Wolfgang Schobersberger

Wolfgang Schobersberger
Private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology GmbH | UMIT · Institute of Sports Medicine, Alpine Medicine and Health Tourism

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333
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Publications

Publications (333)
Article
Critically ill COVID-19 patients present an inflammatory and procoagulant status with a high rate of relevant macro- and microvascular thrombosis. Furthermore, high rates of heparin resistance have been described; yet, individualized anticoagulation by drug monitoring has not been sufficiently researched. We analyzed data from critically ill COVID-...
Article
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This document presents the recommendations developed by the IOC Medical and Scientific Commission and several international federations (IF) on the protection of athletes competing in the heat. It is based on a working group, meetings, field experience and a Delphi process. The first section presents recommendations for event organisers to monitor...
Article
Acute illnesses affecting the respiratory tract are common and form a significant component of the work of Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) clinicians. Acute respiratory illness (ARill) can broadly be classified as non-infective ARill and acute respiratory infections (ARinf). The aim of this consensus is to provide the SEM clinician with an overvi...
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The aim of this study was to determine alterations of the metabolome in blood plasma in response to concentric-eccentric leg exercise performed at a simulated altitude of 3,500 m. To do so, we recruited 11 well-trained subjects and performed an untargeted metabolomics analysis of plasma samples obtained before, 20 min after as well as on day 8 afte...
Article
Acute respiratory illness (ARill) is common and threatens the health of athletes. ARill in athletes forms a significant component of the work of Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) clinicians. The aim of this consensus is to provide the SEM clinician with an overview and practical clinical approach to non-infective ARill in athletes. The Internationa...
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The International Standard for Education (ISE) mandates Code Signatories to plan, deliver, and evaluate anti-doping education. Performance-based evaluation of anti-doping education requires alignment between educational goals, content, and defined outcomes. Based on an existentialist teaching and learning philosophy, we aimed to develop and test an...
Article
Objectives The aim of this study is to review the evidence available suggesting that environmental conditions represent a risk factor associated with non-infective acute respiratory illness in athletes. Design Systematic review. Methods PubMed, EBSCOhost and Web of Science (1st January 1990–31 July 2020) were searched systematically using keyword...
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Humans have been ascending to high altitudes for centuries, with a growing number of professional- and leisure-related sojourns occurring in this millennium. A multitude of scientific reports on hemostatic disorders at high altitude suggest that hypoxia is an independent risk factor. However, no systematic analysis of the influence of environmental...
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The impact of spinal mobility and sagittal spinal shape on the development of balance impairment supports the hypothesis that enhancing spine flexibility results in an improvement in postural balance ability. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the range of motion of thoracolumbar rotation during the movements of the Tai Chi...
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Anti-doping rule violations (ADRVs) can lead to sports-related and legal sanctions, thus, being knowledgeable is important. Research into this knowledge and how athletes and their support personnel (ASP) perceive the control mechanisms and the appropriateness of (legal) sanctions is still scarce. This explorative study aimed to examine the knowledg...
Article
Education is a fundamental pillar of anti-doping. With the International Standard for Education (ISE) coming into effect in 2021, understanding the status quo of anti-doping education is paramount. This study aimed to evaluate young elite athletes’ perceptions of the anti-doping education they receive. A total of 2,232 athletes, participating at an...
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Although not a barrier to perform sport, cold weather environments (low ambient temperature, high wind speeds, and increased precipitation, i.e., rain/water/snow) may influence sport performance. Despite the obvious requirement for practical recommendations and guidelines to better facilitate training and competition in such cold environments, the...
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OBJECTIVES Since the introduction of the minimally invasive technique for repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE), increasing numbers of patients are presenting for surgery. However, controversy remains regarding cardiopulmonary outcomes of surgical repair. Therefore, the aim of our prospective study was to investigate cardiopulmonary function, at rest...
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Rapid advances in wearable technologies and real-time monitoring have resulted in major inroads in the world of recreational and elite sport. One such innovation is the application of real-time monitoring, which comprises a smartwatch application and ecosystem, designed to collect, process and transmit a wide range of physiological, biomechanical,...
Article
Dünnwald, T, Morawetz, D, Faulhaber, M, Gatterer, H, Birklbauer, C, Koller, A, Weiss, G, and Schobersberger, W. Supplemental O2 during recovery does not improve repeated maximal concentric-eccentric strength-endurance performance in hypoxia. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-An alpine ski racing training session typically includes repeated b...
