legumes are the most important crop plants in agriculture, contributing 27% of the world's primary food production. However, productivity and production of Legumes is reduced due to increasing environmental stress. Hence, there is a pressing need to understand the molecular mechanism involved in stress response and legumes adaptation. Proteomics pr...
Article
Full-text available
A major aim of ecology is to upscale attributes of individuals to understand processes at population, community and ecosystem scales. Such attributes are typically described using functional traits, that is, standardised characteristics that impact fitness via effects on survival, growth and/or reproduction. However, commonly used functional traits...
Article
Full-text available
Rapidly evolving space exploration makes understanding the short- and long- term effects of microgravity on humans, plants, and microorganisms an important task. The ubiquitous presence of the gravitational force has had an influence on the development of all living entities on Earth, and short- and long-term changes in perceived gravitational forc...
Article
Full-text available
The root is the below-ground organ of a plant, and it has evolved multiple signaling pathways that allow adaptation of architecture, growth rate, and direction to an ever-changing environment. Roots grow along the gravitropic vector towards beneficial areas in the soil to provide the plant with proper nutrients to ensure its survival and productivi...
Article
Full-text available
A novel bacterium, designated strain Msb3 T , was recently isolated from leaves of the yam family plant Dioscorea bulbifera ( Dioscoreaceae ). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that this strain belonged to the genus Paraburkholderia with Paraburkholderia xenovorans as nearest validly named neighbour taxon (99.3 % s...
Article
Full-text available
Crop production systems need to expand their outputs sustainably to feed a burgeoning human population. Advances in genome sequencing technologies combined with efficient trait mapping procedures accelerate the availability of beneficial alleles for breeding and research. Enhanced interoperability between different omics and phenotyping platforms,...
Article
Full-text available
Cereal grain germination provides the basis for crop production and requires a tissue-specific interplay between the embryo and endosperm during heterotrophic germination involving signalling, protein secretion, and nutrient uptake until autotrophic growth is possible. High salt concentrations in soil are one of the most severe constraints limiting...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whole-genome duplication, in particular allopolyploidy, has shaped the evolution of angiosperms and other organisms. Structural reorganization of chromosomes and repatterning of gene expression is frequently observed in early generation allopolyploids, with potential ecological consequences. The relative contributions of environmental and intrinsic...
Article
Plant growth is continuously modulated by endogenous and exogenous stimuli. By no means the only, but well described, signaling molecules produced in plants and distributed through the plant body to orchestrate efficient growth are photosynthates. Light is a potent exogenous stimulus that determines, first, the rate of photosynthesis, but also the...
Article
Full-text available
Grain filling and proper grain development are essential biological processes in the plant's life cycle, eventually contributing to the final seed yield and quality in all cereal crops. How the different wheat grain components contribute to the overall development of the seed is very scarcely found in the literature. We performed a proteomics and m...
Article
Full-text available
Root-microbe interaction and its specialized root nodule structures and functions are well studied. In contrast, leaf nodules harboring microbial endophytes in special glandular leaf structures have only recently gained increased interest as plant-microbe phyllosphere interactions. Here, we applied a comprehensive metabolomics platform in combinati...
Article
Full-text available
Photorespiration is an integral component of plant primary metabolism. Accordingly, it has been often observed that impairing the photorespiratory flux negatively impacts other cellular processes. In this study, the metabolic acclimation of the Arabidopsis thaliana wild type was compared with the hydroxypyruvate reductase 1 (HPR1; hpr1) mutant, dis...
Poster
Full-text available
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-D1BRR1mMM&t=9s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=64xutAFco74&t=28s https://twitter.com/KatarzynaRetzer #drootsystem The sessile life style of plants forces them to adapt constantly to changing environmental conditions. Establishment of auxin gradients underpin modulation of plant architecture during development...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, generation of large‐scale data from genome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome, epigenome, and others, has become routine in several plant species. Most of these datasets in different crop species, however, were studied independently and as a result, full insight could not be gained on the molecular basis of complex traits and bio...