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Objectives: This document aimed to summarise the key components of exertional heat stroke (EHS) prehospital management. Methods: Members of the International Olympic Committee Adverse Weather Impact Expert Working Group for the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 summarised the current best practice regarding the EHS prehospital management. Results: Spor...
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The Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games is expected to be among the hottest Games in modern history, increasing the chances for exertional heat stroke (EHS) incidence, especially in non-acclimatised athletes/workers/spectators. The urgent need to recognise EHS symptoms to protect all attendees’ health has considerably accelerated research examining the most e...
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Objective To investigate the impact of Tai Chi training on muscle strength, physical endurance, postural balance and flexibility, as measured by tests commonly used in health-related fitness or competitive sports contexts. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources The following databases were searched up to 31 July 2020: CINAHL, Co...
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OBJECTIVES The frequency of sternochondroplasty in cases of pectus carinatum (PC) has increased due to greater surgeon experience and modified surgical techniques. PC deformity does not usually cause cardiopulmonary malfunction or impairment. However, whether cardiopulmonary function changes after surgical repair remains a matter of controversy. Th...
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Physical activity has a strong impact on physical and mental health. It prevents diseases, strengthens the immune system, and helps to reduce stress. Moreover, physical activity increases the psychological well-being, with outdoor exercise showing even more positive effects. In times when national regulations also restrict the possibilities for exe...
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The study evaluated characteristics of non-fatal mountain hiking accidents caused by falls. Questionnaires were sent to mountain hikers who suffered a fall-related accident in Tyrol (Austria) during a 3-year period. The questionnaire included details of socio-demographic data, physical activity, medication intake, defective vision, breaks, fluid in...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate sports activity before anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and after surgical treatment of ACL rupture comparing ACL repair with an Internal Brace to ACL reconstruction using either a hamstring (HT) or quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft. Methods Between 12/2015 and 10/2016, we recruited 69 patient...
Article
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A B S T R AC T Physical activity has a strong impact on physical and mental health. It prevents diseases, strengthens the immune system, and helps to reduce stress. Moreover, physical activity increases the psychological well-being, with outdoor exercise showing even more positive effects. In times when national regulations also restrict the possib...
Article
Purpose: To analyze the predictive value of parameters of submaximal and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise performance on International Ski Federation (Fédération Internationale de Ski) World Cup ranking (FIS ranking) in elite Austrian Alpine skiers. Methods: Over 7 World Cup seasons (2012-2018), exercise data (maximal oxygen uptake and maximum p...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate sports ability and the rate of return to sports after implant-free iliac bone graft for recurrent, anterior shoulder instability and anterior glenoid bone loss. Subgroups of younger and older patients and patients who had previous arthroscopic Bankart surgery and those who did not have such surgery...
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Background One main purpose of the World Anti-Doping Agency is to harmonize anti-doping efforts, including the provision of anti-doping education. A multifaceted approach to doping prevention can play a key role in preventing intentional and unintentional doping. This article aims to systematically record and evaluate doping prevention approaches i...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate sports ability and the rate of return to sports after implant-free iliac bone graft for recurrent, anterior shoulder instability and anterior glenoid bone loss. Subgroups of younger and older patients and patients who had previous arthroscopic Bankart surgery and those who did not have such surger...
Article
Objectives We describe compliance with the ‘IOC Needle Policy’ at two Winter Olympic Games (Sochi and PyeongChang) and compare these findings to those of the Summer Olympic Games of Rio de Janeiro. Method All needle-use declaration(s) (NUD) received during the course of the 2014 and 2018 Olympic Games were reviewed. We recorded socio-demographic d...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether oxygen supplementation immediately prior to exercise (FiO2=1.0) improves all-out exercise performance in normobaric hypoxia (3500m) in highly skilled skiers. Methods: In this single-blind, randomized, crossover study, 17 subjects performed a 60 s constant-load, all-out test in a normo...
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Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is socially relevant due to its high prevalence, high incidence and the affected population. A subpopulation of TKA patients exists that strives to be active and also return to sports after total joint replacement. In this context, a further group of TKA patients is interested in high-impact physical activi...
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Changes in body composition and weight loss frequently occur when humans are exposed to hypoxic environments. The mechanisms thought to be responsible for these changes are increased energy expenditure resulting from increased basal metabolic rate and/or high levels of physical activity, inadequate energy intake, fluid loss as well as gastrointesti...
Article
Morawetz, D, Blank, C, Koller, A, Arvandi, M, Siebert, U, and Schobersberger, W. Sex-related differences after a single bout of maximal eccentric exercise in response to acute effects: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The most prominent effects after unaccustomed eccentric exercise are muscle damage, m...
Article
Background Prevention plays an important role in the fight against doping. A lot of research in the field of doping and anti-doping has been conducted. Yet, there is still a lack of knowledge in understanding the various and multi-level impacting factors of doping behavior. Therefore, this paper aimed to apply the Q-method to doping research to ide...
Article
Irisin is a myokine involved in adipocyte transformation. Its main beneficial effects arise from increased energy expenditure. Irisin production is particularly stimulated by physical exercise. The present study investigates the changes of plasma irisin in type 2 diabetic patients performing 2 different training modalities. Fourteen type 2 diabetic...
Article
It is well known that acute hypoxia has negative effects on balance performance. An attempt to compensate for the influence of hypoxia on competition performance was made by the application of hyperoxic gases (inspiratory fraction of oxygen > 0.2095) prior to exercise. Purpose: To investigate whether hyperoxic preconditioning (pure-oxygen supplem...
Chapter
Historisch gesehen war der Berg ein düsterer, bedrohlicher Ort, geprägt von vielen Mythen und Sagen. Erst durch den Einzug der Wissenschaft und den Bau von Handelswegen erfolgte eine schrittweise Aneignung der Alpen als Lebensraum. Aus medizinischer Sicht sind seit nunmehr Jahrzehnten die mittleren Höhen (bis 3000 m) in den Fokus des präventiven un...
Book
Das komplette Wissen zur Alpin- und Höhenmedizin Namhafte Alpin- und Höhenmedizinexperten aus dem deutschen Sprachraum und darüber hinaus geben mit diesem Fachbuch einen umfassenden Überblick über die Sport- und Unfallmedizin im Gebirge sowie zur Höhenmedizin. Das Buch deckt dabei alle Inhalte zum „International Diploma in Mountain Medicine“ des We...
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Background: Bright light (BL) has been shown to be effective in enhancing both cognitive and physical performances. Alterations in nighttime melatonin levels have also been observed. However, evaluations of light-induced changes in the preceding biochemical processes are absent. Therefore, the impact of a single morning BL exposure on sensorimotor...
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Sport is known to have many positive effects on mental and physical health. High-intensity exercise is considered to decrease muscle strength and induce muscle fatigue, which is associated with a higher risk of injury. In recreational alpine skiers, a decrease of eccentric peak hamstring torque, as an indication of muscle fatigue, occurs even after...
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Tissue hypoxia contributes to the pathogenesis of several acute and chronic diseases. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) and whole-body warming using low-temperature infrared technology (LIT) are techniques that might improve hypoxemia. Combining HBO and LIT as hyperbaric oxygen therapy combined with low-temperature infrared radiation (HBOIR) might be...
Article
Background: Despite climbing being an increasingly popular sporting pursuit, there have been very few scientific evaluations of appropriate training methods for competitive climbers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week climbing-specific muscular hypertrophy (MH) or muscular endurance (ME) resistance training program o...
Article
Purpose and Hypothesis With its load characteristics, the team sport of football places high physical demands on players and thus is associated with a high risk of injury. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to collect information about injuries suffered by football players in Austria during training or matches to enable participating clubs to...
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Stress in the work place has a detrimental effect on people’s health. Sufficient recovery is necessary to counteract severe chronic negative load reactions. Previous research has shown that vacationing for at least seven consecutive days provided an efficient recovery strategy. Yet, thus far, the effects of short vacations and the mode of vacation...
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Objective To analyse the circumstances of fatal and non-fatal mountain hiking accidents caused by falls. Methods The study was designed as a retrospective analysis. Mountain hiking accidents caused by falls were documented during a 9-year period (2006–2014). After screening of all data for potential exclusion criteria the final sample size of 5368...
Article
BACKGROUND: To facilitate decision making regarding a patient's return to sport, a standardized and easy-to-use test battery including seven functional tests is proposed to objectively evaluate knee function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. So far, no sports-specific normative data exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate th...
Chapter
Alpinsport ist „in“, das zeigen aktuelle Statistiken: Unter den alpinen Urlaubsgästen befinden sich etwa 20 Millionen Skifahrer, 5–10 Millionen Wanderer, 3 Millionen Mountainbiker, 500.000 Kletterer und 100.000 Skitourengeher. Gerade aus sportmedizinischer und sportwissenschaftlicher Sicht ist es ein Anliegen, verstärkt auf die Bedeutung der Physio...