Article
Full-text available
Rooted in place, plants are faced with the challenge of responding to unfavourable conditions on‐site. One such condition, heat stress, contributes massively to crop losses globally. With heatwaves predicted to increase, it is of vital importance to generate crops tolerant to not only one, but several other abiotic stresses (e.g. drought stress, sa...
Article
Full-text available
Precision medicine and molecular systems medicine (MSM) are highly utilized and successful approaches to improve understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of many diseases from bench-to-bedside. Especially in the COVID-19 pandemic, molecular techniques and biotechnological innovation have proven to be of utmost importance for rapid developments in di...
Article
Full-text available
The geomagnetic field (GMF) has been present since the beginning of plant evolution. Recently, some researchers have focused their efforts on employing magnetic fields (MFs) higher than GMF to improve the seed germination, growth, and harvest of agriculturally important crop plants, as the use of MFs is an inexpensive and environment-friendly techn...
Article
Natural products and their structural analogues have historically made a major contribution to pharmacotherapy, especially for cancer and infectious diseases. Nevertheless, natural products also present challenges for drug discovery, such as technical barriers to screening, isolation, characterization and optimization, which contributed to a declin...
Article
Full-text available
Presently, pearl millet and wheat are belonging to highly important cereal crops. Pearl millet, however, is an under-utilized crop, despite its superior resilience to drought and heat stress in contrast to wheat. To investigate this in more detail, we performed comparative physiological screening and large scale proteomics of drought stress respons...
Article
Full-text available
Plant growth and productivity are orchestrated by a network of signaling cascades involved in balancing responses to perceived environmental changes with resource availability. Vascular plants are divided into the shoot, an aboveground organ where sugar is synthesized, and the underground located root. Continuous growth requires the generation of e...
Article
Full-text available
Flavonoids are rather common plant phenolic constituents that are known for potent antioxidant effects and can be beneficial for human health. Flavonoids with a pyrogallol moiety are highly efficient reducing agents with possible pro- and antioxidant effects, depending on the reaction milieu. Therefore, the redox properties of myricetin and triceti...
Article
Full-text available
Experiments involving food restriction are common practice in metabolic research. Under fasted conditions, mice supplement their diet with cage bedding. We aimed at identifying metabolic and microbiota-related parameters affected by the bedding type. We exposed mice housed with wooden, cellulose, or corncob cage beddings to ad libitum feeding, calo...
Article
Full-text available
Background The extraordinarily resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans withstands harsh environmental conditions present in outer space. Deinococcus radiodurans was exposed for 1 year outside the International Space Station within Tanpopo orbital mission to investigate microbial survival and space travel. In addition, a ground-based simulation...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present study, 241 natural accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana were grown under two different temperature regimes, 16 °C and 6 °C, and growth parameters were recorded together with metabolite profiles to investigate the natural variation in metabolic responses and growth rates. Primary metabolism and growth rates of accessions significantly d...
Article
Twelve previously undescribed mexicanolide-type limonoids, including two pairs of isomers, together with seven known analogues were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Cipadessa baccifera. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Structural variations mainly occurred...
Article
Nitrification is the microbial conversion of reduced forms of nitrogen (N) to nitrate (NO3-), and in fertilized soils it can lead to substantial N losses via NO3- leaching or nitrous oxide (N2O) production. To limit such problems, synthetic nitrification inhibitors have been applied but their performance differs between soils. In recent years, ther...
Article
The adaptive radiation of Bromeliaceae (pineapple family) is one of the most diverse among Neotropical flowering plants. Diversification in this group was facilitated by shifts in several adaptive traits or “key innovations” including the transition from C3 to CAM photosynthesis associated with xeric (heat/drought) adaptation. We used phylogenomic...
Article
Full-text available
The multinational Arabidopsis research community is highly collaborative and over the past thirty years these activities have been documented by the Multinational Arabidopsis Steering Committee (MASC). Here, we (a) highlight recent research advances made with the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana ; (b) provide summaries from recent reports submi...
Article
Full-text available
Temperature elevations constitute a major threat to plant performance. In recent years, much was learned about the general molecular mode of heat stress reaction of plants. The current research focuses on the integration of the knowledge into more global networks, including the reactions of cellular compartments. For instance, chloroplast function...
Article
Full-text available
The growing problem with the irreproducibility of the results of metabolic research urged us to analyse potential critical factors contributing to the disparities. Microbiota composition constitutes crucial variable in animal research. Gut flora changes depending on multiple factors including fibre intake. Mice derive fibre from diet but, especiall...
Article
Full-text available
Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is a pulse crop cultivated in the semi‐arid regions of Asia and Africa. It is a rich source of protein and capable of alleviating malnutrition, improving soil health and the livelihoods of small‐holder farmers. Hybrid breeding has provided remarkable improvements for pigeonpea productivity, but owing to a tedi...
Article
Full-text available
Since the dawn of space exploration, the survivability of terrestrial life in outer space conditions has attracted enormous attention. Space technology has enabled the development of advanced space exposure facilities to investigate in situ responses of microbial life to the stress conditions of space during interplanetary transfer. Significant pro...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Paraburkholderia includes a variety of species with promising features for sustainable biotechnological solutions in agriculture through increasing crop productivity. Here, we present a novel Paraburkholderia isolate, a permanent and predominant member of the Dioscoreae bulbifera (yam family, Dioscoreaceae) phyllosphere, making up to 25%...
Article
Plasma membranes (PMs) act as primary cellular checkpoints for sensing signals and controlling solute transport. Membrane proteins communicate with intracellular processes through protein interaction networks. Deciphering these signaling networks provides crucial information for elucidating in vivo cellular regulation. Large-scale proteomics enable...
Article
Full-text available
Drought is a major cause of losses in crop yield. Under field conditions, plants exposed to drought are usually also experiencing rapid changes in light intensity. Accordingly, plants need to acclimate to both, drought and light stress. Two crucial mechanisms in plant acclimation to changes in light conditions comprise thylakoid protein phosphoryla...
Article
Full-text available
Genotyping‐by sequencing has enabled approaches for genomic selection to improve yield, stress resistance and nutritional value. More and more resource studies are emerging providing 1000 and more genotypes and millions of SNP´s of one species and covering a hitherto inaccessible intraspecific genetic variation. The larger the databases are growing...
Article
Full-text available
Mechanistic or mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is an important regulator of effector functions, proliferation, and cellular metabolism in macrophages. The biochemical processes that are controlled by mTORC1 are still being defined. Here, we demonstrate that integrative multiomics in conjunction with a data-driven inverse modeling a...
Article
Full-text available
Regarding future space exploration missions and long-term exposure experiments, a detailed investigation of all factors present in the outer space environment and their effects on organisms of all life kingdoms is advantageous. Influenced by the multiple factors of outer space, the extremophilic bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans has been long-terml...
Article
Full-text available
Plants have evolved strategies to tightly regulate metabolism during acclimation to a changing environment. Low temperature significantly constrains distribution, growth and yield of many temperate plant species. Exposing plants to low but non-freezing temperature induces a multigenic processes termed cold acclimation, which eventually results in a...
Article
Full-text available
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known for their participation in various physiological and pathological processes in organisms, including ageing or degeneration. Kynurenine pathway metabolites, such as kynurenic (KYNA) or xanthurenic (XA) acid, can affect neurodegenerative diseases due to their ROS scavenging and Fe ion coordination complex forma...
Preprint
Plants have evolved tightly regulated strategies to adapt and acclimate to a changing environment to ensure their survival. Various environmental factors affect plant distribution, growth and yield. Low temperature belongs to those abiotic factors which significantly constrain range boundaries of plant species. Exposing plants to low but non-freezi...
Article
Full-text available
Barley(Hordeumvulgare)isoneofthemajorfoodsourcesforhumansandforagesources for animal livestock. The average grain protein content (GPC) of barley ranges between 8 and 12%. Barley hordeins (i.e., prolamins) account for more than 50% of GPC in mature seeds and are important for both grain and flour quality. Barley endosperm is structured into three di...
Article
Full-text available
Biotechnology is an evolving research field that covers a broad range of topics. Here we aimed to evaluate the latest research literature, to identify prominent research themes, major contributors in terms of institutions, countries/regions, and journals. The Web of Science Core Collection online database was searched to retrieve biotechnology arti...