Poster
Introduction Injuries in football are part of the game. Both UEFA and FIFA are concerned about the risk of injury and injury patterns in football, as awareness of injuries has increased [2]. While professional football is well researched [3], data for regional amateur football are scarce. Studying injuries is the first step to prevent them and to a...
Conference Paper
Substance (mis)use in amateur sport is a common finding1,2,3 and knowledge about reasons and user characteristics is essential for prevention. The current study aimed to evaluate the substance use prevalence with focus on analgesics of long-distance runners in three German fun runs. Additional evidence for previously reported gender differences is...
Article
Purpose and hypothesis: Improvements in pain, function and sports activity are the main goals of patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Participation in sports has become an increasingly important contributor to patients' quality of life (QoL). Hiking is one of the most popular summer activities among elderly people in alpine regions. C...
Article
Objective: The aim of both Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBO) and Low Temperature Infrared Technology (LIT) is to increase oxygen supply to tissues. Combining the two techniques could generate synergistic effects and balance potential detrimental effects of HBO (vasoconstriction) due to vasodilation induced by LIT. Since this combination of HBO and LI...
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Research in doping has focused on potential intervention strategies, increasingly targeting predicting factors. Yet, findings are inconsistent, mostly athlete-centred and explain only limited variances in behaviour. This critical review aims to (a) summarize studies that identified predictors of doping intentions, susceptibility, and behaviour in e...
Article
Recent reports from the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) indicate an alarming prevalence in the use of meldonium among elite athletes. Therefore, in January 2016, meldonium was added to the WADA’s prohibited list after being monitored since 2015. Meldonium has been shown to have beneficial effects in cardiovascular, neurological, and metabolic disea...
Article
Research investigating the use of performance-enhancing substances (PES) in recreational sports is underrepresented. Studies examining this specific group are needed to elucidate prevalence of use, and to define factors that motivate or predict use. The aim of the current research was to evaluate the motives, attitudes and beliefs to use legal, rec...
Poster
Während im Profifußball die systematische Erfassung von Verletzungen weitestgehend etabliert ist, fehlen im Amateurbereich solche Daten häufig aufgrund von semiprofessionellen oder ehrenamtlichen Strukturen. Um Amateurfußballmannschaften Informationen über das aktuelle Verletzungsgeschehen, Verletzungstrends und Hintergründe zur Verletzungspräventi...
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Background: Doping is a highly relevant problem in sport, even in adolescent athletes. Knowledge of the psychological factors that influence doping susceptibility in young elite athletes remains sparse. Objectives: The study investigated the predictive potential of different health-psychological constructs and well-being on doping susceptibility....
Conference Paper
Doping represents a relevant problem even in young athletes. The present study investigated the predictive potential of well-being, confidence and fear of success, goal orientation, performance motivation and locus of control, on doping susceptibility in junior athletes. As part of this cross-sectional study, 1,265 Austrian athletes aged between 14...
Article
Purpose: Demands on concentrative and cognitive performance are high in sport shooting and vary in a circadian pattern, aroused by internal and external stimuli. The most prominent external stimulus is light. Bright light (BL) has been shown to be of certain impact on cognitive and physical performance. It was the aim of the present trial to evalu...
Article
Background: Literature on sports psychology outlines parental influence on in various areas. Yet, research has not focused on this potential in the framework of doping. Objectives: This study aims to assess whether parents’ knowledge about doping effects, their behaviour and beliefs might act as protecting factor for Austrian junior (14-18 years)...
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. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a 12-hour exposure in a normobaric hypoxic chamber would induce changes in the hemostatic system and a procoagulant state in volunteers suffering from acute mountain sickness (AMS) and healthy controls. Materials and Methods . 37 healthy participants were passively exposed to 12.6% FiO 2 (si...
Conference Paper
Background: Doping represents a highly relevant problem even in young athletes, but empirical knowledge of the psychological factors that influence this behavior remains sparse. The present study investigated the predictive potential of different psychological factors, namely well-being, confidence and fear of success, goal orientation, performance...
Article
Full-text available
Background To effectively prevent injury in recreational alpine skiing, it is important to identify modifiable risk factors that can be targeted through exercise and training. Fatigue is a potential risk factor in recreational skiing, but no investigations have evaluated concentric/eccentric quadriceps and hamstring fatigue in recreational skiers....